Search results for: safety-in-medicine

Safety in Medicine

Author : Dr. Charles Vincent
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Studies in the US suggest that about 4 per cent of hospital patients are unintentionally harmed by treatment. This book assumes that medicine may benefit and learn from approaches to safety in other areas. It addresses the role of new technologies, both as hazards and in improving safety.

Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine

Author : Pat Croskerry
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With the increased emphasis on reducing medical errors in an emergency setting, this book will focus on patient safety within the emergency department, where preventable medical errors often occur. The book will provide both an overview of patient safety within health care—the 'culture of safety,' importance of teamwork, organizational change—and specific guidelines on issues such as medication safety, procedural complications, and clinician fatigue, to ensure quality care in the ED. Special sections discuss ED design, medication safety, and awareness of the 'culture of safety.'

Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine

Author : Vincent J. Sodd
File Size : 26.64 MB
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Innovating for Patient Safety in Medicine

Author : Rebecca Lawton
File Size : 84.86 MB
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This book helps the next generation of doctors understand how to contribute to making healthcare safer. Patient safety is increasingly important in medical practice today and is becoming a core part of training for medical students and foundation doctors. This book will enable the student or junior doctor to challenge and innovate in practice to improve patient safety and care. It takes a practical approach and explores what patient safety is, why it is important, how to involve patients, the role of education, technology and resources, how to be an innovative practitioner and measuring the impact of patient safety initiatives.

Promoting Safety of Medicines for Children

Author : World Health Organization
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Monitoring the safety of medicine use in children is of paramount importance since, during the clinical development of medicines, only limited data on this aspect are generated through clinical trials. Use of medicines outside the specifications described in the license (e.g. in terms of formulation, indications, contraindications or age) constitutes off-label and off-license use and these are a major area of concern. These guidelines are intended to improve awareness of medicine safety issues among everyone who has an interest in the safety of medicines in children and to provide guidance on effective systems for monitoring medicine safety in the pediatric populations. This book will be of interest to all health care professionals, medicine regulatory authorities, pharmacovigilance centers, academia, the pharmaceutical industry and policy-makers. Systems for monitoring medicine safety are described in Annex 1. Pharmacovigilance methods and some examples of recent information on adverse reactions to marketed medicines are discussed in Annex 2.--Publisher's description.

International Journal of Risk Safety in Medicine

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Quality and Safety in Radiology

Author : Hani H. Abujudeh
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Radiology has been transformed by new imaging advances and a greater demand for imaging, along with a much lower tolerance for error as part of the Quality & Safety revolution in healthcare. With a greater emphasis on patient safety and quality in imaging practice, imaging specialists are increasingly charged with ensuring patient safety and demonstrating that everything done for patients in their care meets the highest quality and safety standards. This book offers practical guidance on understanding, creating, and implementing quality management programs in Radiology. Chapters are comprehensive, detailed, and organized into three sections: Core Concepts, Management Concepts, and Educational & Special Concepts. Discussions are applicable to all practice settings: community hospitals, private practice, academic radiology, and government/military practice, as well as to those preparing for the quality and safety questions on the American Board of Radiology's "Maintenance of Certification" or initial Board Certification Examinations. Bringing together the various elements that comprise the quality and safety agenda for Radiology, this book serves as a thorough roadmap and resource for radiologists, technicians, and radiology managers and administrators.

Patient Safety Handbook

Author : Barbara J. Youngberg
File Size : 66.74 MB
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Health Sciences & Professions

Foundations in Patient Safety for Health Professionals

Author : Kimberly A. Galt
File Size : 78.6 MB
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To Err is Human, said the 1999 landmark report published by the Institute of Medicine. the report that highlighted tragic numbers of injury and harm, the wide reaching nature of this problem, and areas of need to reverse this growing trend was also a call to action. Today, health care professionals recognize the importance of patient safety education across many disciplines. Based on an interprofessional course designed by faculty in bioethics, business, dentistry, law, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, and social work, Foundations of Patient Safety for Heal

Medication Safety

Author : Molly Courtenay
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The supply and administration of medicines is an area of practice in which a number of healthcare professionals (e.g. nurses, pharmacists and allied health professionals) are involved. Prescribing is a relatively new role which many of these healthcare professionals have adopted. Medication Safety focuses on promoting safety in the delivery of medicines. Chapters explore the various stages in the medication process including safety in prescribing, dispensing and administering drugs. Adverse reactions, parenteral administration, dosage calculations, safety with controlled drugs, and reporting errors and near misses are all addressed in evidence-based contributions from a highly experienced team of contributors. This text is essential reading for all healthcare professionals involved in the delivery of medicines to patients.

