Search results for: security-for-debt-in-ancient-near-eastern-law

Security for Debt in Ancient Near Eastern Law

Author : Raymond Westbrook
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A survey by twelve leading experts of the types of security available to creditors in the earliest recorded legal systems, and of the ways in which the law sought to satisfy the conflicting interests of creditors and debtors.

Security for Debt in Ancient Near Eastern Law

Author : Raymond Westbrook
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A survey by twelve leading experts of the types of security available to creditors in the earliest recorded legal systems, and of the ways in which the law sought to satisfy the conflicting interests of creditors and debtors.

Women in the Ancient Near East

Author : Marten Stol
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Women in the Ancient Near East offers a lucid account of the daily life of women in Mesopotamia from the third millennium BCE until the beginning of the Hellenistic period. The book systematically presents the lives of women emerging from the available cuneiform material and discusses modern scholarly opinion. Stol’s book is the first full-scale treatment of the history of women in the Ancient Near East.

A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law 2 vols

Author : Raymond Westbrook
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A comprehensive survey of the Law of the Ancient Near East by a team of specialist scholars, this volume allows non-specialists access to the world's earliest known legal systems.

Das geistige Erfassen der Welt im Alten Orient

Author : Joost Hazenbos
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Der 150. Geburtstag von Friedrich Delitzsch, der 1874 in Leipzig die deutsche Assyriologie (Altorientalistik) begrundete, und weitere Leipziger altorientalistische Jubilaen werden zum Anlass genommen, unter dem Thema "Das geistige Erfassen der Welt im Alten Orient" die Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft des Faches zu diskutieren. 16 Nachfahren der hochgeruhmten "Leipziger Schule" werfen einen kritischen Blick auf die Anfange ihres Faches in Leipzig, auf Fragestellungen und Methoden, auf die Konzentration auf Sprachen und ihre Bausteine, auf Heinrich Zimmerns Zugang zur Erschliessung "der" babylonischen Religion und auf Benno Landsbergers Konzept der "EigenbegriffIichkeit der babylonischen Welt". Exemplarisch wird mit konkreten Untersuchungen zu Sprache, Religion, Gesellschaft und Politik, Recht und Wirtschaft und antiker Mathematik ins 21. Jahrhundert geschaut und das Selbstverstandnis des Faches reflektiert.

Current Issues in the Analysis od Semitic Grammar and Lexicon II

Author : Joachim Hengstl
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Richard Haases Berufsalltag ist die richterliche Praxis gewesen, aus der er seinerzeit als Direktor des Amtsgerichts Leonberg in den Ruhestand getreten ist. Daneben war und ist er der Wissenschaft verbunden, und davon zeugen auch heute noch immer neue Veroffentlichungen, vor allem auf dem Gebiet des altorientalischen Rechts. Am 8. Juli 2006 feiert Richard Haase seinen 85. Geburtstag. Dieser Feiertag ist Anlass, zu seinen Ehren eine Festschrift herauszugeben, welche sein Wirken als Praktiker wie als Wissenschaftler in gleicher Weise wurdigt. "Recht gestern und heute" beschreibt die Tatigkeitsfelder des Jubilars und soll deshalb das Thema sein, abgerundet durch einige weitere Beitrage. "Recht heute" ware freilich uferlos. Die Herausgeber haben deshalb fur diesen Bereich den aktuellen Begriff der "Mediation" als Anknupfungspunkt gewahlt - eine Methode der Konfliktlosung, welche der Jubilar als ehemaliger Richter mit Interesse betrachten durfte. In den Rechten der Antike hat es an entsprechenden Losungen nicht gefehlt, und dies zeichnet sich in mehren Beitragen zu "Recht gestern" ab. Recht gesternWalter Sommerfeld: Der Beginn des offiziellen Richteramts im Alten OrientGerfrid G. W. Muller: Die Wirtschaft im Spiegel altorientalischer RechtssatzungenHans Neumann: Schuld und Suhne. Zu den religios-weltanschaulichen Grundlagen und Implikationen altmesopotamischer Gesetzgebung und RechtsprechungRaymond Westbrook: Witchcraft and the Law inthe Ancient Near EastRosel Pientka-Hinz: Der rabi sikkatum in altbabylonischer ZeitMichael Heltzer: A Royal Garantee with the Donation of ImmobilesJoachim Oelsner: Zu spatbabylonischen Ur-kunden aus Ur und dem Archiv der Familie gallabu "Barbier"Eckart Otto: Volkerrecht und Volkerordnung in der Tora der Hebraischen Bibel in achamenidischer ZeitChristian Koch: Fremde im Dienst der Wieder-errichtung von Volksherrschaften in griechischen StadtstaatenArnaldo Maffi: L'arbitrato nell' esperienza giuridica greca e romanaJoachim Hengstl: Rechtspraktiker im griechisch-romischen AgyptenMatias Buchholz: Mediation in Petra im 6. Jh. n. Chr.: Der Papyrus P. Petra Inv. 83Boudewijn Sirks: Gutliche Einigung im Holland des 18. Jh."Zwischenraum"Ulrich Manthe: Ein Orakel aus dem 7. Jh.v. Chr.Wolfgang Ernst: Fritz Mauthner als Jurist Gottfried Schiemann: Das Studium der Rechtsgeschichte in einer anwaltsorientierten JuristenausbildungRecht heuteFriedwart A. Becker / Claus-Henrik Horn: Notwendige Regelungen eines deutschen MediationsgesetzesRenate Dendorfer: Mediation: alter Wein in neuen Schlauchen?Christian Duve: Das UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation - ein Erfolgsmodell?Gilbert Gornig: Mediation und Vergleich im VerwaltungsprozessAndreas Hacke: Co-Mediation - Praktische und rechtliche UberlegungenMartina Lauenroth-Ziegler / Irene Wollenberg: Mediation - Instrument zur Erhaltung des Mit-telstandes?Heinrich Menkhaus: Alternative Streitbeilegung in Japan - Entwicklung bis zum ADR-Gesetz 2004Hans-Georg Monssen: Richtermediation - Die Justiz als Mitbewerber bei der gerichtsnahen MediationJorg Risse: Zwang zur Meditation? Einige verfassungsrechtliche UberlegungenDieter Rossner: Konfliktregelung im StrafrechtUlrich Sick: Die Mediation in Deutschland: regelungsfreier Raum oder ist eine gesetzliche Regelung erforderlich? Schlagwortregister - Quellenindex - Autore

