Studies in Luminescence


Author: Edward Leamington Nichols,Ernest Merritt

Publisher: N.A


Category: Fluorescence

Page: 225

View: 8206

Luminescence and Related Properties of II-VI Semiconductors


Author: D. R. Vij,N. Singh

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560724339

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 5890

This volume provides the readers an in-depth, yet concise, overview of the physico-chemical structures, luminescence and related properties of II-VI compounds which are being utilised and exhaustively studied these days for their applications in LED's, modern optoelectronic devices, flat EL screens and panels, infrared detectors, photovoltaic and thermal solar energy converters etc. The book, therefore, should be useful to a wide variety of people (working in the field of luminescence and related properties of II-VI compounds, i.e. advanced graduate students) and serve as a review to researchers entering in this field and working on these materials. It should also be useful to solid state spectroscopists, lasers physicists; electronic and illuminating engineering people, and all those professionals using these materials.

Physics and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter


Author: NATO Advanced Study Institute on Physiscs and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter (

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027717993

Category: Science

Page: 732

View: 3392

Molecular Materials


Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119972952

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 9183

“... the book does an excellent job of putting together several different classes of materials. Many common points emerge, and the book may facilitate the development of hybrids in which the qualities of the “parents” are enhanced.” –Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011 With applications in optoelectronics and photonics, quantum information processing, nanotechnology and data storage, molecular materials enrich our daily lives in countless ways. These materials have properties that depend on their exact structure, the degree of order in the way the molecules are aligned and their crystalline nature. Small, delicate changes in molecular structure can totally alter the properties of the material in bulk. There has been increasing emphasis on functional metal complexes that demonstrate a wide range of physical phenomena. Molecular Materials represents the diversity of the area, encapsulating magnetic, optical and electrical properties, with chapters on: Metal-Based Quadratic Nonlinear Optical Materials Physical Properties of Metallomesogens Molecular Magnetic Materials Molecular Inorganic Conductors and Superconductors Molecular Nanomagnets Structured to include a clear introduction, a discussion of the basic concepts and up-to-date coverage of key aspects, each chapter provides a detailed review which conveys the excitement of work in that field. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Low-Dimensional Solids | Molecular Materials | Porous Materials | Energy Materials

Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems

TAIGA Concept


Author: Jun-ichiro Ishibashi,Kyoko Okino,Michinari Sunamura

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431548653

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 5837

This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project. Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advection system (subseafloor TAIGA) can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant reducing substance, and the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria/archaea that are inextricably associated with respective types of TAIGAs which are strongly affected by their geological background such as surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Sub-seafloor ecosystems are sustained by hydrothermal circulation or TAIGA that carry chemical energy to the chemosynthetic microbes living in an extreme environment. The results of the project have been summarized comprehensively in 50 chapters, and this book provides an overall introduction and relevant topics on the mid-ocean ridge system of the Indian Ocean and on the arc-backarc systems of the Southern Mariana Trough and Okinawa Trough.

Optical Studies in Liquids and Solids


Author: D. V. Skobel tsyn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468487248

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 4286

The study of the vibrations of polyatomic molecules has recently turned into one of the most widespread and powerful methods of studying molecular structure. These vibrations ap pear directly in the infrared absorption spectra and Raman spectra of gases, liquids, and solids. A measurement of the number of bands in addition to their positions (frequencies or wavelengths) offers the possibility of obtaining a great deal of important information regarding the geometric and mechanical properties of the molecules, the types of chemical bonds, and so forth. It is now quite difficult to list the vast number of specific problems solved by measuring vibrational fre quencies. As a result of the successful development of research methods and the widespread applica tion of vibrational spectra in analyzing the structures of molecules and the constitution of ma terials, it now becomes necessary to develop the theory of molecular vibrations further. Existing theory, of course, is based on the assumption of the harmonicity of molecular vi brations, which, strictly speaking, is not justified experimentally. The anharmonicity of the molecular vibrations has therefore to be taken into account by introducing appropriate approxi mations. Thus, in carrying out calculations on the vibrations of polyatomic molecules, one uses the force constants calculated from the observed frequency values. However, as a result of the anharmonicity of the vibrations, the values of the observed frequencies differ from the harmonic values, and the force constants used therefore differ from the true ones, i. e.

The Collector’s Book of Fluorescent Minerals


Author: Manuel A. Robbins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475747926

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 8607

Over the last several decades, the number of people who are actively involved in the hobby or science of mineral collecting has grown at an increasing pace. In response to the growing demand for informa tion which this large and active group has created, a number of books have been published dealing with mineralogy. As a result, the reader now has a choice among mineral locality guides, field handbooks, photo collections, or books dedicated to the systematic description of minerals. However, as interest in mineralogy has grown, as collectors have become increasingly knowledgeable and aware of mineralogy in its many facets, the need for more specialized information has also grown. Nowhere is this need greater than in the subject of the fluorescence of minerals. The number of collectors who now main tain a fluorescent collection is substantial, interest is constantly increasing, and manufacturers have recently responded by the intro duction of new ultraviolet equipment with major improvements in utility and performance. Yet when the collector searches for any information on this subject, little will be found. He or she will seek in vain for the answers to questions which present themselves as in terest in fluorescent minerals grows and matures. Which minerals fluoresce? Where are fluorescent minerals found? What makes a mineral fluoresce? Why does ultraviolet light produce fluorescence? What is an activator, and how does it contribute to fluorescence? On these matters, the available mineralogy books are largely silent.

Luminescence Techniques in Chemical and Biochemical Analysis


Author: Willy R. G. Baeyens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824783693

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 4600

Provides information on modern luminescence techniques, beginning with a general introduction to luminescence spectroscopy. Divided into two basic sections, the first dealing with fluorescence and the latter part on chemiluminescence. Topics include immunoassays, the use of chemiluminescence in flow


An Outlook on the Phenomena and their Applications


Author: Jagannathan Thirumalai

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535127624

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 8227

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.