The Child in Focus

Learning and Teaching in Early Childhood Education


Author: Estelle Irving,Carol Carter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780190304539


Page: 544

View: 8479

Addressing the latest changes in the curriculum, The Child in Focus incorporates the full range of the early years from birth to age 8 while linking to specific subject areas. It provides an all-round introduction for students beginning an early childhood education program. Part 1 is an introduction to childhood and the concepts which form early childhood education. Part 2 covers discrete subject areas along with curriculum and pedagogy. Part 3 focuses on professional practice and teaching skills, providing students with the grounding knowledge to continue in their degree. The Child in Focus recognises the important role early childhood educators and teachers play in society and focuses on providing the foundational skills and knowledge for students to succeed in these roles. It is filled with contemporary content and has a strong emphasis on the development of critical reflection and adaptability to respond to increasingly complex social and family issues.

When (and How) Theory of Mind Is Useful? Evidences from Research in the Life-Span


Author: Francesca Baglio,Antonella Marchetti

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889451011


Page: N.A

View: 8499

Theory of Mind (ToM) or mentalization is the ability to understand and foresee the behavior referring to one’s own and others’ mental states (Premack & Woodruff, 1978; Wimmer & Perner, 1983). This capacity, which is considered the most representative mechanism of social cognition, is a multifaceted set of competences liable to influence – and be influenced by – a manifold of psychosocial aspects. Studies on typical and atypical/clinical development during life showed that ToM is frequently delayed (e.g. in deafness) or impaired in many clinical conditions (e.g. Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease) and, on the other hand, may not be unequivocally a positive experience. It is therefore possible to consider the existence of multiple kinds of Theory of Mind. In fact, ToM may vary along a quantitative and a qualitative continuum. As for the quantitative dimension, the continuum is constituted by the fluctuation between high and low levels of ToM ability in different clinical conditions. Along this continuum, impairment can mean “not enough” ToM (for example in Autism Spectrum Disorder) as well as “too much” ToM (for example in Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder). The qualitative dimension – highly interrelated with the quantitative one - regards the shift between adaptive (e.g. prosocial, nice ToM) vs. unadaptive (e.g. antisocial, nasty ToM) mental states content. The issue is discussed in light of recent evidence from outstanding researchers working on typical and atypical/clinical populations along the life-span. Findings from the fields of psychology, neuropsychology and neuroscience enrich the research topic argumentation.

Migrant Children in Europe

The Romanian Case


Author: G.G. Valtolina

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614992053

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 7428

The rights of children are outlined in article 24 of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union; the binding catalogue of rights which institutions and member states are bound to respect when applying EU law. Although this article has undoubtedly been taken very seriously since the Charter was adopted in 2000, there are indications that in a number of cases it has not been possible for children in the EU to exercise fully the rights it envisaged. One such case involves migrating Romanian children, and concerns have been expressed that the rights of this group of migrant children have not always been fully taken into account. This book is the result of the two-year project "Children’s rights in Action", funded by the European Union, which focuses on the needs of children migrating from Romania to Italy and Spain in order to identify good practices, reduce their vulnerability and protect their rights. The book presents the impact that limited access to the rights guaranteed by EU law have had on the actual conditions of life for Romanian children in migration across Europe. Although the book shows that the rights enshrined in article 24 of the EU Charter are not yet fully and equally ensured in some EU countries, it also describes the ways in which local communities and civil society actors have often operated to fill the gap and enabled such children to exercise their rights despite legislative and political shortcomings.

Careers in Focus


Author: Ferguson

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438111339

Category: Service industries

Page: 188

View: 7863

Profiles jobs in personal services such as bodyguards, color analysts and image consultants, dry cleaning and laundry workers, household workers, nannies, pet sitters, and more.

Inclusion of Disabled Children in Primary School Playgrounds


Author: Helen Woolley,Marc Armitage

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1907969853

Category: Education

Page: 57

View: 7753

This concise, useful book identifies organisational, social and physical barriers to disabled children's inclusion in primary school playgrounds, and suggests ways to overcome these barriers in the future, as well as examining examples of good practice. This is essential reading for teachers, special educational needs coordinators, personal support assistants, lunchtime supervisors, playworkers, and architects and landscape professionals involved in play.

A Qualitative Assessment of Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Two Zimbabwean Districts


Author: Shungu Munyati

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796921444

Category: AIDS (Disease) in children

Page: 51

View: 4180

The Human Sciences Research Council was commissioned by the WK Kellogg Foundation to develop and implement a five-year intervention project focusing on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in southern Africa. In collaboration with several partner organisations, the project currently focuses on how children, families, and communities in Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe are coping with the impact of HIV/AIDS. The aim of the project is to develop models of best practise so as to enhance and improve support structures for OVC in the southern African region as a whole.

Careers in Focus



Author: Facts On File, Incorporated

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438111460

Category: Allied health personnel

Page: 202

View: 8647

Examines careers related to various kinds of therapy, covering the basics of each job, personal and professional requirements, work environment, salary statistics, future outlook for the career, and more.

The Child in British Literature

Literary Constructions of Childhood, Medieval to Contemporary


Author: A. Gavin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230361862

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 6370

The first volume to consider childhood over eight centuries of British writing, this book traces the literary child from medieval to contemporary texts. Written by international experts, the volume's essays challenge earlier readings of childhood and offer fascinating contributions to the current upsurge of interest in constructions of childhood.

The Military Family's Parent Guide for Supporting Your Child in School


Author: Ron Avi Astor,Linda Jacobson,Rami Benbenishty

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807772097

Category: Education

Page: 88

View: 3010

While it is true that children from military families live unique and interesting lives, it is also true that they face many challenges and special circumstances that civilian children and families dont experience. These can include gaps in school attendance and learning due to frequent moves, being separated from a parent who has been deployed, and a sense of isolation in the midst of a civilian community. This unique guide provides parents with the information they need to choose a welcoming school or daycare program and suggests steps they can take to advocate for their children. It also highlights the types of questions parents should ask about how their children are faring socially, emotionally, and academically, such as: What can I do to help my child make a smooth transition to a new school? How can I support my child academically? What resources or staff does my school have to meet the needs of military children?

Research Methods in Child Welfare


Author: Amy J. L. Baker,Benjamin J. Charvat

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512147

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 4796

Social service agencies are facing the same expectations in quality management and outcomes as private companies, compelling staff members and researchers to provide and interpret valid and useful research to stakeholders at all levels in the field. Child welfare agencies are particularly scrutinized. In this textbook, two highly experienced researchers offer the best techniques for conducting sound research in the field. Covering not only the methodological challenges but also the real-life constraints of research in child welfare settings, Amy J. L. Baker and Benjamin J. Charvat present a volume that can be used both for general research methods and as a practical guide for conducting research in the field of child welfare. Baker and Charvat devote an entire chapter to ethical issues involved in researching children and their families and the limits of confidentiality within this population. They weave a discussion of ethics throughout the book, and each chapter begins with a scenario that presents a question or problem to work through, enabling readers to fully grasp the methods in the context of a specific setting or area of concern. Special sections concentrate on the value of continuous quality-improvement activities, which enable the collection and analysis of data outside of the strictures of publishable research, and the implementation of program evaluations, which can be helpful in obtaining further research and programmatic funding.