Objectivity, Science and Society

Interpreting nature and society in the age of the crisis of science

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Author: Paul A Komesaroff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135028419

Category: Philosophy

Page: 460

View: 5163

Originally published in 1986. This work remains of compelling interest to those concerned with the natural sciences and their social problems. It puts forward original and unorthodox ideas about the philosophy of and sociology of science, starting from the conviction that modern societies face deep problems arising from unresolved dilemmas about the meaning, content and technical applications of the theories of nature they employ. The book draws on insights developed within a variety of traditions to explore these problems, especially the work of Edmund Husserl and modern critical theory.

Jurgen Habermas

Critic in the Public Sphere

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Author: Robert C. Holub

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134921101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 4294

The most important intellectual in the Federal Republic of Germany for the past three decades, Habermas has been a seminal contributor to fields ranging from sociology and political science to philosophy and cultural studies. Although he has stood at the centre of concern in his native land, he has been less readily accepted outside Germany, particularly in the humanities. His theoretical work postulates the centrality of communication and understanding, and as such his strategy of debate is marked by a politically informed unity of theory and practice. Holub's book is the first detailed account of the major debates in which Habermas has engaged since the early sixties. It stems from the conviction that his critics have not understood the political strategy behind his various interventions, or the consistency that informs his intellectual activities. Habermas is viewed in dialogue with important philosophical, sociological and political currents in West Germany. Holub demonstrates how Habermas pursues a course that incorporates various aspects of his opponents' positions, while simultaneously defending perceived threats to democracy and open discussion.

From Corporate to Social Media

Critical Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility in Media and Communication Industries

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Author: Marisol Sandoval

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317936043

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4076

The corporate and the social are crucial themes of our times. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, both individual lives and society were shaped by capitalist crisis and the rise of social media. But what marks the distinctively social character of "social media"? And how does it relate to the wider social and economic context of contemporary capitalism? The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is based on the idea that a socially responsible capitalism is possible; this suggests that capitalist media corporations can not only enable social interaction and cooperation but also be socially responsible. This book provides a critical and provocative perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in media and communication industries. It examines both the academic discourse on CSR and actual corporate practices in the media sector, offering a double critique that reveals contradictions between corporate interests and social responsibilities. Marisol Sandoval’s political economic analysis of Apple, AT&T, Google, HP, Microsoft, News Corp, The Walt Disney Company and Vivendi shows that media and communication in the twenty-first century are confronted with fundamental social responsibility challenges. From software patents and intellectual property rights to privacy on the Internet, from working conditions in electronics manufacturing to hidden flows of eWaste – this book encourages the reader to explore the multifaceted social (ir)responsibilities that shape commercial media landscapes today. It makes a compelling argument for thinking beyond the corporate in order to envision and bring about truly social media. It will interest students and scholars of media studies, cultural industry studies, sociology, information society studies, organization studies, political economy, business and management.

Foundations of the Frankfurt School of Social Research

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Author: Judith T. Marcus,Zoltán Tar

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412823821

Category: Social Science

Page: 426

View: 6629

Contribution to a critique of critical theory / Joseph B. Maier -- The Frankfurt school in New York / Jürgen Habermas -- The idea of critical theory / Alfred Schmidt -- The dialectical imagination by Martin Jay / Heinz Lubasz -- The Frankfurt school and critical theory / Leszek Kolakowski -- Critique of reason from Max Weber to Jürgen Habermas / Michael Landmann -- Irrationalism of the Left / Arnold Künzli -- Reason or revolution? / Karl R. Popper -- The Frankfurt school / Karl R. Popper -- On Walter Benjamin / Georg Lukács -- Lukács and Horkheimer / István Hermann -- Negative philosophy of music / Ferenc Fehér -- Autonomy of art : looking back at Adorno’s Ästhetische Theorie / Peter Uwe Hohendahl -- Critical theory and dialectics / Paul F. Lazarsfeld -- The struggle of reason against total bureaucratization / Franco Ferrarotti -- The positivist dispute in retrospect / Reinhard Kreckel -- The uses of psychoanalysis in critical theory and structuralism / Edith Kurzweil -- Partisan truth / Michael Löwy -- The political contradictions in Adorno’s critical theory / Hans-Jürgen Krahl.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

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Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 3419

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Managerialism

A Critique of an Ideology

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Author: T. Klikauer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137334274

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 4166

Most people know what management is but often people have vague ideas about Manageralism. This book introduces Manageralism and its ideology as a colonising project that has infiltrated nearly every eventuality of human society.

The Philosophy of Habermas

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Author: Andrew Edgar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131748911X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 2743

This comprehensive introduction to the thought of Jurgen Habermas covers the full range of his ideas from his early work on student politics to his recent work on communicative action, ethics and law. Andrew Edgar examines Habermas' key texts in chronological order, revealing the developments, shifts and turns in Habermas' thinking as he refines his basic insights and incorporates new sources and ideas. Some of the themes discussed include Habermas' early reshaping of Marxist theory and practice, his characterization of critical theory, his conception of universal pragmatics, his theories of communicative action and discourse ethics, and his defence of the project of modernity. Edgar offers much more than a schematic run through of Habermas' big ideas. He deals in detail with Habermas' arguments in order to demonstrate how he weaves together multiple strands of thought, and he usefully situates Habermas' ideas within the contexts of the history of German philosophy, the history of sociology, and within contemporary debates in both continental and analytic philosophy. By engaging with some of Habermas' key critics and contrasting his views with the ideas of contemporaries, Edgar is able to give a clear sense of Habermas' place and importance in contemporary philosophy and social theory.

Norms, Values, and Society

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Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401724547

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 945

Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.