Search results for: spinoza-ethics

Ethics

Author : Benedict Spinoza
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This is a reprint of a 19th century translation of ""Ethica Ordine Geometrico Demonstrata"" by Benedict de Spinoza (Baruch Spinoza, 1632-1677) first published in 1677. The translation by William Hale White (1831-1913), first published in 1883, was prepared for publication by Dr. Maja Trochimczyk, as the first volume of Moonrise Press's Classic Wisdom Book Series. The book consists of five parts: I. Of God; II. Of The Nature and Origin of the Mind, III. Of The Origin and Nature of the Affects; IV. Of Human Bondage, or of the Strength of the Affects; And V. Of the Power of the Intellect, or Of Human Liberty. Born in a Jewish-Portuguese family in Amsterdam in 1621, at 23, Spinoza was expelled from the Jewish community and is buried in a Christian Nieuwe Kerk, The Hague (he died at 44, in 1677). He was neither Jewish nor Christian in his views, and, from today's perspective may be called one of the early Classics of Awakened Wisdom, aware of the intrinsic unity of the Universe with God, the Source of all.

Spinoza s Ethics And De Intellectus Emendatione

Author : Benedictus de Spinoza
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The Ethics of Benedict de Spinoza

Author : Benedictus de Spinoza
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"High up on the roll of the world's great thinkers stands the name of Benedict de Spinoza. Not many American readers, however, have had an opportunity to become acquainted with the writings of this celebrated philosopher. Perhaps the class of minds that would take any trouble to seek for and carefully study and appreciate them may not be a large one, although, with the progress of science and general knowledge, it is doubtless increasing. In presenting to the few who may desire to read in their own language the following version of Spinoza's greatest work, the Ethics. In all complete systems of philosophy and religion a conception of God is fundamental. I will therefore only venture to add that we meet at the outset, in the First Part of the Ethics, with a definition or conception of God as the Absolutely Infinite Being, or Substance--infinite in extension as well as infinite in thought--eternal, without beginning or end--self-existent, uncaused--or to use the equivalent expression of Spinoza, causa sui, its own cause, or cause of itself. All things are in God, and nothing can be, or be conceived to be out of God. God is above all, and through all, and in all; and all things live, and move, and have their being in God. This conception is most admirably and clearly set forth. It has its source in the reason or understanding, not in the imagination, and is now very generally accepted by philosophers, men of science, and the most free and thoughtful minds everywhere. In the Second Part, the philosopher treats of the origin and nature of the human mind or soul. In the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Parts, the source and nature of the human emotions or passions are investigated, their power defined, and the way pointed out whereby their excessive and therefore hurtful action may be controlled, so that man may be enabled to live in accordance with the dictates of reason and enjoy that supreme felicity and immortality of soul which the practice of virtue, and the knowledge and intellectual love of God, can alone procure"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Spinoza on Ethics and Understanding

Author : Peter Winch
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This volume unites Peter Winch's previously unpublished work on Baruch de Spinoza. The primary source for the text is a series of seminars on Spinoza that Winch gave, first at the University of Swansea in 1982 and then at King's College London in 1989. What emerges is an original interpretation of Spinoza's work that demonstrates his continued relevance to contemporary issues in metaphysics, epistemology and ethics, and establishes connections to other philosophers - not only Spinoza's predecessors such as René Descartes, but also important 20th Century philosophers such as Ludwig Wittgenstein and Simone Weil. Alongside Winch's lectures, the volume contains an interpretive essay by David Cockburn, and an introduction by the editors.

Spinoza s Ethics and De Intellectus Emendatione

Author : Baruch Spinoza
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A Study of the Ethics of Spinoza

Author : Harold Henry Joachim
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The Ethics of Joy

Author : Youpa Andrew
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Philosopher Andrew Youpa offers a novel reading of Spinoza's moral philosophy. Unlike approaches to moral philosophy that center on praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, Youpa argues that Spinoza's moral philosophy is about how to live lovingly and joyously, not hatefully or sorrowfully. It is, fundamentally, an ethics of joy. Central to this reading is a defense of the view that there is a way of life that is best for human beings, and that what makes it best is its alignment with human nature. This is not, significantly, an ethics of accountability, or what a person does or does not deserve. Morality's role is not to assign credit or blame to individuals in an economy of good and evil; rather, it is to heal the sick and empower the vulnerable. It is an ethics centered on what, with respect to mental and physical well-being, requires our attention. Spinoza's ethics adheres to a medical model of morality, enacting and embodying a system of care to ourselves, care to others, and care to things in the world around us. From this approach, Youpa defends a comprehensive reading of Spinoza's moral philosophy, including its realism, pluralism, and the importance of friendship and education, which are the greatest sources of empowerment and joy. Empowering ourselves and others begins with love: the type of love that Spinoza refers to as the virtue of modestia, or humble devotion to others with their true well-being in mind. Youpa's examination starts with an original interpretaion of Spinoza's theory of emotions, and then turns to the metaphysical foundation of his moral philosophy and its normative and practical implications.

