Search results for: propaganda-and-empire

Propaganda and Empire

Author : John M. MacKenzie
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It has been said that the British Empire, on which the sun never set, meant little to the man in the street. Apart from the jingoist eruptions at the death of Gordon or the relief of Mafeking he remained stonily indifferent to the imperial destiny that beckoned his rulers so alluringly. Strange, then that for three-quarters of a century it was scarcely possible to buy a bar of soap or a tin of biscuits without being reminded of the idea of Empire. Packaging, postcards, music hall, cinema, boy's stories and school books, exhibitions and parades, all conveyed the message that Empire was an adventure and an ennobling responsibility. Army and navy were a sure shield for the mother country and the subject peoples alike. Boys' brigades and Scouts stiffened the backbone of youth who flocked to join. In this illuminating study John M. Mackenzie explores the manifestations of the imperial idea, from the trappings of royalty through writers like G. A. Henty to the humble cigarette card. He shows that it was so powerful and pervasive that it outlived the passing of Empire itself and, as events such as the Falklands 'adventure' showed, the embers continue to smoulder.

The Selling of the Empire

Author : Thomas Geoffrey August
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This innovative volume explores the essential similarity of imperialist ideologies in Britain and France from 1890 to 1940. These nations attempted to sell the concept of empire to their respective peoples as a means of overcoming pressing internal problems. The author documents the development of imperialist ideology in both countries, analyzes its methods of propagation, and assesses its popular appeal. Beginning with the 1890s, when factions in both countries espoused a remarkably similar vision of empire, August traces the numerous manifestations of official ideology through the First World War and into the ensuing period of promised recovery and national regeneration.

Power and Propaganda

Author : Mogens Trolle Larsen
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Allied Propaganda and the Collapse of the German Empire in 1918

Author : George G. Bruntz
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British Propaganda and Wars of Empire

Author : Professor Greg Kennedy
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In order to provide a better understanding of the shifting nature of influence, this volume looks at how the British government employed various forms of persuasion to achieve its goals across the twentieth century. The collection provides a range of case studies to assess how effectively - or ineffectively - influence was brought to bear on an array of non-western societies. This volume will be of interest not only to historians, but to anyone interested in the operation of influence as a foreign policy tool.

Dreams of Empire

Author : Barak Kushner
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The catalogue to an Exhibition of the same name taking place in San Francisco in February 2011

Persuasion and Propaganda

Author : Joan Coutu
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Lavishly illustrated, Persuasion and Propaganda is the first study of these works of art within the framework of colonial politics and political culture. While examining the rise of the idea of the public in the modern world, Joan Coutu also explores how "empire" was constantly being redefined. From private funeral monuments in the West Indies to works erected by the East India Company and the British Parliament, Coutu shows how the youthful British Empire saw itself and validated its mission through sculpture.

Imperialism and Popular Culture

Author : John M. MacKenzie
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Popular culture is invariably a vehicle for the dominant ideas of its age. Never was this more true than in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when it reflected the nationalist and imperialist ideologies current throughout Europe. When they were being entertained or educated the British basked in their imperial glory and developed a powerful notion of their own superiority. This book examines the various media through which nationalist ideas were conveyed in late Victorian and Edwardian times--in the theatre, "ethnic" shows, juvenile literature, education, and the iconography of popular art. Several chapters look beyond the first world war when the most popular media, cinema and broadcasting, continued to convey an essentially late nineteenth-century world view, while government agencies like the Empire Marketing Board sought to convince the public of the economic value of empire. Youth organizations, which had propagated imperialist and militarist attitudes before the war, struggled to adapt to the new internationalist climate.

Empire and Scottish Society

Author : Esther Breitenbach
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This book considers the mediation of empire by the foreign mission movement. It gives depth and substance to general claims that empire permeated the lives of Scots in the 19th century and that Scots articulated a strong sense of national identity in the context of the empire.

