Search results for: the-indigenous-lens

The Indigenous Lens

Author : Markus Ritter
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The historiography of early photography has scarcely examined Islamic countries in the Near and Middle East, although the new technique was adopted very quickly there by the 1840s. Which regional, local, and global aspects can be made evident? What role did autochthonous image and art traditions have, and which specific functions did photography meet since its introduction? This collective volume deals with examples from Iran, the Ottoman Empire, and the Arab lands and with the question of local specifics, or an „indigenous lens." The contributions broach the issues of regional histories of photography, local photographers, specific themes and practices, and historical collections in these countries. They offer, for the first time in book form, a cross-section through a developing field of the history of photography.

Adjusting the Lens

Author : Freya Schiwy
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Adjusting the Lens offers a detailed analysis of contemporary, independent, indigenous-language audiovisual production in Mexico and in Mexican migrant communities in the United States. The contributors relate the styles and forms of collaborative and community media production to socially critical, transformative, resistant, and constitutive processes off-screen, thereby exploring the political within the context of the media. The chapters show how diasporic media makers map novel interpretations of image and sound into existing audiovisual discourses to communicate social and cultural changes within their communities that counter stereotypical representations in commercial television and cinema, and contribute to a newfound communal identity. The new media expose the conflict of social movements and/or indigenous and rural communities with the state, challenge Eurocentrism and globalization, and reveal the power of audiovisual production to affect political change.

Cultural Competence and the Higher Education Sector

Author : Jack Frawley
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This open access book explores cultural competence in the higher education sector from multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary perspectives. It addresses cultural competence in terms of leadership and the role of the higher education sector in cultural competence policy and practice. Drawing on lessons learned, current research and emerging evidence, the book examines various innovative approaches and strategies that incorporate Indigenous knowledge and practices into the development and implementation of cultural competence, and considers the most effective approaches for supporting cultural competence in the higher education sector. This book will appeal to researchers, scholars, policy-makers, practitioners and general readers interested in cultural competence policy and practice.

Indigenous Aspirations and Rights

Author : Amy Klemm Verbos
File Size : 72.81 MB
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Indigenous peoples are recognised as groups with specific rights based on their historical ties to particular territories. The United Nations estimates there are 370 million Indigenous peoples, with Indigenous populations being recognised in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, the Arctic region, Central and South America, and across Asia and Africa. Indigenous Aspirations and Rights takes an Indigenous perspective in examining the intersection of business with Indigenous peoples' rights, in light of the UN Global Compact and the PRME. Indigenous rights include, but are not limited to, human, cultural, educational, employment, participatory development, economic, and social rights, rights to land and natural resources, and impacts on identity, institutions, and relations. This book illustrates three main aspects of business practices in relation to Indigenous peoples: Indigenous perspectives on failures, business and ongoing challenges to Indigenous aspirations and rights, and modelling success for Indigenous and business interests. Edited by three leading voices in Indigenous rights research and practice, Indigenous Aspirations and Rights features contributions from around the globe. The work draws together policy implications for management and implications for Indigenous peoples, and examines how the PRME, the UN Global Compact, and the concept of socially responsible business can be expanded to encompass more positive outcomes for Indigenous peoples.

Indigenous Reconciliation and Decolonization

Author : Ranjan Datta
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This book addresses the ethical and practical issues at stake in the reconciliation of Indigenous and non-indigenous communities. An increasing number of researchers, educators, and social and environmental activists are eager to find ways to effectively support ongoing attempts to recognize, integrate and promote Indigenous perspectives and communities. Taking Canada as its focus, this book offers a multidisciplinary consideration of a range of reconciliation policies, practices and initiatives that are relevant in all settler states. Set against its increasing neoliberal appropriation, the book resituates reconciliation in the everyday contexts of community interaction and engagement, as well as in the important areas of Indigenous knowledge, resource management and social and environmental justice. Reconciliation is not just the responsibility of law and government. And, attuned to the different perspectives of settlers, migrants and refugee communities, the book examines areas of opportunity, as well as obstacles to progress, in the forging of a truly decolonizing framework for reconciliation. As the challenges of reconciliation cross numerous academic and substantial areas, this book will appeal to a range of scholars and practitioners working in law, politics, education, environmental studies, anthropology and Indigenous studies.

Settler City Limits

Author : Heather Dorries
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While cities like Winnipeg, Minneapolis, Saskatoon, Rapid City, Edmonton, Missoula, Regina, and Tulsa are places where Indigenous marginalization has been most acute, they have also long been sites of Indigenous placemaking and resistance to settler colonialism. Although such cities have been denigrated as “ordinary” or banal in the broader urban literature, they are exceptional sites to study Indigenous resurgence. T​he urban centres of the continental plains have featured Indigenous housing and food co-operatives, social service agencies, and schools. The American Indian Movement initially developed in Minneapolis in 1968, and Idle No More emerged in Saskatoon in 2013. The editors and authors of Settler City Limits , both Indigenous and settler, address urban struggles involving Anishinaabek, Cree, Creek, Dakota, Flathead, Lakota, and Métis peoples. Collectively, these studies showcase how Indigenous people in the city resist ongoing processes of colonial dispossession and create spaces for themselves and their families. Working at intersections of Indigenous studies, settler colonial studies, urban studies, geography, and sociology, this book examines how the historical and political conditions of settler colonialism have shaped urban development in the Canadian Prairies and American Plains. Settler City Limits frames cities as Indigenous spaces and places, both in terms of the historical geographies of the regions in which they are embedded, and with respect to ongoing struggles for land, life, and self-determination.

