Search results for: the-quark-and-the-jaguar

The Quark and the Jaguar

Author : Murray Gell-Mann
File Size : 89.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 565
Read : 749
Download »
From one of the architects of the new science of simplicity and complexity comes an explanation of the connections between nature at its most basic level and natural selection, archaeology, linguistics, child development, computers, and other complex adaptive systems. Nobel laureate Murray Gell-Mann offers a uniquely personal and unifying vision of the relationship between the fundamental laws of physics and the complexity and diversity of the natural world.

The Social Construction of What

Author : Ian Hacking
File Size : 45.62 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 725
Read : 994
Download »
Lost in the raging debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what, precisely, is being constructed. Facts, gender, quarks, reality? Is it a person? An object? An idea? A theory? Each entails a different notion of social construction, Ian Hacking reminds us. His book explores an array of examples to reveal the deep issues underlying contentious accounts of reality. Especially troublesome in this dispute is the status of the natural sciences, and this is where Hacking finds some of his most telling cases, from the conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness to vying accounts of current research in sedimentary geology. He looks at the issue of child abuse—very much a reality, though the idea of child abuse is a social product. He also cautiously examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the “culture wars” in anthropology, in particular a spat between leading ethnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook. Written with generosity and gentle wit by one of our most distinguished philosophers of science, this wise book brings a much needed measure of clarity to current arguments about the nature of knowledge.

International Relations in the Cyber Age

Author : Nazli Choucri
File Size : 55.93 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 874
Read : 723
Download »
A foundational analysis of the co-evolution of the internet and international relations, examining resultant challenges for individuals, organizations, firms, and states. In our increasingly digital world, data flows define the international landscape as much as the flow of materials and people. How is cyberspace shaping international relations, and how are international relations shaping cyberspace? In this book, Nazli Choucri and David D. Clark offer a foundational analysis of the co-evolution of cyberspace (with the internet as its core) and international relations, examining resultant challenges for individuals, organizations, and states. The authors examine the pervasiveness of power and politics in the digital realm, finding that the internet is evolving much faster than the tools for regulating it. This creates a “co-evolution dilemma”—a new reality in which digital interactions have enabled weaker actors to influence or threaten stronger actors, including the traditional state powers. Choucri and Clark develop a new method for addressing control in the internet age, “control point analysis,” and apply it to a variety of situations, including major actors in the international and digital realms: the United States, China, and Google. In doing so they lay the groundwork for a new international relations theory that reflects the reality in which we live—one in which the international and digital realms are inextricably linked and evolving together.

An Instinct for Truth

Author : Robert T. Pennock
File Size : 49.52 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 639
Read : 818
Download »
An exploration of the scientific mindset—such character virtues as curiosity, veracity, attentiveness, and humility to evidence—and its importance for science, democracy, and human flourishing. Exemplary scientists have a characteristic way of viewing the world and their work: their mindset and methods all aim at discovering truths about nature. In An Instinct for Truth, Robert Pennock explores this scientific mindset and argues that what Charles Darwin called “an instinct for truth, knowledge, and discovery” has a tacit moral structure—that it is important not only for scientific excellence and integrity but also for democracy and human flourishing. In an era of “post-truth,” the scientific drive to discover empirical truths has a special value. Taking a virtue-theoretic perspective, Pennock explores curiosity, veracity, skepticism, humility to evidence, and other scientific virtues and vices. He explains that curiosity is the most distinctive element of the scientific character, by which other norms are shaped; discusses the passionate nature of scientific attentiveness; and calls for science education not only to teach scientific findings and methods but also to nurture the scientific mindset and its core values. Drawing on historical sources as well as a sociological study of more than a thousand scientists, Pennock's philosophical account is grounded in values that scientists themselves recognize they should aspire to. Pennock argues that epistemic and ethical values are normatively interconnected, and that for science and society to flourish, we need not just a philosophy of science, but a philosophy of the scientist.

