Search results for: the-uncanny-valley-hypothesis-and-beyond

The Uncanny Valley Hypothesis and beyond

Author : Marcus Cheetham
File Size : 21.7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 943
Read : 322
Download »
A field of theory and research is evolving around the question highlighted in the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis: How does high realism in anthropomorphic design influence human experience and behaviour? The Uncanny Valley Hypothesis posits that a very humanlike character or object (e.g., robot, prosthetic limb, doll) can evoke a negative affective (i.e., uncanny) state. Recent advances in robotic and computer-graphic technologies in simulating aspects of human appearance, behaviour and interaction have been accompanied, therefore, by theorising and research on the meaning and relevance of the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis for anthropomorphic design. Current understanding of the "uncanny" idea is still fragmentary and further original research is needed. However, the emerging picture indicates that the relationship between humanlike realism and subjective experience and behaviour may not be as straightforward as the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis suggests. This Research Topic brings together researchers from traditionally separate domains (including robotics, computer graphics, cognitive science, psychology and neuroscience) to provide a snapshot of current work in this field. A diversity of issues and questions are addressed in contributions that include original research, review, theory, and opinion papers.

Beyond the Uncanny Valley

Author : Claudia Schmuckli
File Size : 69.91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 623
Read : 1184
Download »
An investigation of the cultural and academic discourse around new technology through a lens of artistic practice In 1970 Japanese engineer Masahiro Mori introduced the concept of the "uncanny valley" as a terrain of existential uncertainty that humans experience when confronted with autonomous machines that mimic their physical and mental properties. As subjectivities are increasingly organized and shaped by algorithms that track and evaluate our data, the question of what it means to be human has shifted. The featured artists mine the tropes and modalities of AI and machine learning for critical and aesthetic potential, proposing new ways of thinking about intelligence, nature, and artifice.

Beyond Artificial Intelligence

Author : Jan Romportl
File Size : 64.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 204
Read : 425
Download »
This book is an edited collection of chapters based on the papers presented at the conference “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams” held in Pilsen in November 2012. The aim of the conference was to question deep-rooted ideas of artificial intelligence and cast critical reflection on methods standing at its foundations. Artificial Dreams epitomize our controversial quest for non-biological intelligence and therefore the contributors of this book tried to fully exploit such a controversy in their respective chapters, which resulted in an interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from engineering, natural sciences and humanities. While pursuing the Artificial Dreams, it has become clear that it is still more and more difficult to draw a clear divide between human and machine. And therefore this book tries to portrait such an image of what lies beyond artificial intelligence: we can see the disappearing human-machine divide, a very important phenomenon of nowadays technological society, the phenomenon which is often uncritically praised, or hypocritically condemned. And so this phenomenon found its place in the subtitle of the whole volume as well as in the title of the chapter of Kevin Warwick, one of the keynote speakers at “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams”.

Robot Sex

Author : John Danaher
File Size : 66.1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 765
Read : 260
Download »
Perspectives from philosophy, psychology religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships. Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical, moral, and legal implications of robot sex. This book fills the gap, offering perspectives from philosophy, psychology, religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships. Contributors discuss what a sex robot is, if they exist, why we should take the issue seriously, and what it means to "have sex" with a robot. They make the case for developing sex robots, arguing for their beneficial nature, and the case against it, on religious and moral grounds; they consider the subject from the robot's perspective, addressing such issues as consent and agency; and they ask whether it is possible for a human to form a mutually satisfying, loving relationship with a robot. Finally, they speculate about the future of human-robot sexual interaction, considering the social acceptability of sex robots and the possible effect on society. Contributors Marina Adshade, Thomas Arnold, Julie Carpenter, John Danaher, Brian Earp, Lily Eva Frank, Joshua Goldstein, Michael Hauskeller, Noreen Herzfeld, Neil McArthur, Mark Migotti, Sven Nyholm, Ezio di Nucci, Steve Petersen, Anders Sandberg, Matthias Scheutz, Litska Strikwerda, Nicole Wyatt

Advances in Usability User Experience and Assistive Technology

Author : Tareq Z. Ahram
File Size : 62.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 269
Read : 510
Download »
This book focuses on emerging issues in usability, interface design, human–computer interaction, user experience and assistive technology. It highlights research aimed at understanding human interaction with products, services and systems, and focuses on finding effective approaches for improving user experience. It also discusses key issues in designing and providing assistive devices and services to individuals with disabilities or impairment, to assist mobility, communication, positioning, environmental control and daily living. The book covers modelling as well as innovative design concepts, with a special emphasis on user-centered design, and design for specific populations, particularly the elderly. Virtual reality, digital environments, heuristic evaluation and forms of device interface feedback of (e.g. visual and haptic) are also among the topics covered. Based on the AHFE 2018 Conference on Usability & User Experience and the AHFE 2018 Conference on Human Factors and Assistive Technology, held on July 21–25, 2018, in Orlando, Florida, USA, this book reports on cutting-edge findings, research methods and user-centred evaluation approaches.

