Search results for: us-energy-and-environmental-interest-groups

U S Energy and Environmental Interest Groups

Author : Lettie McSpadden Wenner
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Wenner, who has been an active policy-oriented political scientist in the area of energy/environmental legislation and litigation . . . has created a practitioner's dictionary to the most influential special-interest groups lobbying in the halls of Washington, DC, today. Her introduction offers an excellent summation of how she determined which groups were to be included and describes how she organized the groups. . . . If the purpose of a dictionary is to save time and trouble for researchers, then this is an excellent contribution to the growing literature of environmental and energy policy studies. Choice In the latter part of the 1980s, as political action committees proliferated and the number of lobbyists in Washington, D.C. increased, there was a corresponding increase of interest among scholars in examining this phenomenon. This book defines the universe of groups that lobby in the fields of environmental and energy policy regardless of which side of the many controversies in these areas they represent. Included are groups that have gained national recognition as representatives of the environmental movement; other entries are smaller organizations that focus on one special issue. Their impact may be significant on that policy, but they may be less important than some general public interest lobbies that do not specialize in environmental problems but whose influence on the American political scene makes their opinions significant. Another major category is the large trade association with many interests that go beyond the focus of this book. These groups have been in business for many years and would not fade from view if they stopped all lobbying on these issues. Yet they are some of the most important actors in this issue area today, and to ignore them would be to turn a blind eye to the reality of the political process. A third major type of group that lobbies in this area are the professional and research organizations that are formed around their members' careers. They assume a moderate position on most of the main issues and may hold a balance of power in their hands today. Each group included in the volume is profiled according to its history, membership, sources of funding, structure of organization, strategies used to influence policies, and the types of programs about which the organization is most concerned. In addition to the 148 main entries that comprise the bulk of the book, there were groups described in standard reference works that appeared to qualify them for inclusion in this work but for which there was minimal information; these groups are listed in Appendix A. The questionnaire used to query the groups is included in Appendix B. As a reference tool, this volume will be useful for libraries, as well as for organizations interested in the fields of energy and environment.

Short Circuiting Policy

Author : Leah Cardamore Stokes
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In 1999, Texas passed a landmark clean energy law, beginning a groundswell of new policies that promised to make the US a world leader in renewable energy. As Leah Stokes shows in Short Circuiting Policy, however, that policy did not lead to momentum in Texas, which failed to implement its solar laws or clean up its electricity system. Examining clean energy laws in Texas, Kansas, Arizona, and Ohio over a thirty-year time frame, Stokes argues that organized combat between advocate and opponent interest groups is central to explaining why states are not on track to address the climate crisis. She tells the political history of our energy institutions, explaining how fossil fuel companies and electric utilities have promoted climate denial and delay. Stokes further explains the limits of policy feedback theory, showing the ways that interest groups drive retrenchment through lobbying, public opinion, political parties and the courts. More than a history of renewable energy policy in modern America, Short Circuiting Policy offers a bold new argument about how the policy process works, and why seeming victories can turn into losses when the opposition has enough resources to roll back laws.

Environmental Policy and Politics

Author : Michael E. Kraft
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Covering global threats such as climate change, population growth, and loss of biodiversity, as well as national, state, and local problems of environmental pollution, energy use, and natural resource use and conservation, Environmental Policy and Politics provides a comprehensive overview of U.S. policymaking processes, the legislative and administrative settings for policy decisions, the role of interest groups and public opinion in environmental politics, and the public policies that result. It helps readers understand modern environmental policy and its implications, including the need for a comprehensive and integrated approach to problem-solving. New to the Seventh Edition Each chapter includes the latest information about environmental challenges and governmental responses to them, with extensive citation of sources and websites that allow students to find the most recent studies and reports. Each chapter covers key political and policy decisions through early 2017, including presidential appointments, budgetary decisions, major legislative initiatives, and congressional actions. Each chapter introduction includes new statements about learning objectives to facilitate student understanding of key concepts and their applications, arguments advanced over environmental challenges and policies, and the goals and methods of environmental policy analysis. Chapters compare decisions about major environmental, energy, and natural resource policies among the presidential administrations of George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, to the extent possible. Each chapter’s case studies have been changed or updated to include the latest developments and examples that should improve their appeal to students. These include controversies over the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, the EPA’s Clean Power Plan and new fuel economy standards, new policies on toxic chemicals, the role of environmental and energy policies in the 2016 elections, changes in the nation’s reliance on energy resources, standards for evaluating environmental and resource policies, and the Paris Agreement on climate change. Summaries of scientific studies, government reports, and policy analyses have been updated throughout the text to reflect the most current research and information in the field. All chapters include revised discussion questions and new suggested readings. The writing and flow of material have been improved throughout to make the chapters more accessible and useful to students.

