Search results for: the-elements-of-computing-systems

The Elements of Computing Systems

Author : Noam Nisan
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This title gives students an integrated and rigorous picture of applied computer science, as it comes to play in the construction of a simple yet powerful computer system.

The Elements of Computing Systems Second Edition

Author : Noam Nisan
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"A unique approach to teaching about hardware and software by having students build their own machine from scratch, using simple simulators provided on the companion site"--

The Elements of Computing Systems

Author : Noam Nisan
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Elements Of Computing Systems The Building A Modern Computer From First Principles

Author : Nisan & Schocken
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Computer Systems for Process Control

Author : Reinhold Güth
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The Brown Boveri Symposia are by now part of a firm!ly established tradition. This is the ninth event in a series which was initiated shortly after Corporate Research was created as a separate entity within our Company; the Symposia are held every other year. The themes to date have been: 1969 Flow Research on Blading 1971 Real-Time Control of Electric Power Systems 1973 High-Temperature Materials in Gas Turbines 1975 Nonemissive Electrooptic Displays 1977 Current Interruption in High-Voltage Networks 1979 Surges in High-Voltage Networks 1981 Semiconductor Devices for Power Conditionling 1983 Corrosion in Power Generating Equipment 1985 Computer Systems for Process Control Why have we chosen these topics? At the outset we established certain selection criteria; we felt that a subject for a symposium should fulfill the following three requirements: It should characterize a part of a thoroughly scientific discipline; in other words it should describe an area of scholarly study and research. r - It should be of current interest in the sense that important results have recently been obtained and considerable research effort is presently underway in the international scientific community. - It should bear some relation to the scientific and technological activity of our Company. Let us look at the requirement "current interest": Some of the topics on the list above have been the subject of research for several decades, some even from the - v vi FOREWORD ginning of the century.

Understand Mathematics Understand Computing

Author : Arnold L. Rosenberg
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In this book the authors aim to endow the reader with an operational, conceptual, and methodological understanding of the discrete mathematics that can be used to study, understand, and perform computing. They want the reader to understand the elements of computing, rather than just know them. The basic topics are presented in a way that encourages readers to develop their personal way of thinking about mathematics. Many topics are developed at several levels, in a single voice, with sample applications from within the world of computing. Extensive historical and cultural asides emphasize the human side of mathematics and mathematicians. By means of lessons and exercises on “doing” mathematics, the book prepares interested readers to develop new concepts and invent new techniques and technologies that will enhance all aspects of computing. The book will be of value to students, scientists, and engineers engaged in the design and use of computing systems, and to scholars and practitioners beyond these technical fields who want to learn and apply novel computational ideas.

Parallel Programming for Modern High Performance Computing Systems

Author : Pawel Czarnul
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In view of the growing presence and popularity of multicore and manycore processors, accelerators, and coprocessors, as well as clusters using such computing devices, the development of efficient parallel applications has become a key challenge to be able to exploit the performance of such systems. This book covers the scope of parallel programming for modern high performance computing systems. It first discusses selected and popular state-of-the-art computing devices and systems available today, These include multicore CPUs, manycore (co)processors, such as Intel Xeon Phi, accelerators, such as GPUs, and clusters, as well as programming models supported on these platforms. It next introduces parallelization through important programming paradigms, such as master-slave, geometric Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) and divide-and-conquer. The practical and useful elements of the most popular and important APIs for programming parallel HPC systems are discussed, including MPI, OpenMP, Pthreads, CUDA, OpenCL, and OpenACC. It also demonstrates, through selected code listings, how selected APIs can be used to implement important programming paradigms. Furthermore, it shows how the codes can be compiled and executed in a Linux environment. The book also presents hybrid codes that integrate selected APIs for potentially multi-level parallelization and utilization of heterogeneous resources, and it shows how to use modern elements of these APIs. Selected optimization techniques are also included, such as overlapping communication and computations implemented using various APIs. Features: Discusses the popular and currently available computing devices and cluster systems Includes typical paradigms used in parallel programs Explores popular APIs for programming parallel applications Provides code templates that can be used for implementation of paradigms Provides hybrid code examples allowing multi-level parallelization Covers the optimization of parallel programs

