Search results for: reproductive-and-developmental-toxicology

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
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Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and authoritative resource that provides the latest literature on this complex subject with a primary focus on three core components—parent, placenta, and fetus—and the continuous changes that occur in each. Enriched with relevant references describing every aspect of reproductive toxicology, this revised and updated resource addresses the totality of the subject, discussing a broad range of topics, including nanoparticles and radiation, gases and solvents, smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, and metals, amongst others. With a special focus on placental toxicity, this book is the only available reference to connect the three key risk stages, also including discussions on reproductive and developmental toxicity in domestic animals, fish, and wildlife. Completely revised and updated to include the most recent developments in the field, the book is an essential resource for advanced students and researchers in toxicology, as well as biologists, pharmacologists, and teratologists from academia, industry, and regulatory agencies. Provides a complete, up-to-date, integrated source of information on the key risk stages during reproduction and development Includes new chapters covering significant developments, such as dose-response assessment for developmental toxicity, juvenile toxicity, and neural tube defects, as well as emerging science, such as stem cell application, toxicoproteomics, metabolomics, endocrine disruption, surveillance and regulatory considerations, and risk assessment Offers diverse and unique in vitro and in vivo toxicity models for reproductive and developmental toxicity testing in a user-friendly format that assists in comparative analysis

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Metals

Author : Tom Clarkson
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The Permanent Commission and International Association on Occupational Health (PCIAOH) established in 1969 a Subcommittee on the Toxicology of Metals under the chairmanship of Lars Friberg. This committee, which later was named the Scientific Committee on the Toxicology of Metals, has organized a number of previous meetings that have led to publications in three major areas of metal toxicology: a preliminary meeting in Slanchev Bryag, Bulgaria in- 1971, followed by a meeting in 1972 in Buenos Aires, Argentina which produced two reports (Dukes and Friberg, 1971; Task Group on Metal Accumulation, 1973), that discussed the metabolism of metals with special reference to absorption, excretion and biological half-times. The effects and dose-response relationships of toxic metals, including a discussion of general principles, was the second major topic addressed by the Scientific Committee at a meeting in Tokyo in 1974 (Nordberg, 1976). The philosophy of this conference, as well as the previous one in Buenos Aires, was based on the concept of a "threshold dose" for the occurrence of adverse effects. In a conference held in Atlanta, USA in 1980, the scope of discussion on metal effects was broadened to include the role of metals in carcinogenesis. Thus, for the first time, the Scientific Committee took under consideration the possibility of non-threshold relationships (Belman and Nordberg, 1981). In addition, the Scientific Committee on the Toxicology of Metals organized a workshop on metal interactions in Stockholm 1977 (Nordberg et al.

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Kenneth S . Korach
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This timely resource offers extensive discussions on the pharmacological, environmental,endocrinological, and natural factors that alter reproductive or developmental processes-elucidating the effects of toxicants on mechanisms of reproduction. Describing biological actions common to both genders as well as gender-specific processes, Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology provides an overview of the basic biology and physiology of organ systems affected by toxicants furnishes detailed examples of developmental toxicology analyzes germ cell toxicity and infertility covers the developmental effects of neurotoxicity considers periods of exposure and long-term toxicological consequences explains how gonadal processes may be susceptible to toxicants in other reproductive organ systems and more! With over 3700 bibliographic citations and more than 100 photographs, drawings, and tables, Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology is a useful reference for toxicologists; reproductive, developmental, cell, and molecular biologists; endocrinologists; biochemists; obstetricians/gynecologists; pediatricians; pharmacists and pharmacologists; physiologists; geneticists; poison control specialists; and upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and medical school students in these disciplines.

