Process Safety Calculations


Author: Renato Benintendi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081012292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 3153

Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety


Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 7502

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.

Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing


Author: Ricardo Simpson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420058598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 7164

Access the Latest Advances in Food Quality Optimization and Safety Assurance Thermal processing has undergone a remarkable amount of research throughout the past decade, indicating that the process not only remains viable, but that it is also expanding around the world. An organized exploration of new developments in academic and current food industry practices, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing presents groundbreaking advances in the physical and engineering aspects of thermal food processing, paying particular attention to modeling, simulation, optimization, online control, and automation. Divided into Four Cohesive Sections Under the editorial guidance of a leading thermal processing authority, the book first covers the fundamentals and new processes in the thermal processing industry, including new packaging materials like retortable pouches. The second section moves on to mathematical modeling and simulation, which also addresses emerging preservation technology such as ohmic heating. The third section of the book is devoted to optimization, recognizing that mathematical optimization is the key ingredient for computing optimal operating policies and building advanced decision support systems. This section discusses processes like thermal sterilization, microwave processing, and in-line aseptic processing as well as an analysis of plant production productivity. The final section examines online control and automation describing a practical and efficient strategy for on-line correction of thermal process deviations during retort sterilization of canned foods. Concluding with expert analysis and discussion of the manufacturers’ businesses in today’s competitive marketplace, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing explores the entire processing line from modeling through optimization. It effectively assists manufacturers in maintaining a seamless workflow while lowering their bottom lines.

Generic Construction of Availability Calculation Models for Safety Loops in Process Industry


Author: Thomas Gabriel

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 383252892X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 8758

A generic approach is proposed in this work that automatically constructs suitable calculation models from a herefore invented formal description language. Two positive effects arise from that: firstly, all inherently and explicitly contained complexity of Safety Instrumented Systems is identified once and condensed into a set of transformation formulas generating the actual calculation models. Secondly, providing a flexible and extensive description language encourages smart and quick engineering processes, enables for non-standard solutions, and relieves safety engineers from the challenge of actually deriving explicit calculation models by hand. A suitable new type of discrete time multiphase markov model is chosen as mathematical basis, and comes along with the required solver algorithms for retrieving the desired unavailability characteristics: the probability of failure on demand (PFD), and the probability of fail-safe (PFS), i.e. an operational unavailability as economical indicator.

Operational Safety Economics

A Practical Approach Focused on the Chemical and Process Industries


Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers,H. R. Noel Van Erp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111887112X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 4275

Describes how to make economic decisions regading safety in the chemical and process industries Covers both technical risk assessment and economic aspects of safety decision-making Suitable for both academic researchers and practitioners in industry Addresses cost-benefit analysis for safety investments

Hydrocarbon Process Safety

A Text for Students and Professionals


Author: John Clifford Jones

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 9781593700041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 7959

The vitally important subject of process safety in the hydrocarbon industry is addressed in this book. The coverage is broad and the author has integrated the various aspects so that the book will be readily accessible to readers of diverse backgrounds. A grasp of the material requires only familiarity with physical and organic chemistry (at first-year undergraduate level) and with heat transfer and fluid flow at the same level. The text is complemented by many numerical examples with full solutions. Contents: Foreword by Dr.Donald Olander, Goodrich Corporation Preface Background to the oil and gas industry Hydrocarbon leakage and dispersion The combustion behaviour of hydrocarbons Offshore oil and gas production Physical operations on hydrocarbons and associated hazards Chemical operations on hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives Hazards associated with particular hydrocarbon products Some relevant design principles Some relevant measurement principles Toxicity hazards Safe disposal of unwanted hydrocarbon Means of obtaining hydrocarbon other than from crude oil, and related safety issues Appendix: outline of the Canvey Study Solutions to numerical problems Self-test questions Index.

Process Design Tools for the Environment


Author: Subhas Sikdar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560328247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 5346

Much of the pollution in the air, water or soil results from discharges from industrial activities. Industrial practice can be significantly altered to reduce or eliminate the pollution if processes and products are so designed that either toxic materials are not used, or processes are inherently less polluting. This book is a collection of methods, written by experts, that would enable industry to design benign processes at the outset to achieve this purpose.

Foundations of computer aided process operations

proceedings of the First International Conference on Foundations of Computer Aided Process Operations, Park City, Utah, July 5-10, 1987


Author: G. V. Reklaitis

Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd


Category: Computers

Page: 720

View: 4523

Definitions, Conversions, and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals


Author: Edward Finucane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048483

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 3986

This reference text, a new and expanded edition of a well-regarded professional resource, covers virtually every type and category of calculation that environmental and occupational health and safety professionals might encounter on the job. Organized by subject, Definitions, Conversions, and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals, Second Edition includes definitions and detailed descriptions of formulas, quantitative relationships, conversion factors, and more. The book includes numerous example problems, drawn from real-life situations, with detailed, step-by-step solutions that don't just provide quick answers but also indicate how the solutions were obtained. Two useful appendices provide a complete list of conversion factors and a first-ever discussion of the effects atmospheric factors can have on measurements. With almost twice as many calculations as the first edition and over 100 example problems, this is the most comprehensive resource available in the field. The second edition promises to be even more useful than the first as a ready reference for practicing professionals and a study guide for students entering health and safety professions or preparing for certification.