Search results for: single-subject-designs-for-school-psychologists

Single Subject Designs for School Psychologists

Author : Christopher H Skinner
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Evaluate the effects of your interventions! Single-Subject Designs for School Psychologists shows how practitioners—educators, counselors, and support personnel—can contribute to the research base in their field by using single-subject methodologies to empirically validate the effects of their interventions. This book provides the research tools to tackle real world problems such as reducing transition times; improving reading, mathematics, and writing performance; increasing on-task behavior; and enhancing public speaking skills by presenting examples and analysis of single-subject design research methods. Specific methodologies include empirical case studies, withdrawal designs, multiple-probe designs, and nonconcurrent multiple-baseline designs. This book is a useful supplement for research-design classes being offered to education professionals. This text provides real world examples that demonstrate how practitioners who work with individual students or entire classes can conduct important intervention research—while at the same time educating. The applied interventions are designed to alter a variety of different unfavorable behaviors while reducing students’ and educators’ fear of research. This extensively referenced source includes helpful charts and tables to clearly illustrate research data. Single-Subject Designs for School Psychologists discusses: intervention evaluation and validation procedures the Timely Transitions Game—combining explicit timing with an interdependent group contingency program to decrease transition times enhancing class-wide reading performance by using interdependent group contingencies with randomly selected criteria and paired reading a self-modeling intervention for high school students with public speaking anxiety delayed praise as a directive and its effectiveness on on-task behavior decreasing transition times in a second grade classroom a description and demonstration of the nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design using a low-tech self-managed time-delay intervention to increase division fact fluency Single-Subject Designs for School Psychologists is a valuable how-to guide for school psychologists, special education teachers, behavioral consultants, school counselors, school social workers, support personnel, general education teachers, or for any helping professional wishing to contribute to the advancement of their field.

School Psychology for the 21st Century

Author : Kenneth W. Merrell
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A leading introductory text, this authoritative volume comprehensively describes the school psychologist's role in promoting positive academic, behavioral, and emotional outcomes for all students. The book emphasizes a problem-solving-based, data-driven ?approach to practice in today's diverse schools. It grounds the reader in the concepts and tools needed to become a competent, ethical practitioner; implement and evaluate multi-tiered interventions; and facilitate systems-level change. Useful pedagogical features include illustrative vignettes and end-of-chapter discussion questions and activities. ? New to This Edition *Incorporates up-to-date research findings and professional standards. *Expanded coverage of response to intervention, cultural and linguistic diversity issues, and evidence-based practice in mental health. *Chapter on legal issues includes expanded coverage of IDEIA and other recent federal mandates.

Single Subject Designs in Biomedicine

Author : Janine E. Janosky
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Single Subject Designs in Biomedicine draws upon the rich history of single case research within the educational and behavioral research settings and extends the application to the field of biomedicine. Biomedical illustrations are used to demonstrate the processes of designing, implementing, and evaluating a single subject design. Strengths and limitations of various methodologies are presented, along with specific clinical areas of application in which these applications would be appropriate. Statistical and visual techniques for data analysis are also discussed. The breadth and depth of information provided is suitable for medical students in research oriented courses, primary care practitioners and medical specialists seeking to apply methods of evidence practice to improve patient care, and medical researchers who are expanding their methodological expertise to include single subject designs. Increasing awareness of the utility in the single subject design could enhance treatment approach and evaluation both in biomedical research and medical care settings.

Single Subject Research Methodology in Behavioral Sciences

Author : Jennifer R. Ledford
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This book is written for student researchers, practitioners, and university faculty who are interested in answering applied research questions and objectively evaluating educational and clinical practices. The basic tenet of single-subject research methodology is that the individual is of primary importance and that each individual study participant serves as his or her own control. It is because of this focus on the individual that clinicians and educators have been using single-subject research designs for over 40 years to answer applied research questions. Although the methodology has its roots in behavioral psychology and applied behavioral analysis, it has been used by applied researchers across a variety of disciplines such as special education, speech and communication sciences, language and literacy, therapeutic recreation, occupational therapy, and social work. Key features include the following: Applied Focus – More than any other text, this one focuses on the nuts and bolts of how to use single-subject research in constructing one’s research project or in evaluating one’s professional practice. Numerous and Varied Examples – The book abounds in examples from special education and other disciplines and populations within the applied research literature. Reader Friendly – The text is written in a reader friendly style, features sample data sheets and graphic displays, and includes detailed guidelines for conducting visual analysis of graphic data. Expertise – The author’s long and distinguished career in teaching single-subject research is augmented in this book by contributions from other experts in the field.

