Search results for: robert-musil-and-the-culture-of-vienna

Robert Musil and the Culture of Vienna

Author : Hannah Hickman
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Robert Musil (1880-1942), author of The Man without Qualities, is one of the handful of most important writers of the twentieth century. Among Anglophone readers Musil has enjoyed a dedicated cult following, but until recently poor translations and radical misunderstandings of his aims and techniques have retarded the full appreciation of his genius. Hannah Hickman's compact survey of Musil's work and influences has won recognition as the only adequate introduction to its subject. Hickman has taken advantage of a wealth of recently available evidence to give a reliable account of this often baffling and immensely subtle writer.

Robert Musil and the Question of Science

Author : Tim Mehigan
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A major new study of Robert Musil by one of the world's leading Musil scholars. Musil's extraordinary works, the study reveals, emerged from the problem of the "two cultures."

Reference Guide to World Literature Authors

Author : Sara Pendergast
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Online version of the 2-vol. work issued by St. James Press, 2003, in series St. James reference guides.

Mental Processes and Narrative Possiblities in the German Novelle 1890 1940

Author : David Turner
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This lucid and wide-ranging study will be of interest to anyone concerned with literature in German at the turn of the twentieth century. It opens up new perspectives on the narratalogical possibilities which developed out of an increased awareness of the workings of the mind at that period. This stimulating and thought-provoking study uses the tools of narrative theory and grammatical analysis to provide new reading of both classic and lesser known tests. Based on an impressively broad command of the literary and intellectual currents of the period, this clearly argued study focuses on an important but under researched aspect of the history of the Novelle, bringing modern insights to bear on the ways in which short prose forms have been adapted to probe psychological depths.

Fiction Refracts Science

Author : Allen Thiher
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"Examines the relationship between science and the fiction developed by modernists, including Musil, Proust, Kafka, and Joyce. Looks at Pascalian and Newtonian cosmology, Darwinism, epistemology, relativity theory, quantum mechanics, the development of modernist and postmodern fiction, positivism, and finally works by Woolf, Faulkner, and Borges"--Provided by publisher.

Vienna 1900

Author : Christian Brandstatter
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"Christian Brandstatter has assembled a team of Austrian and German historians, critics, and writers who investigate the origins, development, and consequences of Vienna's cultural flowering. Vienna 1900 is illustrated with over 700 paintings, drawings, poster, photographs, and ephemera drawn from public and private collections and archives. The book is rounded off with a compact but detailed appendix that offers information on the significant figures of this period." --BOOK JACKET.

Entangled Entertainers

Author : Klaus Hödl
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Viennese popular culture at the turn of the twentieth century was the product of the city’s Jewish and non-Jewish residents alike. While these two communities interacted in a variety of ways to their mutual benefit, Jewish culture was also inevitably shaped by the city’s persistent bouts of antisemitism. This fascinating study explores how Jewish artists, performers, and impresarios reacted to prejudice, showing how they articulated identity through performative engagement rather than anchoring it in origin and descent. In this way, they attempted to transcend a racialized identity even as they indelibly inscribed their Jewish existence into the cultural history of the era.

The Naked Truth

Author : Alys X. George
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"In the popular imagination, turn-of-the-century Vienna is a cerebral place, marked by Freud, the discovery of the unconscious, and the advent of high modernist culture. But as historian Alys George argues, this stereotype of Viennese Modernism as essentially "heady" overlooks a rich cultural history of the body in the period. Spanning 1870 to 1930, The Naked Truth is an interdisciplinary tour de force that recasts the visual, literary, and performative cultures of the era and offers an alternative genealogy of this fascinating moment in the history of the West. Starting with the Second Vienna Medical School and its innovations in anatomy and pathology, George traces an emerging culture of bodily knowledge by analyzing a variety of written and visual media, including theater and dance, and by drawing connections between scientific and artistic discourses. Paying equal attention to both low and high culture, bringing gender and class issues back to the fore, and highlighting the role of female thinkers and writers, George's book makes a signal contribution to our understanding of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Viennese and European culture. The Naked Truth shows us that the "inward turn" cannot be understood until it is set against the backdrop of a culture obsessed with exploring and displaying humanity in its embodied, carnal form"--

Metaphor and Materiality

Author : Peter D. Smith
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Metaphor and Materiality explores the relationship between literature and science from the end of the eighteenth century to the Cold War period. This wide-ranging study reveals how major works of German and Austrian literature interrogate contemporary scientific paradigms and metaphors. An introductory chapter discusses current approaches to the study of science, drawing on the work of Rorty, Kuhn and Toulmin amongst others. Subsequent chapters analyse in detail key literary works, setting them in a scientific and philosophical context: Goethe's Die Wahlverwandtschaften (1809), Buchner's Dantons Tod and Woyzeck (1835-7), Stifter's Kalkstein and Bergkristall (1853), Musil's Die Verwirrungen des Zoglings Torless (1906), and Brecht's Leben des Galilei (1955). The extensive bibliography will prove invaluable to researchers in the field of literature and science.