Self Aware Computing Systems

Author : Samuel Kounev
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This book provides formal and informal definitions and taxonomies for self-aware computing systems, and explains how self-aware computing relates to many existing subfields of computer science, especially software engineering. It describes architectures and algorithms for self-aware systems as well as the benefits and pitfalls of self-awareness, and reviews much of the latest relevant research across a wide array of disciplines, including open research challenges. The chapters of this book are organized into five parts: Introduction, System Architectures, Methods and Algorithms, Applications and Case Studies, and Outlook. Part I offers an introduction that defines self-aware computing systems from multiple perspectives, and establishes a formal definition, a taxonomy and a set of reference scenarios that help to unify the remaining chapters. Next, Part II explores architectures for self-aware computing systems, such as generic concepts and notations that allow a wide range of self-aware system architectures to be described and compared with both isolated and interacting systems. It also reviews the current state of reference architectures, architectural frameworks, and languages for self-aware systems. Part III focuses on methods and algorithms for self-aware computing systems by addressing issues pertaining to system design, like modeling, synthesis and verification. It also examines topics such as adaptation, benchmarks and metrics. Part IV then presents applications and case studies in various domains including cloud computing, data centers, cyber-physical systems, and the degree to which self-aware computing approaches have been adopted within those domains. Lastly, Part V surveys open challenges and future research directions for self-aware computing systems. It can be used as a handbook for professionals and researchers working in areas related to self-aware computing, and can also serve as an advanced textbook for lecturers and postgraduate students studying subjects like advanced software engineering, autonomic computing, self-adaptive systems, and data-center resource management. Each chapter is largely self-contained, and offers plenty of references for anyone wishing to pursue the topic more deeply.

Advances in Computing Systems and Applications

Author : Oualid Demigha
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This book gathers selected papers presented at the 3rd Conference on Computing Systems and Applications (CSA’2018), held at the Ecole Militaire Polytechnique, Algiers, Algeria on April 24–25, 2018. The CSA’2018 constitutes a leading forum for exchanging, discussing and leveraging modern computer systems technology in such varied fields as: data science, computer networks and security, information systems and software engineering, and computer vision. The contributions presented here will help promote and advance the adoption of computer science technologies in industrial, entertainment, social, and everyday applications. Though primarily intended for students, researchers, engineers and practitioners working in the field, it will also benefit a wider audience interested in the latest developments in the computer sciences.

Architecture of Computing Systems ARCS 2019

Author : Martin Schoeberl
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems, ARCS 2019, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in May 2019. The 24 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. ARCS has always been a conference attracting leading-edge research outcomes in Computer Architecture and Operating Systems, including a wide spectrum of topics ranging from embedded and real-time systems all the way to large-scale and parallel systems. The selected papers are organized in the following topical sections: Dependable systems; real-time systems; special applications; architecture; memory hierarchy; FPGA; energy awareness; NoC/SoC. The chapter 'MEMPower: Data-Aware GPU Memory Power Model' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

High Performance Computing Systems and Applications

Author : Nikitas J. Dimopoulos
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High Performance Computing Systems and Applications contains a selection of fully refereed papers presented at the 14th International Conference on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications held in Victoria, Canada, in June 2000. This book presents the latest research in HPC Systems and Applications, including distributed systems and architecture, numerical methods and simulation, network algorithms and protocols, computer architecture, distributed memory, and parallel algorithms. It also covers such topics as applications in astrophysics and space physics, cluster computing, numerical simulations for fluid dynamics, electromagnetics and crystal growth, networks and the Grid, and biology and Monte Carlo techniques. High Performance Computing Systems and Applications is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry.

Foundations of Computer Technology

Author : Alexander John Anderson
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Foundations of Computer Technology is an easily accessible introduction to the architecture of computers and peripherals. This textbook clearly and completely explains modern computer systems through an approach that integrates components, systems, software, and design. It provides a succinct, systematic, and readable guide to computers, providing a springboard for students to pursue more detailed technology subjects. This volume focuses on hardware elements within a computer system and the impact of software on its architecture. It discusses practical aspects of computer organization (structure, behavior, and design) delivering the necessary fundamentals for electrical engineering and computer science students. The book not only lists a wide range of terms, but also explains the basic operations of components within a system, aided by many detailed illustrations. Material on modern technologies is combined with a historical perspective, delivering a range of articles on hardware, architecture and software, programming methodologies, and the nature of operating systems. It also includes a unified treatment on the entire computing spectrum, ranging from microcomputers to supercomputers. Each section features learning objectives and chapter outlines. Small glossary entries define technical terms and each chapter ends with an alphabetical list of key terms for reference and review. Review questions also appear at the end of each chapter and project questions inspire readers to research beyond the text. Short, annotated bibliographies direct students to additional useful reading.

