Search results for: volcanoes-in-human-history

Volcanoes in Human History

Author : Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
File Size : 46.9 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 896
Read : 549
Download »
When the volcano Tambora erupted in Indonesia in 1815, as many as 100,000 people perished as a result of the blast and an ensuing famine caused by the destruction of rice fields on Sumbawa and neighboring islands. Gases and dust particles ejected into the atmosphere changed weather patterns around the world, resulting in the infamous ''year without a summer'' in North America, food riots in Europe, and a widespread cholera epidemic. And the gloomy weather inspired Mary Shelley to write the gothic novel Frankenstein. This book tells the story of nine such epic volcanic events, explaining the related geology for the general reader and exploring the myriad ways in which the earth's volcanism has affected human history. Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders describe in depth how volcanic activity has had long-lasting effects on societies, cultures, and the environment. After introducing the origins and mechanisms of volcanism, the authors draw on ancient as well as modern accounts--from folklore to poetry and from philosophy to literature. Beginning with the Bronze Age eruption that caused the demise of Minoan Crete, the book tells the human and geological stories of eruptions of such volcanoes as Vesuvius, Krakatau, Mount Pelée, and Tristan da Cunha. Along the way, it shows how volcanism shaped religion in Hawaii, permeated Icelandic mythology and literature, caused widespread population migrations, and spurred scientific discovery. From the prodigious eruption of Thera more than 3,600 years ago to the relative burp of Mount St. Helens in 1980, the results of volcanism attest to the enduring connections between geology and human destiny. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Volcanoes in Human History

Author : Jelle Zeilinga De Boer
File Size : 28.39 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 220
Read : 505
Download »

Volcanoes and humanity

Author : Zilda Melo França
File Size : 32.48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 340
Read : 1277
Download »

Volcanoes and Human History

Author :
File Size : 51.99 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 405
Read : 560
Download »

Volcanoes

Author : John P. Lockwood
File Size : 59.35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 535
Read : 798
Download »
Volcanoes are essential elements in the delicate global balance ofelemental forces that govern both the dynamic evolution of theEarth and the nature of Life itself. Without volcanic activity,life as we know it would not exist on our planet. Althoughbeautiful to behold, volcanoes are also potentially destructive,and understanding their nature is critical to prevent major loss oflife in the future. Richly illustrated with over 300 original color photographs anddiagrams the book is written in an informal manner, with minimumuse of jargon, and relies heavily on first-person, eye-witnessaccounts of eruptive activity at both "red" (effusive) and "grey"(explosive) volcanoes to illustrate the full spectrum of volcanicprocesses and their products. Decades of teaching in universityclassrooms and fieldwork on active volcanoes throughout the worldhave provided the authors with unique experiences that they havedistilled into a highly readable textbook of lasting value.Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion, Suggestions forFurther Reading, and a comprehensive list of source references makethis work a major resource for further study of volcanology. Volcanoes maintains three core foci: Global perspectives explain volcanoes in terms of theirtectonic positions on Earth and their roles in earth history Environmental perspectives describe the essential roleof volcanism in the moderation of terrestrial climate andatmosphere Humanitarian perspectives discuss the major influencesof volcanoes on human societies. This latter is especiallyimportant as resource scarcities and environmental issues loom overour world, and as increasing numbers of people are threatened byvolcanic hazards Readership Volcanologists, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students inearth science and related degree courses, and volcano enthusiastsworldwide. A companion website is also available for this title at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes"www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes/a