Single Subject Research

Author : Thomas R Kratochwill
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Single Subject Research: Strategies for Evaluating Change presents an overview of strategies used to evaluate change in single subject research, a particular approach referring to time-series paradigms in which each subject is used repeatedly. These strategies include research design, graphical analysis, and statistical tests, and it will be apparent that such designs extend beyond those commonly employed in applied behavioral research. The book opens with a brief historical perspective of time-series and other small group research. Separate chapters follow covering the analysis of graphic data as being of singular importance in single subject research; the units-of-analysis issue and a nonparametric randomization approach to data analysis; and the growing awareness among researchers that understanding the individual characteristics of interacting subjects may be inadequate for understanding the process that has taken place between them. The final chapter reviews the advantages and disadvantages of the analytic methods presented in the previous chapters. This volume will be of interest to those individuals actively engaged in educational and psychological experimentation for which single subject research strategies are or may prove to be valuable. Students desiring to supplement their knowledge of a unique and rapidly emerging area of statistical analysis as applied to single subject research designs will also find this volume of importance.

Single Case Research Design and Analysis Psychology Revivals

Author : Thomas R. Kratochwill
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Originally published in 1992, the editors of this volume fulfill three main goals: to take stock of progress in the development of data-analysis procedures for single-subject research; to clearly explain errors of application and consider them within the context of new theoretical and empirical information of the time; and to closely examine new developments in the analysis of data from single-subject or small n experiments. To meet these goals, this book provides examples of applicable single-subject research data analysis. It presents a wide variety of topics and perspectives and hopes that readers will select the data-analysis strategies that best reflect their methodological approaches, statistical sophistication, and philosophical beliefs. These strategies include visual analysis, nonparametric tests, time-series experiments, applications of statistical procedures for multiple behaviors, applications of meta-analysis in single-subject research, and discussions of issues related to the application and misapplication of selected techniques.

The Handbook of School Psychology

Author : Cecil R. Reynolds
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The Fourth Edition of The Handbook of School Psychology continues the tradition of providing a unique and comprehensive outlet for disseminating the collective wisdom and insight of outstanding scholars working in the field of school psychology. This edition brings together the field's latest developments in research and practice, highlighting domains in which there has emerged both growing consensus and vibrant cross currents of thought and analysis. Featuring chapters with new foci, authors, and content, this edition showcases the trajectory of the field and is intended to lead students forward into an increasingly challenging and rewarding future.

Handbook of Evidence Based Practice in Clinical Psychology Child and Adolescent Disorders

Author : Michel Hersen
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Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology, Volume 1 covers the evidence-based practices now identified for treating children and adolescents with a wide range of DSM disorders. Topics include fundamental issues, developmental disorders, behavior and habit disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, and eating disorders. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of the evidence-based practice literature for each disorder and then covers several different treatment types for clinical implementation. Edited by the renowned Peter Sturmey and Michel Hersen and featuring contributions from experts in the field, this reference is ideal for academics, researchers, and libraries.

School Psychology Review

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SSD for R

Author : Charles Auerbach PhD
File Size : 66.22 MB
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Single-subject research designs have been used to build evidence to the effective treatment of problems across various disciplines including social work, psychology, psychiatry, medicine, allied health fields, juvenile justice, and special education. This book serves as a guide for those desiring to conduct single-subject data analysis. The aim of this text is to introduce readers to the various functions available in SSD for R, a new, free, and innovative software package written in R-the open-source statistical programming language, written by the book's authors, Charles Auerbach and Wendy Zeitlin. SSD for R has numerous graphing and charting functions to conduct robust visual analysis. Besides the ability to create simple line graphs, additional features are available to add mean, median and standard deviation lines across phases to help better visualize change over time. This book also contains numerous tests of statistical significance, such as t-tests, chi-squares and the conservative dual criteria. Auerbach and Zeitlin guide readers through the analytical process based on the characteristics of their data. Several examples and illustrations are provided throughout to help readers understand the wide range of functions available in SSD for R and their application to data analysis and interpretation. SSD for R is the only book of its kind to describe single-subject data analysis while providing free statistical software to do so. Additionally, the authors have an active website (http://ssdanalysis.com) with a growing number of instructional videos and a blog to build a community of researchers interested in single-subject designs.

Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Author : Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN
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"Neuropsychological Rehabilitation provides useful introductory material and backgroundinformation on various disorders, assessments, and rehabilitative interventions for adult andgeriatric populations...This book is essential for psychologists or clinical neuropsychologists who have a stronginterest in understanding the current medical aspects of neuropsychological rehabilitation."--PsycCRITIQUES This volume disseminates knowledge about the most advanced practices and techniques in the rehabilitation of neuropsychological deficits, covering both specific neuropsychological domains and approaches in neurorehabilitation. It adheres to the philosophy that it is not enough to identify a deficit or diagnose a disease unless doing so helps to direct rehabilitation efforts to improve function. Intended to advance clinical skills, the book goes beyond surface diagnostic practice to foster rehabilitative efforts in response to residual deficits and disease. The volume begins by addressing the foundations of neuropsychology in rehabilitation and discussing, in depth, domain-specific rehabilitation practices, with a focus on functioning. This is followed by a discussion of supplemental applications and practices that go beyond function-specific methodology including neuroimaging and pharmacological agents. Also covered is the role of system/environmental manipulation and transitioning strategies. The final section attends to those presentations/groupings most commonly seen in rehabilitation practice for which there is no prototypical form. Key Features: Presents in depth the most advanced clinical applications for neuropsychological rehabilitation Covers neuropsychological rehabilitation in terms of specific cognitive domains (attention, language, memory) and approaches to and practices in neurorehabilitation (neuroimaging, vocational rehabilitation, pharmacological rehabilitation) Written by the foremost scholars in the field

Research Methods in Psychology

Author : Wendy A. Schweigert
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Suitable as a primary text or as a supplement, this versatile handbook is ideal for any research-oriented psychology course. Each chapter independently covers a commonly used research method, giving instructors the flexibility to tailor the book to meet the needs of their courses. Chapter outlines, concept questions and exercises (along with a selected set of answers), lists of important terms and concepts, and clearly written explanations of basic statistical techniques are among the books many notable features. Basic guidelines of how to write, format, and publish research results emphasize a hands-on approach to conducting psychological research. The Third Edition includes a new full chapter on literature searches and more information on the Internets role in various facets of research. Schweigerts clear, succinct writing style, her focus on the fundamentals of research design, and her thorough coverage engage students who are at all levels of exposure to research methods. In the end, all students will learn to embrace the ethics and process of collecting and presenting useful, accurate data.

Multicultural Issues in School Psychology

Author : Bonnie K. Nastasi
File Size : 57.80 MB
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Make a professional commitment to developing knowledge and awareness of your students' cultural differences. Multicultural Issues in School Psychology presents theoretical and empirical models that provide a framework for addressing cross-cultural concerns and introducing culturally specific services in school psychology practice. This unique book connects scientific knowledge with practical applications to address issues related to assessment, intervention, consultation, systems/community intervention, home-school partnerships, and the adoption of evidence-based interventions. The book also looks at the school psychologist’s role in multicultural practice and the implications for developing culturally competent practitioners. Thsi book provides much-needed practical guidance in theory development, research, training, policy, and practice. The books contributors, all active participants in the effort to develop multicultural perspectives and practices in schools, address the importance of an ecological perspective, the broad and varied definitions of culture, the involvement of stakeholders in decision making, innovative approaches to data collection and intervention design, and the reconsideration of the school psychologist’s role. Multicultural Issues in School Psychology examines: a mixed-methods technique for developing culturally sound assessment tools a culture-specific, peer victimization intervention for addressing the effects of bullying on middle school students the instructional needs of English language learners in non-bilingual settings an illustrative case study of Hmong parents in home-school partnerships various issues concerning multicultural interventions at a system level coding criteria for reviewing, evaluating, and identifying effective interventions and much more Multicultural Issues in School Psychology is an essential professional resource for counselors and researchers working in the field of adolescent health, particularly drug abuse, and for practicing psychologists, child clinical psychologists, and mental health professionals working in educational settings.

