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The Spaceflight Revolution

Author : William Seaman Bainbridge
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Spaceflight Revolution

Author : James R. Hansen
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Spaceflight Revolution NASA Langley Research Center from Sputnik to Apollo

Author : James R. Hansen
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Spaceflight Revolution

Author : Hansen James R.
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Spaceflight Revolution

Author : David Ashford
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A revolution in spaceflight is likely soon with the prospect of everyday access to orbit within fifteen years. Costly launch vehicles based on ballistic missiles will be replaced by ‘spaceplanes’, using technology that exists today. In five years' time, a prototype could be built, and with a further ten years of detailed development, the design could approach airliner maturity, reducing the cost of sending people into space some one thousand times to around US$20,000. Spaceplane development has, in effect, been suppressed by entrenched thinking and short-term vested interests. But the present monopoly of large government space agencies is becoming unsupportable, and the market that understands the very real opportunities for space travel will be reaching critical mass in the near future. This book examines these issues and shows why space tourism will one day become the single largest business in space, and how astronomy and environmental science will be transformed by low-cost access making possible instruments vastly larger than those of today. Contents: Past, Present, Predicted Future:Spaceplane HistoryRecent DevelopmentsWay AheadSpaceplane Potential:Spaceplane Low-Cost PotentialOrbital InfrastructureThe Spaceplane Space AgeTime Scale:Technical FeasibilitySafetyMaturityMarketDevelopment CostDesign LogicBreaking the MouldBenefitsConclusions Readership: Professionals and members of the public interested in the way ahead for space including students, academics, industrialists and managers involved in the space, aircraft and travel industries. Reviews:“… a fascinating and very readable account … This fine book will appeal to the technically minded and the romantic at heart alike.”Philip Bridle BBC Broadcaster — Astronomy and Space “In this fascinating book the author, founder of Bristol Spaceplanes argues the case clearly and very effectively … will help to dislodge entrenched thinking where it matters. Recommended, indeed essential, reading.”Spaceflight “This readable but no-frills book details how a private sector return to the 'aircraft approach' will cut launch costs enabling space tourism at a ‘reasonable’ cost. It serves as a good summary of a dynamic market that repays close watching.”Astronomy Now

Spaceflight Revolution

Author : James R. Hansen
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Spaceflight Revolution

Author : James R. Hansen
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Excerpt from Spaceflight Revolution: Nasa Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo 3. Carrying Out the Task A Home at Langley The Tracking Range Shouldering the Burden The End of the Glamour Days. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Spaceflight Revolution

Author : James R. Hansen
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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Spaceflight Revolution NASA Langley Research Center from Sputnik to Apollo

Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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This book presents a careful analysis of the history of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) from its formation in 1917 to the demise of the NACA in October 1958 when this prestigious organization became the centerpiece of the new National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Whereas the NACA was concerned primarily with aeronautical research conducted by government employees in its own laboratories, NASA would have a much broader charter that included not only aeronautical and space research but also the development and operation of various types of space vehicles, including manned vehicles. Within this new organization, the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory became the Langley Research Center of NASA.As a part of NASA, Langley underwent many profound changes in program content, organization and management, and areas of personnel expertise. Although aeronautical research continued in the NASA era, research in support of such projects as Echo, Scout, Mercury, Apollo, and the Space Shuttle occupied a larger percentage of the Langley research effort as the years passed. In addition, Langley forged into new fields by assuming management responsibility for such large space projects as Lunar Orbiter and Viking. This responsibility involved major contract activities and support of in-house research. New research facilities, such as large vacuum tanks and high-speed and high-temperature air jets capable of simulating atmospheric entry from space, were developed and constructed.James Hansen's new book, Spaceflight Revolution, covers the turbulent seventeen-year period from 1958-1975 in great and interesting detail. With his usual thoroughness, Hansen has based this book on careful analysis of hundreds of written records, both published and unpublished, as well as on numerous personal interviews with many of the key individuals involved in the great transition at Langley. One Langley activity that was intentionally omitted from this study is aeronautical research which, as the author mentions, will hopefully be covered in a separate book. Spaceflight Revolution is a very complete and well-researched exposition and interpretation of a period of great change at the Langley Research Center. The main events and trends are clearly and succinctly presented. Although many who worked for Langley during the period covered may not agree entirely with some of Hansen's interpretations ·and conclusions, sufficient information is given in the text, references, and notes to permit the reader to evaluate the work. In any event, anyone who ever worked for Langley or NACA/NASA or who has any interest in the history of technology will find the book fascinating and thought provoking. In addition, anyone interested in the present and the future of NASA and the American space program will want to pay close attention to the insights found in his epilogue.