New German Studies

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A Rich Brew

Author : Shachar M. Pinsker
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Finalist, 2018 National Jewish Book Award for Modern Jewish Thought and Experience, presented by the Jewish Book Council A fascinating glimpse into the world of the coffeehouse and its role in shaping modern Jewish culture Unlike the synagogue, the house of study, the community center, or the Jewish deli, the café is rarely considered a Jewish space. Yet, coffeehouses profoundly influenced the creation of modern Jewish culture from the mid-nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries. With roots stemming from the Ottoman Empire, the coffeehouse and its drinks gained increasing popularity in Europe. The “otherness,” and the mix of the national and transnational characteristics of the coffeehouse perhaps explains why many of these cafés were owned by Jews, why Jews became their most devoted habitués, and how cafés acquired associations with Jewishness. Examining the convergence of cafés, their urban milieu, and Jewish creativity, Shachar M. Pinsker argues that cafés anchored a silk road of modern Jewish culture. He uncovers a network of interconnected cafés that were central to the modern Jewish experience in a time of migration and urbanization, from Odessa, Warsaw, Vienna, and Berlin to New York City and Tel Aviv. A Rich Brew explores the Jewish culture created in these social spaces, drawing on a vivid collection of newspaper articles, memoirs, archival documents, photographs, caricatures, and artwork, as well as stories, novels, and poems in many languages set in cafés. Pinsker shows how Jewish modernity was born in the café, nourished, and sent out into the world by way of print, politics, literature, art, and theater. What was experienced and created in the space of the coffeehouse touched thousands who read, saw, and imbibed a modern culture that redefined what it meant to be a Jew in the world.

Implied Dramaturgy

Author : Christian Rogowski
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This study analyzes Musil's contribution to the praxis and poetics of drama by placing his dramatic efforts in the context of what Peter Szondi has described as the "crisis of modern drama". Musil's plays address such issues as the problem of dramatic mimesis and the question of whether there can be a modern form of tragic drama appropriate to the experience of modernity. Close readings of his texts explore how any drama prefigures the interaction between text/reader and performance/audience by means of self-referential devices. Such an investigation not only reveals a special facet of Musil's oeuvre, but also offers a contribution towards a theory of reading drama, a reading of the printed play as a prefiguration of an enacted event.


Author : Denys Salt
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Cyclopedia of World Authors II

Author : Frank Northen Magill
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Austrian Information

Author :
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New Makers of Modern Culture

Author : Justin Wintle
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"An abridgement of the two-volume reference set New makers of modern culture (2006), which in turn was a re-compilation of two earlier volumes, Makers of modern culture (1981) and Makers of nineteenth century culture (1982)"--Introduction.

