Search results for: the-split-and-the-structure

The Split and the Structure

Author : Rudolf Arnheim
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Rudolf Arnheim's great forte is his ability to illuminate the perceptual processes that go into the making and reception of artworks—painting, sculpture, architecture, and film. Over the years, his pioneering mode of "reading" art from a unique scientific/philosophic perspective has garnered him an established and devoted audience. That audience will take pleasure in Arnheim's most recent collection of essays, one that covers a range of topics and includes titles such as "Outer Space and Inner Space," "What Is an Aesthetic Fact?," "As I Saw Children's Art," "Two Ways of Being Human," "Consciousness—an Island of Images," and "From Chaos to Wholeness." The notion of structure is Arnheim's guide in these explorations. Most of the essays examine the nature of structure affirmatively: how it comes about, its incentives and objectives, its celebration of perfection. He is interested in how artists grope for structure to shape powerful, enlightening images, and how a scientist's search for truth is a search for structure. Writing with enviable clarity, even when deploying complex arguments, Arnheim makes it easy and exciting to follow him as he thinks. America is not abundantly supplied with "public intellectuals" such as Rudolf Arnheim—to have his writings with us is cause for celebration. "The word 'structure' appears for good reason in the title of this collection. . . . Structure seems to be needed as an arbiter wherever this civilization of ours is split by selfish interests and fighting for either/or decisions. The essays want to speak with the voice of reason, because they want to show how the parts require the whole."

The Orayvi Split Structure and history

Author : Peter M. Whiteley
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The Split IP Parameter in Second Language Learning

Author : Adela Simoiu
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The book addresses some important issues in second language acquisition research, such as access to Universal Grammar, the factors that account for success or failure in L2 learning, as well as parameter (re)setting, within the generative framework. The empirical data against which the research hypothesis is tested come from two main studies: a longitudinal one, involving beginner learners, and an experimental one, with elementary and advanced learners; all subjects are adults learning English in a formal instruction setting, with Romanian as L1. Starting from Chomsky’s (2005) account of first language acquisition in terms of three factors, namely genetic endowment, experience and non-linguistic principles, the first chapter of the book explores the question of whether the same three factors may be operating in second language learning. The rest of the book focuses on more specific research issues related to access to Universal Grammar and parameter (re)setting. Since L1 acquisition is defined mainly as the process of parameter setting on the basis of the input, parameter setting is expected to be at the core of L2 learning as well. However, in the literature, it has often been argued that one of the most important differences between L1 and L2 acquisition is related precisely to this process. The parameter which the book focuses on is the split IP parameter (Bobaljik and Thráinsson, 1998), in the case of Romanian L1 learners of English as L2. Romanian is (+ split IP) while English is (- split IP). In this case, the learners would need to move from the positive (+) value of the parameter to the negative (-) one, i.e. from a wider set of property values to a more restrictive one. There are three possible scenarios: (i) the L2 learners set the negative (-) value from the target language from the very beginning, on the basis of input alone; (ii) the learners first transfer the positive (+) value from their L1 and reset this value to the L2 negative (-) one as they progress in acquiring the L2; the final state is L2-like; (iii) the learners first transfer the positive (+) value from their L1 but resetting is impossible; the L2 underlying representations are different from those of native speakers even with advanced speakers, and what may account for final L2 state is parameter learning. These scenarios are explored with the help of the data provided by longitudinal and experimental studies.

The Split Economy

Author : Nimi Wariboko
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Draws on philosophy, economics, theology, and psychoanalytic theory to reveal a fundamental dynamic of capitalism. Starting with Marx and Freud, scholars have attempted to identify the primary ethical challenge of capitalism. They have named injustice, inequality, repression, exploitative empires, and capitalism’s psychic hold over all of us, among other ills. Nimi Wariboko instead argues that the core ethical problem of capitalism lies in the split nature of the modern economy, an economy divided against itself. Production is set against finance, consumption against saving, and the future against the present. As the rich enjoy their lifestyle, their fellow citizens live in servitude. The economy mimics the structure of our human subjectivity as Saint Paul theorizes in Romans 7: the law constitutes the subject as split, traversed by negativity. The economy is split, shot through with a fundamental antagonism. This fundamental negativity at the core of the economy disturbs its stability and identity, generating its destructive drive. The Split Economy develops a robust theoretical framework at the intersection of continental philosophy, psychoanalytic theory, theology, and political economy to reveal a fundamental dynamic at the heart of capitalism. Nimi Wariboko is Walter G. Muelder Professor of Social Ethics at Boston University. His many books include The Split God: Pentecostalism and Critical Theory, also published by SUNY Press; Economics in Spirit and Truth: A Moral Philosophy of Finance; and God and Money: A Theology of Money in a Globalizing World.

