The Embodied Mind

Cognitive Science and Human Experience

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Author: Eleanor Rosch,Evan Thompson,Francisco J. Varela

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262720212

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 854

The Embodied Mind provides a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience. The authors argue that only by having a sense of common ground between mind in Science and mind in experience can our understanding of cognition be more complete. Toward that end, they develop a dialogue between cognitive science and Buddhist meditative psychology and situate it in relation to other traditions such as phenomenology and psychoanalysis.

Nietzsche on Consciousness and the Embodied Mind

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Author: Manuel Dries

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110246538

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 7120

Nietzsche’s thought has been of renewed interest to philosophers in both the Anglo- American and the phenomenological and hermeneutic traditions. Nietzsche on Consciousness and the Embodied Mind presents 16 essays from analytic and continental perspectives. Appealing to both international communities of scholars, the volume seeks to deepen the appreciation of Nietzsche’s contribution to our understanding of consciousness and the mind. Over the past decades, a variety of disciplines have engaged with Nietzsche’s thought, including anthropology, biology, history, linguistics, neuroscience, and psychology, to name just a few. His rich and perspicacious treatment of consciousness, mind, and body cannot be reduced to any single discipline, and has the potential to speak to many. And, as several contributors make clear, Nietzsche’s investigations into consciousness and the embodied mind are integral to his wider ethical concerns. This volume contains contributions by international experts such as Christa Davis Acampora (Emory University), Keith Ansell-Pearson (Warwick University), João Constâncio (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), Frank Chouraqui (Leiden University), Manuel Dries (The Open University; Oxford University), Christian J. Emden (Rice University), Maria Cristina Fornari (University of Salento), Anthony K. Jensen (Providence College), Helmut Heit (Tongji University), Charlie Huenemann (Utah State University), Vanessa Lemm (Flinders University), Lawrence J. Hatab (Old Dominion University), Mattia Riccardi (University of Porto), Friedrich Ulfers and Mark Daniel Cohen (New York University and EGS), and Benedetta Zavatta (CNRS).

Aesthetics and the Embodied Mind: Beyond Art Theory and the Cartesian Mind-Body Dichotomy

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Author: Alfonsina Scarinzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401793794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 5467

The project of naturalizing human consciousness/experience has made great technical strides (e.g., in mapping areas of brain activity), but has been hampered in many cases by its uncritical reliance on a dualistic “Cartesian” paradigm (though as some of the authors in the collection point out, assumptions drawn from Plato and from Kant also play a role). The present volume proposes a version of naturalism in aesthetics drawn from American pragmatism (above all from Dewey, but also from James and Peirce)—one primed from the start to see human beings not only as embodied, but as inseparable from the environment they interact with—and provides a forum for authors from diverse disciplines to address specific scientific and philosophical issues within the anti-dualistic framework considering aesthetic experience as a process of embodied meaning-making. Cross-disciplinary contributions come from leading researchers including Mark Johnson, Jim Garrison, Daniel D. Hutto, John T. Haworth, Luca F. Ticini, Beatriz Calvo-Merino. The volume covers pragmatist aesthetics, neuroaesthetics, enactive cognitive science, literary studies, psychology of aesthetics, art and design, sociology.

Ecology of the Brain

The Phenomenology and Biology of the Embodied Mind

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Author: Thomas Fuchs

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199646880

Category: Brain

Page: 334

View: 9483

Present day neuroscience places the brain at the centre of study. But what if researchers viewed the brain not as the foundation of life, rather as a mediating organ? Ecology of the Brain addresses this very question. It considers the human body as a collective, a living being which uses the brain to mediate interactions. Those interactions may be both within the human body and between the human body and its environment. Within this framework, the mind is seen not as a product of the brain but as an activity of the living being; an activity which integrates the brain within the everyday functions of the human body. Going further, Fuchs reformulates the traditional mind-brain problem, presenting it as a dual aspect of the living being: the lived body and the subjective body - the living body and the objective body. The processes of living and experiencing life, Fuchs argues, are in fact inextricably linked; it is not the brain, but the human being who feels, thinks and acts. For students and academics, Ecology of the Brain will be of interest to those studying or researching theory of mind, social and cultural interaction, psychiatry, and psychotherapy.

Surfing Uncertainty

Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind

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Author: Andy Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190217014

Category: Forecasting

Page: 401

View: 5572

This title brings together work on embodiment, action, and the predictive mind. At the core is the vision of human minds as prediction machines - devices that constantly try to stay one step ahead of the breaking waves of sensory stimulation, by actively predicting the incoming flow. In every situation we encounter, that complex prediction machinery is already buzzing, proactively trying to anticipate the sensory barrage. The book shows in detail how this strange but potent strategy of self-anticipation ushers perception, understanding, and imagination simultaneously onto the cognitive stage.