Body culture

Author : Alys X. George
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"Body / Culture: Viennese Modernism and the Physical Aesthetic" is an interdisciplinary cultural history of the body in fin-de-siede Vienna. It investigates the human body as a polyvalent nexus of aesthetic, popular, social, and scientific representations, and examines how the body served as a screen onto which an array of modernist Utopian desires was projected. Can "presence" be created, "immediacy" enhanced, "naturalness" recovered, the "authenticity" of lived experience adequately expressed? The fascination with the corporeal in Viennese modernism affirms a belief in a kind of "somatic utopia," which seemed to offer answers to these questions in an era of unsettling change. Despite having been largely overlooked in scholarship on Vienna 1900, this notion was present across a surprising range of fields--including theater, pantomime, modern dance, and silent film; ethnographic exhibitions, life reform movements, literature, and photography; cabaret, puppetry, and physical culture. "Body / Culture" reflects this heterogeneity and brings together an unorthodox constellation of figures, both familiar and lesser known, from the fin-de-siede Viennese cultural field. Recognizing the role of the corporeal in the aesthetic production of Viennese modernism points up the shortcomings of the neat conceptual categories prevalent in scholarship on turn-of-the-century Vienna. Ultimately, this study strives to revise the canon of Viennese modernism by transcending the Vienna 1900 myth. Chapter one introduces the discourses surrounding modernism/modernity, fin-desiede Vienna, and the body, chronicling the interdisciplinary methodological foundations that underlie this study. Taking up the challenges of Steven Beller and Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler, among others, to "rethink Vienna 1900" and move beyond the "Schorskean paradigm" put forth in Carl E. Schorske's influential study, the chapter also posits a framework for a more complex and inclusive view of Viennese modernism than prior studies. This chapter roots the turn-of-the-century fascination with the corporeal in concurrent trends that included the physical culture craze; advances in medicine and the natural sciences; philosophical and epistemological debates; processes of modernity, modernization, and industrialization; and the emerging primacy of visual and popular culture. The remainder of the dissertation is structured around three tropes of modernist body culture: animation, representation, and simulation. Chapter two investigates modernist discourse on body language and gesture in Vienna as framed by the critique of language so central to that city's cultural and philosophical ferment. To authors such as Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Bela Balazs and dancers like Grete Wiesenthal, the body seemed to offer an alternate form of communication more immediate, universal, and intelligible than spoken or written language. In this context, changing notions of and the increasing importance, of the performer's body led to a push within the dramatic arts toward physical theater. The revival of pantomime among Viennese authors and directors such as Hofmannsthal, Arthur Schnitzler, Max Reinhardt, Richard Beer-Hofmann, Hermann Bahr, and Max Mell documents this tendency. The development of free dance in Vienna--largely through Wiesenthal, the foremost Viennese dancer of her time--provided new creative impulses for writers like Hofmannsthal, who penned numerous libretti for dances and hybrid dance-pantomimes. The gestural principles underlying pantomime and modern dance subsequently became important templates for film actors in the first decades of silent film. Here, Viennese film theories by Balazs and Hofmannsthal from the early 1920s--examined alongside Hofmannsthal's understudied screenplays--bear witness to a heightened belief in the expressive power of the body in motion. Chapter three looks at identity construction in turn-of-the-century Vienna vis-a-vis the body of the cultural Other and the Self. It reads the vogue for Volkerschauen (ethnographic exhibitions) and the Lebensreformbewegung (life reform movement) around 1900 together. Both trends hinge on the staging of the human body and posit surprisingly homologous concepts of "natural" and "ideal" bodies that act as foils for the anxieties of modern society. The reciprocal relationship between fin-de-siecle popular culture and social concepts of ideal bodies is further underscored by visual imaging and collecting practices. In concert, these phenomena generate a new context for Peter Altenberg's texts Ashantee and Prodromos and for his obsessive collecting of postcards and photographs. Altenberg's engagement with photography demonstrates how the photographed body was appropriated and recontextualized to construct self-identity. Chapter four examines the use of three-dimensional simulacra of the human body (marionettes, puppets, and dolls) in the aesthetic production of Viennese modernism. Beginning with a look at the puppet as archetype in theoretical texts by Heinrich von Kleist and Edward Gordon Craig and in dramas by Arthur Schnitzler and others, this chapter analyzes the re-emergence of marionettes and rod puppets on fin-de-siecle Viennese stages. Possessing a remarkable range of motion and expressive detail, the puppet bodies of Richard Teschner's Figurentheoter in turn intersected with the Viennese Ausdruckstanz (expressive dance) of Gertrud Bodenwieser and Hilde Holgerfrom the 1920s and 1930s. The reciprocal influences between puppet theater and stage performance are also present in the case of life-size dolls, such as Oskar Kokoschka's infamous Alma Mahler doll and Cilli Wang's understudied stage doubles, both of which gain cogency when viewed in the context of expressionist drama and cabaret performance. Together, the three paradigms of the body I propose--animation, representation, and simulation--highlight the centrality of the corporeal as a reference point in the intellectual, cultural, and social fabric of fin-de-siecle Vienna. Inspired by recent interdisciplinary work that falls under the rubric of cultural studies, the project's methodology fuses literary studies' and art history's close readings of texts, images, and objects with a historical inquiry's eye to the particularities of time, place, and people. It also incorporates elements of film and media studies, dance history, and contemporary performance studies concerning questions of the body and corporeality. Set against the backdrop of recent scholarship in modernist studies at large by Sara Danius, Mary Gluck, Michael North, Vanessa R. Schwartz, and others, this cultural history links common discursive patterns of the era to their aesthetic and social articulations. By investigating the role of the body in fin-de-siecle Viennese culture and beyond, the scope and focus of this dissertation transcend the ubiquitous Vienna 1900 myth and contribute to a more nuanced understanding of Viennese modernism.

Vienna Art Design

Author : Christian Witt-Dörring
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Vienna: Art and Design: Klimt, Schiele, Hoffmann, Loos is a stylish and timeless publication that highlights this extraordinary and provocative period when a unique generation of artistic and intellectual geniuses laid the foundations for life in the twentieth century. Beginning in 1897 artists such as Gustav Klimt, Josef Hoffmann, Koloman Moser, Adolf Loos and Egon Schiele transformed Vienna into a dynamic, vibrant metropolis at the forefront of groundbreaking modernism.

The Cultural Exodus from Austria

Author : Friedrich Stadler
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This publication is a reader with survey articles and reference materials on the cultural exodus from Austria since the fascist period from an actual perspective. So it is also a documentation of ongoing research in contemporary history, and a guide to the historical roots of (former) Austrian intellectual life with system and (auto-)biographical manifestation.

Literary Criticism the Structures of History Erich Auerbach Leo Spitzer

Author : Geoffrey Green
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