The Split Capital Investment Trust Crisis

Author : Andrew T. Adams
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Split capital investment trusts (splits) became fashionable in the late 1990s but the splits boom led to some spectacular collapses as the bear market unfolded. Despite warnings from certain analysts, academics and journalists, over 20 splits have gone bust leaving many private investors seeking redress. A major FSA investigation is now underway. This book, with contributions from specialists intimately involved with the crisis, provides an in-depth and authoritative review of splits, discussing their history, what went wrong, and lessons for the future. A range of views is expressed by the contributors. The book is divided into five parts: The Crisis past financial crises, evolution of the split trust sector, the crisis unfolds The Split Capital Trust Market the structures, the risks, valuing the shares Response to the Crisis the media, regulatory and political response Management Issues corporate governance, some ethical considerations, reputational risk Looking Forward product innovation and marketing, some implications for the fund management industry, lessons for the future

System and Structure

Author : Anthony Wilden
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Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1980 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Facilities Engineering Maintenance and Repair of Architectural and Structural Elements of Buildings and Structures

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The Structure of CP and IP

Author : Luigi Rizzi
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The study of syntactic complexity and the identification of the elementary structural units involved have always been a component of research in the field of theoretical syntax. Still, these topics have recently acquired a higher degree of prominence and autonomy, which has led to an expansion in the ways syntacticians conceptualize syntactic representations and their interactions with other research topics. The Structure of CP and IP is the second volume in the Cartography of Syntactic Structures, a subgroup within the Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax series. Funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, this research endeavor gave rise to the publication of the first such volume, The Functional Structure of DP and IP, which focuses primarily on the structure of nominal expressions and on certain aspects of clausal expressions. This second edited volume examines the structure of the clauses, with special reference to the inflectional domain (IP) and the left peripheral field of the clause (CP). With contributions by a select group of syntacticians, The Structure of CP and IP will be useful to scholars with an interest in Italian, Romance, and comparative syntax, and of substantial value to all linguists interested in contemporary research in generative grammar.

Analysis of Messy Data Volume 1

Author : George A. Milliken
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A bestseller for nearly 25 years, Analysis of Messy Data, Volume 1: Designed Experiments helps applied statisticians and researchers analyze the kinds of data sets encountered in the real world. Written by two long-time researchers and professors, this second edition has been fully updated to reflect the many developments that have occurred since the original publication. New to the Second Edition Several modern suggestions for multiple comparison procedures Additional examples of split-plot designs and repeated measures designs The use of SAS-GLM to analyze an effects model The use of SAS-MIXED to analyze data in random effects experiments, mixed model experiments, and repeated measures experiments The book explores various techniques for multiple comparison procedures, random effects models, mixed models, split-plot experiments, and repeated measures designs. The authors implement the techniques using several statistical software packages and emphasize the distinction between design structure and the structure of treatments. They introduce each topic with examples, follow up with a theoretical discussion, and conclude with a case study. Bringing a classic work up to date, this edition will continue to show readers how to effectively analyze real-world, nonstandard data sets.

The Clause Structure of Wolof

Author : Harold Torrence
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This volume investigates the clausal syntax of Wolof, an understudied Atlantic language of Senegal. The goals of the work are descriptive, analytical, and comparative, with a focus on the structure of the left periphery and left peripheral phenomena. The book includes detailed examination of the morpho?syntax of wh?questions, successive cyclicity, subject marking, relative clauses, topic/focus articulation, and complementizer agreement. Novel data from Wolof is used to evaluate and extend theoretical proposals concerning the structure of the Complementizer Phrase (CP) and Tense Phrase (TP). It is argued that Wolof provides evidence for the promotion analysis of relative clauses, an exploded CP and TP, and for analyses that treat relative clauses as composed of a determiner with a CP complement. It is further argued that Wolof has a set of silent wh?expressions and these are compared to superficially similar constructions in colloquial German, Bavarian, Dutch, and Norwegian. The book also presents a comparison of complementizer agreement across a number of related and unrelated languages. Data from Indo?European (Germanic varieties, French, Irish), Niger?Congo (Atlantic, Bantu, Gur), and Semitic (Arabic) languages put the Wolof phenomena in a larger typological context by showing the range of variation in complementizer agreement systems."

A Modular Calculus for the Average Cost of Data Structuring

Author : Michel Schellekens
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This book introduces the first programming language for which average-case time analysis of its programs is guaranteed to be modular. The main time measure currently used for real-time languages (worst-case time) is well-known not to be modular in general, which makes average-case analysis notoriously difficult. Schellekens includes sample programs as well as derivations of the average-case time of these programs to illustrate this radically different approach.

The Split World of Gerard Manley Hopkins

Author : Dennis Sobolev
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Provides a synthetic study of Hopkin's writings, written within a framework of semiotic phenomenology, analysing the general configuration of meanings fround in his writings, including their theological, as well as existential, aspects.