Medical Error and Patient Safety

Author : George A. Peters
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A difficult and recalcitrant phenomenon, medical error causes pervasive and expensive problems in terms of patient injury, ineffective treatment, and rising healthcare costs. Simple heightened awareness can help, but it requires organized, effective remedies and countermeasures that are reasonable, acceptable, and adaptable to see a truly significant drop in the intolerable rate of medical mistakes. Only with better understanding, knowledge, and directed techniques can there be rapid and marked improvement in medical error management discipline. Since medical error is situation specific and involves diverse variables in equipment, environment, and human performance, the correct choice of preventive and corrective techniques is critical. Providing a wealth of useful ideas, concepts, and techniques, Medical Error and Patient Safety: Human Factors in Medicine uses abroad perspective to present more than 500 remedies that can be applied and tailored to your unique circumstances. This detailed review of so many measures enables you to correctly identify needs and undertake appropriate actions to achieve a success that can be measured in avoided injuries, improved healthcare, and reduced cost. Thought provoking and useful, this book considers the potential for error and the possibility for improvement in every aspect of healthcare. After an introduction to general concepts and approaches, it examines vulnerabilities in medical services, including emergency services, healthcare facilities, and infection control. It covers risks in medical devices and product design; human factors such as fatigue and stress; management errors; errors in communication at all levels of the healthcare hierarchy; as well as mistakes in drug delivery including faulty labels and warnings. The authors also compare and contrast several analytical methods, their interpretation, and their translation into a plan of action.

Fundamentals of Patient Safety in Medicine and Surgery

Author : S P Stawicki
File Size : 80.21 MB
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This book presents a practical approach to patient safety issues with a focus on evolution and understanding the key concepts in health care and turning them into implementable actions. With its contemporary approach and lucid presentation, this book is a valuable resource for practicing doctors in medicine and surgery to treat their patients with care, diligence and vigilance and contribute to a safer practice in health care.

Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine Second Edition

Author : Max H. Lombardi
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Recent advances in the field of nuclear medicine (NM) are expanding the role and responsibilities of the nuclear medicine technologist (NMT) to include more complex and detailed tasks. New technologies are making the diagnosis, management, and treatment of illnesses more sensitive, more specific, more accurate, and ultimately safer for both the patient and the technologist. Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition provides the latest technological advances and expanded responsibilities of today’s NMT while laying a solid foundation for understanding the basic physics behind the technology. As with the original, this edition teaches the units of radioactivity, exposure, and dosimetry, along with the principles of instrumentation needed for detection and measurement. Focusing on the issues of safety, this volume devotes considerable attention to the science and practice of safety techniques and includes information on rules and regulations. In keeping with the expanding nature of the field, the second edition incorporates many updates and additions such as, Recent modifications to the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations specific to the use of radiopharmaceuticals in medicine The growing popularity of metabolic imaging with positron emissions tomography (PET) The benefits of merging two modalities, namely, the images of PET and computerized tomography (CT) into one short scanning procedure The new role of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals that use molecular targeting as a method of localization Providing a basic understanding of nuclear medicine, its scientific basis, diagnostic and therapeutic applications, safety practices and regulations, and future directions, Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition is the comprehensive reference for technologists, students, researchers, and other professionals in the Nuclear Medicine.

Current Bibliographies in Medicine

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Patient Safety

Author : Institute of Medicine
File Size : 72.61 MB
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Americans should be able to count on receiving health care that is safe. To achieve this, a new health care delivery system is needed â€" a system that both prevents errors from occurring, and learns from them when they do occur. The development of such a system requires a commitment by all stakeholders to a culture of safety and to the development of improved information systems for the delivery of health care. This national health information infrastructure is needed to provide immediate access to complete patient information and decision-support tools for clinicians and their patients. In addition, this infrastructure must capture patient safety information as a by-product of care and use this information to design even safer delivery systems. Health data standards are both a critical and time-sensitive building block of the national health information infrastructure. Building on the Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm, Patient Safety puts forward a road map for the development and adoption of key health care data standards to support both information exchange and the reporting and analysis of patient safety data.

Patient Safety in Rehabilitation Medicine An Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics E Book

Author : Adrian Cristian
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As the number of individuals undergoing rehabilitation medicine in a variety of rehabilitation settings increases, more and more patient safety concerns are being raised. Regulatory and accreditation organizations are scrutinizing the safety of patients in both hospital and rehabilitation settings and the general public and payors are demanding that patient safety is at the top of the agenda for institutions providing care. As leaders in the practice of rehabilitation medicine, physiatrists need to be educated on this important topic. The goal of this issue is to provide the reader with a foundation on the topic of patient safety as it applies to the practice of rehabilitation medicine as well as a set of tools that can be used to improve the safety of rehabilitation patients.