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on New Media Art

Author : Soares, Celia
File Size : 36.87 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 872
Read : 1119
Download »
New media has been gaining importance in the academic world as well as the artistic world through the concept of new media art. As the connections between art and communication technologies grow and further embrace a wide range of concepts, interpretations, and applications, the number of disciplines that will be touched will likewise continue to expand. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on New Media Art is a collection of innovative research on the methods and intersections between new media, artistic practices, and digital technologies. While highlighting topics including audience relationship, digital art, and computer animation, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, high-level art students, and art professionals.

Body Sound and Space in Music and Beyond Multimodal Explorations

Author : Clemens Wöllner
File Size : 69.31 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 920
Read : 543
Download »
Body and space refer to vital and interrelated dimensions in the experience of sounds and music. Sounds have an overwhelming impact on feelings of bodily presence and inform us about the space we experience. Even in situations where visual information is artificial or blurred, such as in virtual environments or certain genres of film and computer games, sounds may shape our perceptions and lead to surprising new experiences. This book discusses recent developments in a range of interdisciplinary fields, taking into account the rapidly changing ways of experiencing sounds and music, the consequences for how we engage with sonic events in daily life and the technological advancements that offer insights into state-of-the-art methods and future perspectives. Topics range from the pleasures of being locked into the beat of the music, perception–action coupling and bodily resonance, and affordances of musical instruments, to neural processing and cross-modal experiences of space and pitch. Applications of these findings are discussed for movement sonification, room acoustics, networked performance, and for the spatial coordination of movements in dance, computer gaming and interactive artistic installations.

Emotional Design in Human Robot Interaction

Author : Hande Ayanoğlu
File Size : 40.60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 352
Read : 485
Download »
While social robots participation increases in everyday human life, their presence in diverse contexts and situations is expected. At the same point, users tend to become more demanding regarding their roles, abilities, behaviour and appearance. Thus, designers and developers are confronted with the need to design more sophisticated robots that can produce such a positive reaction from users so as to become well accepted in various cases of use. Like this, Human-Robot Interaction has become a developing area. Emotions are an important part in human life, since they mediate the interaction with other humans, entities and/or products. In recent years, there has been an increase in the importance of emotions applied to the design field, giving rise to the so-called Emotional Design area. In the case of Human-Robot Interaction, the emotional design can help to elicit (e.g., pleasurable) or prevent (e.g., unpleasant) emotional/affective reactions/responses. This book gives a practical introduction to emotional design in human-robot interaction and supports designers with knowledge and research tools to help them take design decisions based on a User-Centred Design approach. It should also be useful to people interested in design processes, even if not directly related to the design of social robots but, instead, to other technology-based artefacts. The text is meant as a reference source with practical guidelines and advice for design issues.

AI IA 2011 Artificial Intelligence Around Man and Beyond

Author : Roberto Pirrone
File Size : 74.81 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 404
Read : 1285
Download »
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, AI*IA 2011, held in Palermo, Italy, in September 2011. The 31 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited talks and 13 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on machine learning; distributed AI: robotics and MAS; theoretical issues: knowledge representation and reasoning; planning, cognitive modeling; natural language processing; and AI applications.

