The Third Wave

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The Third Wave

The Third Wave

Democratization in the Late 20th Century

  • Author: Samuel P. Huntington
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • ISBN: 0806186046
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 6452
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Between 1974 and 1990 more than thirty countries in southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democratic revolution is probably the most important political trend in the late twentieth century. In The Third Wave, Samuel P. Huntington analyzes the causes and nature of these democratic transitions, evaluates the prospects for stability of the new democracies, and explores the possibility of more countries becoming democratic. The recent transitions, he argues, are the third major wave of democratization in the modem world. Each of the two previous waves was followed by a reverse wave in which some countries shifted back to authoritarian government. Using concrete examples, empirical evidence, and insightful analysis, Huntington provides neither a theory nor a history of the third wave, but an explanation of why and how it occurred. Factors responsible for the democratic trend include the legitimacy dilemmas of authoritarian regimes; economic and social development; the changed role of the Catholic Church; the impact of the United States, the European Community, and the Soviet Union; and the "snowballing" phenomenon: change in one country stimulating change in others. Five key elite groups within and outside the nondemocratic regime played roles in shaping the various ways democratization occurred. Compromise was key to all democratizations, and elections and nonviolent tactics also were central. New democracies must deal with the "torturer problem" and the "praetorian problem" and attempt to develop democratic values and processes. Disillusionment with democracy, Huntington argues, is necessary to consolidating democracy. He concludes the book with an analysis of the political, economic, and cultural factors that will decide whether or not the third wave continues. Several "Guidelines for Democratizers" offer specific, practical suggestions for initiating and carrying out reform. Huntington's emphasis on practical application makes this book a valuable tool for anyone engaged in the democratization process. At this volatile time in history, Huntington's assessment of the processes of democratization is indispensable to understanding the future of democracy in the world.

Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies

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Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies

Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies

  • Author: Larry Diamond,Marc F. Plattner,Yun-han Chu,Hung-mao Tien
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801857942
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 343
  • View: 6310
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The global trend that Samuel P. Huntington has dubbed the "third wave" of democratization has seen more than 60 countries experience democratic transitions since 1974. While these countries have succeeded in bringing down authoritarian regimes and replacing them with freely elected governments, few of them can as yet be considered stable democracies. Most remain engaged in the struggle to consolidate their new and fragile democratic institutions. Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies provides an in-depth analysis of the challenges that they face. Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies is available in two paperback volumes, each introduced by the editors and organized for convenient course use. The first paperback volume, Themes and Perspectives, addresses issues of institutional design, civil-military relations, civil society, and economic development. It brings together some of the world's foremost scholars of democratization, including Robert A. Dahl, Samuel P. Huntington, Juan J. Linz, Guillermo O'Donnell, Adam Przeworski, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Alfred Stepan. The second paperback volume, Regional Challenges, focuses on developments in Southern Europe, Latin America, Russia, and East Asia, particularly Taiwan and China. It contains essays by leading regional experts, including Yun-han Chu, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Thomas B. Gold, Michael McFaul, Andrew J. Nathan, and Hung-mao Tien.

The Third Wave

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The Third Wave

The Third Wave

The Third Wave

  • Author: Instaread
  • Publisher: Instaread Summaries
  • ISBN: 1683781392
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 42
  • View: 9913
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The Third Wave by Steve Case | Summary & Analysis Preview: The Third Wave relates AOL co-founder and former CEO Steve Case’s reflections on his career and the future of the technology industry in America. Part memoir, part analysis of the industry, The Third Wave is also a cautionary tale to would-be entrepreneurs who believe the culture of solo founders and tech disruption will always be valued in the future. The book is named for futurist Alvin Toffler’s 1980 text The Third Wave. In Toffler’s text, all of humanity’s past, present, and future can be divided into three waves. In Case’s Third Wave, the history of the Internet is likewise broken into three waves. In the First Wave, entrepreneurs such as those at AOL had to build the infrastructure of a consumer-facing Internet from the ground up. These early Internet pioneers had to communicate and partner across industries to ensure that the government… PLEASE NOTE: This is key takeaways and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. Inside this Instaread Summary of The Third Wave · Overview of the Book · Important People · Key Takeaways · Analysis of Key Takeaways About the Author With Instaread, you can get the key takeaways, summary and analysis of a book in 15 minutes. We read every chapter, identify the key takeaways and analyze them for your convenience.

The Third Wave

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The Third Wave

The Third Wave

What the Tofflers Never Told You

  • Author: Thomas J. Czerwinski
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Information technology
  • Page: 4
  • View: 7885
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Although much of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) debate centers on the notion that the Information Age represents a Third Wave paradigm shift, the Information Age is only one of the components of the Third Wave. The Third Wave is marked not by a paradigm shift, but the utter lack of a paradigm. Discussions about the RMA (or, as it is increasingly being called, Revolution in Security Affairs, as some call it) should reflect the specific conditions existing in the Third Wave, in this regard, the Tofflers' analysis is incomplete.