Greater Than the Sum

Author :
File Size : 40.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 358
Read : 909
Download »

Proceedings

Author :
File Size : 24.9 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 823
Read : 1162
Download »

The Economist

Author :
File Size : 45.4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 865
Read : 1274
Download »

Current Biography Yearbook

Author :
File Size : 34.29 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 585
Read : 622
Download »

New Scientist

Author :
File Size : 29.34 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 298
Read : 371
Download »

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
File Size : 44.48 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 136
Read : 1079
Download »

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics M R

Author :
File Size : 36.41 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 343
Read : 611
Download »

History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences

Author :
File Size : 33.91 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 660
Read : 1050
Download »

Google and the Mission to Map Meaning and Make Money

Author : Bart Milner
File Size : 31.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 679
Read : 893
Download »
This book is the unfolding story of the new technology of Internet Search - how Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the founders of Google, discovered a new way to index the Internet's network of networks by developing Search methods so powerful that they effectively created a free, public and universal library out of billions of random documents. It also tells how, together with the help of a brilliant team built initially at Stanford University, they then found a new way of making money through contextual advertising - now worth $e billion, leaving potential competitors, particularly Microsoft, far behind. It shows how Google's founders have also succeeded in insisting that integrity, rather than profit, remains at the heart of an enterprise that they will continue to control, despite the best efforts of Wall Street. The second half of this book also seeks to explain the central problems of machine intelligence - the difference between words and their meaning, or syntax and semantics - which had blocked this kind of IT development for half a century until Google's founders discovered that hypertext, the unique feature of the Internet that links documents, could be measured and mapped to sort millions of apparently similar pages for relevance and significance. Google's pursuit of a hugely ambitious and optimistic American dream that leaves them globally admired, and respected - keeping their principles intact whilst also creating a fabulously wealthy company - is a winning blend of luck, jokes, mathematical inspiration, engineering perspiration, deep technical knowledge of the Internet and, they would have you believe, thousands of highly-trained pigeons. The book is 288 pages long, including a comprehensive index and 600 item bibliography covering virtually all aspects of Internet Search. The print version of the book comes with a free online electronic version, with hypertext links to related articles and books - designed to make any aspect of the history of Internet search easy to find with a couple of mouse clicks. The book's author, Bart Milner, is a trained technology journalist and editor who started using the Web in 1984 (with a 300-baud acoustic coupler ) and then became a developer partly to try and solve the question of why computer logic has been unable to deal with meaning and association. This background has given him an insight into the inspired, but almost accidental, way that Google's founders cracked the problem of finding a significant document from billions of unindexed and changing Web pages in a fraction of a second. Anyone interested in the future of the Internet and Information Technology should enjoy this fast and fluid story of a company which has become a flagship business of the 21st century by not conceding any of its integrity and principles to the huge pressures of commercial profit, whilst providing some of the most elegant and powerful engineering solutions ever seen on the Net.

God s Ecstasy

Author : Beatrice Bruteau
File Size : 64.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 987
Read : 248
Download »
This book captures the beauty and complexity of God's evolving manifestation through vignettes from physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, economics and politics. This book will inspire us to be co-creators with God in the process of Christogenesis, the growth of the ever greater Christ.

Science and Its Times 1950 present

Author : Neil Schlager
File Size : 65.44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 326
Read : 1306
Download »
"This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2001.

The New Republic

Author : Herbert David Croly
File Size : 42.47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 145
Read : 664
Download »

Just Curious about Science Jeeves

Author : Erin Barrett
File Size : 71.88 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 427
Read : 955
Download »
A third installment in the popular trivia series by the makers of the ask.com website provides accessible information in the fields of astrology, biology, chemistry, and physics. Original.

Murray Gell Mann

Author : Murray Gell-Mann
File Size : 27.6 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 572
Read : 904
Download »
Murray Gell-Mann is one of the leading physicists of the world. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for his work on the classification and symmetries of elementary particles, including the approximate SU(3) symmetry of hadrons. His list of publications is impressive; a number of his papers have become landmarks in physics. In 1953, Gell-Mann introduced the strangeness quantum number, conserved by the strong and electromagnetic interactions but not by the weak interaction. In 1954 he and F E Low proposed what was later called the renormalization group. In 1958 he and R P Feynman wrote an important article on the V-A theory of the weak interaction. In 1961 and 1962 he described his ideas about the SU(3) symmetry of hadrons and its violation, leading to the prediction of the - particle. In 1964 he proposed the quark picture of hadrons. In 1971 he and H Fritzsch proposed the exactly conserved color quantum number and in 1972 they discussed what they later called quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the gauge theory of color. These major publications and many others are collected in this volume, providing physicists with easy access to much of Gell-Mann's work. Some of the articles are concerned with his recollections of the history of elementary particle physics in the third quarter of the twentieth century.

Heisenberg Probably Slept Here

Author : Richard P. Brennan
File Size : 51.40 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 575
Read : 1216
Download »
Profiles the lives of eight physicists and details their contributions to the field especially during the twentieth century.

Yale Scientific

Author :
File Size : 61.44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 804
Read : 471
Download »