Search results for: the-new-entrepreneurs-of-europe-and-asia

The New Entrepreneurs of Europe and Asia

Author : Victoria E. Bonnell
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While attention has been focused on high-level struggles over control of giant enterprises in China and the former Soviet bloc, a remarkable but underreported revolution has been occurring at the grass-roots level. This volume examines the profiles of entrepreneurs and the patterns of business development in the post-socialist countries Bringing together the perspectives of all the social science disciplines, from anthropology through economics and political science to sociology, the contributors identify the criteria for survival and success of independent businesses in different environments. Their findings shed light not only on the "transition from socialism" at the micro-level, but also on the conditioning effects of different economic, historical, legal, and social conditions on the conduct of independent economic initiatives.

The New Entrepreneurs of Europe and Asia

Author : Victoria E. Bonnell
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This study examines entrepreneur profiles and the patterns of business development. The contributors then use the social science disciplines to find the criteria for the survival and success of independant businesses, shedding light on the "transition from socialism".

The New Entrepreneurs of Europe and Asia

Author : Victoria E. Bonnell
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While attention has been focused on high-level struggles over control of giant enterprises in China and the former Soviet bloc, a remarkable but underreported revolution has been occurring at the grass-roots level. This volume examines the profiles of entrepreneurs and the patterns of business development in the post-socialist countries Bringing together the perspectives of all the social science disciplines, from anthropology through economics and political science to sociology, the contributors identify the criteria for survival and success of independent businesses in different environments. Their findings shed light not only on the "transition from socialism" at the micro-level, but also on the conditioning effects of different economic, historical, legal, and social conditions on the conduct of independent economic initiatives.

Entrepreneurs and Institutions in Europe and Asia 1500 2000

Author : Ferry de Goey
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It is widely accepted opinion in the study of European economic history that since about 1500 the economic, political, and cultural center of the world moved from Asia in the East to Europe in the West. It is theorized that during this period the economic center of gravity in Europe shifted from the South to the North, moving Europe ahead of Asia and Northern Europe ahead of Southern Europe. These theories have come under fire in recent years. The conclusion is that the differences in development between regions was smaller than previously assumed, and the similarities greater. One of the central questions nowadays has to do with the role entrepreneurs and institutions play in economic development: to what extent are differences and similarities in economic development explained by differences and similarities in entrepreneurial behavior and the character of the institutions? This collection makes a contribution to the debate on this question. Ferry de Goey is a historian and works at the Centre for Business History at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Jan Willem Veluwenkamp is historian and works at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Business Leaders and New Varieties of Capitalism in Post Communist Europe

Author : Katharina Bluhm
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Business leaders exert extraordinary influence on institution building in market economies but they think and act within institutional settings. This book combines both an elite approach with a varieties-of-capitalism approach. Comparing Poland, Hungary and East and West Germany, we perceive the transformations in East Central Europe and in Germany after 1989 as being intertwined. Based on a joint survey, this book seeks to measure the level of the convergence of ideas among European business leaders, assuming it to be more extensive than the institutional convergence expected under the dominance of neoliberal discourse. Analyzing the institutional framework, organizational features like size, ownership and labour relations, and subjective characteristics like age, social origin, career patterns and attitudes of the recent business elites, we found significant differences between countries and the types of organization. The growing importance of economic degrees and internationalization shows astonishingly little explanatory power on the views of business leaders. The idea of a coordinated market economy is still relatively widespread among Germans, while their Hungarian and Polish counterparts are more likely to display a minimalist view of corporate responsibility to society and adverse attitudes towards employee representation. However, their attitudes frequently tend to be inconsistent, which mirrors the mixed type of capitalism in East Central Europe.

Entrepreneurs and Institutions in Europe and Asia 1500 2000

Author : Ferry de Goey
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It is widely accepted opinion in the study of European economic history that since about 1500 the economic, political, and cultural center of the world moved from Asia in the East to Europe in the West. It is theorized that during this period the economic center of gravity in Europe shifted from the South to the North, moving Europe ahead of Asia and Northern Europe ahead of Southern Europe. These theories have come under fire in recent years. The conclusion is that the differences in development between regions was smaller than previously assumed, and the similarities greater. One of the central questions nowadays has to do with the role entrepreneurs and institutions play in economic development: to what extent are differences and similarities in economic development explained by differences and similarities in entrepreneurial behavior and the character of the institutions? This collection makes a contribution to the debate on this question. Ferry de Goey is a historian and works at the Centre for Business History at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Jan Willem Veluwenkamp is historian and works at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