The Spaceflight Revolution

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
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Spaceflight Revolution

Author : Gordon Press Publishers
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Journey Into Space Research

Author : National Aeronautics Administration
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Space flight has long been a subject of interest both to scientists and to the general public. Science fiction became popular with the works of Jules Verne, whose fanciful stories of space exploits inspired many later science fiction publications. These stories were usually not based on valid science and technology or they were ahead of the developments that might have made them possible. These works, however, served to stimulate thought on space flight for many years. Some groups, such as the British Interplanetary Society, made serious studies of the requirements for space flight. These efforts failed to lead to practical developments because of lack of financial support or interest from governmental organizations or from the public. These early studies had little effect on actual developments in the space program because, with greater support and larger numbers of investigators, the results were quickly rediscovered and not until later was it found that some important results had been worked out previously. Studies of the possible military applications of space flight were started by military organizations in the United States about 1950, but these studies were classified secret. Many were unaware of any activity in this field until the nation was startled by the Russian launching of Sputnik. The last chapter of the preceding volume on the history of the author's work at Langley describes how the nation was galvanized into action and started a national space program. These developments are described in more detail in the book Spaceflight Revolution. The advent of the space program was a welcome event to many of the research groups at Langley. One reason for this attitude was that aeronautical research had reached a plateau at this time. Many of the research contributions of Langley and other National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) centers had reached fruition in the design and production of advanced airplanes. These airplanes included jet bombers and transports, and supersonic fighter airplanes. Research and design work on the supersonic transports, the British Concorde and the Russian TU144, had progressed to a point that construction could proceed with some assurance of success. No really revolutionary advances for atmospheric aircraft were envisioned at that time or have occurred in the ensuing years. Some of the wind-tunnel organizations, however, expressed concern that their work might be cut back or otherwise affected by the emphasis on space research. In the case of the author's work and that of the Flight Research Division, another event occurred that required a change in direction. A NACA Headquarters edict, published in 1958, stated that no further testing of high-speed airplanes would be done at Langley. All future flight research on such airplanes was to be done at the Edwards Air Force Base in California (now called the Dryden Flight Research Center).

Spaceflight Revolution

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First Man

Author : James R. Hansen
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Soon to be a major motion picture, this is the first—and only—definitive authorized account of Neil Armstrong, the man whose “one small step” changed history. When Apollo 11 touched down on the Moon’s surface in 1969, the first man on the Moon became a legend. In First Man, author James R. Hansen explores the life of Neil Armstrong. Based on over fifty hours of interviews with the intensely private Armstrong, who also gave Hansen exclusive access to private documents and family sources, this “magnificent panorama of the second half of the American twentieth century” (Publishers Weekly, starred review) is an unparalleled biography of an American icon. In this “compelling and nuanced portrait” (Chicago Tribune) filled with revelations, Hansen vividly recreates Armstrong’s career in flying, from his seventy-eight combat missions as a naval aviator flying over North Korea to his formative trans-atmospheric flights in the rocket-powered X-15 to his piloting Gemini VIII to the first-ever docking in space. For a pilot who cared more about flying to the Moon than he did about walking on it, Hansen asserts, Armstrong’s storied vocation exacted a dear personal toll, paid in kind by his wife and children. For the near-fifty years since the Moon landing, rumors have swirled around Armstrong concerning his dreams of space travel, his religious beliefs, and his private life. A penetrating exploration of American hero worship, Hansen addresses the complex legacy of the First Man, as an astronaut and as an individual. “First Man burrows deep into Armstrong’s past and present…What emerges is an earnest and brave man” (Houston Chronicle) who will forever be known as history’s most famous space traveler.

