Search results for: teaching-science-with-context

Teaching Science with Context

Author : Maria Elice de Brzezinski Prestes
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of research at interface between History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science (HPSS) and Science Teaching in Ibero-America. It contributes to research on contextualization of science for students, teachers and researchers, and explains how to use different episodes of history of science or different themes of philosophy of science in regular science classes through diverse pedagogical approaches. The chapters in this book discuss a wide range of topics under different methodological, epistemological and didactic approaches, reflecting the richness of research developed in Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries, Latin America, Spain and Portugal. The book contains chapters about historical events, topics of philosophy and sociology of science, nature of science, applications of HPSS in the classroom, instructional materials for students and teacher training courses and curriculum.

Making it relevant

Author : Peter Nentwig
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'Teaching in context' has become an accepted, and often welcomed, way of teaching science in both primary and secondary schools. The conference organised by IPN and the University of York Science Education Group, Context-based science curricula, drew on the experience of over 40 science educators and 10 projects. The book is arranged in four parts. Part A consists of two papers, one on situated learning and the other on implementation of new curricula. Part B contains descriptions of five major curricula in different countries, why they were introduced, how they were developed and implemented and evaluation results. Part C gives descriptions of three projects that are of smaller scale and their materials are used as interventions in other more conventional curricula. There is also a contribution on some fundamental research where modules of work are written to examine how best to design context-based curricula. Finally, Part D consist of two chapters, one summarising some of the findings that came out of the chapters in the three earlier parts and the second looks at the future.

Perspectives on Practice and Meaning in Mathematics and Science Classrooms

Author : D. Clarke
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This is a variegated picture of science and mathematics classrooms that challenges a research tradition that converges on the truth. The reader is surrounded with different images of the classroom and will find his beliefs confirmed or challenged. The book is for educational researchers, research students, and practitioners with an interest in optimizing the effectiveness of classrooms as environments for learning.

Indicators and Instruments in the Context of Inquiry Based Science Education

Author : Jana Heinz
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This report documents indicators and instruments in the context of inquiry-based science education (IBSE). It is embedded in a project that aims at disseminating inquiry-based science teaching on a large scale across Europe. Recent research about IBSE is rather specific to individual research questions and focuses on single aspects of IBSE. Furthermore, the instruments and indicators underlying the different studies are predominately not systematically covered. In this report single indicators and instruments in the context of science education are brought together. Thereby a coherent database and a link to different research results are presented. The indicators and instruments in this report originate from a systematic literature review about IBSE from 2005-2009. To receive a comprehensive picture about research on IBSE the scope of this review contains instructional aspects (1), implementation areas of politics/stakeholders (2) and teacher education and teacher professional development (3). This report contributes to supplying a systematic overview about instruments and indicators in the field of IBSE. It addresses researchers, politicians and stakeholders, teacher educators and teachers who are interested in methods of research and dissemination in the context of science education and IBSE.

Approaches to Learning and Teaching Science

Author : Mark Winterbottom
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A subject-specific guide for teachers to supplement professional development and provide resources for lesson planning. Approaches to learning and teaching Science is the result of close collaboration between Cambridge University Press and Cambridge International Examinations. Considering the local and global contexts when planning and teaching an international syllabus, the title presents ideas for Science with practical examples that help put theory into context. Teachers can download online tools for lesson planning from our website. This book is ideal support for those studying professional development qualifications or international PGCEs.

Teaching Science

Author : J. Bernardino Lopes
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This book is written with two main audiences in mind: science education researchers and science teachers (or other educational professionals in technology and engineering). The authors think that this format is also ideal to disseminate more widely among professionals in science and technology education the research contributions and guidelines most relevant for their practice. This book is the result of a collective work of research in science and technology education developed by the authors team, composed of 13 researchers from three different countries (Portugal, Brazil and Angola) for over nearly 20 years. The research, developed in a scholarly context, has focused on science teaching practices, including inside the classroom and on how to become more effective in promoting students learning quality. The authors looked at science teaching practices in different contexts: general education (from K-12 to higher education), initial teacher training and teacher professional development. With this book, the authors aim to further disseminate their research, which is already published for a scholarly audience (mainly through several peer-reviewed journal and conference papers), by compiling the main research results in a concise and perhaps more accessible format. However, each chapter presents new aspects of the research already developed or puts it in the perspective of current research knowledge. The book is organised into four parts: Part I -- Contributions of Research to Planning Science Teaching; Part II -- Contributions of Research to Science Teaching Practices; Part III -- Contributions of Long-Term Research to Improving Science Teaching Practices; Part IV -- Contributions of Research to Professional Development. Part I focuses on a dimension of teaching practices that is central to their quality and effectiveness as well as their design and planning. That is where it all begins. Although it is the subject of research attention, it tends to be reduced to its operational aspects in the daily practice of teachers. Part II presents several specific research contributions that result from the study of science teaching practices in the context of the classroom. There are aspects of teaching practices that hardly change or change slowly. It takes long-term research to study them. Part III highlights these lesser-known aspects of teaching practices and the very processes that take place to increase the quality of teaching practices in a progressive and consistent way. Another aspect that needs to be ensured in order to improve teaching practices is giving attention to professional development, with the emphasis on increasing the quality of teaching practices. Part IV presents contributions from our research in this context.