Methods in Educational Research

Author : Marguerite G. Lodico
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Methods in Educational Research Methods in Educational Research is designed to prepare students for the real world of educational research. It focuses on scientifically-based methods, school accountability, and the professional demands of the twenty-first century, empowering researchers to take an active role in conducting research in their classrooms, districts, and the greater educational community. Like the first edition, this edition helps students, educators, and researchers develop a broad and deep understanding of research methodologies. It includes substantial new content on the impact of No Child Left Behind legislation, school reform, quantitative and qualitative methodologies, logic modeling, action research, and other areas. Special features to assist the teaching and learning processes include vignettes illustrating research tied to practice, suggested readings at the end of each chapter, and discussion questions to reinforce chapter content. Praise for the Previous Edition "A new attempt to make this subject more relevant and appealing to students. Most striking is how useful this book is because it is really grounded in educational research. It is very well written and quite relevant for educational researchers or for the student hoping to become one." -PsycCRITIQUES/American Psychological Association "I applaud the authors for their attempt to cover a wide range of material. The straightforward language of the book helps make the material understandable for readers." -Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation

Mixed Methodology

Author : Abbas Tashakkori
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Looking for a practical guide to using mixed methodologies? This book explores the most effective way to combine qualitative and quantitative techniques. It begins with a discussion of the paradigm wars between positivism and constructivism, explains the difference between using mixed methods in just the research methodology portion of a study versus using mixed model studies across all phases of the process, and then presents a typology of mixed methods and mixed model studies.

Psychology of School Learning

Author : Paul Erick Johnson
File Size : 69.73 MB
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Behavior Management

Author : Thomas J. Zirpoli
File Size : 40.77 MB
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For undergraduate and Special Education or General Education graduate courses in Special Education, Behavior Management and Classroom Management, or Applied Behavior Analysis. Behavior Management: Applications for Teachers, Fifth Edition, provides a comprehensive and theoretical overview of behavior management and classroom management that includes introduction, definitions, assessment (functional and formal), strategies, numerous applications, field-based examples, and real-life case studies. The focus of the strategies presented in this text is on positive behavioral support and the prevention of challenging behavior within the classroom setting. Particular attention is paid to special populations, such as young children, teens, and students from diverse backgrounds. The text is packed with classroom connection vignettes, follow-up discussion questions per classroom connection, practical applications and examples so that the content is clear to the reader and easily applied to the classroom. The author clearly examines appropriate implementation strategies to use in a variety of settings--from classroom and recreational venues, to day care centers and in the home. often-ignored issues encountered by classroom teachers on a daily basis: diversity, assessment, legal challenges, and specific age-related concerns. Recognizing that the most-effective behavior management strategy is teaching and reinforcing appropriate behavior, this applications-targeted text again provides a thorough treatment of both the technical and the functional aspects of behavior analysis.

The Individual Subject and Scientific Psychology

Author : Jaan Valsiner
File Size : 49.48 MB
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Handbook of Response to Intervention

Author : Shane R. Jimerson
File Size : 80.24 MB
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Until now, practitioners have had access to few detailed descriptions of RTI methods and the effective role they can play in special education. The Handbook of Response to Intervention fills this critical information gap. In this comprehensive volume, more than 90 expert scholars and practitioners provide a guide to the essentials of RTI assessment and identification as well as research-based interventions for improving students’ reading, writing, oral, and math skills.

International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Author : Alan S. Bellack
File Size : 61.92 MB
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The rapid growth of behavior therapy over the past 20 years has been well doc umented. Yet the geometric expansion of the field has been so great that it deserves to be recounted. We all received our graduate training in the mid to late 1960s. Courses in behavior therapy were then a rarity. Behavioral training was based more on informal tutorials than on systematic programs of study. The behavioral literature was so circumscribed that it could be easily mastered in a few months of study. A mere half-dozen books (by Wolpe, Lazarus, Eysenck, Ullmann, and Krasner) more-or-Iess comprised the behavioral library in the mid- 1960s. Semirial works by Ayllon and Azrin, Bandura, Franks, and Kanfer in 1968 and 1969 made it only slightly more difficult to survey the field. Keeping abreast of new developments was not very difficult, as Behaviour Research and Therapy and the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis were the only regular outlets for behavioral articles until the end of the decade, when Behavior Therapy and Be havior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry first appeared. We are too young to be maudlin, but "Oh for the good old days!" One of us did a quick survey of his bookshelves and stopped counting books with behavior or behavioral in the titles when he reached 100. There were at least half again as many behavioral books without those words in the title.