Search results for: religion-and-society-in-roman-palestine

Religion and Society in Roman Palestine

Author : Douglas R. Edwards
File Size : 53.51 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 865
Read : 332
Download »
This collection of papers combines important archaeological and textual evidence to examine diverse aspects of religion and society in Roman Palestine. A range of international experts provide an unprecedented look at issues of acculturation, assimilation and the preservation of difference in the multicultural climate of Palestine in the Roman period. Key themes include: * the nature of ethnicity and ritual * the character of public and private space in Jewish society * the role of gender and space * the role of peasants * the impact of Roman rule * ritual and the regional framework of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Religion and Society in Roman Palestine will be relevant to ancient historians, interpreters of the historical Jesus and subsequent Jesus movements, and those interested in the development of Judaism from Qu'ran to the rabbis.

Religion and Society in Roman Palestine

Author : Douglas R. Edwards
File Size : 59.99 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 727
Read : 847
Download »
This collection of papers combines important archaeological and textual evidence to examine diverse aspects of religion and society in Roman Palestine. A range of international experts provide an unprecedented look at issues of acculturation, assimilation and the preservation of difference in the multicultural climate of Palestine in the Roman period. Key themes include: * the nature of ethnicity and ritual * the character of public and private space in Jewish society * the role of gender and space * the role of peasants * the impact of Roman rule * ritual and the regional framework of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Religion and Society in Roman Palestine will be relevant to ancient historians, interpreters of the historical Jesus and subsequent Jesus movements, and those interested in the development of Judaism from Qu'ran to the rabbis.

State and Society in Roman Galilee A D 132 212

Author : Martin Goodman
File Size : 32.57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 633
Read : 1069
Download »
Drawing on the large corpus of extant rabbinic writings, Goodman (Jewish studies, Oxford U.) describes the formation of rabbinic Judaism in the second century that has shaped Judaism ever since. He argues that the development of the independent and unique Jewish culture of Late Roman Palestine was encouraged by the Roman methods of administration. Only a few copies of the 1983 first edition, developed from his dissertation, were printed; in a new preface, he summarizes developments in the scholarship since then. Distributed in the US by ISBS. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Jewish Culture and Society Under the Christian Roman Empire

Author : Richard Lee Kalmin
File Size : 41.18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 151
Read : 1163
Download »
This book investigates the complexity, diversity, uniqueness and enduring significance of Jewish life in the Christian Roman Empire, from 312 to 634 C.E. During this period there occurred an unprecedented Jewish cultural explosion, encompassing the compilation and/or composition of such texts as the Palestinian Talmud, the main aggadic midrashim, an extensive magical/mystical literature, the revived apocalypse, a vast corpus of piyyutim and the beginnings of a practically oriented halakhic literature. Furthermore, this was the era of the florition of Jewish art, for it was only in the fourth century that a specifically Jewish iconographic language came into common use in synagogues and catacombs, the archaeological remains of almost all of which date from this period. This volume moves toward a synthesizing and contextualizing view of the Jewish cultural production of late antiquity, examining the interaction of Jews, Christians and pagans and with the emergence of new religious forms generated by such interaction.

Palestine in the Time of Jesus

Author : Kenneth C. Hanson
File Size : 45.92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 737
Read : 499
Download »
Hanson and Oakman's award-winning and enormously illuminating volume quickly has become a widely used and cited introduction to the social context of the early Jesus movement. This new printing augments the text with multiple features on an accompanying CD-ROM.

Empire Church and Society in the Late Roman Near East

Author : F. Millar
File Size : 74.57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 662
Read : 591
Download »
This book brings together thirty separate studies of the complex religious, communal and religious history of the Roman Near East in the period from the conversion of the Emperor Constantine to Christianity in CE 312 to the first Islamic invasion in CE 632. A newly-written Epilogue, 'Open Questions', reviews the different fields of study involved, and asks how far what we find helps to understand the origins of Islam. Pagan Greeks and Greek-speaking Christians, as well as Jews and Samaritans using Hebrew and Aramaic, co-existed, as did a new Christian community using Syriac, a branch of Aramaic. The complex complex and extensive evidence for this multicultural world has had to be approached in separate studies, while retaining a sense of communal co-existence and mutual relationships. The papers have been edited so as to appear in a consistent form, and are arranged in groups intended to offer a coherent overall structure. It is hoped that they will stimulate further work on this important phase in cultural and religious history.

The Rise Decline and Fall of the Roman Religion

Author : James B. Hannay
File Size : 82.12 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 421
Read : 614
Download »
1925 Privately printed for the Religious Evolution Research Society, England. Profusely illustrated with ancient symbols, monuments and art.

