The Goldilocks Planet

The 4 Billion Year Story of Earth's Climate

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Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199593574

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 2717

Presents a history of climate to reveal that the climatic changes happening hardly compare to the changes the Earth has seen over the last 4.5 billion years.

Exam Prep for: The Goldilocks Planet The 4 billion year ...

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Author: David Mason

Publisher: Rico Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 7869

3,600 Exam Prep questions and answers. Ebooks, Textbooks, Courses, Books Simplified as questions and answers by Rico Publications. Very effective study tools especially when you only have a limited amount of time. They work with your textbook or without a textbook and can help you to review and learn essential terms, people, places, events, and key concepts.

Eyes to See

The Astonishing Variety of Vision in Nature

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Author: Michael Land

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191064866

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8777

Vision is the sense by which we and other animals obtain most of our information about the world around us. Darwin appreciated that at first sight it seems absurd that the human eye could have evolved by natural selection. But we now know far more about vision, the many times it has independently evolved in nature, and the astonishing variety of ways to see. The human eye, with a lens forming an image on a sensitive retina, represents just one. Scallops, shrimps, and lobsters all use mirrors in different ways. Jumping spiders scan with their front-facing eyes to check whether the object in front is an insect to eat, another spider to mate with, or a predator to avoid. Mantis shrimps can even measure the polarization of light. Animal eyes are amazing structures, often involving precision optics and impressive information processing, mainly using wet protein - not the substance an engineer would choose for such tasks. In Eyes to See, Michael Land, one of the leading world experts on vision, explores the varied ways in which sight has evolved and is used in the natural world, and describes some of the ingenious experiments researchers have used to uncover its secrets. He also discusses human vision, including his experiments on how our eye movements help us to do everyday tasks, as well as skilled ones such as sight-reading music or driving. He ends by considering the fascinating problem of how the constantly shifting images from our eyes are converted in the brain into the steady and integrated conscious view of the world we experience.

Climate: A Very Short Introduction

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Author: Mark Maslin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191653934

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 3203

In this wide-ranging Very Short Introduction to climate, Mark Maslin considers all aspects of the global climate system, exploring and explaining the different components that control climate on Earth. He considers the processes that allow energy to reach the Earth and how it is redistributed around the planet by the ocean-atmosphere system; the relationship and differences between climate and the weather; how climate has affected life on Earth and human settlements; and the cyclic and quasi-cyclic features of climate such as the Milankovitch cycles and El Nino. He concludes by touching on the issue of climate change, and outlines some of the approaches that are now being taken to tackle it. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Big History and the Future of Humanity

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Author: Fred Spier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118881729

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 8310

"Provides an accessible and original overview of the entire sweep of history that places human history within the context of the history of life, the Earth, and the universe"--

Climate

Causes and Effects of Climate Change

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Author: Dana Desonie

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438105649

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 199

View: 4281

Discusses the issue of global warming and what we can do to prevent its rise. This book addresses how people must use energy more efficiently, develop alternative energy sources, and lower emissions technologies.

Ocean Worlds

The Story of Seas on Earth and Other Planets

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Author: Jan Zalasiewicz,Mark Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199672881

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 5016

Traces the history and evolution of oceans on Earth as well as their importance and the changes wrought by humans that threaten all aspects of their existence, and looks beyond Earth to oceans on other planets.

Earth Matters

How soil underlies civilization

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Author: Richard Bardgett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019164563X

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2516

For much of history, soil has played a major, and often central, role in the lives of humans. Entire societies have risen, and collapsed, through the management or mismanagement of soil; farmers and gardeners worldwide nurture their soil to provide their plants with water, nutrients, and protection from pests and diseases; major battles have been aborted or stalled by the condition of soil; murder trials have been solved with evidence from the soil; and, for most of us, our ultimate fate is the soil. In this book Richard Bardgett discusses soil and the many, and sometimes surprising, ways that humanity has depended on it throughout history, and still does today. Analysing the role soil plays in our own lives, despite increasing urbanization, and in the biogeochemical cycles that allow the planet to function effectively, Bardgett considers how superior soil management could combat global issues such as climate change, food shortages, and the extinction of species. Looking to the future, Bardgett argues that it is vital for the future of humanity for governments worldwide to halt soil degradation, and to put in place policies for the future sustainable management of soils.

Frontiers of Climate Modeling

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Author: J. T. Kiehl,V. Ramanathan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453233

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 631

The physics and dynamics of the atmosphere and atmosphere-ocean interactions provide the foundation of modern climate models, upon which our understanding of the chemistry and biology of ocean and land surface processes are built. Originally published in 2006, Frontiers of Climate Modeling captures developments in modeling the atmosphere, and their implications for our understanding of climate change, whether due to natural or anthropogenic causes. Emphasis is on elucidating how greenhouse gases and aerosols are altering the radiative forcing of the climate system and the sensitivity of the system to such perturbations. An expert team of authors address key aspects of the atmospheric greenhouse effect, clouds, aerosols, atmospheric radiative transfer, deep convection dynamics, large scale ocean dynamics, stratosphere-troposphere interactions, and coupled ocean-atmosphere model development. The book is an important reference for researchers and advanced students interested in the forces driving the climate system and how they are modeled by climate scientists.

Environment, Energy, and Society

Exemplary Works

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Author: Craig R. Humphrey,Tammy L. Lewis,Frederick H. Buttel

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534579579

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 431

View: 2199

This text was designed as a reader to accompany Humphrey, Lewis, and Buttel, Environment, Energy, and Society: A New Synthesis (2002). The reader is divided into eight parts exploring issues and topics central to the study of the environment, rural and urban problems.