The Oxford Handbook of the History of Modern Cosmology

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Author: Helge Kragh,Malcolm Longair

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192549979

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 3056

Scientific and popular literature on modern cosmology is very extensive; however, scholarly works on the historical development of cosmology are few and scattered. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Modern Cosmology offers a comprehensive and authoritative account of the history of cosmology from the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century. It provides historical background to what we know about the universe today, including not only the successes but also the many false starts. Big Bang theory features prominently, but so does the defunct steady state theory. The book starts with a chapter on the pre-Einstein period (1860-1910) and ends with chapters on modern developments such as inflation, dark energy and multiverse hypotheses. The chapters are organized chronologically, with some focusing on theory and others more on observations and technological advances. A few of the chapters discuss more general ideas, relating to larger contexts such as politics, economy, philosophy and world views.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics

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Author: Jed Z. Buchwald,Robert Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019969625X

Category: Science

Page: 945

View: 2866

Presents a history of physics, examining the theories and experimental practices of the science.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

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Author: John Parker,Richard Reid

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019957247X

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 5185

"This collection of essays ... will allow readers to explore various aspects ... of the continent's history over the last two hundred years."--Book jacket.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History

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Author: Alvin Jackson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199549346

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 4382

Draws from a wide range of disciplines to bring together 36 leading scholars writing about 400 years of modern Irish history

The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology

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Author: Russell Re Manning,John Hedley Brooke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199556938

Category: Religion

Page: 632

View: 5642

The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology is the first collection to consider the full breadth of natural theology from both historical and contemporary perspectives and to bring together leading scholars to offer accessible high-level accounts of the major themes. The volume embodies and develops the recent revival of interest in natural theology as a topic of serious critical engagement. Frequently misunderstood or polemicized, natural theology is anunder-studied yet persistent and pervasive presence throughout the history of thought about ultimate reality - from the classical Greek theology of the philosophers to twenty-first century debates in science andreligion. Thirty eight new essays trace the transformations of natural theology in different historical and religious contexts, the place of natural theology in different philosophical traditions and diverse scientific disciplines, and the various cultural and aesthetic approaches to natural theology to reveal a rich seam of multi-faceted theological reflection rooted in human nature and the environments within which we find ourselves.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History

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Author: T. M. Devine,Jenny Wormald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199563691

Category: History

Page: 707

View: 5488

A landmark study which reconsiders in fresh and illuminating ways the classic themes of the nation's history since the sixteenth century, as well as a number of new topics which are only now receiving detailed attention. Places the Scottish experience firmly in an international historical experience.

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies

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Author: Martin Goodman,Jeremy Cohen,David Sorkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199280322

Category: Religion

Page: 1037

View: 8950

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies reflects the current state of scholarship in the field as analyzed by an international team of experts in the different and varied areas represented within contemporary Jewish Studies. Unlike recent attempts to encapsulate the current state of Jewish Studies, the Oxford Handbook is more than a mere compendium of agreed facts; rather, it is an exhaustive survey of current interests and directions in the field.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

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Author: Timothy Insoll

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019923244X

Category: Religion

Page: 1108

View: 3746

A comprehensive overview, by period and region, of the archaeology of ritual and religion. The coverage is global, and extends from the earliest prehistory to modern times. Written by over sixty renowned specialists, the Handbook presents the very best in current scholarship, and will also stimulate further research.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

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Author: Mark Juergensmeyer,Margo Kitts,Michael Jerryson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199759995

Category: Political Science

Page: 653

View: 8492

Violence has always played a part in the religious imagination, from symbols and myths to legendary battles, from colossal wars to the theater of terrorism. The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence surveys intersections between religion and violence throughout history and around the world. The forty original essays in this volume include overviews of major religious traditions, showing how violence is justified within the literary and theological foundations of the tradition, how it is used symbolically and in ritual practice, and how social acts of violence and warfare have been justified by religious ideas. The essays also examine patterns and themes relating to religious violence, such as sacrifice and martyrdom, which are explored in cross-disciplinary or regional analyses; and offer major analytic approaches, from literary to social scientific studies. The contributors to this volume—-innovative thinkers who are forging new directions in theory and analysis related to religion and violence—-provide novel insights into this important field of studies. By mapping out the whole field of religion and violence, The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence will prove an authoritative source for students and scholars for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

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Author: Eleanor Robson,Jacqueline Stedall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 926

View: 1613

This Handbook explores the history of mathematics under a series of themes which raise new questions about what mathematics has been and what it has meant to practise it. It addresses questions of who creates mathematics, who uses it, and how. A broader understanding of mathematical practitioners naturally leads to a new appreciation of what counts as a historical source. Material and oral evidence is drawn upon as well as an unusual array of textual sources. Further, the ways in which people have chosen to express themselves are as historically meaningful as the contents of the mathematics they have produced. Mathematics is not a fixed and unchanging entity. New questions, contexts, and applications all influence what counts as productive ways of thinking. Because the history of mathematics should interact constructively with other ways of studying the past, the contributors to this book come from a diverse range of intellectual backgrounds in anthropology, archaeology, art history, philosophy, and literature, as well as history of mathematics more traditionally understood. The thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters, each written by a specialist, are arranged under three main headings: 'Geographies and Cultures', 'Peoples and Practices', and 'Interactions and Interpretations'. Together they deal with the mathematics of 5000 years, but without privileging the past three centuries, and an impressive range of periods and places with many points of cross-reference between chapters. The key mathematical cultures of North America, Europe, the Middle East, India, and China are all represented here as well as areas which are not often treated in mainstream history of mathematics, such as Russia, the Balkans, Vietnam, and South America. A vital reference for graduates and researchers in mathematics, historians of science, and general historians.