Evaluating Chemical and Other Agent Exposures for Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity

Author : National Research Council
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The United States Navy has been concerned for some time with protecting its military and civilian personnel from reproductive and developmental hazards in the workplace. As part of its efforts to reduce or eliminate exposure of Naval personnel and their families to reproductive and developmental toxicants, the Navy requested that the National Research Council (NRC) recommend an approach that can be used to evaluate chemicals and physical agents for their potential to cause reproductive and developmental toxicity. The NRC assigned this project to the Committee on Toxicology, which convened the Subcommittee on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, to prepare this report. In this report, the subcommittee recommends an approach for evaluating agents for potential reproductive and developmental toxicity and demonstrates how that approach can be used by the Navy. This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: James Chen (National Center for Toxicological Research), George Daston (Procter and Gamble Company), Jerry Heindel (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences), Grace Lemasters (University of Cincinnati), and John Young (National Center for Toxicological Research).

Handbook of Developmental Toxicology

Author : Ronald D. Hood
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Developmental toxicology, an increasingly important area, encompasses the study of toxicant effects on development, from conception through puberty. The Handbook of Developmental Toxicology provides useful insights gained from hands-on experience, as well as a theoretical foundation. In this convenient reference you will find information not previously gathered in one source-including comparative developmental milestones, historical data, and a glossary of terms used in developmental toxicity evaluation. This handbook is a practical guide for individuals who are responsible for testing chemical agents and for regulatory scientists who must evaluate studies, interpret data, and perform risk assessments. Packed with features, the Handbook of Developmental Toxicology is ideal for training students and technicians in developmental toxicology.

Computational Methods for Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Donald R. Mattison
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Building from the perspective of reproductive and developmental biology, Computational Methods for Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology provides a timely and comprehensive overview of approaches in reproductive and developmental toxicology. The book, which is part of the QSAR in Environmental and Health Sciences series, is divided into three broad sections. The first provides a review of methods and approaches to meet the need for safety assessments in product development and regulatory approaches for environmental chemicals. The next one reviews the biological processes and endpoints involved in reproduction and development. The final and largest section summarizes protocols for evaluating biological processes and endpoints within reproduction and development. It also discusses informatics resources and computational methods. The book takes a cross-disciplinary approach bringing together developmental, reproductive and systems biology, chemistry, toxicology, pharmacology, biostatistics, information sciences, bioinformatics, and computational approaches. This valuable resource provides those in the field with the necessary knowledge to evaluate both classic and recent approaches to characterize toxicity.

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology

Author : Ali S. Faqi
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This meticulous volume covers metabolism and drug-drug interactions during pregnancy, critical periods of developmental toxicology, in vivo and alternative methods to assess potential developmental toxicity for drugs and chemicals, and effects of chemicals on testes and mammary glands. Evaluation of developmental and reproductive toxicology endpoints is an integral part of the safety assessment process for compounds with potential use in women of childbearing age or females that might be exposed during pregnancy as well as men of reproductive potential. The in vivo assessments included here are guideline-driven and are required for submissions for product approval. Written for the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, this collection includes the kind of detailed implementation advice necessary for success in the lab. Authoritative and practical, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology is an ideal resource for researchers working in this vital field of study./div

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology

Author : Ronald D Hood
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Completely revised and updated, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology: A Practical Approach, Second Edition draws together valuable information typically scattered throughout the literature, plus some not previously published, into one complete resource. In addition to the traditional aspects of developmental toxicity testing, the book covers evaluating and interpreting data. Originally titled Handbook of Developmental Toxicology, the second edition's new name reflects significant changes in its content and scope. New coverage in the Second Edition: Genomics and proteomics Tests for endocrine disruptors Testing for male and female reproductive toxicity Extensive treatment of the significance, reliability, and interpretation of developmental and reproductive toxicity data Toxicity testing in neonatal and juvenile animals Postnatal developmental milestones FDA perspective on risk assessment Extensive glossaries of developmental defect terminology Previous books on this subject have largely been academically oriented and not intended to guide the practicing developmental or reproductive toxicologist. Useful and informative, this book blends the theoretical foundation with insights gained from hands-on experience. It includes tables of comparative developmental milestones - both pre- and postnatal, glossaries of descriptive terms used in developmental toxicity evaluation, and both US and international regulatory guidelines. Bridging the gap between theory and application, this is a handy single-source of essential information to use in planning, conducting, and interpreting studies.

