Search results for: the-uncanny-valley-in-games-and-animation

The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation

Author : Angela Tinwell
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Advances in technology have enabled animators and video game designers to design increasingly realistic, human-like characters in animation and games. Although it was intended that this increased realism would allow viewers to appreciate the emotional state of characters, research has shown that audiences often have a negative reaction as the human likeness of a character increases. This phenomenon, known as the Uncanny Valley, has become a benchmark for measuring if a character is believably realistic and authentically human like. This book is an essential guide on how to overcome the Uncanny Valley phenomenon when designing human-like characters in digital applications. In this book, the author provides a synopsis of literature about the Uncanny Valley phenomenon and explains how it was introduced into contemporary thought. She then presents her theories on its possible psychological causes based on a series of empirical studies. The book focuses on how aspects of facial expression and speech can be manipulated to overcome the Uncanny Valley in character design. The Uncanny Valley in Games and Animation presents a novel theory that goes beyond previous research in that the cause of the Uncanny Valley is based on a perceived lack of empathy in a character. This book makes an original, scholarly contribution to our current understanding of the Uncanny Valley phenomenon and fills a gap in the literature by assessing the biological and social roots of the Uncanny Valley and its implications for computer-graphics animation.

Cyber Humans

Author : Woodrow Barfield
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It is predicted that robots will surpass human intelligence within the next fifty years. The ever increasing speed of advances in technology and neuroscience, coupled with the creation of super computers and enhanced body parts and artificial limbs, is paving the way for a merger of both human and machine. Devices which were once worn on the body are now being implanted into the body, and as a result, a class of true cyborgs, who are displaying a range of skills beyond those of normal humans-beings, are being created. There are cyborgs which can see colour by hearing sound, others have the ability to detect magnetic fields, some are equipped with telephoto lenses to aid their vision or implanted computers to monitor their heart, and some use thought to communicate with a computer or to manipulate a robotic arm. This is not science-fiction, these are developments that are really happening now, and will continue to develop in the future. However, a range of legal and policy questions has arisen alongside this rise of artificial intelligence. Cyber-Humans provides a deep and unique perspective on the technological future of humanity, and describes how law and policy will be particularly relevant in creating a fair and equal society and protecting the liberties of different life forms which will emerge in the 21st century. Dr Woodrow (Woody) Barfield previously headed up the Sensory Engineering Laboratory, holding the position of Industrial and Systems Engineering Professor at the University of Washington. His research revolves around the design and use of wearable computers and augmented reality systems and holds both JD and LLM degrees in intellectual property law and policy. He has published over 350 articles and major presentations in the areas of computer science, engineering and law. He currently lives in Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

An exploration of the Uncanny Valley and its consequences

Author : Andrea Attwenger
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Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Computer Science - Internet, New Technologies, grade: 1.0, LMU Munich (Institut für Informatik), course: Hauptseminar Medieninformatik, language: English, abstract: Humans usually favor the company of beings similar to them and it is therefore natural to assume that with increasing human likeness, robots and artificial characters become more likeable and accepted. However, this is only true up to a point where the dynamic is reversed and synthetic characters appear uncanny. Thus, increased realism does not necessarily lead to an increase in acceptance. This phenomenon is called the "Uncanny Valley" and was first proposed by Masahiro Mori in 1970. It has recently sparked more interest due to advancements in robot development and computer animation and therefore a potential relevance in the robot, movie and video game industries as well as for scientific computer simulations. The theory of the Uncanny Valley is not undisputed, which is why this paper aims to present both evidence in favor and arguments against its existence or interpretation. Furthermore, the phenomenon shall be examined in more detail, investigating its backgrounds, possible explanations, influencing factors and its consequences on android design. Among the issues to be further investigated that were found in the discussion are alternative stimuli, the empirical measurement of the uncanny response, a universal categorization system, and the usefulness of the Uncanny Valley as a design guide. There are indications that the relationship between human likeness and likeability may not be as clear as proposed by Mori, but more-dimensional with additional factors to consider.

Approaching Facial Difference

Author : Patricia Skinner
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What is a face and how does it relate to personhood? Approaching Facial Difference: Past and Present offers an interdisciplinary exploration of the many ways in which faces have been represented in the past and present, focusing on the issue of facial difference and disfigurement read in the light of shifting ideas of beauty and ugliness. Faces are central to all human social interactions, yet their study has been much overlooked by disability scholars and historians of medicine alike. By examining the main linguistic, visual and material approaches to the face from antiquity to contemporary times, contributors place facial diversity at the heart of our historical and cultural narratives. This cutting-edge collection of essays will be an invaluable resource for humanities scholars working across history, literature and visual culture, as well as modern practitioners in education and psychology.