Herod Antipas in Galilee

Author : Morten Hørning Jensen
File Size : 79.80 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 253
Read : 980
Download »
The quest for the secrets of first-century Galilee has become an issue of intense interest in recent research. In particular, a growing interest can be traced in Herod [email protected] impact on the [email protected] socio-economic stability. Was he good or bad news for the ordinary rural peasant population, and did his urbanization programme have a crucial impact on the Historical Jesus? Morten Hørning Jensen seeks to survey the literary and archaeological sources on the reign of Antipas with a view to determining its socio-economic impact on the region. He argues that [email protected] impact on early first-century Galilee was probably more moderate than Historical Jesus scholars have generally assumed until now.

Religion and Politics in the Ancient Near East

Author : Adele Berlin
File Size : 20.34 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 816
Read : 415
Download »
Explores little known aspects of religion as it intersects with politics in ancient Mesopotamia, biblical Israel, the Qumran community, and Roman Palestine, from the second millennium BCE to the early centuries of the Common Era. Topics include the Bible as a political document, the cultic calendar of Ur, Mesopotamian witchcraft in an increasingly urbanized society, and the Christianizing of cities in the Roman Empire. No index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Religion Ethnicity and Identity in Ancient Galilee

Author : Jürgen Zangenberg
File Size : 29.74 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 792
Read : 244
Download »
What is a Galilean? What were the criteria of defining a person as a Galilean - archaeologically or with respect to literary sources such as Josephus or the rabbis? What role did religion play in the process of identity formation? Twenty-two articles based on papers read at conferences at Cambridge, Wuppertal and Yale by experts from 7 countries shed light on a complex region, the pivotal geographic and cultural context of both earliest Christianity and rabbinic Judaism. In these papers, ancient Galilee emerges as a dynamic region of continuous change, in which religion, 'ethnicity', and 'identity' were not static monoliths but had to be negotiated in the context of a multiform environment subject to different influences.

Jewish Literacy in Roman Palestine

Author : Catherine Hezser
File Size : 67.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 565
Read : 1151
Download »
Since Judaism has always been seen as the quintessential 'religion of the book', a high literacy rate amongst ancient Jews has usually been taken for granted. Catherine Hezser presents the first critical analysis of the various aspects of ancient Jewish literacy on the basis of all of the literary, epigraphic, and papyrological material published so far. Thereby she takes into consideration the analogies in Graeco-Roman culture and models and theories developed in the social sciences. Rather than trying to determine the exact literacy rate amongst ancient Jews, she examines the various types, social contexts, and functions of writing and the relationship between writing and oral forms of discourse. Following recent social-anthropological approaches to literacy, the guiding question is: who used what type of writing for which purpose? First Catherine Hezser examines the conditions which would enable or prevent the spread of literacy, such as education and schools, the availability and costs of writing materials, religious interest in writing and books, the existence of archives and libraries, and the question of multilingualism. Afterwards she looks at the different types of writing, such as letters, documents, miscellaneous notes, inscriptions and graffiti, and literary and magical texts until she finally draws conclusions about the ways in which the various sectors of the populace were able to participate in a literate society.

Social Stratification of the Jewish Population of Roman Palestine in the Period of the Mishnah 70 250 CE

Author : Ben Zion Rosenfeld
File Size : 41.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 387
Read : 161
Download »
This book defines, uncovers, dissects, and arranges the economic groups in Roman Palestine in the first centuries CE. It shows that, alongside the rich and poor, there were significant middling groups that constituted the backbone of Jewish society.

From Antipas to Agrippa II

Author : Bradley Walter Root
File Size : 56.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 654
Read : 425
Download »
This dissertation argues against the widespread belief among current scholars that Galilee experienced extensive Hellenization, rapid urbanization, and a socio-economic crisis in the first-century C.E. as a result of major socio-economic changes initiated by Herod the Great and his successors. My research indicates that earlier studies allowed the textual evidence to have an undue influence on the way that scholars interpret the archaeological evidence, and vice-versa. Unlike previous studies on Early Roman Galilee, the dissertation begins by attempting to interpret each source for the region individually and without recourse to other sources. After establishing what each source says on its own about Galilee, the dissertation analyzes the data as a whole and offers a reconstruction of Galilean society in the first-century C.E. that better reflects the available evidence. The major findings are that the region was politically stable until the Great Revolt of 66 C.E., that the region was much less Hellenized than some prominent scholars claim, that the urbanization process initiated by Herod Antipas had less of a negative immediate impact on Galilean society than modern scholars usually assume, and that Galilee was not experiencing any unusual or severe socio-economic problems prior to the revolt

Religion and Society

Author :
File Size : 39.5 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 261
Read : 319
Download »

The Impact of Jesus in First Century Palestine

Author : Rosemary Margaret Luff
File Size : 64.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 969
Read : 1210
Download »
Uses archaeological and textual evidence to clarify the nature of Galilean discontent and the advent of Jesus' eschatological ministry.