Earthquakes in Human History

Author : Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
File Size : 22.78 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 391
Read : 431
Download »
On November 1, 1755--All Saints' Day--a massive earthquake struck Europe's Iberian Peninsula and destroyed the city of Lisbon. Churches collapsed upon thousands of worshippers celebrating the holy day. Earthquakes in Human History tells the story of that calamity and other epic earthquakes. The authors, Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and Donald Theodore Sanders, recapture the power of their previous book, Volcanoes in Human History. They vividly explain the geological processes responsible for earthquakes, and they describe how these events have had long-lasting aftereffects on human societies and cultures. Their accounts are enlivened with quotations from contemporary literature and from later reports. In the chaos following the Lisbon quake, government and church leaders vied for control. The Marquês de Pombal rose to power and became a virtual dictator. As a result, the Roman Catholic Jesuit Order lost much of its influence in Portugal. Voltaire wrote his satirical work Candide to refute the philosophy of "optimism," the belief that God had created a perfect world. And the 1755 earthquake sparked the search for a scientific understanding of natural disasters. Ranging from an examination of temblors mentioned in the Bible, to a richly detailed account of the 1906 catastrophe in San Francisco, to Japan's Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, to the Peruvian earthquake in 1970 (the Western Hemisphere's greatest natural disaster), this book is an unequaled testament to a natural phenomenon that can be not only terrifying but also threatening to humankind's fragile existence, always at risk because of destructive powers beyond our control.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
File Size : 72.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 720
Read : 160
Download »
Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

101 Amazing Facts about Volcanoes

Author : Jack Goldstein
File Size : 59.40 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 565
Read : 1044
Download »
Did you know that animals can often sense when a volcano is going to erupt? Or that the force of an eruption is measured on the VEI, or Volcanic Explosivity Index? What is the difference between a shield volcano and a stratovolcano? And what were the largest eruptions in human history? All of these facts and more can be found in this fantastic guide to volcanoes, separated into sections for easy reading. This book is perfect for those studying volcanoes at school, or even if you are just interested in finding out more about this fascinating topic.

Earthquakes in Human History

Author : Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
File Size : 63.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 901
Read : 165
Download »
The geological processes that are responsible for earthquakes and how they have had long-lasting aftereffects on human societies and cultures are explained in an account of calamitous earthquakes and their repercussions, from temblors described in the Bible to the 1906 San Francisco catastrophe to quakes in Japan in 1923 and Peru in 1970.

The Burning Island

Author : Pamela Frierson
File Size : 24.55 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 880
Read : 395
Download »
Westerners—from early missionaries to explorers to present-day artists, scientists, and tourists—have always found volcanoes fascinating and disturbing. Native Hawaiians, in contrast, revere volcanoes as a source of spiritual energy and see the volcano goddess Pele as part of the natural cycle of a continuously procreative cosmos. Volcanoes hold a special place in our curiosity about nature. The Burning Island is an intimate, multilayered portrait of the Hawaiian volcano region—a land marked by a precarious tension between the harsh reality of constant geologic change, respect for mythological traditions, and the pressures of economic exploitation. Pamela Frierson treks up Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano, and Kilauea to explore how volcanoes work, as well as how their powerful and destructive forces reshape land, cultures, and history. Her adventures reveal surprising archeological ruins, threatened rainforest ecosystems, and questionable real estate development of the islands. Now a classic of nature writing, Frierson’s narrative sets the stage for a larger exploration of our need to take great care in respecting and preserving nature and tradition while balancing our ever-expanding sense of discovery and use of the land.

Volcanic Eruptions

Author : Ann Squire
File Size : 22.17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 679
Read : 299
Download »
Volcanoes have changed the shape of the world since time began. Squire shows readers how they are formed, describes the different types of eruptions, tells how volcanoes have influenced human history, and shares tips for preparing for an eruption.

Stories in Stone

Author : Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
File Size : 65.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 950
Read : 620
Download »
In a series of entertaining essays, geoscientist Jelle Zeilinga de Boer describes how early settlers discovered and exploited Connecticut’s natural resources. Their successes as well as failures form the very basis of the state’s history: Chatham’s gold played a role in the acquisition of its Charter, and Middletown’s lead helped the colony gain its freedom during the Revolution. Fertile soils in the Central Valley fueled the state’s development into an agricultural power house, and iron ores discovered in the western highlands helped trigger its manufacturing eminence. The Statue of Liberty, a quintessential symbol of America, rests on Connecticut’s Stony Creek granite. Geology not only shaped the state’s physical landscape, but also provided an economic base and played a cultural role by inspiring folklore, paintings, and poems. Illuminated by 50 illustrations and 12 color plates, Stories in Stone describes the marvel of Connecticut’s geologic diversity and also recounts the impact of past climates, earthquakes, and meteorites on the lives of the people who made Connecticut their home.

