Search results for: variational-principles-in-physics

Variational Principles in Physics

Author : Jean-Louis Basdevant
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Variational principles have proven to be surprisingly fertile. For example, Fermat used variational methods to demonstrate that light follows the fastest route from one point to another, an idea which came to be a cornerstone of geometrical optics. This book explains variational principles and charts their use throughout modern physics. It examines the analytical mechanics of Lagrange and Hamilton, the basic tools of any physicist. The book also offers simple but rich first impressions of Einstein’s General Relativity, Feynman’s Quantum Mechanics, and more that reveal amazing interconnections between various fields of physics.

Variational Principles of Physics

Author : André Mercier
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Variational Principles and Methods in Theoretical Physics and Chemistry

Author : Robert K. Nesbet
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This book brings together the essential ideas and methods behind applications of variational theory in theoretical physics and chemistry. The emphasis is on understanding physical and computational applications of variational methodology rather than on rigorous mathematical formalism. The text begins with an historical survey of familiar variational principles in classical mechanics and optimization theory, then proceeds to develop the variational principles and formalism behind current computational methodology for bound and continuum quantum states of interacting electrons in atoms, molecules, and condensed matter. It covers multiple-scattering theory, including a detailed presentation of contemporary methodology for electron-impact rotational and vibrational excitation of molecules. The book ends with an introduction to the variational theory of relativistic fields. Ideal for graduate students and researchers in any field that uses variational methodology, this book is particularly suitable as a backup reference for lecture courses in mathematical methods in physics and theoretical chemistry.

The Variational Principles of Dynamics

Author : Boris A Kupershmidt
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Given a conservative dynamical system of classical physics, how does one find a variational principle for it? Is there a canonical recipe for such a principle? The case of particle mechanics was settled by Lagrange in 1788; this text treats continuous systems. Recipes devised are algebraic in nature, and this book develops all the mathematical tools found necessary after the minute examination of the adiabatic fluid dynamics in the introduction. These tools include: Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms, Legendre transforms, dual spaces of Lie algebras and associated 2-cocycles; and linearized and Z2-graded versions of all of these. The following typical physical systems, together with their Hamiltonian structures, are discussed: Classical Magnetohydro-dynamics with its Hall deformation; Multifluid Plasma; Superfluid He-4 (both irrotational and rotating) and 3He-A; Quantum fluids; Yang-Mills MHD; Spinning fluids; Spin Glass; Extended YM Plasma; A Lattice Gas. Detailed motivations, easy-to-follow arguments, open problems, and over 300 exercises help the reader. Request Inspection Copy

The Variational Principles of Mechanics

Author : Cornelius Lanczos
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Philosophic, less formalistic approach to analytical mechanics offers model of clear, scholarly exposition at graduate level with coverage of basics, calculus of variations, principle of virtual work, equations of motion, more.

Variational Principles in Classical Mechanics

Author : Douglas Cline
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Two dramatically different philosophical approaches to classical mechanics were proposed during the 17th - 18th centuries. Newton developed his vectorial formulation that uses time-dependent differential equations of motion to relate vector observables like force and rate of change of momentum. Euler, Lagrange, Hamilton, and Jacobi, developed powerful alternative variational formulations based on the assumption that nature follows the principle of least action. These variational formulations now play a pivotal role in science and engineering.This book introduces variational principles and their application to classical mechanics. The relative merits of the intuitive Newtonian vectorial formulation, and the more powerful variational formulations are compared. Applications to a wide variety of topics illustrate the intellectual beauty, remarkable power, and broad scope provided by use of variational principles in physics.The second edition adds discussion of the use of variational principles applied to the following topics:(1) Systems subject to initial boundary conditions(2) The hierarchy of related formulations based on action, Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and equations of motion, to systems that involve symmetries.(3) Non-conservative systems.(4) Variable-mass systems.(5) The General Theory of Relativity.Douglas Cline is a Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York.

Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory

Author : Wolfgang Yourgrau
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DIVHistorical, theoretical survey with many insights, much hard-to-find material. Hamilton’s principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equation, etc. /div

Variational Principles in Mathematical Physics Geometry and Economics

Author : Alexandru Kristály
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A comprehensive introduction to modern applied functional analysis. Assumes only basic notions of calculus, real analysis, geometry, and differential equations.

Perfect Form

Author : Don S. Lemons
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What does the path taken by a ray of light share with the trajectory of a thrown baseball and the curve of a wheat stalk bending in the breeze? Each is the subject of a different study yet all are optimal shapes; light rays minimize travel time while a thrown baseball minimizes action. All natural curves and shapes, and many artificial ones, manifest such "perfect form" because physical principles can be expressed as a statement requiring some important physical quantity to be mathematically maximum, minimum, or stationary. Perfect Form introduces the basic "variational" principles of classical physics (least time, least potential energy, least action, and Hamilton's principle), develops the mathematical language most suited to their application (the calculus of variations), and presents applications from the physics usually encountered in introductory course sequences. The text gradually unfolds the physics and mathematics. While other treatments postulate Hamilton's principle and deduce all results from it, Perfect Form begins with the most plausible and restricted variational principles and develops more powerful ones through generalization. One selection of text and problems even constitutes a non-calculus of variations introduction to variational methods, while the mathematics more generally employed extends only to solving simple ordinary differential equations. Perfect Form is designed to supplement existing classical mechanics texts and to present variational principles and methods to students who approach the subject for the first time.

Gauge Theory and Variational Principles

Author : David Bleecker
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Covers principal fiber bundles and connections; curvature; particle fields, Lagrangians, and gauge invariance; inhomogeneous field equations; free Dirac electron fields; calculus on frame bundle; and unification of gauge fields and gravitation. 1981 edition

Variational Principles

Author : B. L. Moiseiwitsch
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This graduate-level text's primary objective is to demonstrate the expression of the equations of the various branches of mathematical physics in the succinct and elegant form of variational principles (and thereby illuminate their interrelationship). Its related intentions are to show how variational principles may be employed to determine the discrete eigenvalues for stationary state problems and to illustrate how to find the values of quantities (such as the phase shifts) that arise in the theory of scattering. Chapter-by-chapter treatment consists of analytical dynamics; optics, wave mechanics, and quantum mechanics; field equations; eigenvalue problems; and scattering theory. 1966 edition. Bibliography. Index.

An Introduction to Modern Variational Techniques in Mechanics and Engineering

Author : Bozidar D. Vujanovic
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* Atanackovic has good track record with Birkhauser: his "Theory of Elasticity" book (4072-X) has been well reviewed. * Current text has received two excellent pre-pub reviews. * May be used as textbook in advanced undergrad/beginning grad advanced dynamics courses in engineering, physics, applied math departments. *Also useful as self-study reference for researchers and practitioners. * Many examples and novel applications throughout. Competitive literature---Meirovich, Goldstein---is outdated and does not include the synthesis of topics presented here.

The Principle of Least Action

Author : Alberto Rojo
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This text brings history and the key fields of physics together to present a unique technical discussion of the principles of least action.

Variational Principles of Continuum Mechanics

Author : Victor Berdichevsky
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Thereareabout500booksonvariationalprinciples. Theyareconcernedmostlywith the mathematical aspects of the topic. The major goal of this book is to discuss the physical origin of the variational principles and the intrinsic interrelations between them. For example, the Gibbs principles appear not as the rst principles of the theory of thermodynamic equilibrium but as a consequence of the Einstein formula for thermodynamic uctuations. The mathematical issues are considered as long as they shed light on the physical outcomes and/or provide a useful technique for direct study of variational problems. Thebookisacompletelyrewrittenversionoftheauthor’smonographVariational Principles of Continuum Mechanics which appeared in Russian in 1983. I have been postponing the English translation because I wished to include the variational pr- ciples of irreversible processes in the new edition. Reaching an understanding of this subject took longer than I expected. In its nal form, this book covers all aspects of the story. The part concerned with irreversible processes is tiny, but it determines the accents put on all the results presented. The other new issues included in the book are: entropy of microstructure, variational principles of vortex line dynamics, va- ational principles and integration in functional spaces, some stochastic variational problems, variational principle for probability densities of local elds in composites with random structure, variational theory of turbulence; these topics have not been covered previously in monographic literature.

