Search results for: statistical-methods-in-epidemiology

Statistical Methods in Epidemiologic Research

Author : Ray M. Merrill
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Statistical Methods in Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Duncan C. Thomas
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Environmental epidemiology is the study of the environmental causes of disease in populations and how these risks vary in relation to intensity and duration of exposure and other factors like genetic susceptibility. As such, it is the basic science upon which governmental safety standards and compensation policies for environmental and occupational exposure are based. Profusely illustrated with examples from the epidemiologic literature on ionizing radiation and air pollution, thistext provides a systematic treatment of the statistical challenges that arise in environmental health studies and the use epidemiologic data in formulating public policy, at a level suitable for graduate students and epidemiologic researchers.After a general overview of study design and statistical methods for epidemiology generally, the book goes on to address the problems that are unique to environmental health studies, special-purpose designs like two-phase case-control studies and countermatching, statistical methods for modeling exposure-time-response relationships, longitudinal and time-series studies, spatial and ecologic methods, exposure measurement error, interactions, and mechanistic models. It also discusses studiesaimed at evaluating the public health benefits of interventions to improve the environment, the use of epidemiologic data to establish environmental safety standards and compensation policy, and concludes with emerging problems in reproductive epidemiology, natural and man-made disasters like globalwarming, and the global burden of environmentally caused disease. No other book provides such a broad perspective on the methodological challenges in this field at a level accessible to both epidemiologists and statisticians.

Statistical Methods in Epidemiology

Author : Harold A. Kahn
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Based on Kahn's An Introduction to Epidemiological Methods (Oxford, 1983), this book contains a wealth of new material, including a substantially expanded discussion of the statistical concepts and methods fundamental to epidemiology.

Statistical Methods in Genetic Epidemiology

Author : Duncan C. Thomas
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This balanced and well-integrated text gives a lucid overview of the entire process of genetic epidemiology, from familial aggregation through segregation, likage, and association studies. It is illustrated throughout with examples from the literature on cancer genetics. Statistical concepts are developed in depth, but with a focus on applications. Introductory chapters on molecular biology, Mendelian genetics, epidemiology, statistics, and population genetics are included. Oriented to graduate students in biostatistics, epidemiology, and human genetics, the book will also be a useful reference for researchers. It gives equal emphasis to study designs and data analysis.

Statistical Methods in Spatial Epidemiology

Author : Andrew B. Lawson
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Spatial epidemiology is the description and analysis of the geographical distribution of disease. It is more important now than ever, with modern threats such as bio-terrorism making such analysis even more complex. This second edition of Statistical Methods in Spatial Epidemiology is updated and expanded to offer a complete coverage of the analysis and application of spatial statistical methods. The book is divided into two main sections: Part 1 introduces basic definitions and terminology, along with map construction and some basic models. This is expanded upon in Part II by applying this knowledge to the fundamental problems within spatial epidemiology, such as disease mapping, ecological analysis, disease clustering, bio-terrorism, space-time analysis, surveillance and infectious disease modelling. Provides a comprehensive overview of the main statistical methods used in spatial epidemiology. Updated to include a new emphasis on bio-terrorism and disease surveillance. Emphasizes the importance of space-time modelling and outlines the practical application of the method. Discusses the wide range of software available for analyzing spatial data, including WinBUGS, SaTScan and R, and features an accompanying website hosting related software. Contains numerous data sets, each representing a different approach to the analysis, and provides an insight into various modelling techniques. This text is primarily aimed at medical statisticians, researchers and practitioners from public health and epidemiology. It is also suitable for postgraduate students of statistics and epidemiology, as well professionals working in government agencies.

Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case Control Studies

Author : Ørnulf Borgan
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Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies is written by leading researchers in the field. It provides an in-depth treatment of up-to-date and currently developing statistical methods for the design and analysis of case-control studies, as well as a review of classical principles and methods. The handbook is designed to serve as a reference text for biostatisticians and quantitatively-oriented epidemiologists who are working on the design and analysis of case-control studies or on related statistical methods research. Though not specifically intended as a textbook, it may also be used as a backup reference text for graduate level courses. Book Sections Classical designs and causal inference, measurement error, power, and small-sample inference Designs that use full-cohort information Time-to-event data Genetic epidemiology About the Editors Ørnulf Borgan is Professor of Statistics, University of Oslo. His book with Andersen, Gill and Keiding on counting processes in survival analysis is a world classic. Norman E. Breslow was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus in Biostatistics, University of Washington. For decades, his book with Nick Day has been the authoritative text on case-control methodology. Nilanjan Chatterjee is Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Johns Hopkins University. He leads a broad research program in statistical methods for modern large scale biomedical studies. Mitchell H. Gail is a Senior Investigator at the National Cancer Institute. His research includes modeling absolute risk of disease, intervention trials, and statistical methods for epidemiology. Alastair Scott was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus of Statistics, University of Auckland. He was a major contributor to using survey sampling methods for analyzing case-control data. Chris J. Wild is Professor of Statistics, University of Auckland. His research includes nonlinear regression and methods for fitting models to response-selective data.

Modern Methods for Epidemiology

Author : Yu-Kang Tu
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Routine applications of advanced statistical methods on real data have become possible in the last ten years because desktop computers have become much more powerful and cheaper. However, proper understanding of the challenging statistical theory behind those methods remains essential for correct application and interpretation, and rarely seen in the medical literature. Modern Methods for Epidemiology provides a concise introduction to recent development in statistical methodologies for epidemiological and biomedical researchers. Many of these methods have become indispensible tools for researchers working in epidemiology and medicine but are rarely discussed in details by standard textbooks of biostatistics or epidemiology. Contributors of this book are experienced researchers and experts in their respective fields. This textbook provides a solid starting point for those who are new to epidemiology, and for those looking for guidance in more modern statistical approaches to observational epidemiology. Epidemiological and biomedical researchers who wish to overcome the mathematical barrier of applying those methods to their research will find this book an accessible and helpful reference for self-learning and research. This book is also a good source for teaching postgraduate students in medical statistics or epidemiology.

Biostatistical Methods in Epidemiology

Author : Stephen C. Newman
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An introduction to classical biostatistical methods inepidemiology Biostatistical Methods in Epidemiology provides anintroduction to a wide range of methods used to analyzeepidemiologic data, with a focus on nonregression techniques. Thetext includes an extensive discussion of measurement issues inepidemiology, especially confounding. Maximum likelihood,Mantel-Haenszel, and weighted least squares methods are presentedfor the analysis of closed cohort and case-control data.Kaplan-Meier and Poisson methods are described for the analysis ofcensored survival data. A justification for using odds ratiomethods in case-control studies is provided. Standardization ofrates is discussed and the construction of ordinary, multipledecrement and cause-deleted life tables is outlined. Sample sizeformulas are given for a range of epidemiologic study designs. Thetext ends with a brief overview of logistic and Cox regression.Other highlights include: Many worked examples based on actual data Discussion of exact methods Recommendations for preferred methods Extensive appendices and references Biostatistical Methods in Epidemiology provides anexcellent introduction to the subject for students, while alsoserving as a comprehensive reference for epidemiologists and otherhealth professionals. For more information, visit www.wiley.com/mathematics

Epidemiology and Medical Statistics

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This volume, representing a compilation of authoritative reviews on a multitude of uses of statistics in epidemiology and medical statistics written by internationally renowned experts, is addressed to statisticians working in biomedical and epidemiological fields who use statistical and quantitative methods in their work. While the use of statistics in these fields has a long and rich history, explosive growth of science in general and clinical and epidemiological sciences in particular have gone through a see of change, spawning the development of new methods and innovative adaptations of standard methods. Since the literature is highly scattered, the Editors have undertaken this humble exercise to document a representative collection of topics of broad interest to diverse users. The volume spans a cross section of standard topics oriented toward users in the current evolving field, as well as special topics in much need which have more recent origins. This volume was prepared especially keeping the applied statisticians in mind, emphasizing applications-oriented methods and techniques, including references to appropriate software when relevant. · Contributors are internationally renowned experts in their respective areas · Addresses emerging statistical challenges in epidemiological, biomedical, and pharmaceutical research · Methods for assessing Biomarkers, analysis of competing risks · Clinical trials including sequential and group sequential, crossover designs, cluster randomized, and adaptive designs · Structural equations modelling and longitudinal data analysis

