Search results for: space-time-and-gravity

Space Time and Gravity

Author : Robert M. Wald
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Writing for the general reader or student, Wald has completely revised and updated this highly regarded work to include recent developments in black hole physics and cosmology. Nature called the first edition "a very readable and accurate account of modern relativity physics for the layman within the unavoidable constraint of almost no mathematics. . . . A well written, entertaining and authoritative book."

Space time

Author : Jonathan Allday
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Read an exlusive interview with Dr. Allday where he discusses the importance of the monumental first image of the black hole, here. This book, suitable for interested post-16 school pupils or undergraduates looking for a supplement to their course text, develops our modern view of space-time and its implications in the theories of gravity and cosmology. While aspects of this topic are inevitably abstract, the book seeks to ground thinking in observational and experimental evidence where possible. In addition, some of Einstein’s philosophical thoughts are explored and contrasted with our modern views. Written in an accessible yet rigorous style, Jonathan Allday, a highly accomplished writer, brings his trademark clarity and engagement to these fascinating subjects, which underpin so much of modern physics. Features: Restricted use of advanced mathematics, making the book suitable for post-16 students and undergraduates Contains discussions of key modern developments in quantum gravity, and the latest developments in the field, including results from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Accompanied by appendices on the CRC Press website featuring detailed mathematical arguments for key derivations

Gravitation and Spacetime

Author : Hans C. Ohanian
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This text provides a quantitative introduction to general relativity for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Space Time and Spacetime

Author : Vesselin Petkov
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Dedicated to the centennial anniversary of Minkowski's discovery of spacetime, this volume contains papers, most presented at the Third International Conference on the Nature and Ontology of Spacetime, that address some of the deepest questions in physics.

Beyond Spacetime

Author : Nick Huggett
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A collection of essays discussing the philosophy and foundations of quantum gravity. Written by leading philosophers and physicists in the field, chapters cover the important conceptual questions in the search for a quantum theory of gravity, and the current state of understanding among philosophers and physicists.

Relativity

Author : Albert Einstein
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The theory of relativity, explained by the greatest mind of the 20th century. Albert Einstein discusses the special and general theories of relativity, and the core concepts of modern cosmology, including time dilation, the spacetime continuum, and the energy-mass relationship, in simple non-mathematical terms.

Gravity Particles and Space time

Author : Petr Ivanovich Pronin
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This volume comprises original and review articles on the frontier problems of the gravitation theory, theoretical and mathematical physics. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Professor Dmitri Ivanenko who made the great contribution to the physical science of the twentieth century.

Spacetime Geometry and Gravitation

Author : Pankaj Sharan
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This introductory textbook on the general theory of relativity presents a solid foundation for those who want to learn about relativity. The subject is presented in a physically intuitive, but mathematically rigorous style. The topic of relativity is covered in a broad and deep manner. Besides, the aim is that after reading the book a student should not feel discouraged when she opens advanced texts on general relativity for further reading. The book consists of three parts: An introduction to the general theory of relativity. Geometrical mathematical background material. Topics that include the action principle, weak gravitational fields and gravitational waves, Schwarzschild and Kerr solution, and the Friedman equation in cosmology. The book is suitable for advanced graduates and graduates, but also for established researchers wishing to be educated about the field.

Relativity for Everyone

Author : Kurt Fischer
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This book, now in a revised and updated second edition, explains the theory of special and general relativity in detail without approaching Einstein's life or the historical background. The text is formulated in such a way that the reader will be able to understand the essence intuitively, and new sections have been added on time machines, the twin paradoxes, and tensors. The first part of the book focuses on the essentials of special relativity. It explains the famous equivalence between mass and energy and tells why Einstein was able to use the theory of electrodynamics as a template for his "electrodynamics of moving bodies". General relativity is then addressed, mainly with the help of thought experiments. Reference is made to the previously introduced special relativity and the equivalence principle and, using many figures, it is explained how space-time is bending under gravity. The climax of the book is the Einstein equation of gravity, which describes the way in which matter bends space-time. The reader is shown how to obtain the famous Schwarzschild solution. Moreover, the book presents a numerically correct and yet intuitive explanation of the classic effects such as light bending and the advance of the perihelion. The book concludes by explaining the Friedmann model of the big bang and why the theory of gravity does not fit with quantum theory.

