The Science Game

An Introduction to Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences


Author: Neil McK. Agnew,Sandra W. Pyke

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press


Category: Psychology

Page: 500

View: 3403

Using quirky and sometimes irreverent examples to provide an overview of social science methodology, this new edition of the popular text has been substantially revised to include an in-depth consideration of current hot topics in the constantly evolving field of scientific research, including the trend away from 'hard' (quantitative) research to 'soft' (qualitative) research, advances in computerized analysis of statistical data, and the increasing focus on the cultural context of research. ·Part One explores the strengths and limitations of common sense methods of solving puzzles and demonstrates how the scientific method significantly improves our ability to check the reliability and validity of theories. ·Part Two introduces the reader to two pre-scientific methods of problem solving: the after-the fact and the before-and- after methods. After noting the strengths and limitations of these pre-scientific methods, the authors explain how the control-group procedure, the classic example of the scientific method, helps overcome the major limitations of the after-the-fact and before-and-after methods. ·Part Three explores how scientists measure the internal and external validity of research results. ·Part Four examines the methods scientists use to assess subjective information through qualitative research methods: questionnaires, interviews and attitudes and personality scales. Naturalistic observations and archival research extend the reach of social sciences into areas that more controlled research methods cannot go. ·Part Five sets out the basic rules for tying numbers to objects and events, how numbers can be used to summarize and describe large amounts of information, and how mathematics helps us to bridge the gap between the known and the unknown. ·Part Six charts an explosion of ethical challenges as science pushes its way into every nook and cranny of our lives. Chapter Fourteen focuses on how scientists may communicate their scientific news clearly and effectively. ·Part Seven engages in a wide-ranging discussion of the history of science and explore how gender influences scientific research.

The science game

an introduction to research in the social sciences


Author: Neil McK. Agnew,Sandra W. Pyke

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 7366

Basic Concepts in the Methodology of the Social Sciences


Author: Johann Mouton,H. C. Marais

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796906489

Category: Humanities

Page: 276

View: 6251

This book consists of three major sections. In the first, which includes chapters 1 to 7, the basic concepts of the methodology of the social social sciences are discussed. In the second, chapters 8 and 9, the most important concepts of part one are integrated in discussions on the writing of research proposals and research reports. The third section (appendices) consists of three "case studies" in which the most important methodological principles which were discussed in the preceding sections are illustrated.

Recent Trends in Theoretical Psychology

Proceedings of the Third Biennial Conference of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology April 17–21, 1989


Author: William J. Baker,Michael E. Hyland,Rene van Hezewijk,Sybe Terwee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461396883

Category: Psychology

Page: 465

View: 3524

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the third biennial conference of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology, held in Arnhem, the Netherlands, April 17-21, 1989. Fifty-six papers were presented during the four days of the conference, including an invited address by Professor A. D. de Groot, and seven papers composing two plenary sessions, four on the con tribution of history to theory, and three on theoretical alternatives for contem porary psychology. Of these, 46 papers are presented in the proceedings; all of which suffered editorial changes and, with the exception of the invited ad dress, were required to meet a 15 page restriction on length. The editors gratefully acknowledge John Mills, Leendert Mos, and Hank Starn for their invaluable editorial assistance. The papers included here are presented without discussants' commen taries. (Over 125 psychologists participated at the conference.) While the papers are representative of the scope of topics covered at the conference, the hours of formal and informal discussions must, unfortunately, be left to the reader's imagination. We encourage the reader to attend one of our next conferences, planned biennially, and alternately, in North America (1991) and Europe (1993).