Reproductive Toxicology

Author : Jesús del Mazo
File Size : 46.14 MB
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Numerous reports demonstrate that the reproductive system could be affected by multiple potential toxicological agents. The volume includes different aspects of the development of new approaches to in vitro testing using sperm cells and systems involved on reproduction in mammals. Comparative analysis of in vivo and in vitro methods has been included to take steps towards the further development of and applications of new systems for germline toxicology.

A Clinical Guide to Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : AR. Scialli
File Size : 82.68 MB
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Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author :
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Mechanisms of Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Jeanne M. Manson
File Size : 89.87 MB
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Evaluating Chemical and Other Agent Exposures for Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity

Author : Subcommittee on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
File Size : 56.9 MB
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The United States Navy has been concerned for some time with protecting its military and civilian personnel from reproductive and developmental hazards in the workplace. As part of its efforts to reduce or eliminate exposure of Naval personnel and their families to reproductive and developmental toxicants, the Navy requested that the National Research Council (NRC) recommend an approach that can be used to evaluate chemicals and physical agents for their potential to cause reproductive and developmental toxicity. The NRC assigned this project to the Committee on Toxicology, which convened the Subcommittee on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, to prepare this report. In this report, the subcommittee recommends an approach for evaluating agents for potential reproductive and developmental toxicity and demonstrates how that approach can be used by the Navy. This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: James Chen (National Center for Toxicological Research), George Daston (Procter and Gamble Company), Jerry Heindel (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences), Grace Lemasters (University of Cincinnati), and John Young (National Center for Toxicological Research).

A Clinical Guide to Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Anthony R. Scialli
File Size : 41.57 MB
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Reproduction, the most important process in nature, is the result of a superbly coordinated series of events. The modern era has seen the introduction of chemical and physical agents that can disrupt these events and impair normal reproduction. The public has become increasingly aware of the possibilities of adverse reproductive outcomes as a result of being exposed to medications; chemicals in the workplace and in the environment; and physical agents, such as X-rays, microwaves, and heat. Clinicians need to become familiar with toxicological issues so that they can properly answer the questions their patients may ask regarding reproductive risks. A Clinical Guide to Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology satisfies the clinician's need to understand toxicology and its effect on human reproduction by explaining the lingo of the bench researcher and teaching the clinician how to use basic research in practice. The book emphasizes how to use this information when there is a patient sitting in front of you. All aspects of reproduction are discussed and difficult issues are addressed. For example, is it possible to use animal studies when counseling humans? How likely are male exposures to cause abnormalities in the offspring? How can workplaces be evaluated for reproductive risks? These are only a few of the important questions addressed in this important book for physicians, nurses, counselors, industrial hygienists, and public policymakers.

Current Issues in Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Author : Cindy E. Lumley
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Developmental Toxicology

Author : CaroleAKimmel
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The Second Edition of this highly regarded work provides a state-of-the-art review of developmental toxicology from basic science, clinical, epidemiological, and regulatory perspectives. This new edition highlights the latest approaches to understanding the mechanisms of developmental toxicity, testing pharmaceutical and environmental agents, and interpreting developmental toxicity data.; The contributors demonstrate how new information on molecular embryology and cell biology is being applied to problems in developmental toxicology. Chapters describe the effects of toxic exposure on the functional development of various organs, examine the relationship between maternal and developmental toxicity, and discuss current techniques for studying chemical disposition, metabolism, and placental transfer. Close attention is given to the use of mathematical and statistical techniques in data interpretation, as well as to the regulatory aspects of testing and risk assessment. Other chapters focus on pre- and post conceptional clinical care and on genetic factors in clinical developmental toxicology.

NTP CERHR Expert Panel Report on the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Styrene

Author :
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NTP CERHR Monograph on the Potential Human Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Di isononyl Phthalate DINP

Author :
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NTP CERHR Report on the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Bisphenol A

Author : Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (U.S.)
File Size : 51.37 MB
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NTP CERHR Expert Panel Report on the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Amphetamine and Methamphetamine

Author :
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