Search results for: safety-ii-in-practice

Safety II in Practice

Author : Erik Hollnagel
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Safety-I is defined as the freedom from unacceptable harm. The purpose of traditional safety management is therefore to find ways to ensure this ‘freedom’. But as socio-technical systems steadily have become larger and less tractable, this has become harder to do. Resilience engineering pointed out from the very beginning that resilient performance - an organisation’s ability to function as required under expected and unexpected conditions alike – required more than the prevention of incidents and accidents. This developed into a new interpretation of safety (Safety-II) and consequently a new form of safety management. Safety-II changes safety management from protective safety and a focus on how things can go wrong, to productive safety and a focus on how things can and do go well. For Safety-II, the aim is not just the elimination of hazards and the prevention of failures and malfunctions but also how best to develop an organisation’s potentials for resilient performance – the way it responds, monitors, learns, and anticipates. That requires models and methods that go beyond the Safety-I toolbox. This book introduces a comprehensive approach for the management of Safety-II, called the Resilience Assessment Grid (RAG). It explains the principles of the RAG and how it can be used to develop the resilience potentials. The RAG provides four sets of diagnostic and formative questions that can be tailored to any organisation. The questions are based on the principles of resilience engineering and backed by practical experience from several domains. Safety-II in Practice is for both the safety professional and academic reader. For the professional, it presents a workable method (RAG) for the management of Safety-II, with a proven track record. For academic and student readers, the book is a concise and practical presentation of resilience engineering.

Safety I and Safety II

Author : Erik Hollnagel
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Safety has traditionally been defined as a condition where the number of adverse outcomes was as low as possible (Safety-I). From a Safety-I perspective, the purpose of safety management is to make sure that the number of accidents and incidents is kept as low as possible, or as low as is reasonably practicable. This means that safety management must start from the manifestations of the absence of safety and that - paradoxically - safety is measured by counting the number of cases where it fails rather than by the number of cases where it succeeds. This unavoidably leads to a reactive approach based on responding to what goes wrong or what is identified as a risk - as something that could go wrong. Focusing on what goes right, rather than on what goes wrong, changes the definition of safety from ’avoiding that something goes wrong’ to ’ensuring that everything goes right’. More precisely, Safety-II is the ability to succeed under varying conditions, so that the number of intended and acceptable outcomes is as high as possible. From a Safety-II perspective, the purpose of safety management is to ensure that as much as possible goes right, in the sense that everyday work achieves its objectives. This means that safety is managed by what it achieves (successes, things that go right), and that likewise it is measured by counting the number of cases where things go right. In order to do this, safety management cannot only be reactive, it must also be proactive. But it must be proactive with regard to how actions succeed, to everyday acceptable performance, rather than with regard to how they can fail, as traditional risk analysis does. This book analyses and explains the principles behind both approaches and uses this to consider the past and future of safety management practices. The analysis makes use of common examples and cases from domains such as aviation, nuclear power production, process management and health care. The final chapters explain the theoret

Basic safety II

Author : Eric Rice
File Size : 42.35 MB
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Patient Safety Ethics

Author : John D. Banja
File Size : 64.93 MB
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Providing professional perspective with insights from prominent patient safety experts, Patient Safety Ethics identifies hazard pitfalls and suggests concrete ways for clinicians and regulators to improve patient safety through an ethically cultivated program of "hazard awareness."

Resilience Engineering in Practice Volume 2

Author : Dr Christopher P Nemeth
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This volume describes how safety can change from being protective to being productive, thereby improving the resilience of the system. This is the fifth book published within the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series. The first introduced resilience engineering broadly. The second and third established the research foundation for the real-world applications that then were described in the fourth volume: Resilience Engineering in Practice. The current volume continues this development by focusing on the role of resilience in the development of solutions.