Feedback Control of Computing Systems

Author : Joseph L. Hellerstein
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This is the first practical treatment of the design and applicationof feedback control of computing systems. MATLAB files for thesolution of problems and case studies accompany the textthroughout. The book discusses information technology examples,such as maximizing the efficiency of Lotus Notes. This book results from the authors' research into the use ofcontrol theory to model and control computing systems. This hasimportant implications to the way engineers and researchersapproach different resource management problems. This guide is wellsuited for professionals and researchers in information technologyand computer science.

Frontiers of Computing Systems Research

Author : Stuart K. Tewksbury
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Intended for an interdisciplinary audience involved in computer systems research, this second volume presents technical information on emerging topics in the field.

Change Control During Computer Systems Development

Author : Evelyn Frowd Ferraby
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Computer Elements and Systems Computation and programming methods in computer systems

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Measurement Modelling and Evaluation of Computing Systems

Author : Holger Hermanns
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International GI/ITG Conference on Measurement, Modelling and Evaluation of Computing Systems, MMB 2020, held in Saarbrücken, Germany, in March 2020. The 16 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. They are dealing with scientific aspects of measurement, modelling and evaluation of intelligent systems including computer architectures, communication networks, distributed systems and software, autonomous systems, workflow systems, cyber-physical systems and networks, Internet-of-Things, as well as highly dependable, highly performant and highly secure systems.

Computer Systems

Author : Umakishore Ramachandran
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In the early days of computing, hardware and software systems were designed separately. Today, as multicore systems predominate, this separation is becoming impractical. Computer Systems examines the key elements of all computer systems using an integrated approach that treats hardware and software as part of the same, larger system. Students gain important insights into the interplay between hardware and software and leave the course with a better understanding of a modern computer system

Programming Multicore and Many core Computing Systems

Author : Sabri Pllana
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Programming multi-core and many-core computing systems Sabri Pllana, Linnaeus University, Sweden Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia, Spain Provides state-of-the-art methods for programming multi-core and many-core systems The book comprises a selection of twenty two chapters covering: fundamental techniques and algorithms; programming approaches; methodologies and frameworks; scheduling and management; testing and evaluation methodologies; and case studies for programming multi-core and many-core systems. Program development for multi-core processors, especially for heterogeneous multi-core processors, is significantly more complex than for single-core processors. However, programmers have been traditionally trained for the development of sequential programs, and only a small percentage of them have experience with parallel programming. In the past, only a relatively small group of programmers interested in High Performance Computing (HPC) was concerned with the parallel programming issues, but the situation has changed dramatically with the appearance of multi-core processors on commonly used computing systems. It is expected that with the pervasiveness of multi-core processors, parallel programming will become mainstream. The pervasiveness of multi-core processors affects a large spectrum of systems, from embedded and general-purpose, to high-end computing systems. This book assists programmers in mastering the efficient programming of multi-core systems, which is of paramount importance for the software-intensive industry towards a more effective product-development cycle. Key features: Lessons, challenges, and roadmaps ahead. Contains real world examples and case studies. Helps programmers in mastering the efficient programming of multi-core and many-core systems. The book serves as a reference for a larger audience of practitioners, young researchers and graduate level students. A basic level of programming knowledge is required to use this book.

High Performance Computing Systems and Technologies in Scientific Research Automation of Control and Production

Author : Vladimir Jordan
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This book constitutes selected revised and extended papers from the 10th International Conference on High-Performance Computing Systems and Technologies in Scientific Research, Automation of Control and Production, HPCST 2020, Barnaul, Russia, in May 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pancemic the conference was partly held in virtual mode. The 14 full papers presented in this volume were thoroughly reviewed and selected form 51 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on hardware for high-performance computing and its applications; information technologies and computer simulation of physical phenomena.