Search results for: selected-papers-on-language-and-the-brain

Selected papers on language and the brain

Author : Norman Geschwind
File Size : 49.70 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 665
Read : 741
Download »

Selected Papers on Language and the Brain

Author : Norman Geschwind
File Size : 31.63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 729
Read : 299
Download »

Selected Papers on Language and the Brain

Author : N. Geschwind
File Size : 58.52 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 213
Read : 313
Download »
Philosophers of science work not only with the methods of the sciences but with their contents as well. Substantive issues concerning the relation between mind and matter, between the material basis and the functions of cognition, have been central within the entire history of philosophy. We recall such philosophers as Aristotle, Descartes, the early Kant, Ernst Mach, and the early William James as directly inquiring of the organs and structures of thinking. Science and its philosophical self-criticism are especially and deeply united in the effort to understand the biological brain and human behavior, and so it requires no apology to include this collection of clinical studies among Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. The work of Dr. Norman Geschwind, well represented in this selection, explores the relation between structure and function, between the anatomy of the brain and the 'higher' behavior of men and women. As a clinical neurologist, Geschwind was led to these studies particularly by his in terest in those pathologies which have to do with human perception and language. His research into the anatomical substrates of specific dis orders-and strikingly the aphasias -present a fascinating and provocative examination of fundamental questions which will concern not neurologists alone but also psychologists, physicians, linguists, speech pathologists, educators, anthropologists, historians of medicine, and philosophers, among others, namely all those interested in the characteristic modes of human activity, in speech, in perception, and in the learning process generally.

Neuropsychology of Language Reading and Spelling

Author : Ursula Kirk
File Size : 63.29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 376
Read : 529
Download »
Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling explores the many neural systems and subsystems that contribute to the production and comprehension of oral and written language. This book is organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters that emerged from the 1980 International Conference on the Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling, sponsored by the Program in Neurosciences and Education at Teachers College, Columbia University. This conference highlights the neurological and behavioral interrelatedness of language, reading, and spelling. After briefly dealing with the cognitive and language development, as well as learning to read and to spell as instances of acquiring skill, this book goes on discussing the activity of the learner in the development skill, the influence of interacting forces in the developing nervous systems, and the role of peripheral mechanisms in the development of speech and language. A chapter examines the central integrative mechanisms, specifically the electrophysiological research with infants on the dependence of language perception on multidimensional, complexes processes, and not solely as a left- or right-hemisphere task. This chapter also provides evidence of discrete localization of language processes within the dominant hemisphere at both cortical and subcortical levels. The final four chapters are devoted to an analysis of developmental disorders from the varied perspectives of neurology, linguistics, neuropsychology, and education. This book will be of value to neuropsychologists and developmental biologists.

Physical Eloquence and the Biology of Writing

Author : Robert Ochsner
File Size : 39.90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 473
Read : 899
Download »
As a statement about literacy, this book recommends an approach to teaching writing that stresses the neurological foundations of written English, mastered almost like a foreign language. "Physical eloquence" refers to neurological processes of hand, eye, and ear that every writer must control in order to generate and simultaneously to interpret a written text. "Biology of writing" refers to innate or otherwise untaught abilities that all people have for acquiring prose and which are not enhanced by formal learning. Ochsner promotes a realistic writing curriculum that stresses subconscious processes in the biology of the writing process rather than planned, rehearsed, and formally practiced activities for learning to write. He concludes that successful literacy instruction depends on a teacher's willingness to take into account the supremacy of popular culture and the ascendancy of its spoken idiom.

Neurology for the Speech Language Pathologist E Book

Author : Wanda Webb
File Size : 50.30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 866
Read : 744
Download »
The concise, easy-to-understand Neurology for the Speech-Language Pathologist, 6th Edition provides students and clinicians with a practical guide for the study and understanding of neurology in speech-language pathology (SLP). Correlated with clinical syndromes and diseases seen in SLP, it gives you a solid understanding of the nervous system, including: development of the nervous system, organization of the brain, protective mechanisms, descending motor and ascending sensory pathways, and cranial nerves. New content, case studies, and a strong clinical focus make this new edition essential as you move into practice. Case studies and clinical applications in clinically oriented chapters provide you with realistic clinical applications. Presents complex information clearly in a concise, easy-to-understand manner. Clinical emphasis throughout makes this text valuable as you move into clinical practice — and prepare for the Praxis exam. Evolve companion website has vocabulary flashcards and study questions with answers so students can assess their knowledge. Key terms in each chapter and an end-of-text glossary give you easy access to accurate, concise definitions. NEW! Separate section on pediatric speech and language disorders, including a chapter on the developing brain. EXPANDED! Updated sections on neurodiagnostic and neuroimaging procedures, as well as childhood apraxia of speech, fluency disorders, Autism, and TBI. NEW! Updated discussion of the anatomy and function of the cerebellum gives you the most current information. UPDATED! Covers the latest neuroimaging research on anatomy, physiology, and disorders of speech-language. EXPANDED! Discusses the brain connectivity and the neural network underlying learning and language. EXPANDED! Addresses motor control for speech production so you stay in the know.