The space flight revolution

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
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The Case for Space

Author : Robert Zubrin
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A noted space expert explains the current revolution in spaceflight, where it leads, and why we need it. A new space race has begun. But the rivals in this case are not superpowers but competing entrepreneurs. These daring pioneers are creating a revolution in spaceflight that promises to transform the near future. Astronautical engineer Robert Zubrin spells out the potential of these new developments in an engrossing narrative that is visionary yet grounded by a deep understanding of the practical challenges. Fueled by the combined expertise of the old aerospace industry and the talents of Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, spaceflight is becoming cheaper. The new generation of space explorers has already achieved a major breakthrough by creating reusable rockets. Zubrin foresees more rapid innovation, including global travel from any point on Earth to another in an hour or less; orbital hotels; moon bases with incredible space observatories; human settlements on Mars, the asteroids, and the moons of the outer planets; and then, breaking all limits, pushing onward to the stars. Zubrin shows how projects that sound like science fiction can actually become reality. But beyond the how, he makes an even more compelling case for why we need to do this--to increase our knowledge of the universe, to make unforeseen discoveries on new frontiers, to harness the natural resources of other planets, to safeguard Earth from stray asteroids, to ensure the future of humanity by expanding beyond its home base, and to protect us from being catastrophically set against each other by the false belief that there isn't enough for all.

Rockets and Revolution

Author : Michael G. Smith
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Rockets and Revolution offers a multifaceted study of the race toward space in the first half of the twentieth century, examining how the Russian, European, and American pioneers competed against one another in the early years to acquire the fundamentals of rocket science, engineer simple rockets, and ultimately prepare the path for human spaceflight. Between 1903 and 1953, Russia matured in radical and dramatic ways as the tensions and expectations of the Russian revolution drew it both westward and spaceward. European and American industrial capacities became the models to imitate and to surpass. The burden was always on Soviet Russia to catch up—enough to achieve a number of remarkable “firsts” in these years, from the first national rocket society to the first comprehensive surveys of spaceflight. Russia rose to the challenges of its Western rivals time and again, transcending the arenas of science and technology and adapting rocket science to popular culture, science fiction, political ideology, and military programs. While that race seemed well on its way to achieving the goal of space travel and exploring life on other planets, during the second half of the twentieth century these scientific advances turned back on humankind with the development of the intercontinental ballistic missile and the coming of the Cold War.

The Bird Is on the Wing

Author : James R. Hansen
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The airplane ranks as one of history’s most ingenious and phenomenal inventions—and surely one of the most world-shaking. How ideas about its aerodynamics first came together and how the science and technology evolved to forge the airplane into the revolutionary machine it became is the epic story James R. Hansen tells in The Bird Is on the Wing. Just as the airplane is a defining technology of the twentieth century, aerodynamics has been the defining element of the airplane. Hansen provides an engaging, easily understandable introduction to the role of aerodynamics in the design of such historic American aircraft as the DC-3, X-1, and 747. Recognizing the impact individuals have had on the development of the field, he conveys not only a history of aircraft technology, but also a collective biography of the scientists, engineers, and designers who created the airplanes. From da Vinci, whose understanding of what it took to fly was three centuries too early for practical use, to the invention of the airplane by the Wright brothers, Hansen explores the technological matrix from which aeronautical engineering emerged. He skillfully guides the reader through the development of such critical aerodynamic concepts as streamlining, flutter, laminar-flow airfoils, the mythical “sound barrier,” variable-sweep wing, supersonic cruise, blended body, and much more. Hansen’s explanation of how vocabulary and specifications were developed to fill the gap between the perceptions of pilots and the system of engineers will fascinate all those interested in how human beings have used aerodynamics to move among, and even beyond, birds on the wing.

Critical issues in the history of spaceflight

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Spaceflight

Author : Giles Sparrow
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This compelling story of exploration charts and celebrates humankind in space, from Sputnik's launch in 1957 through the Apollo Moon landings and the International Space Station to future missions to Mars and beyond. Spaceflight chronicles how, in the six decades that followed Sputnik, the world was revolutionized by space travel and exploration. The opening up of Earth's orbit to satellites led to a revolution in communications, monitoring of the environment, and materials science. For the human imagination, the impact has been even greater - the voyages of robotic space probes have transformed our view of the Solar System, while Earth-orbiting satellites and missions to the Moon have forever changed our view of ourselves. This ebook is a celebration of human ingenuity and imagination. From the work of pioneers like Wernher von Braun, Yuri Gagarin, and Neil Armstrong to the triumphs and tragedies that followed, it reveals the people, science, and technology that have propelled us into the Space Age.