Search results for: volcano-earthquake

Volcano Earthquake

Author : Susanna Van Rose
File Size : 80.77 MB
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Photographs and text explain the causes and effects of volcanoes and earthquakes and examine specific occurrences throughout history.

Earthquake and Volcano Deformation

Author : Paul Segall
File Size : 68.57 MB
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Earthquake and Volcano Deformation is the first textbook to present the mechanical models of earthquake and volcanic processes, emphasizing earth-surface deformations that can be compared with observations from Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, Interferometric Radar (InSAR), and borehole strain- and tiltmeters. Paul Segall provides the physical and mathematical fundamentals for the models used to interpret deformation measurements near active faults and volcanic centers. Segall highlights analytical methods of continuum mechanics applied to problems of active crustal deformation. Topics include elastic dislocation theory in homogeneous and layered half-spaces, crack models of faults and planar intrusions, elastic fields due to pressurized spherical and ellipsoidal magma chambers, time-dependent deformation resulting from faulting in an elastic layer overlying a viscoelastic half-space and related earthquake cycle models, poroelastic effects due to faulting and magma chamber inflation in a fluid-saturated crust, and the effects of gravity on deformation. He also explains changes in the gravitational field due to faulting and magmatic intrusion, effects of irregular surface topography and earth curvature, and modern concepts in rate- and state-dependent fault friction. This textbook presents sample calculations and compares model predictions against field data from seismic and volcanic settings from around the world. Earthquake and Volcano Deformation requires working knowledge of stress and strain, and advanced calculus. It is appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geophysics, geology, and engineering. Professors: A supplementary Instructor's Manual is available for this book. It is restricted to teachers using the text in courses. For information on how to obtain a copy, refer to: http://press.princeton.edu/class_use/solutions.html

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : CHRIS. OXLADE
File Size : 46.60 MB
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Explore, create and investigate with Ava and George - the Geo Detectives! Use your detective skills to find out about volcanoes, earthquakes and other astounding natural events. With the Geo Detectives series, join two young detectives, Ava and George, in a hands-on exploration of the natural world. Learn about exciting geography topics, then investigate further with fun activities and projects to do at home and outside. What happens when a volcano erupts? Can we predict earthquakes? Where do most earthquakes occur in the world? Discover what amazing things happen in nature and use your own skills to find out why! Get answers about: Tectonic plates using a soggy biscuit How gas blows cinders out of a crater with popcorn, a plate, a cup, and a straw Which materials are the best protection against heat using a chocolate bar How to measure quakes by making your own seismometer from everyday items Tsunamis by making your own model tsunami wave And much more! Encouraging young readers to investigate geography topics and to have fun while learning, this book will amaze and astound any reader with an interest in science and nature.

Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Author : Alexander E. Gates
File Size : 67.11 MB
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Presents alphabetically arranged entries on issues related to volcanoes and earthquakes, including causes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, notable occurrences throughout history and the study of these natural phenomena.

Seismic Motion Lithospheric Structures Earthquake and Volcanic Sources

Author : Yehuda Ben-Zion
File Size : 37.6 MB
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Geophysicists use seismic signals to image structures in the Earth's interior, to understand the mechanics of earthquake and volcanic sources, and to estimate their associated hazards. Keiiti Aki developed pioneering quantitative methods for extracting useful information from various portions of observed seismograms and applied these methods to many problems in the above fields. This volume honors Aki's contributions with review papers and results from recent applications by his former students and scientific associates pertaining to topics spawned by his work. Discussed subjects include analytical and numerical techniques for calculating dynamic rupture and radiated seismic waves, stochastic models used in engineering seismology, earthquake and volcanic source processes, seismic tomography, properties of lithospheric structures, analysis of scattered waves, and more. The volume will be useful to students and professional geophysicists alike.

International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering Seismology

Author : William H.K. Lee
File Size : 24.59 MB
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Modern scientific investigations of earthquakes began in the 1880s, and the International Association of Seismology was organized in 1901 to promote collaboration of scientists and engineers in studying earthquakes. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, under the auspices of the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), was prepared by leading experts under a distinguished international advisory board and team of editors. The content is organized into 56 chapters and includes over 430 figures, 24 of which are in color. This large-format, comprehensive reference summarizes well-established facts, reviews relevant theories, surveys useful methods and techniques, and documents and archives basic seismic data. It will be the authoritative reference for scientists and engineers and a quick and handy reference for seismologists. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Two CD-ROMs containing additional material packaged with the text

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Author : Alison Rae
File Size : 58.24 MB
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This series offers a detailed, informative and lively discussion on four of the key areas of physical geography. Each book helps develop the knowledge of how specific features of the Earth are formed, their causes and effects, patterns and processes, and our study and understanding of them. The series aims not only to answer, but also to inspire questions about different environments and landscapes, and our relationships with some of the greatest forces of nature we experience on Earth. Photographs bring the effects of the subject vividly to life, while diagrams enhance the readers' practical understanding of the processes that have created the landscapes of the world in which we live today.