Patient Safety

Author : Jacqueline Fowler Byers, PhD, RN, CNAA
File Size : 80.65 MB
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This book provides readers with both a foundation of theoretical knowledge regarding patient safety as well as evidence-based strategies for preventing errors in various clinical settings. The authorsí goal is to help clinicians and administrators gain the skills and knowledge they need to develop safe patient practices in their organizations. Key topics include: An overview of evidence-based best practices for patient safety Clear explanation of important patient safety policies and legislation Innovative uses of technology such as computerized provider order entry, barcoding medications, and computerized clinical decision support systems The importance of an informed patient in preventing medical errors How to communicate with the public and the patient about errors if they occur Special patient safety concerns for children, the elderly, and the mentally ill

Keeping Patients Safe

Author : Institute of Medicine
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Building on the revolutionary Institute of Medicine reports To Err is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm, Keeping Patients Safe lays out guidelines for improving patient safety by changing nurses’ working conditions and demands. Licensed nurses and unlicensed nursing assistants are critical participants in our national effort to protect patients from health care errors. The nature of the activities nurses typically perform â€" monitoring patients, educating home caretakers, performing treatments, and rescuing patients who are in crisis â€" provides an indispensable resource in detecting and remedying error-producing defects in the U.S. health care system. During the past two decades, substantial changes have been made in the organization and delivery of health care â€" and consequently in the job description and work environment of nurses. As patients are increasingly cared for as outpatients, nurses in hospitals and nursing homes deal with greater severity of illness. Problems in management practices, employee deployment, work and workspace design, and the basic safety culture of health care organizations place patients at further risk. This newest edition in the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine Quality Chasm series discusses the key aspects of the work environment for nurses and reviews the potential improvements in working conditions that are likely to have an impact on patient safety.

Patient Safety and Quality of Care in Intensive Care Medicine

Author : Andrew Rhodes
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The maxim “Primum non nocere” is almost as old as the practice of medicine. In combination with the principles of beneficence, autonomy and justice, and whilst keeping in mind the confidence and dignity of the patient, it should constitute the basis of our behaviours as physicians and nurses. Since diagnostic and therapeutic interventions have become more complex and their risk/benefit ratios more difficult to assess, the importance of safety and quality of care rises. Avoiding the infliction of harm on our patients has moved into the focus of clinical medicine. Patient safety is now viewed as a priority even by the Presidency of the European Union. Physicians in intensive care medicine deal with the most fragile and dependent human beings, often struggling with multiple co-morbid diseases and physiological derangements at the limits of survival. These patients are often reliant on numerous invasive technologies for their survival. Moreover, the almost universal need for multiple pharmacological interventions – combinations of which have often never been rigorously tested before – places the critically ill patients at a very high risk of being harmed by the physician’s interventions. More than 120 internationally known experts introduce their current knowledge of patient safety and quality of care in intensive care medicine in over 50 chapters covering the following fields: - Safety in intensive care medicine - Decision making - Culture and behaviour - Structure and processes - Protocolised medicine - First, do no harm - Safety during technical support - Training, teaching and education - Risk management - Ethical issues - Future approaches This book should be read by every manager who has responsibility for the acutely ill. It is an invaluable educational and reference tool for physicians and nurses in intensive care medicine and will help to improve the safety and overall care for critically ill patients. with contributions from: LM Aitken, R Alvisi, R Amerling, PJD Andrews, A Artigas, D De Backer, N Badjatia, M Bauer, G Bertolini, A Biasi Cavalcanti, JF Bion, BW Böttiger, CSC Bouman, A Boumendil, FA Bozza, J Braithwaite, G Brattebø, FM Brunkhorst, DDG Bugano, M Capuzzo, M Cecconi, W Chaboyer, J Chen, E Coiera, K Colpaert, CR Cooke, JR Curtis, BH Cuthbertson, AL Cuvello Neto, KJ Deans, J Decruyenaere, J-M Dominguez-Roldan, Y Donchin, C Druml, G Dubreuil, R Endacott, A Esteban, R Ferrer, H Flaatten, J Fragata, F Frutos-Vivar, C Garcia-Alfaro, M Garrouste-Orgeas, TD Girard, ARJ Girbes, J Graf, D Grimaldi, ABJ Groeneveld, B Guidet, U Günther, N Harbord, DA Harrison, C Hartog, N Heming, F Hernandez-Hazañas, K Hillman, P Holder, MH Hooper, M Imhoff, U Janssens, JM Kahn, E Knobel, M Knobel, J Lipman, T Lisboa, Y Livne, S Lorent, M Makdisse, A Marques, GD Martich, ML Martinez, SA Mayer, DK Menon, PC Minneci, J-P Mira, X Monnet, RP Moreno, T Muders, C Natanson, A Navas, G Ntoumenopoulos, SA Nurmohamed, HM Oudemans-van Straaten, R Paterson, O Peñuelas, JG Pereira, C Pierrakos, LF Poli-de-Figueiredo, CE Pompilio, D Poole, A Pronovost, C Putensen, K Reinhart, J Rello, A Rhodes, Z Ricci, C Richard, F Rincon, JA Roberts, E Roeb, C Ronco, GD Rubenfeld, D Salgado, JIF Salluh, G Satkurunath, A Schneider, C Schwebel, E Silva, M Singer, EGM Smit, M Soares, L Soufir, A Tabah, J-L Teboul, P Teschendorf, N Theuerkauf, J-F Timsit, M Ulldemolins, A Valentin, JM Varghese, J-L Vincent, B Volpe, CS Waldmann, RR West, S West, JF Winchester, H Wrigge

Recent Advances in Medicine and Surgery 19 30 April 1954

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