Democracy Assistance from the Third Wave

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Democracy Assistance from the Third Wave

Democracy Assistance from the Third Wave

Polish Engagement in Belarus and Ukraine

  • Author: Paulina Pospieszna
  • Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
  • ISBN: 0822979233
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 276
  • View: 4324
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The role of Western NGOs in the transition of postcommunist nations to democracy has been well documented. In this study, Paulina Pospieszna follows a different trajectory, examining the role of a former aid recipient (Poland), newly democratic itself, and its efforts to aid democratic transitions in the neighboring states of Belarus and Ukraine. Belarus is widely regarded as the most authoritarian state in the region, while Ukraine is witnessing a slow, if often troubled, democratic consolidation. Each state presents a different set of challenges to outside agencies. As Pospieszna shows, Poland is uniquely positioned to offer effective counsel on the transition to democracy. With similarities of language and culture, and a shared history, combined with strong civic activism and success within the European Union, Poland’s regional policies have successfully combined its need for security and a motivation to spread democracy as primary concerns. Pospieszna details the founding, internal workings, goals, and methods of Poland’s aid programs. She then compares the relative degrees of success of each in Belarus and Ukraine and documents the work yet to be done. As her theoretical basis, Pospieszna analyzes current thinking on the methods and effectiveness of NGOs in transitions to democracy, particularly U.S.- and European-led aid efforts. She then views the applicability of these methods to the case of Poland and its aid recipients. Overwhelmingly, Pospieszna finds the greatest success in developmental programs targeting civil society—workers, intellectuals, teachers, students, and other NGO actors. Through extensive interviews with government administrators and NGO workers in Poland and the United States, coupled with archival research, Pospieszna assembles an original perspective on the mitigation of the ‘postcommunist divide’. Her work will serve as a model for students and scholars of states in transition, and it provides an overview of both successful and unsuccessful strategies employed by NGOs in democracy assistance.

The Third Wave

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The Third Wave

The Third Wave

A Volunteer Story

  • Author: Alison Thompson
  • Publisher: Spiegel & Grau
  • ISBN: 0679604928
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 240
  • View: 1914
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Alison Thompson, a filmmaker living in New York City, was enjoying Christmas with her boyfriend in 2004 when she saw the news reports online: a 9.3 magnitude earthquake had struck the sea near Indonesia, triggering a massive tsunami that hit much of southern Asia. As she watched the death toll climb, Thompson had one thought: She had to go help. A few years earlier, she had spent eight months volunteering at Ground Zero after 9/11. She’d learned then that when disaster strikes, it’s not just the firemen and Red Cross who are needed—every single person can make a difference. With $300 in cash, some basic medical supplies, and a vague idea that she’d go wherever she was needed, Thompson headed to Sri Lanka. Along with a small team of volunteers, she settled in a coastal town that had been hit especially hard and began tending to people’s injuries, giving out food and water, playing games with the children, collecting dead bodies, and helping rebuild the local school and homes that had been destroyed. Thompson had intended to stay for two weeks; she ended up staying for fourteen months. She and her team helped start new businesses and set up the first tsunami early-warning center in Sri Lanka, which continues to save lives today. The Third Wave tells the inspiring story of how volunteering changed Thompson’s life. It begins with her first real introduction to disaster relief after 9/11 and ends with her more recent efforts in Haiti, where she has helped create and run, with Sean Penn, an internally-displaced-person camp and field hospital for more than 65,000 Haitians who lost their homes in the 2010 earthquake. In The Third Wave, Thompson provides an invaluable inside glimpse into what really happens on the ground after a disaster—and a road map for what anyone can do to help. As Alison Thompson shows, with some resilience, a healthy sense of humor, and the desire to make a difference, we all have what it takes to change the world for the better.

Cities in the Third Wave

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Cities in the Third Wave

Cities in the Third Wave

The Technological Transformation of Urban America

  • Author: Leonard I. Ruchelman
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742539099
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 163
  • View: 3488
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Cities in the Third Wave surveys the remarkable transformation that is taking place in urban America. In the belief that technology is the force that has created and recast cities throughout history, this book addresses the important question of how the modern-day technology affects cities today and how it will shape cities in the future.

Reconstructing the Third Wave of Democracy

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Reconstructing the Third Wave of Democracy

Reconstructing the Third Wave of Democracy

Comparative African Democratic Politics

  • Author: Rita Kiki Edozie
  • Publisher: University Press of America
  • ISBN: 9780761841937
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 4964
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Since the 1990s, trends in African politics require the realization that the public policy practice and the theoretical analysis of 'democracy and democratization' are becoming increasingly important tenets for understanding the contemporary political science of the region. Reconstructing the Third Wave of Democracy explains these new political processes and ideas. Author Rita Kiki Edozie identifies factors that Africans have encountered since the foundation of the modern African state and presents a critical analysis of African politics through the lenses of post-colonial discourse by uniquely employing the ideas of democratic theory to guide an analysis of the Continent's democratic development and performance. Edozie presents an intra-regional comparative analysis of democratic politics in Africa in ways that few books on the same subject do for the continent. Her methodology for examining democracy in Africa reveals the dynamism of several country cases and several more regime experiences with democracy encountered from the post-World War II period to the current post-Cold War period.

Studies Of The Third Wave

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Studies Of The Third Wave

Studies Of The Third Wave

Recent Soviet Jewish Immigration To The United States

  • Author: Dan A Jacobs,Ellen F Paul
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000313476
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 188
  • View: 6899
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During the 1970s the Soviet Union allowed large numbers of its citizens to emigrate, the first major group allowed to leave in five decades. The number of emigres peaked in 1979, with 50,000 persons leaving the USSR—most of them Soviet Jews, most of them bound for the United States. This book studies this most recent of three major influxes of Soviet Jews into the United States. Using case studies based on six major cities, it considers where the immigrants came from, why they came, how they feel about the Soviet regime and people, what their occupations were in the USSR, and how they are adjusting to social and professional life in the United States. Their responses are compared with those of earlier immigrants to draw conclusions about the role the "third wave" may play in U.S. life. The interviews also shed light on current political, social, and economic conditions in the Soviet Union.