China s Domestic Private Firms Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Management and Performance

Author : Anne S. Tsui
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One of the most important outcomes of market reforms in China over the past 20 years has been the emergence of a significant domestic private sector, which now accounts for almost a third of China's GDP and is by far the country's most important source of employment growth. This book is the first in-depth analysis of the management and operation of these domestic private firms, which are defined as companies or organizations created by PRC citizens, including township enterprises and collectives. The book provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary perspective on the factors important to the successful operation and growth of these firms. It begins with a review of the literature on the topic in three different disciplines - economics, sociology, and management - each followed by several chapters covering recent developments in these areas. Featuring contributions by distinguished scholars and China experts, the work concludes with an insightful chapter on the future of China's public sector in the global economy.

Women and the Birth of Russian Capitalism

Author : Irina Mukhina
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Little has been known, acknowledged, or studied about the shuttle trade, one of the major manifestations of new Russian life of the 1990s. The term itself seems to suggest something of a rather small scale. Indeed, the amount of each transaction in this trade was miniscule. Individual peddlers traveled to near-abroad with their bulging bags and brought back home for resale only as many goods as they could personally carry in their enormous suitcases. The phenomenon hidden behind the term shuttle trade was by no means insignificant or small in scale. By the mid-1990s, it constituted the backbone of Russian consumer trade and was a substantial source of revenue. The primary participants in the shuttle trade were women, and in this enlightening study Mukhina assesses the reasons why women were attracted to this business, the range of the personal experiences of female shuttle traders, and the social impact of women's involvement in this sort of economic activity. By analyzing the social and gendered dimensions of the shuttle trade, the reader can begin to understand more broadly how gender shaped the transition period associated with the end of communist regimes in Eastern Europe. Moreover, the difficulties that these women faced highlight the gap between the rhetoric of free market economy and the actual market practices. These women-traders had to create and shape the physical market (an open-air space) for their goods without the basic legislative and other provisions of market economies. The shuttle trade became an avenue of female suffering but also of survival and even empowerment during the time that most Russians now call the wild 1990s. --Kate Transchel, alifornia State University, Chico "Europe-Asia Studies"

Learning to be Capitalists

Author : Annette Miae Kim
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Why have some countries been able to escape the usual dead end of international development efforts and build explosively growing capitalist economies? Based on years of fieldwork, this book provides a detailed account of the first generation of entrepreneurs in Vietnam in comparison to those in other transition countries. Focusing on the emergence of private land development firms in Ho Chi Minh City, the author shows how within seven years the private sector produced the majority of all new houses in the real estate market. This book demonstrates that capitalist entrepreneurialism was not the result of state initiative, properly incentivized policies, or individual personality traits. Rather, a society-wide reconstruction of cognitive paradigms enabled entrepreneurs to emerge and transformed Vietnam from a poor, centrally planned economy to one of the fastest growing, market economies in the world.

China and Globalization

Author : Doug Guthrie
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In this new, revised edition author Doug Guthrie updates his story on modern China and provides the latest authoritative data and examples from current events to chart where this dynamically changing society is headed and what the likely consequences for the rest of the world will be.

China s Deep Reform

Author : Lowell Dittmer
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China's rapid and complex political and socioeconomic changes provide fertile ground for pioneering analysis, but they also present daunting theoretical and practical challenges. This reader takes up the challenge, offering the most comprehensive assessment of Chinese domestic politics available by bringing together the best recent scholarship in the field. The anthology focuses on the origin, content, and significance of the post-1989 phase of China's reform and opening to the world, commonly known in the PRC as "deep reform." This period has been unfolding in interaction with globalization, marketization, privatization, political institutionalization, as well as with financial and legal changes. Deep reform includes new policy initiatives that have penetrated political, legal, economic, and social sectors untouched by previous initiatives as reformers have been forced to deal with the consequences—intended and unintended—of earlier reforms. These carefully selected essays by leading scholars have been revised and updated for this text. In addition, a substantive introduction and conclusion place the articles in their broader context for readers new to the subject. With the successful transition of the leadership of the party, state, and military since 2002, the time is ripe for a comprehensive evaluation of China's deep reform as it enters a new stage. This timely reader will offer students, scholars, and policymakers invaluable insights into the dynamics of change in one of the world's emerging political and economic dynamos. Contributions by: Marc Blecher, Bruce J. Dickson, Lowell Dittmer, Joseph Fewsmith, Ting Gong, Baogang Guo, William Hurst, Cheng Li, Guoli Liu, Andrew J. Nathan, Kevin J. O'Brien, Veronica Pearson, Randall Peerenboom, Yingyi Qian, Tony Saich, Tianjian Shi, Edward S. Steinfeld, Shaoguang Wang, Lynn White, Yu-Shan Wu, and Guobin Yang

How Russia Really Works

Author : Alena V. Ledeneva
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Ledeneva explores practices in politics, business, media, and the legal sphere in Russia in the 1990s.