The embodied mind

Sensory-motor experience, cognition and linguistic meaning as continuum

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Author: Dominik Buchmüller

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638012220

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 12

View: 7276

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject American Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, University of Bonn (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: Cognitive Linguistics, 20 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The 2.000 year old dichotomies of mind versus body and inner self versus external world are still ubiquitous in Western spontaneous philosophy (in Gramsci’s sense), science and education. However, they cannot be empirically testified. On the contrary, more than thirty years of rich evidence from interdisciplinary cognitive science leave no doubt that the human mind is embodied in our entire organism and embedded in the world. The nature of our everyday sensory (i.e. visual, auditory, haptic, olfactory, gustatory, vestibular) and motoric experience, which is interactive and could be described as “organism-environment co-ordination” (Johnson & Rohrer 10), constitutes our “species-specific view of the world” (Evans & Green 45). Moreover it serves as information on the “opportunities and costs of acting in the environment” (Proffitt 110) and thereby at least indirectly (i.e. via our individual conceptual structures derived from embodied experience of our natural and socio-cultural environment) guides our (linguistic) behaviour. Perception (i.e. processing of information obtained by our sensory system), cognition (i.e. conceptual representation of perceptual input and off-line employment of the concepts), consciousness (i.e. confluence of distinct phenom-ena such as first-person-perspective and volition) and action do not form clearly divided sys-tems of brain activity but function as continuum of ongoing interaction between our body, mind and ambiance. They are “not merely contingently in individuals; they have also evolved together.” (Rosch & Thompson etc. 173) This paper will sum up the most fundamental findings from the branches of cognitive linguistics, psychology and neuroscience, giving account of the neural and mental structures and processes that link all (in equal measure physical) aspects of our existence. More precisely we are going to see how mechanisms of thought such as image schemas, conceptual domains and even metaphors are derived from bodily experience and how they are embodied themselves in the brain structure. Metaphor in particular will be looked at as a conceptual rather than purely linguistic device that structures our world view (including our political and scientific stance, cf. Lakoff Why the embodied... 33), language and social action in place of some universal, disem-bodied reason (which is a Rationalist illusion). Further we will be concerned with embodied language understanding on the basis of neural computation over so-called Perceptual Symbol Systems. Finally the reader will learn about the Neo-Whorfian notion of language as a “shaper of thought” (Evans & Green 98) and why it does not contradict the Embodied Realist model of semantic structure encoding conceptual and ultimately perceptual structure.

About a Body

Working with the Embodied Mind in Psychotherapy

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Author: Jenny Corrigall,Helen Payne,Heward Wilkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317834674

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 6112

How does our body reveal us to ourselves? The body can inform the work we do in mental health. This unique collection invites the reader to consider the way we think about the embodied mind, and how it can inform both our lives and our work in psychotherapy and counselling. The body is viewed as integral to the mind in this book, and in the approaches illustrated in it. Instead of splitting off the body and treating the patient as a body with a mind, contributors from a variety of approaches ask the reader to consider how we might be with, and work with, ‘bodymind’ as an interrelated whole. Subjects covered include: the application of affective neuroscience understandings to life as well as to clinical issues the body in psychotherapy with a person who is facing death the history, significance and scope of body psychotherapy today psychoanalytic approaches to working with the embodied mind authentic movement groups in the development of wellbeing in our bodymindspirit the body and spirituality This book is unique in its pluralism: it includes a wide range of differing views of the importance of the body in psychotherapy, both in theory and in practice, and it relates these to the latest discussions in affective neuroscience. It will be invaluable for those working in, or studying, psychotherapy and counselling, and will also interest those working generally in the mental health field.

Where Mathematics Comes from

How the Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being

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Author: George Lakoff,Rafael E. Núñez

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 493

View: 6200

Provides an in-depth analysis of the cognitive science of mathematical ideas that argues that conceptual metaphor plays a definitive role in mathematical ideas, exploring such concepts as arithmetic, algebra, sets, logic, and infinity. 20,000 first printing.

Fragmented Self, Archetypal Forces and the Embodied Mind

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Author: Sharon Mijares

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783847324577

Category:

Page: 188

View: 5736

This study concerns the relationship of the mind-body split to trauma, sexual abuse, dissociation and memory recall. The researcher postulates that traumatized psychic elements reside in cellular blocks and non-integrating neural circuits within the body. The qualitative investigation was prompted by two differing life-transforming experiences initiated by memory recall. A small quantitative study was designed to test the hypothesis that the body contains and releases encoded memories. Covert neuromuscular and cardiovascular measurements were taken using EMG, skin temperature and heartrate to monitor mind-body interactive patterns occurring during memory recall. The researcher utilized hypnosis and ideomotor finger responses to induce regression and initiate response. Questions were open-ended. The study sessions were 20 to 35 minutes for each of the eight co-researchers. The physiologic measurements were supportive of psychobiological changes during memory recall and self-report. Responses were elevated when memories were associated with sexual abuse or abuse to the body. The Sign test was positive for all subjects after base-line calibration, giving a probability factor of .035.

Philosophy in the Flesh

The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought

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Author: George Lakoff,Mark Johnson

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 624

View: 8680

Reexamines the Western philosophical tradition, looking at the basic concepts of the mind, time, causation, morality, and the self