Disaster and Human History

Author : Benjamin Reilly
File Size : 23.10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 669
Read : 855
Download »
"This book examines the relationship between mankind and the natural environment through the lens of natural disasters, where the interaction between humanity and its environment comes into sharpest focus. The text achieves this goal through the examinati

Baseball Saved Us

Author : Ken Mochizuki
File Size : 47.23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 587
Read : 1277
Download »
A Japanese American boy learns to play baseball when he and his family are forced to live in an internment camp during World War II, and his ability to play helps him after the war is over.

Neapolitan Volcanoes

Author : Stefano Carlino
File Size : 44.93 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 836
Read : 1012
Download »
This book serves as a guide to discovering the most interesting volcano sites in Italy. Accompanied by some extraordinary contemporary images of active Neapolitan volcanoes, it explains the main volcanic processes that have been shaping the landscape of the Campania region and influencing human settlements in this area since Greek and Roman times and that have prompted leading international scientists to visit and study this natural volcanology laboratory. While volcanology is the central topic, the book also addresses other aspects related to the area’s volcanism and is divided into three sections: 1) Neapolitan volcanic activity and processes (with a general introduction to volcanology and its development around Naples together with descriptions of the landscape and the main sites worth visiting); 2) Volcanoes and their interactions with local human settlements since the Bronze Age, recent population growth and the transformation of the territory; 3) The risks posed by Neapolitan Volcanoes, their recent activity and the problem of forecasting any future eruption.

LIVING UNDER THE SHADOW

Author : John Grattan
File Size : 70.73 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 875
Read : 896
Download »
Contributors to this volume from anthropology, archaeology, environmental studies, geology, and biology show that human societies have been incredibly resilient and adaptive from the impacts of volcanic eruptions over human history and prehistory."

Hawai i Volcanoes National Park

Author : Stephen Feinstein
File Size : 24.42 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 576
Read : 1179
Download »
"A virtual tour of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, with chapters devoted to the history of this region, history of the park, plant and animal life, environmental problems facing the park, and activities in the area"--Provided by publisher.

Supervolcano

Author : John Savino
File Size : 70.68 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 479
Read : 1188
Download »
Supervolcano will explore: * What supervolcanos are, where they are found, and why they are so deadly to life on earth.* Toba, the largest of the known supervolcanoes in the past 27 million years, and how its catastrophic environmental aftermath brought humanity to the brink of extinction.* How genetic, geological, and computer studies show that each human today is related to a survivor of Toba.* How we can prepare for the next supervolcano, which many earth scientists believe could be right here in our own backyardYellowstone National Park. And why they believe an eruption at Yellowstone could be as catastrophic for humanity as Toba.

Volcano and Geothermal Tourism

Author : Patricia Erfurt-Cooper
File Size : 75.67 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 523
Read : 584
Download »
There are over 1300 active volcanoes worldwide and many more dormant or extinct. Some are developed as tourist destinations; others are not, but have great potential. Mount Fuji in Japan attracts over 100 million visitors per year and has immense cultural and spiritual significance, while a number of volcanic areas in national parks, for example Teide in Spain, Yellowstone in the US, Vesuvius in Italy and Tongariro in New Zealand, attract between one to four million tourists each year. In the last decade the designation of nearly 50 geoparks around the world has highlighted their potential for tourism development.This book provides the first global review and assessment of the sustainable use of active and dormant volcanic and geothermal environments for geotourism. The volcano-based tourism sector is further augmented through a closely linked range of geothermal resources and attractions, such as geysers and hot springs, which are discussed in detail throughout individual chapters covering all key volcanic and geothermal regions around the world. It is shown that volcano and geothermal tourism is a subsection of nature-based geotourism and incorporates a variety of other tourism categories such as adventure tourism, extreme tourism, ecotourism, green tourism, educational tourism, and hot spring tourism. This comprehensive book covers the most important issues of this growing tourism sector whilst incorporating relevant global research, making it an essential resource for all in the field.Includes colour plates.

The Parting of the Sea

Author : Barbara J. Sivertsen
File Size : 67.10 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 945
Read : 185
Download »
Presents an interpretation of the Book of Exodus using archeological and geological evidence to provide scientific explanations for the events found in the Bible.