Approaches to Quantum Gravity

Author : Daniele Oriti
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Containing contributions from leading researchers in this field, this book provides a complete overview of this field from the frontiers of theoretical physics research for graduate students and researchers. It introduces the most current approaches to this problem, and reviews their main achievements.

Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime and Black Hole Thermodynamics

Author : Robert M. Wald
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In this book, Robert Wald provides a coherent, pedagogical introduction to the formulation of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. He begins with a treatment of the ordinary one-dimensional quantum harmonic oscillator, progresses through the construction of quantum field theory in flat spacetime to possible constructions of quantum field theory in curved spacetime, and, ultimately, to an algebraic formulation of the theory. In his presentation, Wald disentangles essential features of the theory from inessential ones (such as a particle interpretation) and clarifies relationships between various approaches to the formulation of the theory. He also provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of the Unruh effect, the Hawking effect, and some of its ramifications. In particular, the subject of black hole thermodynamics, which remains an active area of research, is treated in depth. This book will be accessible to students and researchers who have had introductory courses in general relativity and quantum field theory, and will be of interest to scientists in general relativity and related fields.

Space Time Symmetry and Quantum Yang Mills Gravity

Author : Jong-Ping Hsu
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Yang–Mills gravity is a new theory, consistent with experiments, that brings gravity back to the arena of gauge field theory and quantum mechanics in flat space-time. It provides solutions to long-standing difficulties in physics, such as the incompatibility between Einstein's principle of general coordinate invariance and modern schemes for a quantum mechanical description of nature, and Noether's ‘Theorem II’ which showed that the principle of general coordinate invariance in general relativity leads to the failure of the law of conservation of energy. Yang–Mills gravity in flat space-time appears to be more physically coherent than conventional gravity in curved space-time. The problems of quantization of the gravitational field, the operational meaning of space-time coordinates and momenta, and the conservation of energy-momentum are all resolved in Yang–Mills gravity. The aim of this book is to provide a treatment of quantum Yang–Mills gravity, with an emphasis on the ideas and evidence that the gravitational field is the manifestation of space-time translational symmetry in flat space-time, and that there exists a fundamental space-time symmetry framework that can encompass all of physics, including gravity, for all inertial and non-inertial frames of reference. Contents:The Taiji Symmetry Framework (Leonardo Hsu and Jong-Ping Hsu):Space-Time Symmetry, Natural Units and Fundamental ConstantsThe Taiji Relativity FrameworkThe Principle of Limiting Continuation of Physical Laws and Coordinate Transformations for Frames with Constant AccelerationsCoordinate Transformations for Frames with Arbitrary Linear Accelerations and the Taiji Pseudo-GroupCoordinate Transformations for Rotating Frames and Experimental TestsConservation Laws and Symmetric Energy–Momentum TensorsQuantum Yang–Mills Gravity (Jong-Ping Hsu and Leonardo Hsu):The Yang–Mills–Utiyama–Weyl Framework for Internal and External Gauge SymmetriesYang–Mills Gravity Based on Flat Space-Time and Effective Curved Space-Time for Motions of Classical ObjectsExperimental Tests of Classical Yang–Mills GravityThe S-Matrix in Yang–Mills GravityQuantization of Yang–Mills Gravity and Feynman–Dyson RulesGravitational Self-Energy of the GravitonSpace-Time Gauge Identities and Finite-Loop RenormalizationA Unified Gravity–Electroweak ModelA Unified Gravity–Strong Force ModelOutlookAppendices:The Fock–Hilbert Approach to Local Symmetry and Conservation Laws in General Frames of ReferenceCalculations of Hμν in the Gravitational Field EquationTensor Properties of Physical Quantities in Taiji Space-Time Readership: Graduate students and researchers in quantum gravity. Keywords:Yang–Mills Gravity;Translational Gauge Symmetry;Space-Time Symmetry;Unified ModelKey Features:Quantum Yang–Mills gravity differs from all previous formulations of gravity in its simplicity of the Lagrangian and in its physical coherenceThe book contains a unique treatment of the ‘taiji symmetry’ frameworkThe book discusses a total unified model for all known interactions based on a generalized Yang–Mills framework