Pedagogical Psychology Beyond the 21st Century

Author : Gretchen M. Reevy
File Size : 65.49 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 953
Read : 1330
Download »
Frontiers in Psychology is introducing a new research topic, Pedagogical Psychology: Beyond the 21st Century, which will be released as an online journal issue in summer 2014. The purpose of Beyond the 21st Century will be to publish goal- oriented articles leading to improvement of teaching and learning at all levels of psychology education. Until perhaps 20 years ago, educational approaches to teaching were largely informed by a “Stand and Deliver” pedagogical attitude. The psychology of this approach has often invested unrealistic and unrealizable responsibilities in both teachers and students. With the emergence of electronic data sharing (e.g., the Internet) and global cooperation/competition, newer approaches to teaching have begun to supplement and sometimes replace the older model of teaching. These newer approaches have simultaneously taken advantage of technological advances, global changes, and an evolving understanding of successful student-mentor relationships. As the pedagogical models driven by these changes evolve into the 22nd century and beyond, what seems groundbreaking today will, in hindsight, be seen as hidebound. Thus, the major goal of Beyond the 21st Century will be to publish manuscripts which imaginatively, but realistically anticipate future trends in teaching undergraduate psychology. Types of manuscripts which are appropriate for Pedagogical Psychology should be visionary, yet empirically and/or theoretically based. We welcome manuscripts in all domains of pedagogical psychology, with a special interest on topics that are new, or expected to evolve rapidly. Such innovative topics include, but are not limited to: Online and hybrid teaching; Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). How has student success improved with the introduction of online/distance education? Are there dangers associated with online/distance education, especially MOOCS? How can student success be improved as technology evolves beyond the MOOC concept? What technological advances will make psychology education available and useful for more, and more diverse students? How can the physical classroom be transformed into a student centered, effective, virtual environment? Using the internet as resources for classes (e.g., stat tutorials, etc.) Uses of technology, such as social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter), wikis, and clickers in the classroom The challenge of teaching particular courses online, such as psychology laboratory courses or practicums Seeking effective user feedback (i.e., regarding user friendliness, teaching effectiveness) for online courses, including MOOCs The Wikipedia initiative of the Association for Psychological Science Teaching “Generation Me;” anticipating changing generational needs Teaching international students Teaching non-traditional-age students Undergraduate research projects Integrating multiculturalism into all courses Infusing social justice issues into psychology courses Creating opportunities for interdisciplinary learning Teaching techniques for psychology courses which are often offered as electives rather than core curriculum (e.g., evolutionary psychology, psychology and the law, cross-cultural psychology, health psychology, positive psychology) Assessing institutional student learning objectives across the curriculum Contingent faculty/adjunct faculty/lecturers in psychology departments Working with changing legislative & accreditation constraints and unpredictable budgets Co-Hosts of Pedagog

Robo Sapiens Japanicus

Author : Jennifer Robertson
File Size : 57.6 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 841
Read : 914
Download »
Japan is arguably the first postindustrial society to embrace the prospect of human-robot coexistence. Over the past decade, Japanese humanoid robots designed for use in homes, hospitals, offices, and schools have become celebrated in mass and social media throughout the world. In Robo sapiens japanicus, Jennifer Robertson casts a critical eye on press releases and public relations videos that misrepresent robots as being as versatile and agile as their science fiction counterparts. An ethnography and sociocultural history of governmental and academic discourse of human-robot relations in Japan, this book explores how actual robots—humanoids, androids, and animaloids—are “imagineered” in ways that reinforce the conventional sex/gender system and political-economic status quo. In addition, Robertson interrogates the notion of human exceptionalism as she considers whether “civil rights” should be granted to robots. Similarly, she juxtaposes how robots and robotic exoskeletons reinforce a conception of the “normal” body with a deconstruction of the much-invoked Theory of the Uncanny Valley.

Brain Inspired Cognitive Architectures for Artificial Intelligence BICA AI 2020

Author : BICA Society. Annual Meeting
File Size : 56.42 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 489
Read : 421
Download »
The book focuses on original approaches intended to support the development of biologically inspired cognitive architectures. It bridges together different disciplines, from classical artificial intelligence to linguistics, from neuro- and social sciences to design and creativity, among others. The chapters, based on contributions presented at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the BICA Society, held on November 10-14, 2020, in Natal, Brazil, discuss emerging methods, theories and ideas towards the realization of general-purpose humanlike artificial intelligence or fostering a better understanding of the ways the human mind works. All in all, the book provides engineers, mathematicians, psychologists, computer scientists and other experts with a timely snapshot of recent research and a source of inspiration for future developments in the broadly intended areas of artificial intelligence and biological inspiration. .

Robot Ethics

Author : Patrick Lin
File Size : 38.66 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 764
Read : 1202
Download »
Prominent experts from science and the humanities explore issues in robot ethics that range from sex to war. Robots today serve in many roles, from entertainer to educator to executioner. As robotics technology advances, ethical concerns become more pressing: Should robots be programmed to follow a code of ethics, if this is even possible? Are there risks in forming emotional bonds with robots? How might society--and ethics--change with robotics? This volume is the first book to bring together prominent scholars and experts from both science and the humanities to explore these and other questions in this emerging field. Starting with an overview of the issues and relevant ethical theories, the topics flow naturally from the possibility of programming robot ethics to the ethical use of military robots in war to legal and policy questions, including liability and privacy concerns. The contributors then turn to human-robot emotional relationships, examining the ethical implications of robots as sexual partners, caregivers, and servants. Finally, they explore the possibility that robots, whether biological-computational hybrids or pure machines, should be given rights or moral consideration. Ethics is often slow to catch up with technological developments. This authoritative and accessible volume fills a gap in both scholarly literature and policy discussion, offering an impressive collection of expert analyses of the most crucial topics in this increasingly important field.

