Search results for: the-kurds-and-us-foreign-policy

The Kurdish Question in U S Foreign Policy

Author : Lokman I. Meho
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Provides an extensive list of documentary sources in the U.S. government dealing with U.S.-Kurdish relations.

The Kurds and US Foreign Policy

Author : Marianna Charountaki
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This book provides a detailed survey and analysis of US–Kurdish relations and their interaction with domestic, regional and global politics. Using the Kurdish issue to explore the nature of the engagement between international powers and weaker non-state entities, the author analyses the existence of an interactive US relationship with the Kurds of Iraq. Drawing on governmental archives and interviews with political figures both in Northern Iraq and the United States, the author places the case study within a broader International Relations context. The conceptual framework centres on the inter-relations between actors (both state and non-state) and structures of material and ideational kinds, while the detailed survey and analysis of US–Kurdish relations, in their interaction with domestic, regional and global politics, forms the empirical core of the study. Stressing the intertwining of domestic and foreign policy as part of the same set of dynamics, the case study explains the emergence of the interactive and institutionalized US relationship with the Kurds of Iraq that has brought about the formation, within an Iraqi framework, of an undeclared US official Kurdish policy in the post-Saddam era. Filling a gap in the literature on US–Kurdish relations as well as the broader topic of International Relations, this book will be of great interest to those in the areas of International Relations, Middle Eastern and Kurdish Politics.

Sold Out US Foreign Policy Iraq the Kurds and the Cold War

Author : Bryan R. Gibson
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This book analyzes the ways in which US policy toward Iraq was dictated by America's broader Cold War strategy between 1958 and 1975. While most historians have focused on “hot” Cold War conflicts such as Cuba, Vietnam, and Afghanistan, few have recognized Iraq's significance as a Cold War battleground. This book argues that US decisions and actions were designed to deny the Soviet Union influence over Iraq and to create a strategic base in the oil-rich Gulf region. Using newly available primary sources and interviews, this book reveals new details on America's decision-making toward and actions against Iraq during the height of the Cold War and shows where Iraq fits into the broader historiography of the Cold War in the Middle East. Further, it raises important questions about widely held misconceptions of US-Iraqi relations, such as the CIA's alleged involvement in the 1963 Ba'thist coup and the theory that the US sold out the Kurds in 1975.

Fractured States and U S Foreign Policy

Author : E. Farkas
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When does the U.S. support partition of a warring or failing state? Why has the U.S. supported partition for some secessionists, or irredentists, but not for others? Is it a policy of last resort or are there certain variables that are strong determinants of this position right from the start? This book seeks to answer these questions by examining U.S. policy toward secessionist movements in three countries during the first decade following the end of the Cold War: Iraq, Ethiopia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. This book uses detailed comparative examintion of U.S. policies in these three cases to assess the relative impact of a number of factors in U.S. decisionmaking.

The United States Iraq and the Kurds

Author : Mohammed Shareef
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This book provides a descriptive and analytical narrative of the evolution of US foreign policy towards Iraq at the supra-national (global), national (Arab Iraq) and sub-national (Iraqi Kurdistan) levels. The book is unique in that it presents a sophisticated insight into the two major components of US Iraq policy. To achieve this, it addresses US foreign policy towards both Arab Iraq and an entirely original analysis on US policy towards the Iraqi Kurds as components of a larger US Iraq policy, dictated by the supreme US Grand Strategy. The book also examines whether US foreign policy towards Iraq has been one of continuity or change – a dimension that has not been illustrated in any other publication. The book deals intelligently and at great length with the events surrounding US Iraq policy in three distinct phases, going back to, 1979 with regard to Arab Iraq, and 1961 in respect to the Kurdish liberation movement, covering all subsequent US administrations including the Obama presidency. It provides a thorough examination of US interests in Iraq and reasons for the 2003 invasion and its aftermath. It also engages with the intellectual roots of US foreign policy, presenting an intricate reaction of views, objectives and agendas. This work will be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East studies, US Foreign Policy and Security studies.

Out of Nowhere

Author : Michael Gunter
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In mid-2012 the previously almost forgotten Syrian Kurds suddenly emerged as a potential game-changer in the country's civil war when in an attempt to consolidate its increasingly desperate position the Assad government abruptly withdrew its troops from the major Kurdish areas in Syria. The Kurds in Syria had suddenly won autonomy, a situation that has huge implications for neighboring Turkey and the near independent Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq. Indeed, their precipitous rise may prove a tipping-point that alters the boundaries imposed on the Middle East by the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916. These important events and what they portend for the future are scrutinized by the renowned scholar of the Kurds Michael Gunter. He also analyses the sudden rise of Salih Muslim and his Democratic Union Party (PYD) - which was created by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and remains affiliated to it - and the extremely complex and deadly fighting between factions of the Syrian Opposition affiliated with al-Qaeda such as the Jabhat al-Nusra jihadists and the PYD, among others.