Selected Papers

Author : Robert J. Di Pietro
File Size : 89.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 676
Read : 237
Download »
This volume represents the wide range of interests that comprise applied linguistics today. Contains new approaches to such current topics as discourse analysis, code-switching, second-language acquisition, and functional/notational syllabi for language teaching.

Cognitive and Communication Interventions

Author : Martha S. Burns
File Size : 87.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 924
Read : 237
Download »
Understanding the recent science about how therapy changes the brain can empower clinicians to face the challenges of increasingly demanding medical and educational settings. However, many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are unaware of the vast impact new neuroscience research has on clinical practice. Cognitive and Communication Interventions: Neuroscience Applications for Speech-Language Pathologists is a practical guide that informs and enables SLP’s, clinical psychologists, and other therapeutic professionals to use new research to enhance their clinical outcomes. Although based on independent neuroscience principles and research, this unique book is designed to be a readable and scientifically sound clinical guidebook. Written with the busy clinician in mind, this professional resource uses accessible, easy-to-understand language to walk readers through the complexities of neuroscience and provide workable strategies for application. The beginning chapters break down important concepts, such as neuroplasticity, environmental stressors, and connectomics, to create a base of understanding. The middle chapters delve into recent investigations of factors that potentially affect typical brain development, as well as disrupt connectomics. The final chapters provide neuroscience considerations for intervention, including the “What, How, and When” of therapy and other important considerations for individualizing and maximizing outcomes. Throughout the book, clinicians will also find case studies that provide examples of the practical applications of neuroscience research and study questions to improve memory and inference.

Autopoiesis and Cognition

Author : H.R. Maturana
File Size : 45.37 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 147
Read : 1271
Download »
This is a bold, brilliant, provocative and puzzling work. It demands a radical shift in standpoint, an almost paradoxical posture in which living systems are described in terms of what lies outside the domain of descriptions. Professor Humberto Maturana, with his colleague Francisco Varela, have undertaken the construction of a systematic theoretical biology which attempts to define living systems not as they are objects of observation and description, nor even as in teracting systems, but as self-contained unities whose only reference is to them selves. Thus, the standpoint of description of such unities from the 'outside', i. e. , by an observer, already seems to violate the fundamental requirement which Maturana and Varela posit for the characterization of such system- namely, that they are autonomous, self-referring and self-constructing closed systems - in short, autopoietic systems in their terms. Yet, on the basis of such a conceptual method, and such a theory of living systems, Maturana goes on to define cognition as a biological phenomenon; as, in effect, the very nature of all living systems. And on this basis, to generate the very domains of interac tion among such systems which constitute language, description and thinking.

Studies in Language Origins

Author : Walburga von Raffler-Engel
File Size : 74.83 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 265
Read : 820
Download »
The question of language origin has fascinated people for years. The contributions in the present book stem primarely from the papers presented at the Third International Meeting of the Language Origins Society (LOS) held at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, June 1988. The contributors approach the problem not only from the viewpoint of linguistics, but also from that of anatomy, physiology, social sciences, physical anthropology, paleoanthropology, paleontology, comparative zoology, general biology, ethology, evolutionary biology and psychology.

Neurolinguistics and Linguistic Aphasiology

Author : David Caplan
File Size : 50.95 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 453
Read : 752
Download »
A comprehensive introduction to the emerging fields of neurolinguistics and linguistic aphasiology stresses concepts from the contributing disciplines of neurology, linguistics, psychology and speech.

The Pursuit of Inquiry

Author : Jay Schulkin
File Size : 38.72 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 102
Read : 1003
Download »
In an age of over specialization, The Pursuit of Inquiry is a book that bridges the disciplines of speculative philosophy and ongoing empirical research in psychology, biology, and neuroscience.