The Practice of Sales of Real Property

Author : William Hughes
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The Principles and Practice of Brewing

Author : Walter John Sykes
File Size : 87.82 MB
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Mr Chaston Chapman collected works for two libraries; his working library, based at his laboratory in London, and a private, historical collection. Subjects include brewing and the brewing industry, wine and winemaking, beer, distillation and distilling industry, drinking customs, liquors, ciders and whiskey and legal issues surrounding alcohol. The brewing section represents part of Mr Chaston Chapman's library. The collection contains works on brewing and alcohol which dates from 1578, with 'A Perfite platforme of a Hoppe Garden'.

Safety Practice for Chemical Laboratories

Author : George Norman Quam
File Size : 33.40 MB
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The Handbook of Health and Safety Practice

Author : Jeremy W. Stranks
File Size : 23.47 MB
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The Handbook of Health and Safety Practice is the book for anyone involved in health and safety: health and safety practitioners, HR managers, lawyers, engineers and those studying for NEBOSH and other occupational health and safety qualifications. Now in its nineteenth successful year, this newly updated seventh edition contains detailed coverage of all new legislation. Helpfully organised into two parts - the legal and practical aspects - this comprehensive reference source is an invaluable guide to helping you ensure your organisation successfully implements health and safety legislation.

The Historical Political

Author : Niccolò Machiavelli
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Catalogue

Author : West Virginia University
File Size : 78.18 MB
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Modern Industrial Training Towards the 21st Century

Author :
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Resilient Health Care Volume 2

Author : Robert L. Wears
File Size : 38.25 MB
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Health systems everywhere are expected to meet increasing public and political demands for accessible, high-quality care. Policy-makers, managers, and clinicians use their best efforts to improve efficiency, safety, quality, and economic viability. One solution has been to mimic approaches that have been shown to work in other domains, such as quality management, lean production, and high reliability. In the enthusiasm for such solutions, scant attention has been paid to the fact that health care as a multifaceted system differs significantly from most traditional industries. Solutions based on linear thinking in engineered systems do not work well in complicated, multi-stakeholder non-engineered systems, of which health care is a leading example. A prerequisite for improving health care and making it more resilient is that the nature of everyday clinical work be well understood. Yet the focus of the majority of policy or management solutions, as well as that of accreditation and regulation, is work as it ought to be (also known as ‘work-as-imagined’). The aim of policy-makers and managers, whether the priority is safety, quality, or efficiency, is therefore to make everyday clinical work - or work-as-done - comply with work-as-imagined. This fails to recognise that this normative conception of work is often oversimplified, incomplete, and outdated. There is therefore an urgent need to better understand everyday clinical work as it is done. Despite the common focus on deviations and failures, it is undeniable that clinical work goes right far more often than it goes wrong, and that we only can make it better if we understand how this happens. This second volume of Resilient Health Care continues the line of thinking of the first book, but takes it further through a range of chapters from leading international thinkers on resilience and health care. Where the first book provided the rationale and basic concepts of RHC, the Resilience of Everyday Clinical Work breaks new ground by analysing everyday work situations in primary, secondary, and tertiary care to identify and describe the fundamental strategies that clinicians everywhere have developed and use with a fluency that belies the demands to be resolved and the dilemmas to be balanced. Because everyday clinical work is at the heart of resilience, it is essential to appreciate how it functions, and to understand its characteristics.

Comparative Administrative Law Organization

Author : Frank Johnson Goodnow
File Size : 83.28 MB
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Comparative Administrative Law

Author : Frank J. Goodnow
File Size : 32.23 MB
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The homiletical treasury or Holy Scripture analytically arranged

Author : John Lyth
File Size : 73.16 MB
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Synthesis of Highway Practice

Author : National Cooperative Highway Research Program
File Size : 71.72 MB
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Modern Machine shop Practice

Author : Joshua Rose
File Size : 29.24 MB
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General Foundry Practice

Author : Andrew McWilliam
File Size : 82.63 MB
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Engine room Practice

Author : John G. Liversidge
File Size : 65.60 MB
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