Search results for: the-art-crowd

Crowd Design

Author : Florian Alexander Schmidt
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The digital revolution is interwoven with the promise to empower the user. Yet, the rise of centralized, commercial platforms for crowdsourced work questions the validity of this narrative. In Crowd-Design, Florian Alexander Schmidt analyses the workings and the rhetoric of crowdsourced work platforms by comparing the way they address the masses today with historic notions of the crowd. The utopian concepts of early online collaboration are taken as a vantage point from which to view and critique current and, at times, dystopian applications of crowdsourced work. The study is focused on the crowdsourcing of design tasks, but these specific applications are used to examine the design of the more general mechanisms employed by the platform providers to motivate and control the crowds. Crowd-Design is as much about the crowdsourcing of design as it is about the design of crowdsourcing.

WHAT IS MOB MENTALITY 8 Essential Books on Crowd Psychology

Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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This meticulously edited collection is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents: The Social Contract (Jean-Jacques Rousseau) The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind (Gustave Le Bon) The Psychology of Revolution (Gustave Le Bon) Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds (Charles Mackay) Instincts of the Herd in Peace and War (Wilfred Trotter) The Behavior of Crowds: A Psychological Study (Everett Dean Martin) Crowds: A Moving-Picture of Democracy (Gerald Stanley Lee) The Group Mind: A Sketch of the Principles of Collective Psychology (William McDougall) Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. Gustave Le Bon was a French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. Wilfred Trotter was an English surgeon, a pioneer in neurosurgery. He was also known for his concept of the herd instinct. Everett Dean Martin was an American minister, writer, journalist, instructor, lecturer and social psychologist. Gerald Stanley Lee was an American Congregational clergyman and the author of numerous books and essays. William McDougall was an early 20th century psychologist who spent the first part of his career in the United Kingdom and the latter part in the USA. Charles Mackay was a Scottish poet, journalist, author, anthologist, novelist, and songwriter.

The Crowd

Author : Gustave Le Bon
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One of the most influential books on social psychology ever written, brilliantly instructive in the general characteristics and mental unity of a crowd. A must-read for students, politicians, and investors.

Crowd Simulation

Author : Daniel Thalmann
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Research into the methods and techniques used in simulating crowds has developed extensively within the last few years, particularly in the areas of video games and film. Despite recent impressive results when simulating and rendering thousands of individuals, many challenges still exist in this area. The comparison of simulation with reality, the realistic appearance of virtual humans and their behavior, group structure and their motion, and collision avoidance are just some examples of these challenges. For most of the applications of crowds, it is now a requirement to have real-time simulations – which is an additional challenge, particularly when crowds are very large. Crowd Simulation analyses these challenges in depth and suggests many possible solutions. Daniel Thalmann and Soraia Musse share their experiences and expertise in the application of: · Population modeling · Virtual human animation · Behavioral models for crowds · The connection between virtual and real crowds · Path planning and navigation · Visual attention models · Geometric and populated semantic environments · Crowd rendering The second edition presents techniques and methods developed since the authors first covered the simulation of crowds in 2007. Crowd Simulation includes in-depth discussions on the techniques of path planning, including a new hybrid approach between navigation graphs and potential-based methods. The importance of gaze attention – individuals appearing conscious of their environment and of others – is introduced, and a free-of-collision method for crowds is also discussed.

The Crowd The Psychology of Revolution

Author : Gustave Le Bon
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This edition brings to you Le Bon's two most celebrated works, "The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind" and "The Psychology of Revolution", which made a breakthrough in what is now known as crowd psychology. Le Bon theorised about a new entity, "psychological crowd", which emerges from incorporating the assembled population not only forms a new body but also creates a collective "unconsciousness". As a group of people gather together and coalesces to form a crowd, there is a "magnetic influence given out by the crowd" that transmutes every individual's behaviour until it becomes governed by the "group mind". Gustave Le Bon was a French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. Ignored or maligned by sections of the French academic and scientific establishment during his life due to his politically conservative and reactionary views, Le Bon was critical of democracy and socialism. Le Bon's works were influential to such disparate figures as Theodore Roosevelt and Benito Mussolini, Sigmund Freud and José Ortega y Gasset, Adolf Hitler and Vladimir Lenin.

