Search results for: the-oat-crop

The Oat Crop

Author : R.W. Welch
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Dr Samuel Johnson, that famous eighteenth century lexicographer, said of oats 'A grain which in England is generally given to horses but in Scotland supports the people'. And presumably it was a Scotsman who riposted 'But what people and what horses!' That exchange encapsulates much of the history and role of oats - a cereal, once important as human food in parts of northern Europe but latterly used mainly as animal feed, especially favoured for horses. Although no longer a major food anywhere, oats still have a special and favoured niche in the cuisine of people living in the cooler and wetter regions of some parts of northern Europe. However, there is currently a resurgence of interest in the crop, because there is now considerable scientific evidence to support the view of Scotsmen who never doubted its dietary value. This book - very much an international effort, carefully orchestrated by Robert Welch - traces the origin, history and scientific progress which forms a sound basis for any further crop improvement and for broadening the utilization and marketing of oat products. Should rational consider ations lead to an increase in the importance of this cereal, I, for one, would be glad since I believe the rural landscape is the poorer for the increased rarity of golden fields of rippling oats which I used to be involved in harvesting.

Improvement of the Oat Crop

Author : C. W. Warburton
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Improvement of the Oat Crop

Author : United States. Department of Agriculture
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Bulletin of the Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Tennessee State Agricultural and Mechanical College

Author : Charles Ansel Mooers
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Concerning the Oat Crop

Author : J. L. Hills
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Miscellaneous Truck crop Insects in Louisiana

Author : Byron Hunter
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Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Author : Ram J. Singh
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Summarizing landmark research, Volume 2 of this essential series furnishes information on the availability of germplasm resources that breeders can exploit for producing high-yielding cereal crop varieties. Written by leading international experts, this volume offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on employing genetic resources t

Oats

Author : Clyde William Warburton
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"The oat crop of the world is nearly 3,700,000,000 bushels annually, most of which is produced in Europe and North America. The principal oat-producing countries are the United States, European Russia, Germany, France, and Canada. In the United States the greater portion of the crop is grown in the upper Mississippi Valley. Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Nebraska are the leading States in the production of oats. The annual crop, 1900-1909, of the United States is about 900,000,000 bushels. The market grades of oats depend on the color of the grain and its freedom from mixture and from dirt. The legal weight of a bushel of oats in most of the states is 32 pounds. About 2 pounds of straw are usually produced to 1 pound of grain. The proportion of straw may be materially reduced, however, in some varieties and in some seasons, or it may be materially increased. The hull usually comprises 30 to 35 per cent of the grain, though the range is from little more than 20 per cent to about 45 per cent. Analyses show that oats are higher in protein than corn and about equal to wheat and barley. They are higher in ash than any of the other grains and considerably higher in fat than either barley or wheat. On account of the hulls, oats contain the highest percentage of crude fiber, and undesirable element. Oat straw contains more protein and more fat than corn stover or the straw of any other small grain. Oats are quite largely used as food for man in the form of oatmeal, or rolled oats, a highly nutritious cereal food. Most of the crop however, is used as food for feeding to stock, particularly to horses. No other grain is so popular for feeding to this class of animals. Good results are also secured from feeding oats to dairy cows, sheep, and poultry, though the price of this grain is often too high to justify such use. Oat straw is more palatable and more nutritious than the straw of any other grain and is nearly equal to corn stover. In addition to its use as a feed, it is largely used for bedding and for the formation of manure. Its fertilizing value is about $3 a ton. Hay made from oats or from oats and peas is both palatable and nutritious, being higher in feeding value than timothy hay. These crops can also be used as pasture or cut green for feeding to stock. sheep do particularly well on oats and peas, either when cut for hay or when used as pasture. As oats frequently precede grass or clover in the rotation, they are often used as a nurse crop. They are sometimes used as a cover crop in orchards. -- p. 23-24

Report on the Third Crop Conference

Author : E. T. Jones
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Molecular improvement of cereal crops

Author : Indra K. Vasil
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From the pre-historic era to modern times, cereal grains have been the most important source of human nutrition, and have helped sustain the increasing population and the development of human civilization. In order to meet the food needs of the 21st century, food production must be doubled by the year 2025, and nearly tripled by 2050. Such enormous increases in food productivity cannot be brought about by relying entirely on conventional breeding methods, especially on less land per capita, with poor quality and quantity of water, and under rapidly deteriorating environmental conditions. Complementing and supplementing the breeding of major food crops, such as the cereals, which together account for 66% of the world food supply, with molecular breeding and genetic manipulation may well provide a grace period of about 50 years in which to control population growth and achieve sustainable development. In this volume, leading world experts on cereal biotechnology describe the production and commercialization of the first generation of transgenic cereals designed to substantially reduce or prevent the enormous losses to cereal productivity caused by competition with weeds, and by various pests and pathogens, which is an important first step in that direction.

A Study of the Oat Crop

Author : John Ross Lauderdale
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Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Cereal Crops

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
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This book highlights modern methods and strategies to improve cereal crops in the era of climate change, presenting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Spectacular achievements in the fields of molecular breeding, transgenics and genomics in the last three decades have facilitated revolutionary changes in cereal- crop-improvement strategies and techniques. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, the genomes of over eight cereal crops have been sequenced and more are to follow. This has made it possible to decipher the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing have opened up new vistas for exploring available biodiversity, particularly of wild crop relatives, for identifying useful donor genes.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Third Edition

Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised. Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues. With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.

Department Bulletin

Author : United States. Department of Agriculture
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Experiments in Crop Production on Fallow Land at San Antonio

Author : Clarence Ralph Letteer
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Improving the Oat Crop

Author : Lyman Crane Burnett
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Oats

Author : Clyde William Warburton
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Excerpt from Oats: Growing the Crop The quantities of the three important fertilizing elements removed by a crop of grain vary somewhat in different portions of the country, as they depend on the yield of the individual crop and the proportion of grain to straw. For this reason no general estimate of the fertilizer removed by an acre of oats can be given. According to Chilcott under South Dakota conditions a 45-bushel crop of oats removed from the soil approximately 44 pounds of nitrogen, 16 pounds of phosphoric acid, and 37 pounds of potash. A 30-bushel crop of corn removed a little more phosphoric acid and potash and about one-third more nitrogen than the oats, while a 40 - bushel crop of barley removed considerably more of all three of these fertilizing elements. A 15 - bushel crop of wheat removed but 35 pounds of nitrogen, 9 pounds of phosphoric acid, and 15 pounds of potash. These figures show that nearly as much fertility is required to pro duce a good crop of oats as of any other grain, so that the common practice of using the poorest land on the farm for growing oats is not to be commended. While the oat crop is a vigorous feeder and will do better on poor soils than will most other grain crops, yet the judicious use of fertilizers or manure is usually profitable. The fertilizer problem is made difficult, however, by the 'fact that on rich soil oats make a rank growth, which often results in lodging and in conditions favorable to rust and other diseases. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Changes in Technology and Labor Requirements in Crop Production

Author : Robert Bailey Elwood
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Soils Plant Growth and Crop Production Volume II

Author : Willy H. Verheye
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Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement

Author : Alva Agee
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"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.