Learning to Teach Science in the Secondary School

Author : Rob Toplis
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Learning to Teach Science in the Secondary School, now in its third edition, is an indispensable guide to the process and practice of teaching and learning science. This new edition has been fully updated in the light of changes to professional knowledge and practice – including the introduction of master level credits on PGCE courses – and revisions to the national curriculum. Written by experienced practitioners, this popular textbook comprehensively covers the opportunities and challenges of teaching science in the secondary school. It provides guidance on: the knowledge and skills you need, and understanding the science department at your school development of the science curriculum in two brand new chapters on the curriculum 11-14 and 14-19 the nature of science and how science works, biology, chemistry, physics and astronomy, earth science planning for progression, using schemes of work to support planning , and evaluating lessons language in science, practical work, using ICT , science for citizenship, Sex and Health Education and learning outside the classroom assessment for learning and external assessment and examinations. Every unit includes a clear chapter introduction, learning objectives, further reading, lists of useful resources and specially designed tasks – including those to support Masters Level work – as well as cross-referencing to essential advice in the core text Learning to Teach in the Secondary School, fifth edition. Learning to Teach Science in the Secondary School is designed to support student teachers through the transition from graduate scientist to practising science teacher, while achieving the highest level of personal and professional development.

Scientific Sources and Teaching Contexts Throughout History Problems and Perspectives

Author : Alain Bernard
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This book examines the textual, social, cultural, practical and institutional environments to which the expression “teaching and learning contexts” refers. It reflects on the extent to which studying such environments helps us to better understand ancient or modern sources, and how notions of “teaching” and “learning” are to be understood. Tackling two problems: the first, is that of certain sources of scientific knowledge being studied without taking into account the various “contexts” of transmission that gave this knowledge a long-lasting meaning. The second is that other sources are related to teaching and learning activities, but without being too precise and demonstrative about the existence and nature of this “teaching context”. In other words, this book makes clear what is meant by “context” and highlights the complexity of the practice hidden by the words “teaching” and “learning”. Divided into three parts, the book makes accessible teaching and learning situations, presents comparatist approaches, and emphasizes the notion of teaching as projects embedded in coherent treatises or productions.

Teaching Science in Elementary and Middle School

Author : Cory A. Buxton
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Grounded in a social and historical context, this unique book encourages readers to think like scientists... Teaching Science in Elementary and Middle School: A Cognitive and Cultural Approach offers pre-service and in-service elementary and middle school teachers of science practical strategies for the classroom as well as a better understanding of the role of science in our day-to-day lives and culture. Key Features Prepares teachers with 100 key experiments that teach core, standards-based science concepts within a methods instruction model Provides an introduction to the historical, social, cultural, and linguistic construction of science in American culture—in particular, how it functions as a human endeavor Emphasizes the idea that science is connected to the world around us through reflection case studies Stresses the development of the basic principles underlying scientific methods of thought and inquiry Integrates standards in other content areas through “Theory Into Practice” boxes. Accompanied by High-Quality Ancillaries! Instructor’s Resources CD: Available by contacting SAGE, this CD offers PowerPoint® lecture slides, a teaching guide for the science standards-based lesson plan project, video clips of select experiments, Theory Into Practice resources, Reflections on Science assignments, Web resources, and a test bank. Student Resource CD: Bound into the back of the text, this CD provides students with video clips to illustrate select experiments from the text, as well as other key science concepts. A guide accompanies the video clips to assist student learning. Web-Based Student Study Site, http://www.sagepub.com/buxtonstudy: This site provides a variety of additional resources that will enhance students’ understanding of the book content and take their learning one step further.

