What Do We Know about Civil Wars?

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Author: T. David Mason,Sara McLaughlin Mitchell

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442242264

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 6293

In this timely book, leading scholars guide us through what the latest research tells us about the onset, duration, outcomes, and recurrence of civil wars, as well as the ongoing consequences of conflicts in war-torn countries such as Syria, Sudan, and Rwanda.

What Do We Know about War?

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Author: John A. Vasquez

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847699278

Category: Peace

Page: 420

View: 5998

What Do We Know about War? reviews the causes of war and the conditions of peace. Drawing analyses from the thirty-five year history of this discipline, leading researchers explore the roles played by alliances, territory, arms races, interstate rivalries, capability, and crisis bargaining in increasing the probability of war. They emphasize international norms and the recent finding that democratic states do not fight each other as factors that promote peace. This book offers an accessible and up-to-date overview of current knowledge and an agenda for future research.

Understanding Civil Wars

Continuity and change in intrastate conflict

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Author: Edward Newman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134715358

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 6427

This volume explores the nature of civil war in the modern world and in historical perspective. Civil wars represent the principal form of armed conflict since the end of the Second World War, and certainly in the contemporary era. The nature and impact of civil wars suggests that these conflicts reflect and are also a driving force for major societal change. In this sense, Understanding Civil Wars: Continuity and change in intrastate conflict argues that the nature of civil war is not fundamentally changing in nature. The book includes a thorough consideration of patterns and types of intrastate conflict and debates relating to the causes, impact, and ‘changing nature’ of war. A key focus is on the political and social driving forces of such conflict and its societal meanings, significance and consequences. The author also explores methodological and epistemological challenges related to studying and understanding intrastate war. A range of questions and debates are addressed. What is the current knowledge regarding the causes and nature of armed intrastate conflict? Is it possible to produce general, cross-national theories on civil war which have broad explanatory relevance? Is the concept of ‘civil wars’ empirically meaningful in an era of globalization and transnational war? Has intrastate conflict fundamentally changed in nature? Are there historical patterns in different types of intrastate conflict? What are the most interesting methodological trends and debates in the study of armed intrastate conflict? How are narratives about the causes and nature of civil wars constructed around ideas such as ethnic conflict, separatist conflict and resource conflict? This book will be of much interest to students of civil wars, intrastate conflict, security studies and international relations in general.

What do we know about globalization?

issues of poverty and income distribution

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Author: Guillermo de la Dehesa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 1138

This book examines the two fundamental arguments that are often raised against globalization: that it produces inequality and that it increases poverty. Here Guillermo De la Hesa, Chairman of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and a member of the Group of Thirty, and a leading figure in economics explains the ways in which wealthy nations and developing countries alike have failed to implement changes that would result in a reversal of these social ills, and also dispels the notion of the so-called "victim of globalization", demonstrating how, despite popular belief, acceleration of globalization actually stands to reduce the levels of poverty and inequality worldwide. He poses the question as to whether increased technological, economic, and cultural change can save the world from international income inequality, and by extension, further violence, terrorism and war.

Religions and Civil Wars

The Outlook of World Peace in Iraq

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Author: Dr. Ahmed Hosney, PHD

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781453586549

Category: Religion

Page: 213

View: 7683

All men are created equal. Mankind must focus on peace among themselves on earth. Humble themselves in a way to treat each other with honor, dignity, respect and forgiveness. Pride is all belonging to God, God says, “pride is my dress and I do not allow anyone of you to share pride with me.” So, there is no diff erence between any race, color or religion in front of God. Human beings must unify themselves in one confederate to protect the good. Together we can recover and gain those who stray from God’s confederate. We should see all human beings as one family, one nati on under God to be a winner of the covenant of God and pray we all return to the promised paradise.

Unfinished Business

An American Strategy for Iraq Moving Forward

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Author: Kenneth M. Pollack,Raad Alkadiri,J. Scott Carpenter,Frederick W. Kagan,Sean Kane

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815721666

Category: Political Science

Page: 129

View: 1783

Iraq still hangs in the balance. The dramatic improvements in Iraqi security between 2007 and 2009 have produced important, but incomplete changes in the nation's politics. These changes make it possible to imagine Iraq slowly muddling upward, building gradually toward a better future. But we must be constantly on guard against the considerable potential for Iraq to slip into all-out civil war. There are dozens of scenarios—from military coups, to official misconduct, to the assassination of one or two key leaders— that could spark such violence. In Unfinished Business, a team of five experts from across the political spectrum analyze the situation in Iraq. They present a well-reasoned and feasible path for U.S. policy toward Baghdad—one that would give priority to preventing Iraq from slipping into civil war or becoming an aggressive state but that would also lead to a clear American goal: a new, strong, and prosperous ally in the Middle East. Ultimately, the United States must condition the continuation of the U.S.-Iraqi relationship on the willingness of Iraqi political leaders to guide their country in the direction of greater stability, inclusivity, and effective governance.