Cognition and Motor Processes

Author : W. Prinz
File Size : 56.43 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 144
Read : 389
Download »
The issue of the relationship between cognition and motor processes can be - and has been - raised at different levels of analysis. At the neurophysiological level it refers to the interactions between afferent and efferent information. At the neurological and neuropsychological level it relates to the mutual dependencies between the sensory and the motor part of the brain, or, more precisely, between sensory and motor functions of various parts of the brain. In psychology, the issue under debate concerns, at a molecular level, the relationship between percep tion and movement or, at a more molar level, the relations between cognition and action. For the title of this book we deliberately decided to combine two terms that are taken from two of these levels ,in order to emphasize both the multilevel structure of the issues involved and the multidis ciplinary nature of the following contributions. Although the term "cognition" has been tremendously misused in recent years (at least in psychology), it is still the only term available to serve as a convenient collective name for all sorts of cognitive processes and functions.

Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Author : Philipp Strazny
File Size : 69.65 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 774
Read : 392
Download »
Utilizing a historical and international approach, this valuable two-volume resource makes even the more complex linguistic issues understandable for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically arranged entries and an expansive glossary by a team of international scholars, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the varied perspectives, figures, and methodologies that make up the field.

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders

Author : Ilias Papathanasiou
File Size : 56.92 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 640
Read : 1315
Download »
"Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders is designed for the graduate course on Aphasia. Part 1 of the textbook covers aphasiology, while part 2 addresses related disorders. Overall, the textbook offers an overview of aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders by presenting important recent advances and clinically relevant information. It emphasizes Evidence Based Practice by critically reviewing the pertinent literature and its relevance for best clinical practices. Case studies in all clinical chapters illustrate key topics, and a "Future Directions" section in each chapter provides insight on where the field may be headed. The WHO ICF Framework is introduced in the beginning of the text and then reinforced and infused throughout"--

Aphasia and Its Therapy

Author : Anna Basso
File Size : 36.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 301
Read : 1281
Download »
This is the first single-authored book to attempt to bridge the gap between aphasia research and the rehabilitation of patients with this language disorder. Studies of the deficits underlying aphasia and the practice of aphasia rehabilitation have often diverged, and the relationship between theory and practice in aphasiology is loose. The goal of this book is to help close this gap by making explicit the relationship between what is to be rehabilitated and how to rehabilitate it. Early chapters cover the history of aphasia and its therapy from Broca's discoveries to the 1970s, and provide a description of the classic aphasia syndromes. The middle section describes the contribution of cognitive neuropsychology and the treatment models it has inspired. It includes discussion of the relationship between the treatment approach and the functional model upon which it is based. The final chapters deal with aphasia therapy. After providing a sketch of a working theory of aphasia, Basso describes intervention procedures for disorders resulting from damage at the lexical and sentence levels as well as a more general conversation-based intervention for severe aphasics. Anna Basso has run an aphasia rehabilitation unit for more than thirty years. In this book she draws on her considerable experience to provide researchers, clinicians, and their students and trainees in speech-language pathology and therapy, aphasiology, and neuropsychology with comprehensive coverage of the evolution and state of the art of aphasia research and therapy.

Milestones in the History of Aphasia

Author : Juergen Tesak
File Size : 41.13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 833
Read : 327
Download »
Milestones in the History of Aphasia surveys the history of aphasia from its earliest mentions in ancient times, to the turn of the new millennium in 2000. The book takes a predominantly chronological approach starting with an examination of the earliest medical documents and medieval attempts to understand aphasia, to the momentous events of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, up to the development of modern cognitive neuroscience in recent years. It traces the development of theory about and understanding of aphasia, and the role of significant individuals in this history. The result is a well illustrated introduction to the main events and personalities in the rich history of aphasia. This accessible book provides a unique insight into the fascinating development of research in aphasia. It will be of great interest to undergraduates and postgraduates, researchers, teachers and clinicians in psychology, speech and language pathology and therapy, neurology and linguistics.

Psychological Medicine

Author :
File Size : 35.23 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 701
Read : 345
Download »

Advanced Informatics for Computing Research

Author : Dharm Singh
File Size : 86.57 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 557
Read : 1269
Download »
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Advanced Informatics for Computing Research , ICAICR 2017, held in Jalandhar, India, in March 2017. The 32 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 312 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computing methodologies, information systems, security and privacy, network services.

Science and Comparative Philosophy

Author : David Edward Shaner
File Size : 47.13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 600
Read : 681
Download »