Designing and Teaching the Elementary Science Methods Course

Author : Sandra K. Abell
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What do aspiring and practicing elementary science teacher education faculty need to know as they plan and carry out instruction for future elementary science teachers? This scholarly and practical guide for science teacher educators outlines the theory, principles, and strategies needed, and provides classroom examples anchored to those principles. The theoretical and empirical foundations are supported by scholarship in the field, and the practical examples are derived from activities, lessons, and units field-tested in the authors’ elementary science methods courses. Designing and Teaching the Elementary Science Methods Course is grounded in the theoretical framework of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), which describes how teachers transform subject matter knowledge into viable instruction in their discipline. Chapters on science methods students as learners, the science methods course curriculum, instructional strategies, methods course assessment, and the field experience help readers develop their PCK for teaching prospective elementary science teachers. "Activities that Work" and "Tools for Teaching the Methods Course" provide useful examples for putting this knowledge into action in the elementary science methods course.

Teaching and Learning in Context

Author : Richard Tabulawa
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Since the 1990s, sub-Saharan Africa has experienced unprecedented attempts at reforming teacher and student classroom practices, with a learner-centred pedagogy regarded as an effective antidote to the prevalence of teacher-centred didactic classroom practices. Attempts at reform have been going on all over the continent. In fact, learner-centred pedagogy has been described as one of the most pervasive educational ideas in contemporary sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere. Research has revealed that the major attempts have largely failed mainly because teachers have not been able to adopt instructional innovations to technical problems. This failure is also related to lack of resources, and poor teacher training programmes which lead to poor teacher quality, among others. This book attempts to explain why pedagogical change has not occurred in spite of the much energy and resources that have been committed to such reforms.The book also takes us inside what the author calls 'the socio-cultural world of African classrooms' to help us understand the reasons teachers dominate classroom life and rely disproportionately on didactic methods of teaching. Its conceptual analyses capture the best of both the sociology and the anthropology of education in contexts of poverty, as well as the politics of education.The book concludes that a socio-cultural approach should be the basis for developing culturally responsive indigenous pedagogies, though these may or may not turn out to be in any way akin to constructivist learner-centred pedagogies.

Learning To Teach Science

Author : Justin Dillon
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In response to requests by science teachers for guidance on the process of mentoring in schools, this text provides an interactive, activities-based resource. It takes into account the progressive development of skills and competencies, for all those involved in the training of science teachers; pre-service, in-service and quality control. Activities are directly related to classroom and laboratory planning, organisation and management and include general question and answer exercises.; The book covers nine areas of science teacher competence crossed with five levels of progression to give a flexible programme of training. Each activity has a commentary for mentors and notes for student teachers, and discusses the rationale behind each activity. Five activities are written specifically to help mentors review progress at each of the five levels.; Additionally, it can be used by: experienced teachers for refreshing their own practice; Heads of Science Departments for upgrading science teaching within the departments; and those concerned with quality control and certification to recommend activities, taken from the book, to aid further professional development.

Vygotsky s Educational Theory in Cultural Context

Author : Aljaksandr U. Kazulin
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Table of contents

Teaching And Learning Science

Author : Hodson, Derek
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This book extends and unifies recent debate and research about science education in several disparate fields, including philosophy of science, cognitive psychology and motivation theory. Through an approach based on the personalization of learning and the politicization of the curriculum and classroom, it shows how the complex goal of critical scientific literacy can be achieved by all students, including those who traditionally underachieve in science or opt out of science education at the earliest opportunity. Current thinking in situated cognition and learning through apprenticeship are employed to build a sociocultural learning model based on a vigorous learning community, in which the teacher acts as facilitator, co-learner and anthropologist. Later chapters describe how these theoretical arguments can be translated into effective classroom practice through a coherent inquiry-oriented pedagogy, involving a much more critical and wide-ranging use of hands-on and language-based learning than is usual in science education.

The Language of Science Education

Author : William F. McComas
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The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning is written expressly for science education professionals and students of science education to provide the foundation for a shared vocabulary of the field of science teaching and learning. Science education is a part of education studies but has developed a unique vocabulary that is occasionally at odds with the ways some terms are commonly used both in the field of education and in general conversation. Therefore, understanding the specific way that terms are used within science education is vital for those who wish to understand the existing literature or make contributions to it. The Language of Science Education provides definitions for 100 unique terms, but when considering the related terms that are also defined as they relate to the targeted words, almost 150 words are represented in the book. For instance, “laboratory instruction” is accompanied by definitions for openness, wet lab, dry lab, virtual lab and cookbook lab. Each key term is defined both with a short entry designed to provide immediate access following by a more extensive discussion, with extensive references and examples where appropriate. Experienced readers will recognize the majority of terms included, but the developing discipline of science education demands the consideration of new words. For example, the term blended science is offered as a better descriptor for interdisciplinary science and make a distinction between project-based and problem-based instruction. Even a definition for science education is included. The Language of Science Education is designed as a reference book but many readers may find it useful and enlightening to read it as if it were a series of very short stories.