Virtual Augmented and Mixed Reality

Author : Stephanie Lackey
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This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on HCI in Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality, VAMR 2016, held as part of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2016, which took place in Toronto, Canada, in July 2016. HCII 2016 received a total of 4354 submissions, of which 1287 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The 70 papers presented in this volume are organized in topical sections named: Usability, User Experience and Design in VAMR, Perception, Cognition, Psychology and Behaviour in VAMR, Multimodal Interaction in VAMR, Novel Devices and Technologies in VAMR, VAMR Applications in Aviation, Space and the Military, Medicine, Health and Well-Being Applications of VAMR, VAMR in Industry, Design and Engineering, Novel Virtual Environments.

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on New Media Art

Author : Soares, Celia
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New media has been gaining importance in the academic world as well as the artistic world through the concept of new media art. As the connections between art and communication technologies grow and further embrace a wide range of concepts, interpretations, and applications, the number of disciplines that will be touched will likewise continue to expand. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on New Media Art is a collection of innovative research on the methods and intersections between new media, artistic practices, and digital technologies. While highlighting topics including audience relationship, digital art, and computer animation, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, high-level art students, and art professionals.

Sage on the Screen

Author : Bill Ferster
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Accessibly written and full of explanatory art, Sage on the Screen offers fresh insight into the current and future uses of instructional technology, from K12 through non-institutionally-based learning.

Love and Electronic Affection

Author : Lindsay D. Grace
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Love and Electronic Affection: A Design Primer brings together thought leadership in romance and affection games to explain the past, present, and possible future of affection play in games. The authors apply a combination of game analysis and design experience in affection play for both digital and analog games. The research and recommendations are intersectional in nature, considering how love and affection in games is a product of both player and designer age, race, class, gender, and more. The book combines game studies with game design to offer a foundation for incorporating affection into playable experiences. The text is organized into two sections. The first section covers the patterns and practice of love and affection in games, explaining the patterns and practice. The second section offers case studies from which designers can learn through example. Love and Electronic Affection: A Design Primer is a resource for exploring how digital relationships are offered and how to convey emotion and depth in a variety of virtual worlds. This book provides: • A catalog of existing digital and analog games for which love and affection are a primary or secondary focus. • A catalog of the uses of affection in games, to add depth and investment in both human-computer and player-to-player engagement. • Perspective on affection game analyses and design, using case studies that consider the relationship of culture and affection as portrayed in games from large scale studios to single author independent games. • Analysis and design recommendations for incorporating affection in games beyond romance, toward parental love, affection between friends, and other relationships. • Analysis of the moral and philosophical considerations for historical and planned development of love and affection in human–computer interaction. • An intersectionality informed set of scholarly perspectives from the Americas, Eurasia, and Oceania. Editor Bio: Lindsay D. Grace is Knight Chair of Interactive Media and an Associate Professor at the University of Miami School of Communication. He is Vice President for the Higher Education Video Game Alliance and the 2019 recipient of the Games for Change Vanguard award. Lindsay is author of Doing Things with Games, Social Impact through Design and more than fifty peer-reviewed papers on games and related research. He has given talks at the Game Developers Conference, SXSW, Games for Change Festival, the Online News Association, the Society for News Design, and many other industry events. He was the founding director of the American University Game Lab and Studio and the designer-developer behind several award winning games, including two affection games. He served as Vice President and on the board of directors for the Global Game JamTM non-profit between 2014 and 2019. From 2009 to 2013 he was the Armstrong Professor at Miami University’s School of Art. Lindsay also served on the board for the Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA) between 2013 and 2015.

Handbook of Digital Image Synthesis

Author : Vincent Pegoraro
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The Handbook of Digital Image Synthesis constitutes a comprehensive reference guide in the rapidly-developing field of computer graphics, whose applications span not only the movie and gaming industries, but also digital marketing, industrial and architectural design, virtual-environment simulators, and medical imaging. This resource provides an extensive, yet concise, treatment of the elementary principles and advanced concepts underpinning digital image synthesis, while covering a broad range of scientific topics such as pure and applied mathematics, geometric surfaces and data structures, the physics of light interaction and propagation, analytical and numerical simulation schemes, and optical perception and imaging. With its foundations laid from the ground up, the content includes a compilation of the theoretical formulas relevant for practical implementation in an actual rendering system, along with their step-by-step derivation, which provides field practitioners with a thorough understanding of their underlying assumptions and limitations, as well as with the methodologies necessary to adapt the results to new problems. Throughout, the presentation of the material is substantiated by numerous figures and computer-generated images illustrating the core ideas, several tables synthesizing results and industry standards, and platform-independent pseudo-code highlighting the core algorithms, in addition to a large collection of bibliographic references to the literature and an index of the standard scientific terms defined therein, thereby allowing the reader to rapidly harness fundamental notions and experimental trends.