Statistics in Epidemiology

Author : Hardeo Sahai
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Epidemiologic studies provide research strategies for investigating public health and scientific questions relating to the factors that cause and prevent ailments in human populations. Statistics in Epidemiology: Methods, Techniques and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the wide range of principles, methods and techniques underlying prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional approaches to epidemiologic studies. Written for epidemiologists and other researchers without extensive backgrounds in statistics, this new book provides a clear and concise description of the statistical tools used in epidemiology. Emphasis is given to the application of these statistical tools, and examples are provided to illustrate direct methods for applying common statistical techniques in order to obtain solutions to problems. Statistics in Epidemiology: Methods, Techniques and Applications goes beyond the elementary material found in basic epidemiology and biostatistics books and provides a detailed account of techniques:

Essential Statistical Methods for Medical Statistics

Author : J. Philip Miller
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Essential Statistical Methods for Medical Statistics presents only key contributions which have been selected from the volume in the Handbook of Statistics: Medical Statistics, Volume 27 (2009). While the use of statistics in these fields has a long and rich history, the explosive growth of science in general, and of clinical and epidemiological sciences in particular, has led to the development of new methods and innovative adaptations of standard methods. This volume is appropriately focused for individuals working in these fields. Contributors are internationally renowned experts in their respective areas. · Contributors are internationally renowned experts in their respective areas · Addresses emerging statistical challenges in epidemiological, biomedical, and pharmaceutical research · Methods for assessing Biomarkers, analysis of competing risks · Clinical trials including sequential and group sequential, crossover designs, cluster randomized, and adaptive designs · Structural equations modelling and longitudinal data analysis

Statistical Epidemiology

Author : Graham R. Law
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Statistics are a vital skill for epidemiologists and form an essential part of clinical medicine. This textbook introduces students to statistical epidemiology methods in a carefully structured and accessible format with clearly defined learning outcomes and suggested chapter orders that can be tailored to the needs of students at both undergraduate and graduate level from a range of academic backgrounds. The book covers study design, disease measuring, bias, error, analysis and modelling and is illustrated with figures, focus boxes, study questions and examples applicable to everyday clinical problems. Drawing on the authors' extensive teaching experience, the text provides an introduction to core statistical epidemiology that will be a valuable resource for students and lecturers in health and medical sciences and applied statistics, health staff, clinical researchers and data managers.

Statistical Methods in Diagnostic Medicine

Author : Xiao-Hua Zhou
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Praise for the First Edition " . . . the book is a valuable addition to the literature in thefield, serving as a much-needed guide for both clinicians andadvanced students."—Zentralblatt MATH A new edition of the cutting-edge guide to diagnostic tests inmedical research In recent years, a considerable amount of research has focusedon evolving methods for designing and analyzing diagnostic accuracystudies. Statistical Methods in Diagnostic Medicine, Second Editioncontinues to provide a comprehensive approach to the topic, guidingreaders through the necessary practices for understanding thesestudies and generalizing the results to patient populations. Following a basic introduction to measuring test accuracy andstudy design, the authors successfully define various measures ofdiagnostic accuracy, describe strategies for designing diagnosticaccuracy studies, and present key statistical methods forestimating and comparing test accuracy. Topics new to the SecondEdition include: Methods for tests designed to detect and locate lesions Recommendations for covariate-adjustment Methods for estimating and comparing predictive values andsample size calculations Correcting techniques for verification and imperfect standardbiases Sample size calculation for multiple reader studies when pilotdata are available Updated meta-analysis methods, now incorporating randomeffects Three case studies thoroughly showcase some of the questions andstatistical issues that arise in diagnostic medicine, with allassociated data provided in detailed appendices. A related web sitefeatures Fortran, SAS®, and R software packages so thatreaders can conduct their own analyses. Statistical Methods in Diagnostic Medicine, Second Edition is anexcellent supplement for biostatistics courses at the graduatelevel. It also serves as a valuable reference for clinicians andresearchers working in the fields of medicine, epidemiology, andbiostatistics.

Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Author : Steve Selvin
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Analytic procedures suitable for the study of human disease are scattered throughout the statistical and epidemiologic literature. Explanations of their properties are frequently presented in mathematical and theoretical language. This well-established text gives readers a clear understanding of the statistical methods that are widely used in epidemiologic research without depending on advanced mathematical or statistical theory. By applying these methods to actual data, Selvin reveals the strengths and weaknesses of each analytic approach. He combines techniques from the fields of statistics, biostatistics, demography and epidemiology to present a comprehensive overview that does not require computational details of the statistical techniques described. For the Third Edition, Selvin took out some old material (e.g. the section on rarely used cross-over designs) and added new material (e.g. sections on frequently used contingency table analysis). Throughout the text he enriched existing discussions with new elements, including the analysis of multi-level categorical data and simple, intuitive arguments that exponential survival times cause the hazard function to be constant. He added a dozen new applied examples to illustrate such topics as the pitfalls of proportional mortality data, the analysis of matched pair categorical data, and the age-adjustment of mortality rates based on statistical models. The most important new feature is a chapter on Poisson regression analysis. This essential statistical tool permits the multivariable analysis of rates, probabilities and counts.

Bayesian Methods in Epidemiology

Author : Lyle D. Broemeling
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Written by a biostatistics expert with over 20 years of experience in the field, Bayesian Methods in Epidemiology presents statistical methods used in epidemiology from a Bayesian viewpoint. It employs the software package WinBUGS to carry out the analyses and offers the code in the text and for download online.The book examines study designs that

Modern Statistical Methods in Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Author : United States. Department of Energy
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A tremendous amount of activity surrounding statistical methodology in chronic disease epidemiology has taken place since Mantel and Haenszel's pioneering paper in 1959. Areas of increased interest have centered around environmental and genetic risk assessment and risk extrapolation. The eleventh Research Application Conference held under the direction of SIMS brought together leading experts to discuss the theory and applications of statistical methods in chronic disease epidemiology. This book represents the proceedings of that conference.

Statistical Methods for Environmental Epidemiology with R

Author : Roger D. Peng
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As an area of statistical application, environmental epidemiology and more speci cally, the estimation of health risk associated with the exposure to - vironmental agents, has led to the development of several statistical methods and software that can then be applied to other scienti c areas. The stat- tical analyses aimed at addressing questions in environmental epidemiology have the following characteristics. Often the signal-to-noise ratio in the data is low and the targets of inference are inherently small risks. These constraints typically lead to the development and use of more sophisticated (and pot- tially less transparent) statistical models and the integration of large hi- dimensional databases. New technologies and the widespread availability of powerful computing are also adding to the complexities of scienti c inves- gation by allowing researchers to t large numbers of models and search over many sets of variables. As the number of variables measured increases, so do the degrees of freedom for in uencing the association between a risk factor and an outcome of interest. We have written this book, in part, to describe our experiences developing and applying statistical methods for the estimation for air pollution health e ects. Our experience has convinced us that the application of modern s- tistical methodology in a reproducible manner can bring to bear subst- tial bene ts to policy-makers and scientists in this area. We believe that the methods described in this book are applicable to other areas of environmental epidemiology, particularly those areas involving spatial{temporal exposures.

Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Author : Professor of Biostatistics and Epidemiology Steve Selvin
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This book combines applied and theoretical approaches to the analysis of epidemiologic issues. It goes beyond elementary material to deal with real problems generated by disease data, and delves into less usual areas such as the analysis of spatial distributions, survival data, proportional hazards regression, and "computer-intensive" approaches to statistical estimation. Each method discussed in the text is illustrated with examples which include complete sets of data. Using actual data demonstrates the strengths and weaknesses of different analytic approaches in describing a disease process. The goal of the book is to allow the reader to develop a clear understanding of analytic approaches to problems in epidemiologic data analysis without relying on sophisticated mathematics and advanced statistical theory. For the Second Edition a new chapter on the analysis of matched data has been added. This covers both discrete and continuous outcomes and explains both the classic analytic approach and the conditional logistic regression model. New sections have also been added on contingency table data, misclassification, and additive models underlying tabular data. In all the chapters there are new applications and other revisions that make this Second Edition a clearer and more helpful exposition of the way statistical tools are used to analyze epidemiologic data.

Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions

Author : Joseph L. Fleiss
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Includes a new chapter on logistic regression. Discusses the design and analysis of random trials. Explores the latest applications of sample size tables. Contains a new section on binomial distribution.

Basic Statistics and Epidemiology

Author : Antony Stewart
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This straightforward primer in basic statistics emphasises its practical use in epidemiology and public health, providing an understanding of essential topics such as study design, data analysis and statistical methods used in the execution of medical research.