Transport Systems and Processes

Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation


Author: Adam Weintrit,Tomasz Neumann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203157001

Category: Computers

Page: 220

View: 9685

The TransNav 2011 Symposium held at the Gdynia Maritime University, Poland in June 2011 has brought together a wide range of participants from all over the world. The program has offered a variety of contributions, allowing to look at many aspects of the navigational safety from various different points of view. Topics presented and discussed at the Symposium were: navigation, safety at sea, sea transportation, education of navigators and simulator-based training, sea traffic engineering, ship's manoeuvrability, integrated systems, electronic charts systems, satellite, radio-navigation and anti-collision systems and many others. This book is part of a series of six volumes and provides an overview of Transport Systems and Processes and is addressed to scientists and professionals involved in research and development of navigation, safety of navigation and sea transportation.

Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes

Modeling – Identification – Prediction - Optimization


Author: Krzysztof Kołowrocki,Joanna Soszyńska-Budny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857296948

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 405

View: 9261

Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes offers a comprehensive approach to the analysis, identification, evaluation, prediction and optimization of complex technical systems operation, reliability and safety. Its main emphasis is on multistate systems with ageing components, changes to their structure, and their components reliability and safety parameters during the operation processes. Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes presents integrated models for the reliability, availability and safety of complex non-repairable and repairable multistate technical systems, with reference to their operation processes and their practical applications to real industrial systems. The authors consider variables in different operation states, reliability and safety structures, and the reliability and safety parameters of components, as well as suggesting a cost analysis for complex technical systems. Researchers and industry practitioners will find information on a wide range of complex technical systems in Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes. It may prove an easy-to-use guide to reliability and safety evaluations of real complex technical systems, both during their operation and at the design stages.

Instrumentation, Control and Automation of Water and Wastewater Treatment and Transport Systems 1993


Author: B. Jank

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483105636

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 8319

Instrumentation, Control and Automation of Water and Wastewater Treatment and Transport Systems 1993 comprises a selection of manuscripts on the development of control strategies and their applications and on the status and future directions of Instrumentation, Control, and Automation (ICA) in the water and wastewater industry. The book starts by providing an overview of the status, the constraints and the future prospects for ICA in water and wastewater treatment and transport based on the survey responses of experts from 16 different countries. The text continues by presenting the need for dynamic modeling and simulation software to assist operations staff in developing effective instrumentation control strategies and to provide a training environment for the evaluation of such strategies. The book also covers the critical variables in system success; the use of an enterprise-wide computing that emphasizes the importance of strategic planning, performance measures, and human factors associated with the suggested implementation of applied technology; and the use of part-time unmanned operation at a large wastewater treatment plant. A functional approach based on the utility’s water and wastewater functional requirements; the collection system monitoring and control; water distribution and control systems; dynamic modeling and simulation; and process control strategy and development are also considered. This book will be beneficial to biochemists, wastewater technologists, and public health authorities.

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems


Author: Alfredo Nunez,Doris Saez,Cristián E. Cortés

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447143507

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 172

View: 4398

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems develops methods for the design of predictive control strategies for nonlinear-dynamic hybrid discrete-/continuous-variable systems. The methodology is designed for real-time applications, particularly the study of dynamic transport systems. Operational and service policies are considered, as well as cost reduction. The control structure is based on a sound definition of the key variables and their evolution. A flexible objective function able to capture the predictive behaviour of the system variables is described. Coupled with efficient algorithms, mainly drawn from area of computational intelligence, this is shown to optimize performance indices for real-time applications. The framework of the proposed predictive control methodology is generic and, being able to solve nonlinear mixed integer optimization problems dynamically, is readily extendable to other industrial processes. The main topics of this book are: · hybrid predictive control (HPC) design based on evolutionary multiobjective optimization (EMO); · HPC based on EMO for dial-a-ride systems; and · HPC based on EMO for operational decisions in public transport systems. Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems is a comprehensive analysis of HPC and its application to dynamic transport systems. Introductory material on evolutionary algorithms is presented in summary in an appendix. The text will be of interest to control and transport engineers working on the operational optimization of transport systems and to academic researchers working with hybrid systems. The potential applications of the generic methods presented here to other process fields will make the book of interest to a wider group of researchers, scientists and graduate students working in other control-related disciplines.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells


Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080982271

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 818

View: 1061

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling


Author: Milan Janic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056992446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 3906

Presenting a comprehensive coverage, Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling is a unique text dealing with the analysis and modelling of the processes and operations carried out in all three parts of the air transport system, namely, airports, air traffic control and airlines. Seen from a planners point of view, this book provides insights into current methods and also gives details of new research. Methods are given for the analysis and modelling of the capacity, quality and economics of the service offered to users and includes illustrative analytical and simulation models of the systems operations supported by an appropriate analysis of real world events and applications. Undergraduates and graduates in the field of air transport planning and technology, applied operations research and applied transport economics will find this book to be of interest, as will specialists involved with transport institutes and consulting firms, policy makers dealing with air transport and the analysts and planners employed at air transport enterprises.

Dynamic Modeling of Transport Process Systems


Author: C. A. Silebi,William E. Schiesser

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080925820

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 7207

This book presents a methodology for the development and computer implementation of dynamic models for transport process systems. Rather than developing the general equations of transport phenomena, it develops the equations required specifically for each new example application. These equations are generally of two types: ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) for which time is an independent variable. The computer-based methodology presented is general purpose and can be applied to most applications requiring the numerical integration of initial-value ODEs/PDEs. A set of approximately two hundred applications of ODEs and PDEs developed by the authors are listed in Appendix 8.

Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems


Author: Gordon L. Amidon,Ping I. Lee,Elizabeth M. Topp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824766108

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 4066

This cutting-edge reference clearly explains pharmaceutical transport phenomena, demonstrating applications ranging from drug or nutrient uptake into vesicle or cell suspensions, drug dissolution and absorption across biological membranes, whole body kinetics, and drug release from polymer reservoirs and matrices to heat and mass transport in freeze-drying and hygroscopicity. Focuses on practical applications of drug delivery from a physical and mechanistic perspective, highlighting biological systems. Written by more than 30 international authorities in the field, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems discusses the crucial relationship between the transport process and thermodynamic factors analyzes the dynamics of diffusion at liquid-liquid, liquid-solid, and liquid-cultured cell interfaces covers prodrug design for improving membrane transport addresses the effects of external stimuli in altering some natural and synthetic polymer matrices examines properties of hydrogels, including synthesis, swelling degree, swelling kinetics, permeability, biocompatibility, and biodegradability presents mass transfer of drugs and pharmacokinetics based on mass balance descriptions and more! Containing over 1000 references and more than 1100 equations, drawings, photographs, micrographs, and tables, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems is a must-read resource for research pharmacists, pharmaceutical scientists and chemists, chemical engineers, physical chemists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Cholesterol Transport Systems and Their Relation to Atherosclerosis


Author: Armin Steinmetz,Hans Kaffarnik,Jürgen Schneider

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642836658

Category: Medical

Page: 112

View: 2119

A number of clinical and epidemiological studies have shown that disorders of lipoprotein metabolism constitute one of the most important risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. This volume examines the state of the art of lipoprotein subclass metabolism and its relation to these diseases. The authors also report on new developments concerning the role of lipoprotein recptors, macrophages and apolipoprotein E polymorphism in cholesterol homeostasis. The combination of general outline form and very specific aspects of cholesterol transport will interest those in other disciplines following developments in the field, as well as those directly involved in lipoprotein research.

Transport and Development in the Third World


Author: David Simon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134813864

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1189

This volume presents a balanced review of transport provision and the development process in the Third World, and provides a comprehensive survey of possible transport solutions and their implications.