Shadows of the Mind

A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness

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Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195106466

Category: Computers

Page: 457

View: 7024

Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and the role of microtubules

Mind, Matter and Quantum Mechanics

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Author: Henry P. Stapp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540407614

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 6199

"Scientists other than quantum physicists often fail to comprehend the enormity of the conceptual change wrought by quantum theory in our basic conception of the nature of matter," writes Henry Stapp. Stapp is a leading quantum physicist who has given particularly careful thought to the implications of the theory that lies at the heart of modern physics. In this book, which contains several of his key papers as well as new material, he focuses on the problem of consciousness and explains how quantum mechanics allows causally effective conscious thought to be combined in a natural way with the physical brain made of neurons and atoms. The book is divided into four sections. The first consists of an extended introduction. Key foundational and somewhat more technical papers are included in the second part, together with a clear exposition of the "orthodox" interpretation of quantum mechanics. The third part addresses, in a non-technical fashion, the implications of the theory for some of the most profound questions that mankind has contemplated: How does the world come to be just what it is and not something else? How should humans view themselves in a quantum universe? What will be the impact on society of the revised scientific image of the nature of man? The final part contains a mathematical appendix for the specialist and a glossary of important terms and ideas for the interested layman. This third edition has been significantly expanded with two new chapters covering the author's most recent work.

Infinity and the Mind

The Science and Philosophy of the Infinite

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Author: Rudy von Bitter Rucker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691001722

Category: Nature

Page: 342

View: 1256

In Infinity and the Mind, Rudy Rucker leads an excursion to that stretch of the universe he calls the "Mindscape," where he explores infinity in all its forms: potential and actual, mathematical and physical, theological and mundane. Rucker acquaints us with Gödel's rotating universe, in which it is theoretically possible to travel into the past, and explains an interpretation of quantum mechanics in which billions of parallel worlds are produced every microsecond. It is in the realm of infinity, he maintains, that mathematics, science, and logic merge with the fantastic. By closely examining the paradoxes that arise from this merging, we can learn a great deal about the human mind, its powers, and its limitations. Using cartoons, puzzles, and quotations to enliven his text, Rucker guides us through such topics as the paradoxes of set theory, the possibilities of physical infinities, and the results of Gödel's incompleteness theorems. His personal encounters with Gödel the mathematician and philosopher provide a rare glimpse at genius and reveal what very few mathematicians have dared to admit: the transcendent implications of Platonic realism.

The Mystery of the Quantum World

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Author: Euan J. Squires

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050509

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 9191

Quantum mechanics stands as one of the most remarkable achievements of the 20th century, providing startling insight into the nature of matter and a spectacularly successful predictive theory. However, while the predictive ability of the quantum theory has been rigorously tested time and again, so that it now satisfies any criterion of reliability as a tool of scientific inquiry, fundamental difficulties remain with its interpretation. The Mystery of the Quantum World, Second Edition introduces the philosophical issues raised by the success of the quantum theory and lucidly outlines the different points of view adopted by various physicists striving to understand the meaning underlying the theories used every day. The author encourages you to see how the most successful of physical theories is relevant to issues outside physics. Revised and expanded, this edition includes a new chapter that introduces the most important of the recent developments in quantum theory. The authoritative selection of topics ensures that readers already familiar with the first edition of the book will extend their knowledge of quantum theory, and those with no previous knowledge acquire an insight into this fascinating world.

Penrose Tiles to Trapdoor Ciphers

And the Return of Dr Matrix

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Author: Martin Gardner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855218

Category: Mathematics

Page: 319

View: 3752

Here is another collection drawn from Martin Gardner's 'Mathematical Games' column in Scientific American. Each chapter explores a different theme, for example fractals, surreal numbers, the sculptures of Berrocal, tiling the plane, Ramsey theory and code breaking, all combining to create a rich diet of recreational mathematics. Most chapters can be readily understood by the uninitiated: at each turn there are challenges for the reader and a wealth of references for further reading. Gardner's clarity of style and ability systematically to simplify the complex make this an excellent vehicle in which to start or continue an interest in recreational mathematics.