Why Peace Fails

The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence

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Author: Charles T. Call

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589018952

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 8186

Why does peace fail? More precisely, why do some countries that show every sign of having successfully emerged from civil war fall once again into armed conflict? What explains why peace "sticks" after some wars but not others? In this illuminating study, Charles T. Call examines the factors behind fifteen cases of civil war recurrence in Africa, Asia, the Caucasus, and Latin America. He argues that widely touted explanations of civil war—such as poverty, conflict over natural resources, and weak states—are far less important than political exclusion. Call’s study shows that inclusion of former opponents in postwar governance plays a decisive role in sustained peace. Why Peace Fails ultimately suggests that the international community should resist the temptation to prematurely withdraw resources and peacekeepers after a transition from war. Instead, international actors must remain fully engaged with postwar elected governments, ensuring that they make room for former enemies.

The Oil Curse

How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations

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Author: Michael L. Ross

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841925

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 4393

Countries that are rich in petroleum have less democracy, less economic stability, and more frequent civil wars than countries without oil. What explains this oil curse? And can it be fixed? In this groundbreaking analysis, Michael L. Ross looks at how developing nations are shaped by their mineral wealth--and how they can turn oil from a curse into a blessing. Ross traces the oil curse to the upheaval of the 1970s, when oil prices soared and governments across the developing world seized control of their countries' oil industries. Before nationalization, the oil-rich countries looked much like the rest of the world; today, they are 50 percent more likely to be ruled by autocrats--and twice as likely to descend into civil war--than countries without oil. The Oil Curse shows why oil wealth typically creates less economic growth than it should; why it produces jobs for men but not women; and why it creates more problems in poor states than in rich ones. It also warns that the global thirst for petroleum is causing companies to drill in increasingly poor nations, which could further spread the oil curse. This landmark book explains why good geology often leads to bad governance, and how this can be changed.

Burma Redux

Global Justice and the Quest for Political Reform in Myanmar

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Author: Ian Holliday

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504241

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6396

Contemporary Myanmar faces a number of political challenges, and it is unclear how other nations should act in relation to the country. Prioritizing the opinions of local citizens and reading them against the latest scholarship on this issue, Ian Holliday affirms the importance of foreign interests in Myanmar's democratic awakening, yet only through committed, grassroots strategies of engagement encompassing foreign states, international aid agencies, and global corporations. Holliday supports his argument by using multiple sources and theories, particularly ones that take historical events, contemporary political and social investigations, and global justice literature into account, as well as studies that focus on the effects of democratic transition, the aid industry, and socially responsible corporate investing and sanctions. One of the only volumes to apply broad-ranging global justice theories to a real-world nation in flux, Burma Redux will appeal to professionals researching Burma/Myanmar; political advisers and advocacy groups; nonspecialists interested in Southeast Asian politics and society and the local and international problems posed by pariah states; general readers who seek a richer understanding of the country beyond journalistic accounts; and the Burmese people themselves—both within the country and in diaspora. Burma Redux is also the first book-length study on the nation to be completed after the contentious general elections of 2010.

Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States

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Author: Graham K. Brown,Arnim Langer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781006318

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 8304

ÔThe Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States is an impressive volume. Its distinguished contributors offer a rich menu of courses, ranging from conflict and war to peacemaking, transitional justice, peacekeeping, and powersharing. Encyclopedic in its scope, the volume encompasses many different approaches to stimulate and provoke the careful reader. It serves up a feast for scholars and policymakers alike.Õ Ð Donald L. Horowitz, Duke University, US The Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States brings together contributions from a multidisciplinary group of internationally renowned scholars on such important issues as the causes of violent conflicts and state fragility, the challenges of conflict resolution and mediation, and the obstacles to post-conflict reconstruction and durable peace-building. While other companion volumes exist, this detailed and comprehensive book brings together an unrivalled range of disciplinary perspectives, including development economists, quantitative and qualitative political scientists, and sociologists. Topical chapters include; Post-Conflict and State Fragility, Ethnicity, Human Security, Poverty and Conflict, Economic Dimensions of Civil War, Climate Change and Armed Conflict, Rebel Recruitment, Education and Violent Conflict, Obstacles to Peace Settlements and many others. With detailed and comprehensive coverage, this Handbook will appeal to postgraduate and undergraduate students, policymakers, researchers and academics in conflict and peace studies, international relations, international politics and security studies.