Indigenous Environmental Justice

Author : Karen Jarratt-Snider
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"With connections to traditional homelands being at the heart of Native identity, environmental justice is of heightened importance to Indigenous communities. Not only do irresponsible and exploitative environmental policies harm the physical and financial health of Indigenous communities, they also cause spiritual harm by destroying the land and wildlife that are held in a place of exceptional reverence for Indigenous peoples. Combining elements of legal issues, human rights issues, and sovereignty issues, Indigenous Environmental Justice creates a clear example of community resilience in the face of corporate greed"--

Disasters Through an Indigenous Lens in the Philippines

Author : Marjorie M. Balay-As
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The indigenous Kankanaey people in the Philippines, like other indigenous groups elsewhere, have always existed with natural hazards as part of their everyday lives. Indigenous perspectives in the Philippines often situate a community’s co-existence with nature, one of harmony that includes major natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes. However, it has become difficult to situate this harmonious relationship due to the indigenous communities’ increasing vulnerability to hazards. The historical and contemporary practices of Western development and modernisation have changed this human–nature relationship by framing natural phenomena within a technocratic realm that ‘scientifically’ translates these events as disasters.This study presents the results of an insider critical ethnography with three indigenous Kankanaey villages in the Northern Philippines as to how they conceptualise and respond to disasters. The data were drawn from 10 months’ intensive ethnographic fieldwork with 37 in-depth interviews, participant observation and three village and one municipal level consultations with approximately 1, 000 combined participants. In addition, I conducted four bonfire sessions that were focused on elders’ chants and story-telling. Inherent in all these methods is building and fostering solidarity that facilitated further understanding of indigenous everyday lives in relation to disasters. These methods are consistent with the principles of critical ethnography and considered culturally meaningful and appropriate ways of engaging with the Kankanaey people. The overall study findings highlight that the indigenous Kankanaey people have varied perspectives about disasters. The traditional indigenous Kankanaey perspectives see natural phenomena as processes necessary in maintaining the human–nature relationship. Indigenous knowledge and sustaining practices leverage this relationship as manifested in their experiences and capacity to withstand these natural hazards. Furthermore, these perspectives consider the hazards of everyday lives, such as the effects of development aggression focused on mining, as forms of disaster. The contemporary indigenous perspectives also recognise and respect the significance of the traditional perspectives to their everyday lives. However, these perspectives have been largely framed by external influences that associate natural hazards with disasters. These perspectives have resulted in a general preference for technocratic responses and approaches over their own indigenous knowledge. Finally, this study shows that institutional responses to disasters are based on top-down mandates and frameworks that promote the dominant (scientific) disaster perspectives.Drawing on a social justice framework related to perspectives on disasters, this insider study deconstructs the often essentialised and reified binaries such as the Western/scientific and indigenous/traditional divide that make indigenous communities more vulnerable to natural hazards. This critical ethnography incorporates an awareness of colonial discourses, power and performativity that further informs social work and community development theory and practice among indigenous peoples in disaster contexts. The thesis concludes with approaches to engage beyond this binary approach to disasters to consider the implications of multiple perspectives and stakeholders related to disaster risk reduction (DRR) and its implications for socially just and empowering practices with indigenous communities.

Indigenous Courts Self Determination and Criminal Justice

Author : Valmaine Toki
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In New Zealand, as well as in Australia, Canada and other comparable jurisdictions, Indigenous peoples comprise a significantly disproportionate percentage of the prison population. For example, Maori, who comprise 15% of New Zealand’s population, make up 50% of its prisoners. For Maori women, the figure is 60%. These statistics have, moreover, remained more or less the same for at least the past thirty years. With New Zealand as its focus, this book explores how the fact that Indigenous peoples are more likely than any other ethnic group to be apprehended, arrested, prosecuted, convicted and incarcerated, might be alleviated. Taking seriously the rights to culture and to self-determination contained in the Treaty of Waitangi, in many comparable jurisdictions (including Australia, Canada, the United States of America), and also in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the book make the case for an Indigenous court founded on Indigenous conceptions of proper conduct, punishment, and behavior. More specifically, the book draws on contemporary notions of ‘therapeutic jurisprudence’ and ‘restorative justice’ in order to argue that such a court would offer an effective way to ameliorate the disproportionate incarceration of Indigenous peoples.

The Open Invitation

Author : Freya Schiwy
File Size : 71.83 MB
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The Open Invitation explores the relationship between prefigurative politics and activist video. Schiwy analyzes activist videos from the 2006 uprising in Oaxaca, the Zapatista’s Other Campaign, as well as collaborative and community video from the Yucatán. Schiwy argues that transnational activist videos and community videos in indigenous languages reveal collaborations and that their political impact cannot be grasped through the concept of the public sphere. Instead, she places these videos in dialogue with recent efforts to understand the political with communality, a mode of governance articulated in indigenous struggles for autonomy, and with cinematic politics of affect.