Calculus of Variations

Author : Books Llc
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 53. Chapters: Fermat's principle, Noether's theorem, Signorini problem, Caccioppoli set, Action, Euler-Lagrange equation, Isoperimetric inequality, Variational inequality, Principle of least action, Hamilton's principle, Maupertuis' principle, History of variational principles in physics, Transportation theory, Obstacle problem, Inverse problem for Lagrangian mechanics, Direct method in the calculus of variations, Hilbert's nineteenth problem, Envelope theorem, Brunn-Minkowski theorem, Fundamental lemma of calculus of variations, Lagrange multipliers on Banach spaces, Mountain pass theorem, Lagrangian system, Minkowski-Steiner formula, Plateau's problem, Ekeland's variational principle, Mosco convergence, Energy principles in structural mechanics, Noether identities, Beltrami identity, Nehari manifold, Morse-Palais lemma, Noether's second theorem, Path of least resistance, Minkowski's first inequality for convex bodies, -convergence, Palais-Smale compactness condition, Homicidal chauffeur problem, Pseudo-monotone operator, Variational bicomplex, Saint-Venant's theorem, Tonelli's theorem, Dirichlet's principle, Dirichlet's energy, First variation, Hu Washizu principle, Legendre-Clebsch condition, Chaplygin problem, Weierstrass-Erdmann condition, Variational vector field, List of variational topics. Excerpt: Noether's (first) theorem states that any differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. The theorem was proved by German mathematician Emmy Noether in 1915 and published in 1918. The action of a physical system is the integral over time of a Lagrangian function (which may or may not be an integral over space of a Lagrangian density function), from which the system's behavior can be determined by the principle of least action. Noether's theorem has become a fundamental tool of ...

Variational Principles for Solutions of Scalar and Vector Wave Equations

Author : Mohamed H. Yaktieen
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Variational Principles of Continuum Mechanics with Engineering Applications

Author : V. Komkov
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Approach your problems from the right end It isn't that they can't see the solution. It is and begin with the answers. Then one day, that they can't see the problem. perhaps you will find the final question. G. K. Chesterton. The Scandal of Father 'The Hermit Clad in Crane Feathers' in R. Brown 'The point of a Pin'. van Gulik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, coding theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical programming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces. And in addition to this there are such new emerging subdisciplines as "experimental mathematics", "CFD", "completely integrable systems", "chaos, synergetics and large-scale order", which are almost impossible to fit into the existing classification schemes. They draw upon widely different sections of mathematics.

Variational Principles in the Theory of Collisions

Author : IUrii Nikolaevich Demkov
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Variational Methods in Nuclear Reactor Physics

Author : Weston M. Jr. Stacey
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Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 10: Variational Methods in Nuclear Reactor Physics presents the mathematical methods of a variational origin that are useful in obtaining approximate solutions to science and engineering problems. This book is composed of five chapters and begins with a discussion on the variation principles for physical systems described by both inhomogeneous and homogeneous equations to develop a generalized perturbation theory. Chapter 2 deals with the applications of variational estimates and generalized perturbation theory to neutron transport problems. Chapter 3 covers the variation principles of the Lagrangian form that are constructed for a general, linear- time-dependent process and for the specific case of the P1 neutron kinetics equations. Chapter 4 presents the general procedure for the variational derivation of synthesis approximations and their applications to problems in reactor physics. This chapter also examines the relationship of the spatial synthesis and finite-element method and a hybrid method that combines features of both methods. Chapter 5 describes the relationship of variation theory with the Hamilton-Jacobi theory and with the optimization theories of the maximum principle and dynamic programming. Nuclear physicists and researchers will find this text invaluable.

Invariant Variational Principles

Author : Logan
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Invariant Variational Principles