Glorify the Empire

Author : Annika A. Culver
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"In the 1930s and '40s, Japanese political architects of the Manchukuo project in occupied northeast China realized the importance of using various cultural media to promote a modernization program in the region, as well as its expansion into other parts of Asia. Ironically, the writers and artists chosen to spread this imperialist message had left-wing political roots in Japan, where their work strongly favoured modernist, even avant-garde, styles of expression. In Glorify the Empire, Annika Culver explores how these once anti-imperialist intellectuals produced modernist works celebrating the modernity of a fascist state and reflecting a complicated picture of complicity with, and ambivalence towards, Japan's utopian project. During the war, literary and artistic representations of Manchuria accelerated, and the Japanese-led culture in Manchukuo served as a template for occupied areas in Southeast Asia. A groundbreaking work, Glorify the Empire magnifies the intersection between politics and art in a rarely examined period in Japanese history."--Publisher's website.

BBC Empire Broadcasting

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Promoting the Colonial Idea

Author : T. Chafer
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Challenging the notion that there was no 'popular imperialism' in France, this important new book examines the importance of France's colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. It assesses the impact of colonial propaganda on public attitudes in France and the relationship between French imperialism, republicanism and nationalism. It analyses metropolitan representations of empire, traces the development of a colonial 'science' and discusses the enduring importance of images and symbols of empire in contemporary France. It will be of interest to students of imperial, social and cultural history as well as to historians of contemporary France.

Selling the Congo

Author : Matthew G. Stanard
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Belgium was a small, neutral country without a colonial tradition when King Leopold II ceded the Congo, his personal property, to the state in 1908. For the next half century Belgium not only ruled an African empire but also, through widespread, enduring, and eagerly embraced propaganda, produced an imperialist-minded citizenry. Selling the Congo is a study of European pro-empire propaganda in Belgium, with particular emphasis on the period 1908–60. Matthew G. Stanard questions the nature of Belgian imperialism in the Congo and considers the Belgian case in light of literature on the French, British, and other European overseas empires. Comparing Belgium to other imperial powers, the book finds that pro-empire propaganda was a basic part of European overseas expansion and administration during the modern period. Arguing against the long-held belief that Belgians were merely “reluctant imperialists,” Stanard demonstrates that in fact many Belgians readily embraced imperialistic propaganda. Selling the Congo contributes to our understanding of the effectiveness of twentieth-century propaganda by revealing its successes and failures in the Belgian case. Many readers familiar with more-popular histories of Belgian imperialism will find in this book a deeper examination of European involvement in central Africa during the colonial era.

Anti Empire

Author : Daniel F. Silva
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Anti-Empire explores how different writers across Lusophone spaces engage with imperial and colonial power at its various levels of domination, while imagining alternatives to dominant discourses pertaining to race, ethnicity, culture, gender, sexuality, and class. Guided by a theoretically eclectic approach ranging from Psychoanalysis, Deconstruction, Postcolonial Theory, Queer Theory, and Critical Race Studies, Empire is explored as a spectrum of contemporary global power inaugurated by European expansion and propagated in the postcolonial present through economic, cultural, and political forces. Through the texts analysed, Anti-Empire offers in-depth interrogations of contemporary power in terms of racial politics, gender performance, socio-economic divisions, political structures, and the intersections of these facets of domination and hegemony. By way of grappling with Empire's discursive field and charting new modes of producing meaning in opposition to that of Empire, the texts read from Brazil, the Cape Verde Islands, East Timor, Portugal, and São Tomé and Príncipe open new inquiries for Postcolonial and Decolonial Studies while contributing theoretical debates to the study of Lusophone cultures.