Structure and Function of Roots

Author : F. Baluska
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In 1971, the late Dr. J. Kolek of the Institute of Botany, Bratislava, organized the first International Symposium devoted exclusively to plant roots. At that time, perhaps only a few of the participants, gathered together in Tatranska Lomnica, sensed that a new era of root meetings was beginning. Nevertheless, it is now clear that Dr. Kolek's action, undertaken with his characteristic enormous enthusiasm, was rather pioneering, for it started a series a similar meetings. Moreover, what was rather exceptional at the time was the fact that the meeting was devoted to the functioning of just a single organ, the root. One possible reason for the unexpected success of the original, perhaps naive, idea of a Root Symposium might lie with the fact that plant roots have always been extremely popular as experimental material for cytologists, biochemists and physiologists whishing to probe processes as diverse as cell division and solute transport. Of course, the connection of roots with the rest of the plant is not forgotten either. This wide variety of disciplines is now coupled with the development of increasingly sophisticated experimental techniques to study some of these old problems. These factors undoubtedly contribute to the necessity of continuing the tradition of the root symposia. The common theme of root function gives, in addition, a certain unity to all these diverse activities.

Transport in Nanostructures

Author : David Ferry
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A comprehensive, detailed description of the properties and behaviour of mesoscopic devices.

Structure in Complex Networks

Author : Jörg Reichardt
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In the modern world of gigantic datasets, which scientists and practioners of all fields of learning are confronted with, the availability of robust, scalable and easy-to-use methods for pattern recognition and data mining are of paramount importance, so as to be able to cope with the avalanche of data in a meaningful way. This concise and pedagogical research monograph introduces the reader to two specific aspects - clustering techniques and dimensionality reduction - in the context of complex network analysis. The first chapter provides a short introduction into relevant graph theoretical notation; chapter 2 then reviews and compares a number of cluster definitions from different fields of science. In the subsequent chapters, a first-principles approach to graph clustering in complex networks is developed using methods from statistical physics and the reader will learn, that even today, this field significantly contributes to the understanding and resolution of the related statistical inference issues. Finally, an application chapter examines real-world networks from the economic realm to show how the network clustering process can be used to deal with large, sparse datasets where conventional analyses fail.

The Internal Structure of U S Consumption Expenditures

Author : Lester D. Taylor
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Usually, when we consider the information that is given in a household budget survey, we do so in terms of expenditures for different goods and services and how these relate to income, prices, and socio demographic factors such as age, family size, and education. Allocation of expenditures amongst different categories of consumption is seen as being determined by tastes and preferences acting in conjunction with a constraint imposed by prices and income. The parameters thus obtained are obviously useful in analyzing the impact on consumption resulting from changes in income and prices (should the latter be available), but income and price elasticities, in themselves, say little about the internal structure of consumption spending. How expenditures for housing, transportation, and personal care to pick three standard categories of consumption spending – are related to expenditures for food, for example, has never been a direct focus of empirical study. This book focuses on these relationships and provides insight into consumer behavior that complements and goes beyond that given by conventional price and income elasticities, making it of interest to students as well as economists in both government and academia concerned with consumer behavior.

Syntactic Theory and the Structure of English

Author : Andrew Radford
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This textbook based on syntactic theory draws on Chomsky's minimalist programme.

Task Firm Size and 0rganizational Structure in Management Consulting

Author : Michael Graubner
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Michael Graubner investigates consultancies' organizational structure in terms of structural differentiation, specialization, centralization, and formalization. He analyzes extensive qualitative and quantitative data obtained during a series of personal interviews in consulting firms with offices in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The results show that organizational size and to a lesser degree task uncertainty are closely associated with organizational structure.

Silicon Germanium Strained Layers and Heterostructures

Author : M. Willander
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The study of Silicone Germanium strained layers has broad implications for material scientists and engineers, in particular those working on the design and modelling of semi-conductor devices. Since the publication of the original volume in 1994, there has been a steady flow of new ideas, new understanding, new Silicon-Germanium (SiGe) structures and new devices with enhanced performance. Written for both students and senior researchers, the 2nd edition of Silicon-Germanium Strained Layers and Heterostructures provides an essential up-date of this important topic, describing in particular the recent developments in technology and modelling. * Fully-revised and updated 2nd edition incorporating important recent breakthroughs and a complete literature review * The extensive bibliography of over 400 papers provides a comprehensive and coherent overview of the subject * Appropriate for students and senior researchers

Analysis of Messy Data Volume III

Author : George A. Milliken
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Analysis of covariance is a very useful but often misunderstood methodology for analyzing data where important characteristics of the experimental units are measured but not included as factors in the design. Analysis of Messy Data, Volume 3: Analysis of Covariance takes the unique approach of treating the analysis of covariance problem by looking at a set of regression models, one for each of the treatments or treatment combinations. Using this strategy, analysts can use their knowledge of regression analysis and analysis of variance to help attack the problem. The authors describe the strategy for one- and two-way treatment structures with one and multiple covariates in a completely randomized design structure. They present new methods for comparing models and sets of parameters, including beta-hat models. They carefully investigate the effect of blocking, explore mixed models, and present a new methodology for using covariates to analyze data from nonreplicated experiments. Analysis of covariance provides an invaluable set of strategies for analyzing data. With its careful balance of theory and examples, Analysis of Messy Data: Volume 3 provides a unique and outstanding guide to the strategy's techniques, theory, and application.