Terrible Beauty: A Cultural History of the Twentieth Century

The People and Ideas that Shaped the Modern Mind: A History

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Author: Peter Watson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 178022673X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 848

View: 6240

A history of the twentieth century which covers all the ideas, people, great events, literary and artistic movements, scientific discoveries which have shaped the twentieth century. Terrible Beauty presents a unique narrative of the twentieth century. Unlike more conventional histories, where the focus is on political events and personalities, on wars, treaties and elections, this book concentrates on the ideas that made the century so rich, rewarding and provocative. Beginning with four seminal ideas which were introduced in 1900 - the unconscious, the gene, the quantum and Picasso's first paintings in Paris - the book brings together the main areas of thought and juxtaposes the most original and influential ideas of our time in an immensely readable narrative. From the creation of plastic to Norman Mailer, from the discovery of the 'Big Bang' to the Counterculture, from Relativity to Susan Sontag, from Proust to Salman Rushdie, and Henri Bergson to Saul Bellow, the book's range is encyclopedic. We meet in these pages the other twentieth century, the writers, the artists, the scientists and philosophers who were not cowed by the political and military disasters raging around them, and produced some of the most amazing and rewarding ideas by which we live. Terrible Beauty, endlessly stimulating and provocative, affirms that there was much more to the twentieth century than war and genocide.

Faith on Trial

Analyze the Evidence for the Death and Resurrection of Jesus

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Author: Pamela Binnings Ewen

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 1433680041

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 6246

For those without faith or with lingering moments of doubt, Faith on Trial sets forth solid evidence for the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ – much of it only becoming available in the last few decades. Lawyer, author, and former agnostic Pamela Binnings Ewen illuminates Christianity as the only world religion that can be based upon verifiable facts. Developing those facts, she invites readers into the jury box and then examines under court-required standards the gospel testimonies of the witnesses: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Were these authors of the gospels writing from personal knowledge, or was it second-hand information? Holding bedrock Christian beliefs up for detailed scrutiny, Faith on Trial forms a powerful chain of proof using archeological, historic, scientific, manuscript-based, and even medical evidence to build the case. Facts and reason are not provided as substitutes for faith in Faith On Trial. But for those seeking answers, or those who doubt, these facts and reason can provide the key to revelation and a firm foundation for faith.

Actual Consciousness

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Author: Ted Honderich

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191023868

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 1189

What is it for you to be conscious? There is no agreement whatever in philosophy or science: it has remained a hard problem, a mystery. Is this partly or mainly owed to the existing theories not even having the same subject, not answering the same question? In Actual Consciousness, Ted Honderich sets out to supersede dualisms, objective physicalisms, abstract functionalism, externalisms, and other positions in the debate. He argues that the theory of Actualism, right or wrong, is unprecedented, in nine ways. (1) It begins from gathered data and proceeds to an adequate initial clarification of consciousness in the primary ordinary sense. This consciousness is summed up as something's being actual. (2) Like basic science, Actualism proceeds from this metaphorical or figurative beginning to what is wholly literal and explicit—constructed answers to the questions of what is actual and what it is for it to be actual. (3) In so doing, the theory respects the differences of consciousness within perception, consciousness that is thinking in a generic sense, and consciousness that is generic wanting. (4) What is actual with your perceptual consciousness is a subjective physical world out there, very likely a room, differently real from the objective physical world, that other division of the physical world. (5) What it is for the myriad subjective physical worlds to be actual is for them to be subjectively physical, which is exhaustively characterized. (6) What is actual with cognitive and affective consciousness is affirmed or valued representations. The representations being actual, which is essential to their nature, is their being differently subjectively physical from the subjective physical worlds. (7) Actualism, naturally enough when you think of it, but unlike any other existing general theory of consciousness, is thus externalist with perceptual consciousness but internalist with respect to cognitive and affective consciousness. (8) It satisfies rigorous criteria got from examination of the failures of the existing theories. In particular, it explains the role of subjectivity in thinking about consciousness, including a special subjectivity that is individuality. (9) Philosophers and scientists have regularly said that thinking about consciousness requires just giving up the old stuff and starting again. Actualism does this. Science is served by this main line philosophy, which is concentration on the logic of ordinary intelligence—clarity, consistency and validity, completeness, generality.

The Creative Mind

Myths and Mechanisms

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Author: Margaret A. Boden

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415314527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 4146

This work uses examples such as jazz improvization, chess, story writing, physics, and the music of Mozart together with computing models from the field of artificial intelligence to uncover the nature of human creativity in the arts, science and everyday life.

The Calculi of Lambda-conversion

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Author: Alonzo Church

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691083940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 77

View: 2853

The description for this book, The Calculi of Lambda Conversion. (AM-6), Volume 6, will be forthcoming.