Consistency of US Foreign Policy

Author : Abbas Alnasrawi
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Readings in the Politics of U S Foreign Policy

Author : Jerel A. Rosati
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[This book] provides students with a foundation for developing an understanding of the politics that surround United States foreign policy. While maintaining a keen focus on specific issues and topics, this anthology addresses the broad themes essential to the study of foreign policy. Readings in [this book] feature: a large number of readings that allows instructors to choose the individual selections that best suit their needs; a diverse combination of perspectives, interpretations, and sources that creates a well-balanced view of American foreign policy; an introduction to each reading that provides an overview of work, places it within historical and political contexts, and highlights significant issues raised in the selection; case study approaches to the Iran-Contra affair and the Persian Gulf War that include numerous selections and perspectives on the foreign policy issues that surround these conflicts. -Back cover.

Kurdish Autonomy and U S Foreign Policy

Author : Vera Eccarius-Kelly
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Developments in Iranian Kurdish areas are indirectly evaluated in relation to the Kurdistan Independence Referendum and the Islamic Republic's ferocious repression of Kurdish movements (predominantly driven by the theocratic regime's fear of broader domestic opposition). The chapter contributions center on the question of how past U.S.-Kurdish relations could shape the future of U.S. preferences in the region. Scholars in the field examine whether the United States will ever support Kurdish autonomy movements, and if so, under what conditions.

Report of the Strategy for Peace US Foreign Policy Conference

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Providing Comfort to Iraq s Kurds

Author : U. S. Military
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This study seeks to determine how the United States has become the de facto security guarantor to Iraq's Kurds. The development of a formal relationship between the American government and Iraq's Kurdish population began as a response to a humanitarian crisis after the First Gulf War. The response mission was named Operation Provide Comfort. Though not intended to take sides, Operation Provide Comfort was a direct intervention into a conflict between the Iraqi state and Iraq's Kurds--one that provided political space for the Kurds to pursue autonomy at Baghdad's expense. Operation Provide Comfort was a shift in American policy on Iraq, made more prominent in comparison to American policy only three years earlier that declined to respond to allegations of genocide among these same Kurds by the same Iraqi state.This study recounts a brief history of Iraq's Kurds and of American policy regarding their liberation movement, and applies the framework of three prominent international relations theories--liberal internationalism, constructivism and realism --to analyze Operation Provide Comfort as a U.S. foreign policy decision. This study determines that all three frameworks explain aspects of the mission, though the application of each theory exposes Iraq's Kurdish question as an ongoing shortcoming in U.S. foreign policy.CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION * A. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH * B. LITERATURE REVIEW * C. POTENTIAL EXPLANATIONS AND HYPOTHESES * D. RESEARCH DESIGN * E. THESIS OVERVIEW AND CHAPTER OUTLINE * CHAPTER II - BRIEF HISTORY OF IRAQI KURDS * A. KURDS OF IRAQ * B. KURDISH NATIONALIST RESISTANCE IN IRAQ * 1. The Iraqi-Kurdish War * 2. The Iran-Iraq War and the Anfal Campaign * C. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER III - REVIEW OF IRAQI KURDS IN U.S. FOREIGN POLICY * A. AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY AND IRAQ'S KURDS BEFORE THE FIRST GULF WAR * B. AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY AND IRAQ'S KURDS AFTER THE FIRST GULF WAR * C. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER IV - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (IR) FRAMEWORK ANALYSIS OF OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT * A. POLITICAL CONTEXT OF OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT * B. OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT WITHIN A LIBERAL INTERNATIONALIST FRAMEWORK * C. OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT WITHIN A CONSTRUCTIVIST FRAMEWORK * D. OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT WITHIN A REALIST FRAMEWORK * E. CONCLUSION * CHAPTER V - POLICY IMPLICATIONS * LIST OF REFERENCES * A. BOOKS * B. ARTICLES * C. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

Iraqi Kurds and Nation Building

Author : Mohammed M. A. Ahmed
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Shining a light on how Iraqi Kurds used the aftermath of the 1991 Kurdish uprising to hold elections and form a parliament, and on how Kurdish officials later consolidated their regional government following the 2003 Iraq War, this book considers the political and economic shortfalls of the government and the obstacles facing Iraqi Kurds.

The West European Allies the Third World and U S Foreign Policy

Author : Richard J. Payne
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The recent and ongoing crises in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, Central America, and southern Africa have been and continue to be approached in very different ways by the United States and its West European allies. Payne provides a comprehensive analysis of the underlying tensions, as well as cooperation, between the U.S. and NATO countries in out-of-area conflicts. The book maintains that the U.S. must adapt its foreign policy to a new international order, rather than continuing its old political and ideological confrontationalism in the Third World.