Human Rights in Deuteronomy

Author : Daisy Yulin Tsai
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The humanitarian concerns of the biblical slave laws and their rhetorical techniques rarely receive scholarly attention, especially the two slave laws in Deuteronomy. Previous studies that compared the biblical and the ANE laws focused primarily on their similarities and developed theories of direct borrowing. This ignored the fact that legal transplants were common in ancient societies. This study, in contrast, aims to identify similarities and dissimilarities in order to pursue an understanding of the underlying values promoted within these slave laws and the interests they protected. To do so, certain innovative methodologies were applied. The biblical laws examined present two diverse legal concepts that contrast to the ANE concepts: (1) all agents are regarded as persons and should be treated accordingly, and (2) all legal subjects are seen as free, dignified, and self-determining human beings. In addition, the biblical laws often distinguish an offender’s “criminal intent,” by which a criminal’s rights are also considered. Based on these features, the biblical laws are able to articulate YHWH’s humanitarian concerns and the basic concepts of human rights presented in Deuteronomy.

Dynamics of Production in the Ancient Near East

Author : Juan Carlos Moreno Garcia
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The transition between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC was an era of deep economic changes in the ancient Near East. An increasing monetization of transactions, a broader use of silver, the management of the resources of temples through “entrepreneurs”, the development of new trade circuits and an expanding private, small-scale economy, transformed the role previously played by institutions such as temples and royal palaces. The 17 essays collected here analyze the economic transformations which affected the old dominant powers of the Late Bronze Age, their adaptation to a new economic environment, the emergence of new economic actors and the impact of these changes on very different social sectors and geographic areas, from small communities in the oases of the Egyptian Western Desert to densely populated urban areas in Mesopotamia. Egypt was not an exception. Traditionally considered as a conservative and highly hierarchical and bureaucratic society, Egypt shared nevertheless many of these characteristics and tried to adapt its economic organization to the challenges of a new era. In the end, the emergence of imperial super-powers (Assyria, Babylonia, Persia and, to a lesser extent, Kushite and Saite Egypt) can be interpreted as the answer of former palatial organizations to the economic and geopolitical conditions of the early Iron Age. A new order where competition for the control of flows of wealth and of strategic trading areas appears crucial.

The Oxford History of the Ancient Near East

Author : Karen Radner
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This groundbreaking, five-volume series offers a comprehensive, fully illustrated history of Egypt and Western Asia (the Levant, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Iran), from the emergence of complex states to the conquest of Alexander the Great. Written by a highly diverse, international team of leading scholars, whose expertise brings to life the people, places, and times of the remote past, the volumes in this series focus firmly on the political and social histories of the states and communities of the ancient Near East. Individual chapters present the key textual and material sources underpinning the historical reconstruction, paying particular attention to the most recent archaeological finds and their impact on our historical understanding of the periods surveyed. Commencing with the domestication of plants and animals, and the foundation of the first permanent settlements in the region, Volume I contains ten chapters that provide a masterful survey of the earliest dynasties and territorial states in the ancient Near East, concluding with the rise of the Old Kingdom in Egypt and the Dynasty of Akkad in Mesopotamia. Politics, ideology, religion, art, crafts, economy, military developments, and the built environment are all examined. Uniquely, emphasis is placed upon elucidating both the internal dynamics of these states and communities, as well as their external relationships with their neighbors in the wider region. The result is a thoughtful, critical, and robust survey of the populations that laid the foundation for all future developments in the ancient Near East.

Law from the Tigris to the Tiber

Author : Raymond Westbrook
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Raymond Westbrook (1946–2009) was acknowledged by many as the world’s foremost expert on the legal systems of the ancient Near East and a leading scholar in the study of biblical and classical law. This collection brings together the 44 most important articles that Westbrook published in the 25 years following the completion of his Ph.D. at Yale University in 1982. The first volume, The Shared Tradition, contains 16 articles that lay out Westbrook’s theory of a common legal tradition that spanned the ancient world from Mesopotamia to Israel and even to Greece and Rome. The second volume, Cuneiform and Biblical Sources, provides 28 articles that demonstrate Westbrook’s unique method of legal analysis that he applied to the numerous texts he worked with as an Assyriologist and biblical scholar, from law codes to contracts to narratives. Each volume contains its own comprehensive bibliography, as well as subject, author, and text indexes. Together, they represent the life’s work of one of the most important legal historians of our era.