Doubling the Duality

Author : Fabia Ling-Yuan Lin
File Size : 48.1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 222
Read : 681
Download »
This book is about the aesthetic, philosophical and cultural aspects of the integration of live action and animation. It argues that, even in the digital era, when the integration of live action and animation becomes progressively seamless, their differences and dialogues are still a significant source of the evolution of cinematic language. It also deals with the meeting between the West and East, and the methodology of interweaving the roles of practitioner and theorist. Through the operation of materiality, and the manoeuvre of estrangement, this study explores the liminal experiences embedded in the combination of heterogeneous elements in filmmaking, as well as those found in a world favouring interdisciplinary cross-breeding and globalisation.

Social Robots

Author : Marco Nørskov
File Size : 79.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 606
Read : 950
Download »
Social robotics is a cutting edge research area gathering researchers and stakeholders from various disciplines and organizations. The transformational potential that these machines, in the form of, for example, caregiving, entertainment or partner robots, pose to our societies and to us as individuals seems to be limited by our technical limitations and phantasy alone. This collection contributes to the field of social robotics by exploring its boundaries from a philosophically informed standpoint. It constructively outlines central potentials and challenges and thereby also provides a stable fundament for further research of empirical, qualitative or methodological nature.

Text Speech and Dialogue

Author : Petr Sojka
File Size : 31.84 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 233
Read : 212
Download »
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Text, Speech and Dialogue, TSD 2013, held in Brno, Czech Republic, in September 2014. The 70 papers presented together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 143 submissions. They focus on topics such as corpora and language resources; speech recognition; tagging, classification and parsing of text and speech; speech and spoken language generation; semantic processing of text and speech; integrating applications of text and speech processing; automatic dialogue systems; as well as multimodal techniques and modelling.

Cultural Robotics

Author : Jeffrey T.K.V. Koh
File Size : 66.92 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 565
Read : 214
Download »
This LNAI 9549 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Workshop in Cultural Robotics 2015, held as part of the 24th International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication held in Kobe, Japan, in August/September 2015. A total of 12 full papers and 1 short paper were accepted from a total of 26 initially submitted. The following papers are organized into four categories. These categories are indicative of the extent to which culture has influenced the design or application of the robots involved, and explore a progression in the emersion and overlap between human and robotic generated culture.

Social Robots Technological Societal and Ethical Aspects of Human Robot Interaction

Author : Oliver Korn
File Size : 67.79 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 911
Read : 612
Download »
Social robots not only work with humans in collaborative workspaces – we meet them in shopping malls and even more personal settings like health and care. Does this imply they should become more human, able to interpret and adequately respond to human emotions? Do we want them to help elderly people? Do we want them to support us when we are old ourselves? Do we want them to just clean and keep things orderly – or would we accept them helping us to go to the toilet, or even feed us if we suffer from Parkinson’s disease? The answers to these questions differ from person to person. They depend on cultural background, personal experiences – but probably most of all on the robot in question. This book covers the phenomenon of social robots from the historic roots to today’s best practices and future perspectives. To achieve this, we used a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach, incorporating findings from computer scientists, engineers, designers, psychologists, doctors, nurses, historians and many more. The book also covers a vast spectrum of applications, from collaborative industrial work over education to sales. Especially for developments with a high societal impact like robots in health and care settings, the authors discuss not only technology, design and usage but also ethical aspects. Thus this book creates both a compendium and a guideline, helping to navigate the design space for future developments in social robotics.

Distorted Descent

Author : Darryl Leroux
File Size : 59.72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 983
Read : 645
Download »
Distorted Descent examines a social phenomenon that has taken off in the twenty-first century: otherwise white, French descendant settlers in Canada shifting into a self-defined “Indigenous” identity. This study is not about individuals who have been dispossessed by colonial policies, or the multi-generational efforts to reconnect that occur in response. Rather, it is about white, French-descendant people discovering an Indigenous ancestor born 300 to 375 years ago through genealogy and using that ancestor as the sole basis for an eventual shift into an “Indigenous” identity today. After setting out the most common genealogical practices that facilitate race shifting, Leroux examines two of the most prominent self-identified “Indigenous” organizations currently operating in Quebec. Both organizations have their origins in committed opposition to Indigenous land and territorial negotiations, and both encourage the use of suspect genealogical practices. Distorted Descent brings to light to how these claims to an “Indigenous” identity are then used politically to oppose actual, living Indigenous peoples, exposing along the way the shifting politics of whiteness, white settler colonialism, and white supremacy.

Real Wars on Virtual Battlefields

Author : Stefan Werning
File Size : 68.53 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 333
Read : 544
Download »
The book analyzes the multifarious exchange of algorithmic technologies and concepts between the military and the media industry from the early 1990s until now. Unlike most related scholarly work which focuses on digital games, it drafts a model of programmable media which is grounded in a close-reading of the key technologies, most notably the paradigm of object-oriented programming, and reconsiders technical disciplines from a humanities perspective. This model is then applied to analyze the effects of algorithmic logic on the military-civilian continuum, including economic practices, patterns of media usage and military decision-making.