Introduction to Volcanic Seismology

Author : Vyacheslav M. Zobin
File Size : 72.34 MB
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Volcanic seismology represents the main, and often the only, tool to forecast volcanic eruptions and to monitor the eruption process. This book describes the main types of seismic signals at volcanoes, their nature and spatial and temporal distributions at different stages of eruptive activity. Following from the success of the first edition, published in 2003, the second edition consists of 19 chapters including significant revision and five new chapters. Organized into four sections, the book begins with an introduction to the history and topic of volcanic seismology, discussing the theoretical and experimental models that were developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes. The second section is devoted to the study of volcano-tectonic earthquakes, giving the theoretical basis for their occurrence and swarms as well as case stories of volcano-tectonic activity associated with the eruptions at basaltic, andesitic, and dacitic volcanoes. There were 40 cases of volcanic eruptions at 20 volcanoes that occurred all over the world from 1910 to 2005, which are discussed. General regularities of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms, their participation in the eruptive process, their source properties, and the hazard of strong volcano-tectonic earthquakes are also described. The third section describes the theoretical basis for the occurrence of eruption earthquakes together with the description of volcanic tremor, the seismic signals associated with pyroclastic flows, rockfalls and lahars, and volcanic explosions, long-period and very-long-period seismic signals at volcanoes, micro-earthquake swarms, and acoustic events. The final section discuss the mitigation of volcanic hazard and include the methodology of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity, the examples of forecasting of volcanic eruptions by seismic methods, and the description of seismic activity in the regions of dormant volcanoes. This book will be essential for students and practitioners of volcanic seismology to understand the essential elements of volcanic eruptions. Provides a comprehensive overview of seismic signals at different stages of volcano eruption. Discusses dozens of case histories from around the world to provide real-world applications. Illustrations accompany detailed descriptions of volcano eruptions alongside the theories involved.

Earthquakes Volcanoes

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Volcanoes Earthquakes And Tsunamis Teach Yourself

Author : David Rothery
File Size : 56.47 MB
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Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis is the essential guide to what causes the most frightening geological events with which we are faced today. It covers plate tectonics, the intricacies of each terrible phenomina, and their effects as well as the impact they have on each other, how they can be predicted and, if possible, controlled. NOT GOT MUCH TIME? One, five and ten-minute introductions to key principles to get you started. AUTHOR INSIGHTS Lots of instant help with common problems and quick tips for success, based on the author's many years of experience. EXTEND YOUR KNOWLEDGE Extra online articles at www.teachyourself.com to give you a richer understanding. THINGS TO REMEMBER Quick refreshers to help you remember the key facts.

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : Pierre Kohler
File Size : 75.21 MB
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Explains the geological causes of earthquakes and volcanoes and how they affect our lives.

Plate Tectonics Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : John P. Rafferty Associate Editor, Earth Sciences
File Size : 75.40 MB
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Presents an introduction to volcanoes and earthquakes, explaining how the movement of the Earth's interior plates cause their formation and describing the volcanoes which currently exist around the world as well as some of the famous earthquakes of the nineteenth through twenty-first cenuturies.

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : Monalisa Sengupta
File Size : 44.42 MB
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An overview of volcanoes and earthquakes discusses what causes them, famous events, how they are studied, and how they are portrayed in folklore and legend around the world.

Earthquakes Volcanoes and Tsunamis

Author : Matthys Levy
File Size : 41.91 MB
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With fascinating experiments, models, and demonstrations, this scientific survey provides a vivid exploration of natural phenomena. Ideal for budding earth scientists, this in-depth resource demonstrates how to build a seismograph to record a simulated earthquake, compare pressure waves and shear waves--the two types of ground shocks--with a Slinky, and replicate a tsunami's destructive effect on a "coastline" built in a bathtub. The chapters answer questions such as "Can animals "predict" earthquakes?" "How have various cultures explained the movement of the earth throughout history? "and "Why do some volcanoes ooze rivers of lava while others blow their tops?" Additional topics include how to earthquake-proof homes, protect oneself during a tremor, and construct simple models to test seismographs.

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Author : Ellen J. Prager
File Size : 31.44 MB
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Though the Earth's outermost shell is comprised of tectonic plates that are constantly shifting underneath our feet, the ground is usually quiet and still. But sometimes, an earthquake violently rocks the ground or an explosive volcanic blast causes destruction to surrounding areas. Yet despite the potential devastating effects, earthquakes and volcanoes also help create the land people live on. Earthquakes and Volcanoes explains what triggers earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, where on Earth they are most likely to occur, how they happen, and how examining disasters of the past can make people safer in the future during these events.

Understanding Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : Jen Green
File Size : 34.46 MB
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Introduces young readers to Earth's unique features, offering explanations for volcanoes and earthquakes.

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Author : Frédéric Zurcher
File Size : 54.58 MB
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An attractively illustrated popular account of volcanoes around the globe, originally published in 1866, and in this English translation in 1868.

Ring of Fire An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rim s Earthquakes Tsunamis and Volcanoes

Author : Bethany D. Rinard Hinga Ph.D.
File Size : 42.25 MB
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The author examines natural disasters around the Pacific Rim throughout history together with scientific data context to produce enlightening—and highly readable—entries. • Features approximately 100 alphabetically arranged entries with insights into specific disasters, technology, key geographic features of the area, significant people, cultural beliefs, and more • Includes a general introduction and overview of the geography and tectonic activity in the Pacific Rim countries • Offers both historical and scientific information • Explains complex natural phenomena and scientific concepts using nontechnical language and clear illustrations • Provides relevant cross-references to related topics as well as to articles, books, and websites that offer further information

Erosion Volcano s and Earthquakes Fourth Grade Science Experiments

Author : Thomas Bell
File Size : 28.40 MB
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If your child is struggling with science, then this book is for you; the short book covers the topic and also contains 5 science experiments to work with, and ten quiz questions. The book covers the following: Erosion Water Wind Gravity Other Causes What Happens When Erosion Happens How To Stop Erosion Volcanoes Earthquakes Experiments In Earthquakes, Volcanoes And Erosion This subject comes from the book “Fourth Grade Science (For Home School or Extra Practice)”; it more thoroughly covers more fifth grade topics to help your child get a better understanding of fifth grade math. If you purchased that book, or plan to purchase that book, do not purchase this, as the problems are the same.

Volcano Earthquake and Hurricane

Author : Nick Arnold
File Size : 46.16 MB
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Examines some devastating natural disasters and their causes, including volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and hurricanes.