Transport Systems and Processes

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Transport Systems and Processes

Transport Systems and Processes

Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation

  • Author: Adam Weintrit,Tomasz Neumann
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0203157001
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 220
  • View: 2006
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The TransNav 2011 Symposium held at the Gdynia Maritime University, Poland in June 2011 has brought together a wide range of participants from all over the world. The program has offered a variety of contributions, allowing to look at many aspects of the navigational safety from various different points of view. Topics presented and discussed at the Symposium were: navigation, safety at sea, sea transportation, education of navigators and simulator-based training, sea traffic engineering, ship's manoeuvrability, integrated systems, electronic charts systems, satellite, radio-navigation and anti-collision systems and many others. This book is part of a series of six volumes and provides an overview of Transport Systems and Processes and is addressed to scientists and professionals involved in research and development of navigation, safety of navigation and sea transportation.

Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes

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Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes

Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes

Modeling – Identification – Prediction - Optimization

  • Author: Krzysztof Kołowrocki,Joanna Soszyńska-Budny
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780857296948
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 405
  • View: 8467
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Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes offers a comprehensive approach to the analysis, identification, evaluation, prediction and optimization of complex technical systems operation, reliability and safety. Its main emphasis is on multistate systems with ageing components, changes to their structure, and their components reliability and safety parameters during the operation processes. Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes presents integrated models for the reliability, availability and safety of complex non-repairable and repairable multistate technical systems, with reference to their operation processes and their practical applications to real industrial systems. The authors consider variables in different operation states, reliability and safety structures, and the reliability and safety parameters of components, as well as suggesting a cost analysis for complex technical systems. Researchers and industry practitioners will find information on a wide range of complex technical systems in Reliability and Safety of Complex Technical Systems and Processes. It may prove an easy-to-use guide to reliability and safety evaluations of real complex technical systems, both during their operation and at the design stages.

Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems

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Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems

Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems

  • Author: Gordon L. Amidon,Ping I. Lee,Elizabeth M. Topp
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780824766108
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 748
  • View: 1968
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This cutting-edge reference clearly explains pharmaceutical transport phenomena, demonstrating applications ranging from drug or nutrient uptake into vesicle or cell suspensions, drug dissolution and absorption across biological membranes, whole body kinetics, and drug release from polymer reservoirs and matrices to heat and mass transport in freeze-drying and hygroscopicity. Focuses on practical applications of drug delivery from a physical and mechanistic perspective, highlighting biological systems. Written by more than 30 international authorities in the field, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems discusses the crucial relationship between the transport process and thermodynamic factors analyzes the dynamics of diffusion at liquid-liquid, liquid-solid, and liquid-cultured cell interfaces covers prodrug design for improving membrane transport addresses the effects of external stimuli in altering some natural and synthetic polymer matrices examines properties of hydrogels, including synthesis, swelling degree, swelling kinetics, permeability, biocompatibility, and biodegradability presents mass transfer of drugs and pharmacokinetics based on mass balance descriptions and more! Containing over 1000 references and more than 1100 equations, drawings, photographs, micrographs, and tables, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems is a must-read resource for research pharmacists, pharmaceutical scientists and chemists, chemical engineers, physical chemists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Dynamic Modeling of Transport Process Systems

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Dynamic Modeling of Transport Process Systems

Dynamic Modeling of Transport Process Systems

  • Author: C. A. Silebi,William E. Schiesser
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0080925820
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 518
  • View: 2225
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This book presents a methodology for the development and computer implementation of dynamic models for transport process systems. Rather than developing the general equations of transport phenomena, it develops the equations required specifically for each new example application. These equations are generally of two types: ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) for which time is an independent variable. The computer-based methodology presented is general purpose and can be applied to most applications requiring the numerical integration of initial-value ODEs/PDEs. A set of approximately two hundred applications of ODEs and PDEs developed by the authors are listed in Appendix 8.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

  • Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
  • Publisher: Newnes
  • ISBN: 0080982271
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 818
  • View: 7376
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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems

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Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems

Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems

  • Author: Alfredo Nunez,Doris Saez,Cristián E. Cortés
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1447143507
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 172
  • View: 2557
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Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems develops methods for the design of predictive control strategies for nonlinear-dynamic hybrid discrete-/continuous-variable systems. The methodology is designed for real-time applications, particularly the study of dynamic transport systems. Operational and service policies are considered, as well as cost reduction. The control structure is based on a sound definition of the key variables and their evolution. A flexible objective function able to capture the predictive behaviour of the system variables is described. Coupled with efficient algorithms, mainly drawn from area of computational intelligence, this is shown to optimize performance indices for real-time applications. The framework of the proposed predictive control methodology is generic and, being able to solve nonlinear mixed integer optimization problems dynamically, is readily extendable to other industrial processes. The main topics of this book are: · hybrid predictive control (HPC) design based on evolutionary multiobjective optimization (EMO); · HPC based on EMO for dial-a-ride systems; and · HPC based on EMO for operational decisions in public transport systems. Hybrid Predictive Control for Dynamic Transport Problems is a comprehensive analysis of HPC and its application to dynamic transport systems. Introductory material on evolutionary algorithms is presented in summary in an appendix. The text will be of interest to control and transport engineers working on the operational optimization of transport systems and to academic researchers working with hybrid systems. The potential applications of the generic methods presented here to other process fields will make the book of interest to a wider group of researchers, scientists and graduate students working in other control-related disciplines.

Microbial Transport Systems

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Microbial Transport Systems

Microbial Transport Systems

  • Author: Günther Winkelmann
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527612726
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 501
  • View: 7315
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Transport of molecules across the cell membrane is a fundamental process of all living organisms. It is essential for understanding growth, development, nutrition as well as uptake and excretion of exogenous or synthesized molecules. Microbes respresent general and basic functional systems where many transport processes have been studied on a molecular basis. Knowledge of the microbial transport processes will provide new perspectives to treatments by inhibitors, drugs, antibiotics, vitamins, growth promotion compounds, activators and toxic compunds of various kinds.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Transport and Rate Processes in Physical, Chemical and Biological Systems

  • Author: Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080551364
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 754
  • View: 1076
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Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences. Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling

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Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling

Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling

  • Author: Milan Janic
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9789056992446
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 318
  • View: 4707
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Presenting a comprehensive coverage, Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling is a unique text dealing with the analysis and modelling of the processes and operations carried out in all three parts of the air transport system, namely, airports, air traffic control and airlines. Seen from a planners point of view, this book provides insights into current methods and also gives details of new research. Methods are given for the analysis and modelling of the capacity, quality and economics of the service offered to users and includes illustrative analytical and simulation models of the systems operations supported by an appropriate analysis of real world events and applications. Undergraduates and graduates in the field of air transport planning and technology, applied operations research and applied transport economics will find this book to be of interest, as will specialists involved with transport institutes and consulting firms, policy makers dealing with air transport and the analysts and planners employed at air transport enterprises.

Activities of Transport Telematics

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Activities of Transport Telematics

Activities of Transport Telematics

13th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2013, Katowice-Ustron, Poland, October 23--26, 2013. Proceedings

  • Author: Jerzy Mikulski
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3642416470
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 488
  • View: 7704
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2013, held in Katowice-Ustron, Poland, in October 2013. The 58 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. They provide an overview of solutions being developed in the field of intelligent transportation systems, and include theoretical and case studies in the countries of conference participants.