The Crowd A Study of the Popular Mind

Author : Gustave Le Bon
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One of the most influential works of social psychology in history, The Crowd was highly instrumental in creating this field of study by analyzing, in detail, mass behavior. The work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. The whole of the common characteristics with which heredity endows the individuals of a race constitute the genius of the race. When, however, a certain number of these individuals are gathered together in a crowd for purposes of action, observation proves that, from the mere fact of their being assembled, there result certain new psychological characteristics, which are added to the racial characteristics and differ from them at times to a very considerable degree. Although the volume focuses on crowd psychology, it is also brilliantly instructive on the effects of the generally accepted beliefs of a nation's citizenry on the processes of history. Among the topics covered here are general characteristics and mental unity of the crowd; the crowd's sentiments and morality; its ideas, reasoning power, and imagination; opinions and beliefs of crowds and the means used by leaders to persuade; classification of crowds, including criminal and electrical assemblages, as well as the functioning of criminal juries and parliamentary assemblies.

Crowd Assisted Networking and Computing

Author : Al-Sakib Khan Pathan
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Crowd computing, crowdsourcing, crowd-associated network (CrAN), crowd-assisted sensing are some examples of crowd-based concepts that harness the power of people on the web or connected via web-like infrastructure to do tasks that are often difficult for individual users or computers to do alone. This creates many challenging issues like assessing reliability and correctness of crowd generated information, delivery of data and information via crowd, middleware for supporting crowdsourcing and crowd computing tasks, crowd associated networking and its security, Quality of Information (QoI) issues, etc. This book compiles the latest advances in the relevant fields.

Evaluation in the Crowd Crowdsourcing and Human Centered Experiments

Author : Daniel Archambault
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As the outcome of the Dagstuhl Seminar 15481 on Crowdsourcing and Human-Centered Experiments, this book is a primer for computer science researchers who intend to use crowdsourcing technology for human centered experiments. The focus of this Dagstuhl seminar, held in Dagstuhl Castle in November 2015, was to discuss experiences and methodological considerations when using crowdsourcing platforms to run human-centered experiments to test the effectiveness of visual representations. The inspiring Dagstuhl atmosphere fostered discussions and brought together researchers from different research directions. The papers provide information on crowdsourcing technology and experimental methodologies, comparisons between crowdsourcing and lab experiments, the use of crowdsourcing for visualisation, psychology, QoE and HCI empirical studies, and finally the nature of crowdworkers and their work, their motivation and demographic background, as well as the relationships among people forming the crowdsourcing community.

The Crowd and the Mob Routledge Revivals

Author : J. S. McClelland
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First published in 1989, this persuasive and original work by John McClelland examines the importance of the idea of 'the crowd' in the writings of philosophers, historians and politicians from the classical era to the twentieth century. The book examines histories of political thought and their justifications for forms of rule, highlighting the persistent and profoundly anti-democratic bias in political and social thought, analysing in particular the writings of Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hitler, Gibbon, Carlysle, Michelet, Taine and Freud.

Introduction to Crowd Management

Author : Claudio Feliciani
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This book will guide you in a simple and illustrative way through all aspects related to crowd behaviour, including sociological theories, methods of crowd control, people detection and tracking, and crowd simulation and prediction, while examining previous accidents to learn from the past. Crowds are a constant presence in most cities around the globe and mass gatherings are attracting an increasing number of people. While experience can help manage large crowds and plan mass events, knowledge on crowd behaviour is fundamental for successfully dealing with unexpected situations, improving current practices and implementing state-of-the-art technologies in management strategies. After letting people laugh about the controversy on colliding pedestrians, with this book, two of the Ig Nobel laureates on pedestrian traffic will make you think (and learn) presenting through a collaborative approach, combining theoretical with practical advice, the science behind crowd dynamics and the importance it plays in our increasingly urbanized society. Fundamental aspects related to crowd management are presented using simple concepts requiring little or no knowledge of mathematics or engineering. Professionals involved in pedestrian traffic, as well as students and researchers entering the field of crowd dynamics, will find this book a useful interdisciplinary introduction on the subject, exploring both fundamental background information and more specific topics related to crowd management.