Turkey US and Iraq

Author : William Hale
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The American-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 has affected Turkey's foreign policy in unpredictable ways. On the one hand stood Turkey's vital alliance with the US, stretching back to the early days of the cold war; on the other, the strong opposition of the Turkish people to the invasion of Iraq. One of Iraq's most important neighbours and America's only formal ally in the region, Turkey gave vital support to the US during the first Gulf war. In the second Gulf war, America sought to project itself as the champion of democracy in the Middle East. Turkey, as the only Muslim country in the region with an acceptably democratic form of government, refused to support the US strategy. The challenge faced by the Turkish government has been to sustain good relations with the superpower, while remaining answerable to its own people. To explain Turkey's changing foreign policy, William Hale examines the relationship between Turkey, the US and Iraq since the 1920s, when the Iraqi state was first established. He also analyses Turkey's policies towards Iraqi Kurds and its 'Europeanisation' as the country aligns itself with the EU. Among the first books to assess the ups and downs in relations between Turkey and the U.S. ... Provides the reader a broader perspective from which to understand those relations, especially in the context of Iraq.' Kiliç Bugra Kanat 'This is an excellent and timely book.' B. A. Yesilada, Portland State University

Local Interests and American Foreign Policy

Author : Karl Sandstrom
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This book provides an alternative perspective on how social interest-groups form and interact to affect interventions. It combines historic, sociological and international relations perspectives in a framework through which to view the relevant socio-political dynamics in ‘target societies’. At a time when American foreign policy seeks to redefine its objectives and its methods of intervention, the monolithic ideological assumptions of the state as the panacea to all social ailments, both as a format and a vehicle of norm delivery, seemingly dooms American foreign policy and European allies, to the repetition of old mistakes. In environments where interests and priorities are shaped on a highly localised basis, interventionist agendas often lack relevant meaning. The book focuses in particular on the contrast between the assumptions inherent in ‘Western’ interventionist strategies and social interest formation in Afghanistan, Somaliland, and Somalia. Based on extensive fieldwork, the book draws on available literature and on interviews with local population or international aid and development workers. The conclusion is that in the cases examined, the agency of local interest groups largely controls the outcome of external strategies. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of US Foreign Policy, International Relations and Security Studies.

Ethnic Lobbies and US Foreign Policy

Author : David M. Paul
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The author considers the relative impact of 38 ethnic lobbies to detemine whether they affect the course of US foreign policy. He also examines the impact of ethnic-group influence in six policy areas including aid, immigration, human rights, security, and more.

A Layman S View of Seventy Years of America S Foreign Policy

Author : Ben A. Watford
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In theory, this treatise should include the more than 115 countries that the United States has military presence and the Central Intelligence Agency has operatives. However, that would be overstating the intention of the treatise. What is endeavored here is an attempt to give the American people a short view of the involvement of America, the National Security Agency, and the Central Intelligence Agency in world affairs. It is not the intent of this treatise to be a criticism of my homeland, the United States of America. Indeed, in most countries on the globe, I would be arrested, jailed, tortured, and put to death for even attempting such a project. The very fact that I can write this book and still be alive is a testament to Americas unique form of capitalism.

American Foreign Policy

Author : James W. Peterson
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The text aims to uncover the roots of the United States' near perpetual involvement in war since the beginning of WWI in 1914. Using alliance politics as the main framework of analysis, it offers a new interpretation that contrasts with the traditional views that war is an interruption of the American foreign policy emphasis on diplomacy. Instead, it posits that war has been the norm during the past century while peaceful interludes were but a time of respite and preparation for the next conflict. After a thorough discussion of the concepts of alliance building and the containment doctrine, the work then addresses such themes as the alliance networks used to confront German and Japanese powers during the early 20th century wars, the role of alliances in containing the Soviet Union during the Cold War, the creation of alliances to restrict and defeat rogue state powers, and whether they were useful when dealing with the challenges posed by terrorism in the post-9/11 world. Each chapter features case studies, a summary, references, and web links. In addition, the book utilizes primary sources, such as U.S. Department of Defense and State documents and presidential statements. An exhaustive study of containment and alliance, this text will be an essential resource for anyone studying U.S. foreign policy, international relations, and national security.

Turkish Foreign Policy in the Post cold War Period

Author : Nasuh Uslu
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The framework of Turkish foreign policy -- The defense aspect of Turkish foreign policy -- The Western connection of Turkish foreign policy -- The Eastern connection of Turkish foreign policy -- The Middle Eastern connection of Turkish foreign policy -- The Greek and Balkan connection of Turkish foreign policy -- The general appraisal of Turkish foreign policy -- Conclusion : the direction of Turkish foreign policy.

Making American Foreign Policy

Author : Ole Holsti
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Ole Holsti, one of the deans of US foreign policy analysis, examines the complex factors involved in the policy decision-making process including the beliefs and cognitive processes of foreign policy leaders and the influence public opinion has on foreign policy. The essays, in addition to being both theoretically and empirically rich, are historical in breadth--with essays on Vietnam--as well as contemporary in relevance--with essays on public opinion and foreign policy after 9/11.