The Memory of the Temple and the Making of the Rabbis

Author : Naftali S. Cohn
File Size : 82.51 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 630
Read : 1125
Download »
When the rabbis composed the Mishnah in the late second or early third century C.E., the Jerusalem Temple had been destroyed for more then a century. Why, then, do the Temple and its ritual feature so prominently in the Mishnah? Against the view that the rabbis were reacting directly to the destruction and asserting that nothing had changed, Naftali S. Cohn argues that the memory of the Temple served a political function for the rabbis in their own time. They described the Temple and its ritual in a unique way that helped to establish their authority within the context of Roman dominance. At the time the Mishnah was created, the rabbis were not the only ones talking extensively about the Temple: other Judaeans (including followers of Jesus), Christians, and even Roman emperors produced texts and other cultural artifacts centered on the Jerusalem Temple. Looking back at the procedures of Temple ritual, the rabbis created in the Mishnah a past and a Temple in their own image, which lent legitimacy to their claim to be the only authentic purveyors of Jewish tradition and the traditional Jewish way of life. Seizing on the Temple, they sought to establish and consolidate their own position of importance within the complex social and religious landscape of Jewish society in Roman Palestine.

Josephus und das Neue Testament

Author : Christfried Böttrich
File Size : 81.55 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 133
Read : 1025
Download »
English summary: Flavius Josephus' works are an invaluable source of material for the history of Judaism in the 1st century AD. The articles in this conference volume deal mainly with the 'mutual perceptions between Josephus' works and New Testament writings. In a discussion between theologians, experts in Jewish studies, ancient historians, philologists and art historians, the authors focus on a wide range of subjects. Leaving the previous selective use of Josephus behind, they engage a productive interdisciplinary discussion. German description: Die Werke des judischen Historikers Flavius Josephus gehoren zu den wichtigsten Quellen fur die Kenntnis des Judentums im 1. Jh. n. Chr. Sie beschreiben jene Welt, in der auch die Jesusbewegung beginnt und in der sich die christlichen Gemeinden der Fruhzeit entwickeln. Im Rahmen eines Projektes zum Corpus Judaeo-Hellenisticum Novi Testamenti (CJHNT), das eine Aufarbeitung der judischen Literatur aus hellenistisch-romischer Zeit fur die Interpretation der neutestamentlichen Schriften zum Inhalt hat, spielt Josephus deshalb eine herausragende Rolle. Die Beitrage des vorliegenden Tagungsbandes, die auf das Greifswalder Symposium im Mai 2006 zuruckgehen, thematisieren vor allem die 'wechselseitigen Wahrnehmungen' zwischen den Werken des Josephus und den Schriften des Neuen Testamentes. Theologen, Judaisten, Althistoriker, Philologen und Kunstgeschichtler treten hier in ein fruchtbares interdisziplinares Gesprach, in dem sie die fruhere selektive 'Benutzung' des Josephus hinter sich lassen. Was die Josephusforschung in den letzten Jahrzehnten an intensiver Arbeit geleistet hat, stellt ein Potential dar, das mit diesem Gesprachsforum fur die Arbeit des CJHNT auf neue Weise nutzbar wird.

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

Author : Catherine Hezser
File Size : 20.36 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 354
Read : 803
Download »
An indispensable reference compendium on the day-to-day lives of Jews in the land of Israel in Roman times. Written by a distinguished team of scholars, the Handbook covers all the major themes, from clothing and domestic architecture to food and meals, labour and trade, and leisure time activities, in a comprehensive yet easily accessible way.

Ancient Synagogues of Southern Palestine 300 800 C E

Author : Steven H. Dr. Werlin
File Size : 83.30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 628
Read : 1153
Download »
In The Ancient Synagogues of Southern Palestine, 300-800 C.E., Werlin reevaluates the art, architecture and archaeology of ten synagogues from late ancient southern Palestine.

Jesus the Galilean Exorcist

Author : Amanda Witmer
File Size : 74.80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 830
Read : 968
Download »
Amanda Witmer presents an investigation of exorcism in the activities of the historical Jesus, particularly the connection between spirit possession and exorcism on the one hand and the socio-political context of first-century Galilee on the other. Witmer draws on research from the areas of sociology, anthropology, archaeology and biblical studies to illuminate this aspect of Jesus' career, as well as the broader social implications of spirit possession in those he treated and the exorcisms themselves. Evidence found in the strands underlying the Synoptic Gospels is evaluated using the criteria of authenticity and comparative analysis in order to establish early and historical material. Questions posed and answered concern the historical plausibility of Jesus' role as exorcist, the possibility that his own career began with a period of spirit possession, and the meaning that his exorcisms conveyed to his first-century audience. Thus, the methodology includes textual analysis, sociological analysis of general cultural patterns within which first-century Palestine can be fitted, and anthropological analysis of the plausible functions of both spirit possession and exorcism in agrarian societies.