Comics for Film Games and Animation

Author : Tyler Weaver
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In recent years, a new market of convergence culture has developed. In this new market, one story, idea, concept, or product can be produced, distributed, appreciated, and understood by customers in a variety of different media. We are at the tipping point of this new convergence culture, and comics is a key area affected by this emerging model. In Comics for Film, Games, and Animation Tyler Weaver teaches you how to integrate comics storytelling into your own work by exploring their past, present, and future. You will explore the creation of the unique mythologies that have endured for more than seventy years, and dig into the nitty gritty of their creation, from pacing and scripting issues to collaboration. Finally, you'll gain a love and appreciation of the medium of comics, so much so that you won't be able to wait to bring that medium into your story toolbox.

eHealth 360

Author : Kostas Giokas
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Summit on Electronic Healthcare, eHealth 360°, held in Budapest, Hungary, in June 2016. The 55 revised full papers presented along with 9 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 81 submissions. The papers represent the latest results from the co-located conferences as the track on games for wellbeing, the track on wearables in healthcare, the track on personal, pervasive and mobile health, the track on IoT and big data technologies for healthcare, the track on mobile medical multimedia technologies, applications and services and the track on ambient assisted living technologies based on IoT.

Videogames and Horror

Author : Dawn Stobbart
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Videogames are full of horrors – and of horror, a facet of the media that has been largely overlooked by the academic community in terms of lengthy studies in the fast-growing field of videogame scholarship. This book engages with the research of prominent scholars across the humanities to explore the presence, role and function of horror in videogames, and in doing so it demonstrates how videogames enter discussion on horror and offer a unique, radical space that horror is particularly suited to fill. The topics covered include the construction of stories in videogames, the role of the monster and, of course, how death is treated as a learning tool and as a facet of horror.

Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Author : Bruno Arnaldi
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Virtual and Augmented Reality have existed for a long time but were stuck to the research world or to some large manufacturing companies. With the appearance of low-cost devices, it is expected a number of new applications, including for the general audience. This book aims at making a statement about those novelties as well as distinguishing them from the complexes challenges they raise by proposing real use cases, replacing those recent evolutions through the VR/AR dynamic and by providing some perspective for the years to come.

Neurobiological Systems Underlying Reward and Emotions in Social Settings

Author : Anna-Lena Zietlow
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Modes of Spectating

Author : Alison Oddey
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The notion of spectatorship has become of increasing interest as artists develop experimental works and manufacturers seek to produce the means for viewing such works. Modes of Spectating explores the visual landscapes which spectators encounter, and how they perceive what they view. The volume questions the effect of different mediums on the spectator and asks not only how we view, but also how what we view determines what artists create. Chapters discuss how gaming and televisual media and entertainment are used by young people, and the resulting psychological challenges of human beings in th.

Virtual Character Design for Games and Interactive Media

Author : Robin James Stuart Sloan
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While the earliest character representations in video games were rudimentary in terms of their presentation and performance, the virtual characters that appear in games today can be extremely complex and lifelike. These are characters that have the potential to make a powerful and emotional connection with gamers. As virtual characters become more

Game Sound Technology and Player Interaction Concepts and Developments

Author : Grimshaw, Mark
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Game Sound Technology and Player Interaction: Concepts and Developments researches both how game sound affects a player psychologically, emotionally, and physiologically, and how this relationship itself impacts the design of computer game sound and the development of technology. This compilation also applies beyond the realm of video games to other types of immersive sound, such as soundscape design, gambling machines, emotive and fantastical sound to name a few. The application for this research is wide-ranging, interdisciplinary, and of primary importance for academics and practitioners searching for the right sounds.

Digital Character Development

Author : Rob O'Neill
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Digital characters are a driving force in the entertainment industry today. Every animated film and video game production spends a large percentage of its resources and time on advancing the quality of the digital characters inhabiting the world being created. This book presents the theory and practice behind the creation of digital characters for

Modelling the Physiological Human

Author : Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann
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Annotation. This book constitutes the proceedings of the Second 3D Physiological Human Workshop, 3DPH 2009, held in Zermatt, Switzerland, in November/December 2009. The 19 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on Segmentation, Anatomical and Physiological Modelling, Simulation Models, Motion Analysis, Medical Visualization and Interaction, as well as Medical Ontology.

Affect and Embodied Meaning in Animation

Author : Sylvie Bissonnette
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This book combines insights from the humanities and modern neuroscience to explore the contribution of affect and embodiment on meaning-making in case studies from animation, video games, and virtual worlds. As we interact more and more with animated characters and avatars in everyday media consumption, it has become vital to investigate the ways that animated environments influence our perception of the liberal humanist subject. This book is the first to apply recent research on the application of the embodied mind thesis to our understanding of embodied engagement with nonhumans and cyborgs in animated media, analyzing works by Émile Cohl, Hayao Miyazaki, Tim Burton, Norman McLaren, the Quay Brothers, Pixar, and many others. Drawing on the breakthroughs of modern brain science to argue that animated media broadens the viewer’s perceptual reach, this title offers a welcome contribution to the growing literature at the intersection of cognitive studies and film studies, with a perspective on animation that is new and original. ‘Affect and Embodied Meaning in Animation’ will be essential reading for researchers of Animation Studies, Film and Media Theory, Posthumanism, Video Games, and Digital Culture, and will provide a key insight into animation for both undergraduate and graduate students. Because of the increasing importance of visual effect cinema and video games, the book will also be of keen interest within Film Studies and Media Studies, as well as to general readers interested in scholarship in animated media.