Re Structuring Science Education

Author : Wolff-Michael Roth
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Since its beginnings, science education has been under the influence of psychological theories of knowing and learning, while in more recent years, social constructivist and sociological frameworks have also begun to emerge. With little work being done on showing how the perspectives of these separate approaches might be integrated, this work aims to plug the gap. The book helps lay the groundwork for reuniting sociological and psychological perspectives on the knowing, learning, and teaching of science. Featuring a range of integrative efforts beginning with simple conversation, the chapters here include not only articles but also commentaries that engage with other papers, as well as a useful running narrative that, from the introduction to the epilogue, contextualizes the book and its sections. Specific attention is given to cultural-historical activity theory, which already offers an integration of psychological and cultural-historical (sociological) perspectives on collectively motivated human activities. A number of chapters, as well as the contextualizing narrative, explicitly use this theory as a framework for rethinking science education to achieve the reunification that is the goal of this work. All the contributors to this volume have produced texts that contribute to the effort of overcoming the extant divide between sociological and psychological approaches to science education research and practice. From very different positions—gender, culture, race—they provide valuable insights to reuniting approaches in both theory and method in the field. As an ensemble, the contributions constitute a rich menu of ideas from which new forms of science education can emerge.

The Art of Teaching Science

Author : Jack Hassard
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The Art of Teaching Science emphasizes a humanistic, experiential, and constructivist approach to teaching and learning, and integrates a wide variety of pedagogical tools. Becoming a science teacher is a creative process, and this innovative textbook encourages students to construct ideas about science teaching through their interactions with peers, mentors, and instructors, and through hands-on, minds-on activities designed to foster a collaborative, thoughtful learning environment. This second edition retains key features such as inquiry-based activities and case studies throughout, while simultaneously adding new material on the impact of standardized testing on inquiry-based science, and explicit links to science teaching standards. Also included are expanded resources like a comprehensive website, a streamlined format and updated content, making the experiential tools in the book even more useful for both pre- and in-service science teachers. Special Features: Each chapter is organized into two sections: one that focuses on content and theme; and one that contains a variety of strategies for extending chapter concepts outside the classroom Case studies open each chapter to highlight real-world scenarios and to connect theory to teaching practice Contains 33 Inquiry Activities that provide opportunities to explore the dimensions of science teaching and increase professional expertise Problems and Extensions, On the Web Resources and Readings guide students to further critical investigation of important concepts and topics. An extensive companion website includes even more student and instructor resources, such as interviews with practicing science teachers, articles from the literature, chapter PowerPoint slides, syllabus helpers, additional case studies, activities, and more. Visit http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415965286 to access this additional material.

Strategies for Teaching Science Levels K 5

Author : Barbara Houtz
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Developed for grades K-5, this rich resource provides teachers with practical strategies to enhance science instruction. Strategies and model lessons are provided in each of the following overarching topics: inquiry and exploration, critical thinking and questioning, real-world applications, integrating the content areas and technology, and assessment. Research-based information and management techniques are also provided to support teachers as they implement the strategies within this resource. This resource supports core concepts of STEM instruction.

Coteaching in International Contexts

Author : Colette Murphy
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Coteaching is two or more teachers teaching together, sharing responsibility for meeting the learning needs of students and, at the same time, learning from each other. Working as collaborators on every aspect of instruction, coteachers plan, teach and evaluate lessons together. Over the past decade, because coteaching can be highly beneficial to both students and teachers it has become an increasingly important element of science teacher education and is expanding into other content areas and educational settings. This edited book brings together ten years' work on the research and the practice of coteaching and its impact on teaching and learning, predominantly in the sciences. It includes contributions from Europe, United States and Australia and presents an doverview of theory and practice common to most studies.

Mediating Science Learning Through Information and Communications Technology

Author : Eileen Scanlon
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Developments in information technology are bringing about changes in science education. This Reader focuses on the theoretical and practical consideration of using information and communications technologies in teaching and learning. It examines current approaches to teaching and learning in science at various levels of education, and ways in which science in made more accessible. This will include the future potential of such current developments as access to practical work delivered on the web. The Reader is divided into three sections: What are the current issues in using ICT to teach and learn in science? Designing and evaluating ICT to teach and learn science Extending access to science learning This is a companion book to Reconsidering Science Education, also published by RoutledgeFalmer. Mediating Science Learning Through ICT is a valuable resource for teachers on Masters courses in science education and academics in science education.