Search results for: toxicology-of-the-skin

Toxicology of the Skin

Author : Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere
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This key volume of the Target Organ Toxicology Series provides a fresh and modern approach to the subject of skin toxicology from the perspective of how the skin forms a barrier that protects the body from the external environment and how chemicals and drugs interact with the barrier properties of the skin. Any defects or perturbations to this barrier may result in damage to the skin or may alter absorption. With contributions from over 40 international experts in the field of skin biology, the book presents the central role of the skin barrier to health and disease reviewing; The skin’s anatomy and physiology, with focus on the stratum corneum as a barrier to foreign substances. Dermal absorption, cutaneous metabolism, and epidermal transporters. Altered barriers, racial skin types, aged skin, photoaged skin, cosmetics and skin sensitization. Modern approaches to drug delivery across the skin barrier, including liposomes, microneedle technology, active and passive transdermal delivery. Examples and case studies of chemical toxicity after topical exposures ranging from arsenic, metal working fluids, bromine, jet fuel, sulfur mustard and including the emerging area of nanomaterial penetration. Toxicology of the Skin is essential reading for drug delivery pharmacologist, formulation scientists, dermatologists, toxicologists, molecular biologists, engineers, surgeons, students and anyone interested in skin irritation and skin absorption.

Toxicology of the Skin

Author : Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere
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This key volume of the Target Organ Toxicology Series provides a fresh and modern approach to the subject of skin toxicology from the perspective of how the skin forms a barrier that protects the body from the external environment and how chemicals and drugs interact with the barrier properties of the skin. Any defects or perturbations to this barr

Toxicology of Skin

Author : Howard I. Maibach
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Toxic injury to the skin in the general population, and particularly in western populations, is on the increase. This is partly due to the expanding number of natural and man-made chemicals present in our everyday environment. The need for a thorough understanding of the skin, and the mechanisms of toxicity therein, has never been more pressing. Th

Toxicology of Skin

Author : Howard I. Maibach
File Size : 35.65 MB
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Toxic injury to the skin in the general population, and particularly in western populations, is on the increase. This is partly due to the expanding number of natural and man-made chemicals present in our everyday environment. The need for a thorough understanding of the skin, and the mechanisms of toxicity therein, has never been more pressing. This benchmark volume provides the latest findings in skin toxicology in one definitive source. Toxicology of the Skin is part of the highly acclaimed Target Organ Toxicology Series-a leading series of reviews by internationally renowned experts in their respective fields. Dermatologists and toxicology specialists will find this text indispensable.

Principles and Practice of Skin Toxicology

Author : Robert Chilcott
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Written by authorities in the field, this book provides a “bottom up” approach to studying skin toxicology. Principles and Practice of Skin Toxicology clearly outlines basic concepts, cites historical and modern references and contains a dictionary for easy reference. The inclusion of global legislation and regulatory aspects on the topic makes this a comprehensive review for every practitioner, clinical researcher in industry and academia, and MSc and PhD student of toxicology. Different sections cover skin structure and function, principles and measurement of skin absorption, clinical aspects of dermal toxicity and in vitro alternatives. A section on regulatory and legislative aspects includes case studies from the UK that fulfill European Union and US FDA requirements. A glossary provides definitions of technical terms, and the chapters contain an introduction, learning boxes and summary section for ease of use. Includes a chapter on drug delivery through the skin. Addresses risk assessment: a key area for the interpretation of skin absorption data that is rarely covered.

Dermatotoxicology Sixth Edition

Author : Hongbo Zhai
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For twenty-five years, Dermatotoxicology has stood as the definitive reference book in the field. A generation of toxicologists and dermatologists has consulted this volume throughout their careers, finding within it a wealth of theoretical and practical guidance. Updated and expanded to reflect the latest developments in skin toxicology, Dermatotoxicology, Sixth Edition includes fundamental information on the mechanisms of action of toxic substances on the skin, as well as practical information on the various methods to evaluating dermal toxicity. It is unparalleled in its coverage, and this new edition broadens its scope to include chapters on: * Barrier Creams * Cosmetic Reactions * UV Radiation Exposure * Electron Paramagnetic Resonance * Powdered Human Stratum Corneum * Iontophoresis * Permeability of Skin for Metal Compounds * Current Trends in Skin Cancer Research * Tape Stripping Method v. Stratum Corneum * Hazardous Substances from Soil and Water * Isolated Perfused Porcine Skin Flap * Physiologically-based Pharmacokinetic Models This completely revised and reworked edition constitutes a major contribution to the field of dermatotoxicology. Presenting the most modern concepts and methods in use today, researchers and clinicians will find this an invaluable resource time and time again.

Dermal and Ocular Toxicology

Author : David W. Hobson
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Dermal and Ocular Toxicology: Fundamentals and Methods is a procedurally-oriented volume of detailed methods and practical examples discussing the dermal and ocular aspects of toxicology. The book is divided into a dermal section and an ocular section. Each section begins with a chapter on the anatomy and physiology of each organ system and then progresses to more specialized chapters discussing such topics as the toxicological pathology of each system, state-of-the-art in vitro and in vivo evaluatory procedures, statistical considerations for test design and data interpretation, and the utilization of test findings. Test methods are provided for acute dermal exposure effects, dermal hypersensitivity and photoallergy assessment, dermal and ocular 0.pharmacokinetics, skin flap and skin grafting techniques, and in vitro alternative methods. This book can be used as an instructional text or as a sourcebook for practicing toxicologists, pharmacologists, industrial hygienists, occupational health professionals, and graduate students.

