Search results for: poverty-in-britain

Poverty in Britain 1900 1965

Author : Ian Gazeley
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How was poverty measured and defined, and how has this influenced our judgement of the change in poverty in Britain during the first sixty years of the twentieth century? During this period, a large number of poverty surveys were carried out, the methods of which altered after World War II. Commencing with Rowntree's social survey of York in 1899 and ending with Abel-Smith and Townsend's Poor and the Poorest in 1965, Ian Gazeley shows how the means of evaluation and the causes of poverty changed. Poverty in Britain, 1900-1965: - offers a comprehensive empirical assessment of all published poverty and nutritional enquiries in this era - reports the results of recent re-examinations of many of the more famous social surveys that took place - considers the results of these surveys within the context of changing real incomes, the occupational structure and social provision - evaluates the extent to which the reduction in poverty was due to the actions of the State or to increases in real income (including more continuous income from fuller employment) Detailed yet easy to follow, Ian Gazeley's book is an indispensable guide to the changing face of poverty in Britain during the first six decades of the last century.

The Impact of Income Maintenance Programmes on Poverty in Britain

Author : Wilfred Beckerman
File Size : 43.55 MB
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Child Poverty in Britain and Germany

Author : Stephen P. Jenkins
File Size : 53.8 MB
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Poverty in Britain Today

Author : Harriett C. Wilson
File Size : 84.3 MB
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Women and Poverty in Britain

Author : Caroline Glendinning
File Size : 65.40 MB
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This second edition brings the data and analysis of women's poverty in Britain into the 1990s. Updated and expanded, it features new chapters on women's poverty in the light of recent government policy, in the context of Europe and the Single Market, and in relation to policies of community care.

Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States

Author : Richard Dickens
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Scholars emphasize that poverty in Britain has risen sharply since the late 1970s. Meanwhile in the United States, both official figures and traditional poverty scholars report sharp declines in poverty. We seek to provide a comparison of poverty levels in Britain and the US based on a set of common definitions. We then proceed to ask what factors-demographic, economic, or policy-account for the observed changes in poverty in the two nations and what role could policy play in reducing poverty? We develop a procedure that allows one to trace out the relative impacts of altered demographics, rising wage inequality, work changes, and policy innovations in explaining changing poverty patterns. We find that the forces influencing poverty differ between nations and across absolute and relative poverty measures. Demographic and wage change is a dominant force in both nations. Britain has experienced a dramatic rise in workless households while the US has simultaneously had a sharp fall. These differences had a sizable impact on absolute poverty in both nations and a significant impact on relative poverty in Britain. Government benefits directly reduced relative and absolute poverty considerably in Britain over this period but had little impact in the US. However, changing patterns of benefits and work suggest that policy changes have significantly increased work in the US, particularly among single parents. In Britain, policy changes may have had the reverse effect, reducing work among many groups. The UK government has committed itself to reducing child poverty by half over the next 10 years and to its abolition within 20 years, largely through policy changes designed to make work pay. We conclude that any purely work-based strategy, which doesn't tackle demographics and wage dispersion, may not have a dramatic effect on relative poverty

Poverty And UnBritish Rule In India

Author : Dadabhai Naoroji
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The pioneering work of Dadabhai Naoroji has two major aspects- economic and political - and provides valuable material for the economic and constitutional history of India.

Poverty Welfare and the Disciplinary State

Author : Chris Jones
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A forward-looking appraisal of the welfare state which examines issues such as poverty in Britain, demonisation of the poor in areas of social policy and other related topics.

Child Poverty in the UK

Author : Great Britain. Department for Work and Pensions
File Size : 87.9 MB
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Section 1 of the Child Poverty Act 2012 requires the Government to report on whether or not the target to reduce the number of children living in relative income poverty by half by 2012/11 from a 1998/99 base was met. This report finds that the target was not met: although the number of children living in relative income poverty reduced to 2.3 million, that figure is 600,000 short of the number required to meet the target. Despite some progress, not enough parents were able to move into work and progress in work. Work did not pay as well as it should, and the proportion of poor children who came from working households increased. Not all poor families received the financial support they were entitled to because the system was complicated and unclear. The fact that the target was not met, despite significant financial transfers, demonstrates that poverty does not have easy answers. Whilst income matters, child poverty will not be eradicated by income transfers alone. The root causes of poverty must be tackled: worklessness, poor educational attainment, health and high levels of personal debt. The Government is setting up a new Child Poverty and Social Mobility Commission to hold Government and other institutions to account on progress in improving social mobility and reducing child poverty. The Child Poverty Strategy will: intervene early to support children and strengthen families; drive up educational achievement and make work pay.

Women and Poverty in Britain

Author : Caroline Glendinning
File Size : 30.32 MB
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