Ethics

Author : Benedictus de Spinoza
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Published shortly after his death in 1677, Ethics is undoubtedly Spinoza's greatest work—a fully cohesive philosophical system that strives to provide a coherent picture of reality and to comprehend the meaning of an ethical life. Following a logical step-by-step format, it defines in turn the nature of God, the mind, human bondage to the emotions, and the power of understanding, moving from a consideration of the eternal to speculate upon humanity's place in the natural order, freedom, and the path to attainable happiness. A powerful work of elegant simplicity, Ethics is a brilliantly insightful consideration of the possibility of redemption through intense thought and philosophical reflection. First time in Penguin Classics Edwin Curley's translation is considered definitive Inlcudes an introduction outlining Spinoza's philosophy and placing it in context

Ethics

Author : Benedict de Spinoza
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The Ethics is a philosophical book written by Baruch Spinoza. It was written in Latin. Although it was published posthumously in 1677, it is his most famous work, and is considered his magnum opus. In The Ethics, Spinoza attempts to demonstrate a "fully cohesive philosophical system that strives to provide a coherent picture of reality and to comprehend the meaning of an ethical life. Following a logical step-by-step format, it defines in turn the nature of God, the mind, human bondage to the emotions, and the power of understanding -- moving from a consideration of the eternal, to speculate upon humanity's place in the natural order, freedom, and the path to attainable happiness.

The Ethics

Author : Benedict de Spinoza
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Spinoza on Reason Passions and the Supreme Good

Author : Andrea Sangiacomo
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Spinoza's thought is at the centre of an ever growing interest. Spinoza's moral philosophy, in particular, points to a radical way of understanding how human beings can become free and enjoy supreme happiness. And yet, there is still much disagreement about how exactly Spinoza's recipe is supposed to work. For long time, Spinoza has been presented as an arch rationalist who would identify in the purely intellectual cultivation of reason the key for ethical progress. Andrea Sangiacomo offers a new understanding of Spinoza's project, by showing how he himself struggled during his career to develop a moral philosophy that could speak to human beings as they actually are (imperfect, passionate, often not very rational). Spinoza's views significantly evolved over time. In his early writings, Spinoza's account of ethical progress towards the Supreme Good relies mostly on the idea that the mind can build on its innate knowledge to resist the power of the passions. Although appropriate social conditions may support the individual's pursuit of the Supreme Good, achieving it does not depend essentially on social factors. In Spinoza's later writings, however, the emphasis shifts towards the mind's need to rely on appropriate forms of social cooperation. Reason becomes the mental expression of the way the human body interacts with external causes on the basis of some degree of agreement in nature with them. The greater the agreement, the greater the power of reason to adequately understand universal features as well as more specific traits of the external causes. In the case of human beings, certain kinds of social cooperation are crucial for the development of reason. This view has crucial ramifications for Spinoza's account of how individuals can progress towards the Supreme Good and how a political science based on Spinoza's principles can contribute to this goal.

Spinoza Ethics

Author : Matthew Kisner
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A new, scholarly and accessible translation of this seventeenth-century philosophical text, including an introduction, glossary and chronology.

International Journal of Ethics

Author :
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Includes section "Book reviews."

Akrasia in Spinoza s Ethics

Author : Eugene Marshall
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Spinoza on Learning to Live Together

Author : Susan James
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Philosophising, as Spinoza conceives it, is the project of learning to live joyfully. This in turn is a matter of learning to live together, and the most obvious test of philosophical insight is our capacity to sustain a harmonious way of life. Susan James defends this interpretation and explores Spinoza's influence on contemporary debates.

Ethics and De Intellectus Emendatione

Author : Benedictus de Spinoza
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A Refutation Recently Discovered of Spinoza by Leibnitz

Author : Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz
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Baruch Spinoza s Ethics

Author : Gary Slater
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Baruch Spinoza’s Ethics is a dense masterpiece of sustained argumentative reasoning. It earned its place as one of the most important and influential books in Western philosophy by virtue of its uncompromisingly direct arguments about the nature of God, the universe, free will, and human morals. Though it remains one of the densest and most challenging texts in the entire canon of Western philosophy, Ethics is also famous for Spinoza’s unique approach to ordering and constructing its arguments. As its full title – Ethics, Demonstrated in Geometrical Order – suggests, Spinoza decided to use the rigorous format of mathematical-style propositions to lay out his arguments, just as the Ancient Greek mathematician Euclid had used geometrical propositions to lay out the basic rules of geometry. In choosing such a systematic method, Spinoza’s masterwork shows the crucial aspects of good reasoning skills being employed at the highest level. The key use of reasoning is the production of an argument that is well-organised, supports its conclusions and proceeds logically towards its end. Just as a mathematician might demonstrate a geometrical proof, Spinoza sought to lay out a comprehensive philosophy for human existence – an attempt that has influenced generations of philosophers since.

Benedict de Spinoza His Life Correspondence and Ethics

Author : Robert Willis
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Spinoza s Ethics

Author : Michael Hampe
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Till today Spinoza's Ethics is a standard for enlightened theoretical and practical reasoning. His five parts are elucidated by this collective commentary. An introduction sketches the historical consequences and the still relevant philosophical ambitions of the Ethics.