The Curvature of Spacetime

Author : Harald Fritzsch
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The concepts that Albert Einstein developed on the structure of space and time should have become a greater part of European cultural heritage, says Fritzsch (theoretical physics, U. of Munich), and sets out to disseminate those ideas beyond the domain of experts. Die Vergonene Raum-Zeit was published by Poper Verlag, Munich, in 1996. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Quantum Space

Author : Jim Baggott
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Today we are blessed with two extraordinarily successful theories of physics. The first is Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, which describes the large-scale behaviour of matter in a curved spacetime. This theory is the basis for the standard model of big bang cosmology. The discovery of gravitational waves at the LIGO observatory in the US (and then Virgo, in Italy) is only the most recent of this theory's many triumphs. The second is quantum mechanics. This theory describes the properties and behaviour of matter and radiation at their smallest scales. It is the basis for the standard model of particle physics, which builds up all the visible constituents of the universe out of collections of quarks, electrons and force-carrying particles such as photons. The discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN in Geneva is only the most recent of this theory's many triumphs. But, while they are both highly successful, these two structures leave a lot of important questions unanswered. They are also based on two different interpretations of space and time, and are therefore fundamentally incompatible. We have two descriptions but, as far as we know, we've only ever had one universe. What we need is a quantum theory of gravity. Approaches to formulating such a theory have primarily followed two paths. One leads to String Theory, which has for long been fashionable, and about which much has been written. But String Theory has become mired in problems. In this book, Jim Baggott describes "the road less travelled": an approach which takes relativity as its starting point, and leads to a structure called Loop Quantum Gravity. Baggott tells the story through the careers and pioneering work of two of the theory's most prominent contributors, Lee Smolin and Carlo Rovelli. Combining clear discussions of both quantum theory and general relativity, this book offers one of the first efforts to explain the new quantum theory of space and time.

Quantum Gravity and Entanglement Space Time is Composed of Quantized Geodesic Harmonic Oscillators

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Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

Author : Leonard Parker
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Suitable for graduate students, this book develops quantum field theory in curved spacetime in a pedagogical style.

The Nature of Space and Time

Author : Stephen Hawking
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From two of the world's great physicists—Stephen Hawking and Nobel laureate Roger Penrose—a lively debate about the nature of space and time Einstein said that the most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible. But was he right? Can the quantum theory of fields and Einstein's general theory of relativity, the two most accurate and successful theories in all of physics, be united into a single quantum theory of gravity? Can quantum and cosmos ever be combined? In The Nature of Space and Time, two of the world’s most famous physicists—Stephen Hawking (A Brief History of Time) and Roger Penrose (The Road to Reality)—debate these questions. The authors outline how their positions have further diverged on a number of key issues, including the spatial geometry of the universe, inflationary versus cyclic theories of the cosmos, and the black-hole information-loss paradox. Though much progress has been made, Hawking and Penrose stress that physicists still have further to go in their quest for a quantum theory of gravity.

Relativity

Author : Steve Adams
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Provides the essential principles and results of special relativity as required by undergraduates. The text uses a geometric interpretation of space-time so that a general theory is seen as a natural extension of the special theory. Although most results are derived from first principles, complex and distracting mathematics is avoided and all mathe

General Relativity and Gravitation

Author : M. A. H. MacCallum
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Asymptotically Safe Gravity

Author : Alessia Benedetta Platania
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This book seeks to construct a consistent fundamental quantum theory of gravity, which is often considered one of the most challenging open problems in present-day physics. It approaches this challenge using modern functional renormalization group techniques, and attempts to realize the idea of “Asymptotic Safety” originally proposed by S. Weinberg. Quite remarkably, the book makes significant progress regarding both the fundamental aspects of the program and its phenomenological consequences. The conceptual developments pioneer the construction of a well-behaved functional renormalization group equation adapted to spacetimes with a preferred time-direction. It is demonstrated that the Asymptotic Safety mechanism persists in this setting and extends to many phenomenologically interesting gravity-matter systems. These achievements constitute groundbreaking steps towards bridging the gap between quantum gravity in Euclidean and Lorentzian spacetimes.The phenomenological applications cover core topics in quantum gravity, e.g. constructing a phenomenologically viable cosmological evolution based on quantum gravity effects in the very early universe, and analyzing quantum corrections to black holes forming from a spherical collapse.As a key feature, all developments are presented in a comprehensive and accessible way. This makes the work a timely and valuable guide into the rapidly evolving field of Asymptotic Safety.