Toxicology of Skin Irritation and Skin Sensitization

Author : Th Maurer
File Size : 88.47 MB
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Dermatotoxicology Eighth Edition

Author : Klaus Peter Wilhelm
File Size : 80.17 MB
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The foundational reference in dermal toxicology, this classic text has been completely revised to bring it up to date in the new Eighth Edition, with almost a third of its chapters being newly added. The structure of the text has also been reorganized to enable easier location of a topic of interest. With contributions from leading international experts, this continues the tradition of providing unsurpassed theoretical and practical guidance for all those working on research aspects, on practical clinical issues, and on the regulatory aspects of exposure to toxic substances. This new edition contains updates to each chapter and contributions from leading international experts, provides an in-depth summary of research and regulatory applications related to dermal toxicology and pharmacology, presents many new chapters that describe the latest advances in dermatotoxicology, and addresses various levels of expertise regarding the development and use of dermal exposure data. New chapters include those on safety terminology, pharmacogenetics and dermatology, ethnic differences in skin properties, and the principles and practice of percutaneous absorption.

Skin Pharmacology and Toxicology

Author : Corrado L. Galli
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Major skin diseases, including acne, psoriasis and eczcma, affect the majority of the population at some time in their lives. In general, these diseases are physically and psychologically disfiguring for the sufferers; furthermore, by their very chronic nature skin diseases, unlike most other disease processes, present both acute and chronic therapy problems. In addition, the chronic nature of these diseases can present certain economic problems. Firstly, chronic therapy is becoming increasingly expensive and secondly, patients adhering to a strict treatment regimen will frequently be absent from their gainful employment for either medical consultation or treatment. Given that in all NATO countries the average age of the population is continually increasing, these chronic skin diseases will increase in importance in the coming years. Furthermore, as the average population age increases, additional disease processes such as skin photodamage and carcinogenicity risk becoming major areas of therapeutic concern. This book reviews in detail the major scientific areas of interest for research and clinical scientists working in skin pharmacology and toxicology. The basic principles relating to an understanding of how drugs and chemicals may influence either the skin or the body as a whole are discussed in detail by recognized international scientific experts.

In Vitro Skin Toxicology

Author : Andre Rougier
File Size : 89.88 MB
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Skin Sensitization in Chemical Risk Assessment

Author : World Health Organization
File Size : 73.67 MB
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This Harmonization Project Document presents the conclusions of an IPCS Workshop on Skin Sensitization in Chemical Risk Assessment. The workshop focused on the question of methods for dose-response assessment, to evaluate the relative ability of a chemical to induce sensitization in the skin, and hence inform risk assessment for humans. In addition this publication includes a series of short articles on this topic by leading experts in the field. The conclusions of the workshop cover such aspects as the nature and utility for risk assessment of the data produced by non-animal test methods (such as quantitative structure-activity relationships), in vitro testing approaches, animal test methods, and epidemiological studies. While traditional animal test methods used for identification and regulation of skin sensitizers have focused on determining whether or not a substance is a sensitizer, this report describes the use of tests for deriving more informative potency information. This book will be useful to toxicologists, researchers, regulatory authorities and industry.

Pharmacology and Toxicology of Uranium Compounds

Author : James A. Orcutt
File Size : 58.75 MB
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Nickel and the Skin

Author : Howard I. Maibach
File Size : 39.20 MB
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This publication serves as a guide to medical doctors and dentists in the evaluation and management of problems related to nickel allergy. The chemistry, analysis, and monitoring of nickel is explored. Recent advances in the immunology of nickel are dis-cussed. Additionally, sensitization assays for both humans and animals are presented. The clinical, genetic, and epidemiologic as-pects of nickel sensitization and nickel dermatitis are explained. Social and demographic aspects of nickel contact allergy are dis-cussed, as well as the topic of the nickel dermatitis as a pre-ventable health problem.

Introduction to Skin Toxicology

Author : Sharon Hotchkiss
File Size : 86.80 MB
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A comprehensive introduction to skin toxicology, which covers the general structure and function of the skin, pathology, toxicants, absorption, and metabolism of chemicals, corrosion, irritation, sensitation, phototoxicity and skin cancer. Case studies include carbaryl in head lice shampoos, skin cancer in sun creams, chemical warfare agents, nickel in jewellery, organophosphates in sheep dips, reproductive toxins in retinoid anti-acne, psoriasis and ageing drugs. There is also a short section on techniques.

Dermal Absorption Models in Toxicology and Pharmacology

Author : Jim E. Riviere
File Size : 48.16 MB
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Many experimental methods and mathematical modeling approaches rooted in disciplines outside of toxicology can be effectively applied to estimating dermal absorption. Dermal Absorption Models in Toxicology and Pharmacology explores current approaches and techniques that can be used to quantify dermal absorption with endpoints useful in both toxicology and pharmacology. The book begins with a review of basic principles and the in vitro and in vivo experimental approaches available for assessing dermal absorption of drugs and chemicals. This is followed by coverage of mathematical or in silico models for quantitating percutaneous absorption and the applications of these techniques to the risk assessment process. The remainder of the book explores scenarios where the unique properties of the chemicals being studied or the matrix in which they are exposed must be considered and then wraps up with a comparative analysis of chemical permeability in human and animal skin. Many of the books covering this subject are just too comprehensive and serve primarily as reference works. This book takes a different approach. Jim Riviere's editorial guidance ensures that the information is readable, accessible, authoritative, and concise, making it the perfect resource for familiarizing new researchers and students to the field and updating established scientists.

In Vitro Integrated Approach to Skin Pharmaco toxicology

Author : European Laboratory without Walls
File Size : 90.24 MB
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Skin Sensitisation Testing

Author : European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
File Size : 31.36 MB
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Skin Sensitization Testing for the Purpose of Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment

Author :
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Characterisation Toxicology and Clinical Effects of Crocodile Oil in Skin Products

Author : Telanie Venter
File Size : 46.86 MB
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