Small Business Entrepreneurs in Asia and Europe

Author : Mario Rutten
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Contains papers from an October 1995 workshop held at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, offering a social profile of rural and regional-level entrepreneurs in Asia and comparing these entrepreneurs in relation to one another and with similar classes in Europe. Countries represented include India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, and China. For those engaged in the study of entrepreneurship, economics, rural and industrial sociology, anthropology, and business. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The European Union and East Asia

Author : Christopher M. Dent
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The world economy continues to be dominated by the Triad regions: Europe, North America and East Asia. This text analyses the economic relationship that has evolved between two Triadic powers: The EU and East Asia, and its future prospects, especially in the wake of the recent financial crises that have shaken the East Asian region. This text argues that the EU must afford greater priority by promoting its economic relations with East Asia. By this remaining the weakest Triadic link, ths EU risks future geopolitical marginalization as the transpacific axis strengthens into the 21st century.

Living Gender after Communism

Author : Janet Elise Johnson
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How has the collapse of communism across Europe and Eurasia changed gender? In addition to acknowledging the huge costs that fell heavily on women, Living Gender after Communism suggests that moving away from communism in Europe and Eurasia has provided an opportunity for gender to multiply, from varieties of neo-traditionalism to feminisms, from overt negotiation of femininity to denials of gender. This development, in turn, has enabled some women in the region to construct their own gendered identities for their own political, economic, or social purposes. Beginning with an understanding of gender as both a society-wide institution that regulates people's lives and a cultural "toolkit" which individuals and groups may use to subvert or "transvalue" the sex/gender system, the contributors to this volume provide detailed case studies from Belarus, Bosnia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. This collaboration between young scholars -- most from postcommunist states -- and experts in the fields of gender studies and postcommunism combines intimate knowledge of the area with sophisticated gender analysis to examine just how much gender realities have shifted in the region. Contributors are Anna Brzozowska, Karen Dawisha, Nanette Funk, Ewa Grigar, Azra Hromadzic, Janet Elise Johnson, Anne-Marie Kramer, Tania Rands Lyon, Jean C. Robinson, Iulia Shevchenko, Svitlana Taraban, and Shannon Woodcock.

Statutes Decisions

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Entrepreneurship in the Mastering Business in Asia Series

Author : Chris Boulton
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Examines the major issues for enterpreneurs in Asia including: raising start-up capital, managing growth, going international, listing on a public exchange and succession planning.

Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks

Author : Thomas Menkhoff
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The degree to which the extensive business networks of ethnic Chinese in Asia succeed because of ethnic characteristics, or simply because of the sound application of good business practice, is a key question of great current concern to those interested in business, management and economic development in Asia. This book brings together a range of leading experts who present original new research findings and important new thinking on this vital subject. Based on rich empirical research data and a multidisciplinary explanatory framework, this book assesses the role, characteristics and challenges of Chinese entrepreneurship and business networks in various East and Southeast Asian countries: the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia. Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks demonstrates that Chinese network capitalism is contingent upon, for example, time, place, institutional frameworks, and that explanatory approaches of Chinese economic behaviour which stress culture and ethnicity are too simplistic.

The Politics of Southeast Asia s New Media

Author : William Atkins
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The past decade has seen a major structural shift in broadcasting in Southeast Asia, with the development of digital satellite and cable broadcasting. This shift has impacted upon some of the most information-sensitive governments in the world: Singapore, Malaysia and, until recently, Indonesia. Atkins traces this development in five countries, showing that the challenge to authoritarian regimes, anticipated by modern theorists as a result of the globalization of news and information, is not materializing. Instead, a new commercial elite has arisen, Southeast Asia's own mini-moguls, who act as gatekeepers for state interests, as partners to global media companies.

The Mechanics of Modernity in Europe and East Asia

Author : Erik Ringmar
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This book provides a new answer to the old question of the 'rise of the west': why did some countries embark on a path of sustained economic growth while others stagnated? Taking a global view, Ringmar investigates the implications of his conclusions on issues facing the developing world today.