Lobbying and Policy Change in the U S

Author : Peter Longsholm Jølbæk
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The Influence of U S Environmental and Industry Interest Groups on the United States Position in the Climate Change Negotiations

Author : Anne Baldwin Tenney
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Transformation der Verb ndedemokratie

Author : Martin Sebaldt
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Die Verbändedemokratie der USA hat sich seit Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts merklich gewandelt: Das Spektrum organisierter Interessen hat in den vergangenen Dekaden deutlich an Umfang gewonnen. Bestand es zu Beginn des Untersuchungszeitraums (1955) lediglich aus knapp 9.000 Vereinigungen, so sind vierzig Jahre später rund 24.000 zu veranschlagen. Dieser Anstieg auf mehr als das Zweieinhalbfache geht jedoch einher mit einer substantiellen verbandlichen Mortalitätsrate: Über 7.000 Organisationen sind in den untersuchten Jahrzehnten erloschen oder in anderen Verbänden aufgegangen. Daraus resultiert auch eine sehr große Fluktuation in der Interessengruppenlandschaft: Nur mehr ein Teil der 1955 existierenden Vereinigungen ist auch heute noch aktiv. Die Expansion der Verbändelandschaft kommt in überproportionalem Maße den Non-Profit-Interessen zugute: Sozial-, Kultur-, Freizeit- und Umweltverbände, aber auch politisch motivierte "Public Interest Groups" erlebten in den letzten Jahrzehnten einen wahren Gründungsboom, was auf die organisationsfördernde Wirkung politisch-kultureller und sozialer Modernisierungsprozesse zurückzuführen ist. Gerade traditionell schlecht formierbaren Klientelen (Verbraucher, Behinderte, ethnische Minoritäten etc.) gelingt es immer besser, sich verbandlich zu organisieren und die traditionellen Wettbewerbsverzerrungen im amerikanischen Verbändepluralismus merklich zu verringern.

U S Women s Interest Groups

Author : Sarah Slavin
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No other reference analyzes the origins, development, programs, publications, and political action of 180 major American organizations concerned with women's issues in such depth. Over 100 experts give an overview of how national women's groups of all kinds and representing varied and broad segments of society have had an impact on a wide array of public policy issues in Washington in recent years. An introduction provides a content analysis, general background, and historical sketch for the profiles, which are arranged alphabetically. An appendix describes six government agencies of primary importance in handling women's issues, as agenda setters and bridges. A second appendix consists of the questionnaire which was sent to each organization covered in the volume. The alphabetically arranged profiles cover organizations with all types of goals and concerns, different racial and ethnic identification, church and temple affiliations: civil, elderly, professional, and occupational associations; social and sorority groups; labor and business organizations; not-for-profit and for-profit groups; research centers; and both partisan and nonpartisan organizations. Students, teachers, professionals in governmental and nongovernmental agencies, researchers, and citizen activists will find that this handy sourcebook is a treasury of authoritative information about how private citizens work to affect national policy and legislation in essential ways.

U S Consumer Interest Groups

Author : Loree Gerdes Bykerk
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In-depth profiles of interest groups showing who gets what in the marketplace and in politics and why.

U S Educational Policy Interest Groups

Author : Gregory S. Butler
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Analyzes and describes how 182 nongovernmental organizations have an impact on the formation of educational policy.

Research Guide to U S and International Interest Groups

Author : Clive S. Thomas
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An excellent introductory resource, this compilation covers the major research, literature, and possible future directions of the study of interest groups.