The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World

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Author: J. P. Mallory,D. Q. Adams

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191058122

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 760

View: 7186

This book introduces Proto-Indo-European and explores what the language reveals about the people who spoke it. The Proto-Indo-Europeans lived somewhere in Europe or Asia between 5,500 and 8,000 years ago, and no text of their language survives. J. P. Mallory and Douglas Adams show how over the last two centuries scholars have reconstructed it from its descendant languages, the surviving examples of which comprise the world's largest language family. After a concise account of Proto-Indo-European grammar and a consideration of its discovery, they use the reconstructed language and related evidence from archaeology and natural history to examine the lives, thoughts, passions, culture, society, economy, history, and environment of the Proto-Indo-Europeans. Our distant ancestors had used the wheel, were settled arable farmers, kept sheep and cattle, brewed beer, got married, made weapons, and had 27 verbs for the expression of strife. The subjects to which the authors devote chapters include fauna, flora, family and kinship, clothing and textiles, food and drink, space and time, emotions, mythology, religion, and the continuing quest to discover the Proto-Indo-European homeland. Proto-Indo-European-English and English-Proto-Indo-European vocabularies and full indexes conclude the book. Written in a clear, readable style and illustrated with maps, figures, and tables, this book is on a subject of great and enduring fascination. It will appeal to students of languages, classics, and the ancient world, as well as to general readers interested in the history of language and of early human societies.

Indo-European and its closest relatives. 2. Lexicon

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Author: Joseph Harold Greenberg

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804770654

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 9273

The second volume of Joseph Greenberg's pioneering study of the relationship between Indo-European languages and those of northern Asia and North America.

Indo-European and its closest relatives. 1. Grammar

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804764417

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 5101

The basic thesis of this book is that the Indo-European family of languages is but a branch of a much larger Eurasiatic family that extends from northern Asia to North America.

A Dictionary of Tocharian B

Revised and Greatly Enlarged

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Author: Adams,Douglas Q. Adams

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042036710

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 964

View: 5496

The second edition of A Dictionary of Tocharian B includes substantially all Tocharian B words found in regularly published texts, as well as all those of the London and Paris collections published digitally (digital publication of the Paris collection is still incomplete), and a substantial number of the Berlin collection published digitally. The number of entries is more than twenty per cent greater than in the first edition. The overall approach is decidedly philological. All words except proper names are provided with example contexts. Each word is given in all its various attested morphological forms, in its variant spellings, and discussed semantically, syntactically (where appropriate), and etymologically. New to the second edition is the assignment, where possible, of the examples of the word's use to their exact chronological period (Archaic, Early, Classical, Late/Colloquial). This dating provides the beginning of the study of the Tocharian B vocabulary on a historical basis. Included are also a reverse English-Tocharian B index and, another innovation to this edition, a general index verborum of Indo-European cognates. Douglas Q. Adams, PhD in Linguistics (1972), University of Chicago, is currently professor emeritus at the University of Idaho. His publications have been largely devoted to explorations of the lexicon and morphology of Proto-Indo-European and, particularly, of Tocharian. He was co-author with James P. Mallory of Queen's University, Belfast, of The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (2006).

Indo-European Linguistics

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Author: Michael Meier-Brügger,Matthias Fritz,Manfred Mayrhofer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110174335

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 1745

This textbook is designed as an introduction to the field. It presents current topics and questions in Indo-European linguistics in a clear and informative manner.

Introduction to the Languages of the World

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Author: Anatole Lyovin,William Leben

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195149882

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 512

View: 2869

Unique in scope, An Introduction to the Languages of the World introduces linguistics students to the variety of world's languages. Students will gain familiarity with concepts such as sound change, lexical borrowing, diglossia, and language diffusion, and the rich variety of linguistic structure in word order, morphological types, grammatical relations, gender, inflection, and derivation. It offers the opportunity to explore structures of varying and fascinating languages even with no prior acquaintance. A chapter is devoted to each of the world's continents, with in-depth analyses of representative languages of Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and America, and separate chapters cover writing systems and pidgins and creoles. Each chapter contains exercises and recommendations for further reading. New to this edition are eleven original maps as well as sections on sign languages and language death and revitalization. For greater readability, basic language facts are now organized in tables, and language samples follow international standards for phonetic transcription and word-by-word glossing. There is an instructor's manual available for registered instructors on the book's companion website.

From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

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Author: Don Ringe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198792581

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 3874

This book describes the earliest reconstructable stages of the prehistory of English, focusing specifically on linguistic structure. It outlines the grammar of Proto-Indo-European, considers the changes by which one dialect of that prehistoric language developed into Proto-Germanic, and provides a detailed account of the grammar of Proto-Germanic. In the course of his exposition Don Ringe draws on a long tradition of work on many languages, including Hittite, Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Slavic, Gothic, and Old Norse. This second edition has been significantly revised to provide a more in-depth account of Proto-Indo-European, with further exploration of disputed points; it has also been updated to include new developments in the field, particularly in the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European verb and nominal inflection. The author also reconsiders some of his original approaches to specific linguistic changes and their relative chronology based on his recent research. This new edition of the first volume in A Linguistic History of English will be of central interest to all scholars and students of comparative Indo-European and Germanic linguistics, the history of English, and historical linguistics more generally. The second volume, The Development of Old English by Don Ringe and Ann Taylor, was published by OUP in 2014 (paperback 2016)

The Indo-European Controversy

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Author: Asya Pereltsvaig,Martin W. Lewis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107054532

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 6510

This book challenges media-celebrated evolutionary studies linking Indo-European languages to Neolithic Anatolia, instead defending traditional practices in historical linguistics.

Laws and Rules in Indo-European

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Author: Philomen Probert,Andreas Willi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609926

Category: History

Page: 393

View: 6108

Leading scholars from all over the world reassess the operation of the laws and rules in Indo-European which constrain the reconstructions and etymologies on which knowledge of the history and prehistory of the language family is based. The book makes an important contribution to the history of ancient languages.

Linguistic Reconstruction

An Introduction to Theory and Method

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Author: Anthony Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198700012

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 372

View: 8395

How and why are languages constantly changing? Historical lingustics seeks to find out by going beyond the history of individual languages to discover the general principles which underlie language change. But our evidence is severely limited. Most of the world's languages are still unwritten, and even in areas with long written traditions, such as Europe and the Near East, documentary evidence stretches only a little way back along the path of the historical development of languages.How, then, can we uncover our long linguistic prehistory, and what can it tell us about language change? This new textbook is an accessible general guide for students with an elementary knowledge of linguistics to the methods and theoretical bases of linguistic reconstruction, and of newer, less well established principles such as the application of linguistic universals and language typology, and quantitative techniques. Finally he reviews the principles for establishing language relationships and for uncovering information about the homelands and cultures of the prehistoric speakers of reconstructed languages.