An Introduction to Linear Programming and Game Theory


Author: Paul R. Thie,Gerard E. Keough

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165454

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 7749

Praise for the Second Edition: "This is quite a well-done book: very tightly organized,better-than-average exposition, and numerous examples,illustrations, and applications." —Mathematical Reviews of the American MathematicalSociety An Introduction to Linear Programming and Game Theory, ThirdEdition presents a rigorous, yet accessible, introduction tothe theoretical concepts and computational techniques of linearprogramming and game theory. Now with more extensive modelingexercises and detailed integer programming examples, this bookuniquely illustrates how mathematics can be used in real-worldapplications in the social, life, and managerial sciences,providing readers with the opportunity to develop and apply theiranalytical abilities when solving realistic problems. This Third Edition addresses various new topics and improvementsin the field of mathematical programming, and it also presents twosoftware programs, LP Assistant and the Solver add-in for MicrosoftOffice Excel, for solving linear programming problems. LPAssistant, developed by coauthor Gerard Keough, allows readers toperform the basic steps of the algorithms provided in the book andis freely available via the book's related Web site. The use of thesensitivity analysis report and integer programming algorithm fromthe Solver add-in for Microsoft Office Excel is introduced soreaders can solve the book's linear and integer programmingproblems. A detailed appendix contains instructions for the use ofboth applications. Additional features of the Third Edition include: A discussion of sensitivity analysis for the two-variableproblem, along with new examples demonstrating integer programming,non-linear programming, and make vs. buy models Revised proofs and a discussion on the relevance and solution ofthe dual problem A section on developing an example in Data EnvelopmentAnalysis An outline of the proof of John Nash's theorem on the existenceof equilibrium strategy pairs for non-cooperative, non-zero-sumgames Providing a complete mathematical development of all presentedconcepts and examples, Introduction to Linear Programming andGame Theory, Third Edition is an ideal text for linearprogramming and mathematical modeling courses at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as avaluable reference for professionals who use game theory inbusiness, economics, and management science.

Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining


Author: National science foundation (Etats-Unis),University of Pittsburgh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521267571

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 9933

This book provides a comprehensive picture of the new developments in bargaining theory.

Innovations in Applied Artificial Intelligence

18th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2005, Bari, Italy, June 22-24, 2005, Proceedings


Author: Floriana Esposito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540265511

Category: Computers

Page: 858

View: 844

“Intelligent systems are those which produce intelligent o?springs.” AI researchers have been focusing on developing and employing strong methods that are capable of solving complex real-life problems. The 18th International Conference on Industrial & Engineering Applications of Arti?cial Intelligence & Expert Systems (IEA/AIE 2005) held in Bari, Italy presented such work performed by many scientists worldwide. The Program Committee selected long papers from contributions presenting more complete work and posters from those reporting ongoing research. The Committee enforced the rule that only original and unpublished work could be considered for inclusion in these proceedings. The Program Committee selected 116 contributions from the 271 subm- ted papers which cover the following topics: arti?cial systems, search engines, intelligent interfaces, knowledge discovery, knowledge-based technologies, na- ral language processing, machine learning applications, reasoning technologies, uncertainty management, applied data mining, and technologies for knowledge management. The contributions oriented to the technological aspects of AI and the quality of the papers are witness to a research activity clearly aimed at consolidating the theoretical results that have already been achieved. The c- ference program also included two invited lectures, by Katharina Morik and Roberto Pieraccini. Manypeoplecontributedindi?erentwaystothesuccessoftheconferenceand to this volume. The authors who continue to show their enthusiastic interest in applied intelligence research are a very important part of our success. We highly appreciate the contribution of the members of the Program Committee, as well as others who reviewed all the submitted papers with e?ciency and dedication.

Methods and Finance

A Unifying View on Finance, Mathematics and Philosophy


Author: Emiliano Ippoliti,Ping Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331949872X

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 4284

The book offers an interdisciplinary perspective on finance, with a special focus on stock markets. It presents new methodologies for analyzing stock markets’ behavior and discusses theories and methods of finance from different angles, such as the mathematical, physical and philosophical ones. The book, which aims at philosophers and economists alike, represents a rare yet important attempt to unify the externalist with the internalist conceptions of finance.

EPSA Epistemology and Methodology of Science

Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association


Author: Mauricio Suárez,Mauro Dorato,Miklós Rédei

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048132638

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 4235

These volumes collect a selection of papers presented at the Founding Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association meeting in Madrid. The volumes provide an excellent overview of the state of the art in philosophy of science as practised nowadays in different European countries.