Japan s News Propaganda and Reuters News Empire in Northeast Asia 1870 1934

Author : Tomoko Akami
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Exactly 20 years after the first undersea cable was laid across the English Channel in 1851, the last leg of the north- and south- bound cable networks reached Japan via Shanghai, connecting all the continents, except for the Antarctic. This age of global telecommunications coincided with two moves by the major empires in the late nineteenth century: their aggressive colonization in Africa, Asia and the Pacific; and the expansion of the franchise at their metropolitan centres. Overseas news was conveyed more quickly, and affected more people's views of the world. As metropolitan states gradually expanded their franchise bases, these peoples' views (the public opinion) were becoming an important factor not only in domestic politics, but also in foreign policies. The states had to respond to these developments of technology and mass-based politics, realize the power of news, and come to see the need to develop policy and institutions to utilize news in foreign policy. As soon as global telecommunication networks were established, three major news agencies-British Reuters, French Havas, and German Wolff-created an inter-imperial news cartel system in 1870, and Northeast Asia came under Reuters' news empire. Using the notion of 'news propaganda', this book analyses how the Meiji state came into the inter-imperial news system, and how it became aware of the problem of Reuters' news empire in Northeast Asia. It also examines how the Japanese state began to develop the governmental institutions and a key operational agency, the national news agency, to utilize news propaganda in international politics, and how it challenged Reuters' news agency in the region with a help of American Associated Press. The book demonstrates the modern thinking of foreign policy elites, including high- to - middle-ranking diplomats, military officers and news agency men. They were well attuned with global trends, technological development, and the rising significance of 'international public opinion'. They responded not with isolationism from, but with greater engagement with the world public in the time of diplomatic crises and international conflicts. Their challenge to Reuters' news empire was not a structural challenge to the inter-imperial news system, but a quest for Japan's greater power in that system, and closely connected to the military expansion into China. Contents Introduction Ch. 1: The Old Order: Reuters' News Empire in Northeast Asia Ch. 2: Japan's Early News Propaganda, 1870s-1900s Ch. 3: News Propaganda as a Foreign Policy; The Creation of Japan's Own News Propaganda Organizations, 1909-14 Ch. 4: The New Paradigm of International Politics Wartime News Propaganda and International Public Opinion, 1914-20 Ch. 5: Japan's Response to the New Paradigm, 1918-23 Ch. 6: Iwanaga's Vision for a National News Agency and the State's Response To Wireless, 1923-5 Ch. 7: The Formation of Reng and its Challenge to the Monopoly of Reuters' News Empire in China, 1926-9 Ch. 8: News Propaganda and Mass-Based Politics during the Manchurian Crisis, 1931-3: the Beginning of the State's Coordination Ch. 9: The End of the Old Order of Reuters' News Empire in Northeast Asia and Reng 's Overseas Expansion, 1932-5 Ch. 10:1933-5: The Dawn of a New Era of News Propaganda Conclusion Archival Sources Bibliography About the Author Tomoko Akami was born in Tottori, Japan. She received an MA at Hiroshima, a second MA at Melbourne, and a PhD at the Australian National University. She now teaches and does research at the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University. Her publications include Internationalizing the Pacific (2002), and she has published on the idea of the Pacific Community in the 1920s, non-governmental organizations in Asia and the Pacific, comparative liberalism, and the nexus of the nation-state and empire.

Propaganda Pride and Prejudice

Author : Melanie Horton
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British Techniques of Public Relations and Propaganda for Mobilizing East and Central Africa During World War II

Author : Kate Morris
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This monograph presents a detailed account of how the British government developed new techniques of public relations and propaganda during World War II and in the early post-war period to mobilize the British empire in the war effort and in a new imperial relationship of partnership.

Migrant Races

Author : Acting Assistant Professor of South Asian History Satadru Sen
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Migrant Races is a study of image, identity and mobility in colonial India and imperial Britain in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the career of Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji, who migrated from India to England as a teenager in the 1880s and returned to India in 1907, the book unravels the significance of this "racial misfit" living in a colonial society. While in England Ranjitsinhji rose to the heights of sporting hero, captaining the English cricket team to become one of the best-known athletes in the British empire.

Empire Forestry Journal

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United Empire

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