Search results for: trade-and-exchange

Foreign Trade and Exchange Rate Policy

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Trade and Exchange

Author : Carolyn D. Dillian
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Long before the advent of the global economy, foreign goods were transported, traded, and exchanged through myriad means, over short and long distances. Archaeological tools for identifying foreign objects, such as provenance studies, stylistic analyses, and economic documentary sources reveal non-local materials in historic and prehistoric assemblages. Trade and exchange represent more than mere production and consumption. Exchange of goods also led to an exchange of cultural and social experiences. Discoveries of the sources of alien objects surpass archaeological expectations of exchange and geographic distance, revealing important technological advances. With thirteen case studies from around the world, this comprehensive work provides a fresh perspective on material culture studies. Evidence of ongoing negotiation between individuals, villages, and nations provides insight into the impact of trade on the micro-, meso-, and macro-level. Covering a wide array of time periods and areas, this work will be of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, and anyone working in cultural studies.

Trade and Exchange

Author : Barbara Gottfried Hollander
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Thousands of years ago, the Mesopotamia tribes began an early form of trade and exchange called bartering. Today, people trade cryptocurrencies in exchange for clothing and food. In some ways, the riveting world of exchange has evolved; but in others, this world remains the same. Readers will encounter incentives for voluntary exchange (Standard 5), commonly traded goods and services, payment methods, barriers to trade, and international trade agreements. Compelling sidebars highlight exchange-related concepts, like Bitcoins, Silk Road, and the Consumer Boycott from the Anti-Apartheid Movement.

Social Archaeologies of Trade and Exchange

Author : Alexander A Bauer
File Size : 88.2 MB
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This volume focuses on the anthropological concept of trade as a fundamentally social activity concerned not only with the movement of goods, but also on the social context and consequences of that exchange. The distinguished contributors discuss trade on a range of scales—from a solitary confinement cell to trans-oceanic networks—in settings around the world and over the past 3000 years. They address themes such as exchange as a communicative act, the ways in which exchange transforms the relationship between people and things, the significance of agency and power in contexts of trade, and how sites of consumption and discard speak to processes of exchange. The volume merges traditional archaeological concerns about trade and exchange with more contemporary issues of agency, identity and social meaning.

U S Soybean Trade and Exchange Rate Volatility

Author : Margot Anderson
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Perspectives on Prehistoric Trade and Exchange in California and the Great Basin

Author : Richard E. Hughes
File Size : 79.11 MB
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This volume investigates the circumstances and conditions under which trade/exchange, direct access, and/or mobility best account for material conveyance across varying distances at different times in the past.

An Evaluation of the Trade and Exchange Controls of War time China

Author : Ta Nien Lu
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The Effects of Trade and Exchange Rate Policies on Agriculture in Zaire

Author : Tshikala B. Tshibaka
File Size : 51.59 MB
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The Effects of Trade and Exchange Rate Policies on Agriculture in Nigeria

Author : T. Ademola Oyejide
File Size : 28.63 MB
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The Employment Implications of Trade and Exchange Rate Policy

Author : Bernard Wasow
File Size : 86.41 MB
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Money Foreign Trade and Exchange

Author : Henry John Welch
File Size : 32.60 MB
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Britain s Trade and Exchange rate Policy

Author : Robin Major
File Size : 53.21 MB
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Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows Some New Evidence

Author : International Monetary Fund
File Size : 85.63 MB
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Effects of Exchange Rate and Trade Policies on Agriculture in Pakistan

Author : Paul Anthony Dorosh
File Size : 53.42 MB
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Trade policy in Pakistan; Effective exhcange rates for imports and exports; The real exchange rate; Modeling the ral of changes in price changes.

International Trade and Exchange Rates in the Late Eighties

Author : Theo Peeters
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International Trade and Exchange

Author : Harry Gunnison Brown
File Size : 36.78 MB
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Economics for Executives Foreign trade and foreign exchange

Author : George Evan Roberts
File Size : 44.56 MB
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The Independence of Trade and Exchange Rate Stability in East Asia Pacific

Author : Stephan Freitag
File Size : 56.38 MB
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Trade in Ideas

Author : Eskil Ullberg
File Size : 68.85 MB
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The economic system is generally understood to operate on the premise of exchange. The most important factor in economic development has always been technology, as a way to expand a limited resource base. Such increase in technology and knowledge is generally accepted by economists, but the mechanisms of exchange through which this happens are much less studied. Generally, a static analysis of product exchange, incorporating new technology, has been undertaken. This book explores the transition of trade in ideas from an exchange largely within firms and nations to an exchange between firms and nations. This process has been going on since the beginning of the patent system, where importing (trading) technology was made policy in 1474, more than 500 years ago. However, during the past 25-30 years, a growth in exchange of technology between specialized firms, cooperating based on patent licensing, has been phenomenal, with annual licensing transactions exceeding a trillion dollars, not counting value of cross-licensing. Such specialized exchange has been seen in history but not at this scale and level of coordination. Using principles of experimental economics, the author investigates the licensing contract and mechanisms of exchange (rules of trade) as this exchange moves towards organized markets with prices. A key issue concerns the effect of introducing demand side bidding, through which the patent system introduces specialization and multiple use of the same technology in different new products, thus expanding the use of technology a firm has to more actors, products, and consumers. The risk and uncertainty in market access for cheaper, better and unique products and services are reduced through new and competitive technology. Questions raised are related to the “optimal” integration of information and rules in dynamic exchange of patents through institutions. The view presented shows how inventors and traders can sell their intellectual property to buyers in a producer market, in this case in licensing contracts on patents, to diversify risk and monetize value based on an experimental economic study where the performance and behavioral properties of these institutions is the object of investigation. More fundamentally the work illustrates the theoretical, design, and patent system policy issues in a transition from personal to impersonal trade in ideas. This book explores the transition of trade in ideas from an exchange largely within firms and nations to an exchange between firms and nations. This process has been going on since the beginning of the patent system, where importing (trading) technology was made policy in 1474, more than 500 years ago. However, during the past 25-30 years, a growth in exchange of technology between specialized firms, cooperating based on patent licensing, has been phenomenal, with annual licensing transactions exceeding a trillion dollars, not counting value of cross-licensing. Such specialized exchange has been seen in history but not at this scale and level of coordination. Using principles of experimental economics, the author investigates the licensing contract and mechanisms of exchange (rules of trade) as this exchange moves towards organized markets with prices. A key issue concerns the effect of introducing demand side bidding, through which the patent system introduces specialization and multiple use of the same technology in different new products, thus expanding the use of technology a firm has to more actors, products, and consumers. The risk and uncertainty in market access for cheaper, better and unique products and services are reduced through new and competitive technology. Questions raised are related to the “optimal” integration of information and rules in dynamic exchange of patents through institutions. The view presented shows how inventors and traders can sell their intellectual property to buyers in a producer market, in this case in licensing contracts on patents, to diversify risk and monetize value based on an experimental economic study where the performance and behavioral properties of these institutions is the object of investigation. More fundamentally the work illustrates the theoretical, design, and patent system policy issues in a transition from personal to impersonal trade in ideas.

The Story of Foreign Trade and Exchange

Author : Cedric Fan
File Size : 47.95 MB
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