Photochemistry and Photophysics

Concepts, Research, Applications

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Author: Vincenzo Balzani,Paola Ceroni,Alberto Juris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671056

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 1818

This textbook covers the spectrum from basic concepts of photochemistry and photophysics to selected examples of current applications and research. Clearly structured, the first part of the text discusses the formation, properties and reactivity of excited states of inorganic and organic molecules and supramolecular species, as well as experimental techniques. The second part focuses on the photochemical and photophysical processes in nature and artificial systems, using a wealth of examples taken from applications in nature, industry and current research fields, ranging from natural photosynthesis, to photomedicine, polymerizations, photoprotection of materials, holography, luminescence sensors, energy conversion, and storage and sustainability issues. Written by an excellent author team combining scientific experience with didactical writing skills, this is the definitive answer to the needs of students, lecturers and researchers alike going into this interdisciplinary and fast growing field.

Photochemistry and Photophysics

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Author: Jan F. Rabek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849340437

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 1392

Photochemistry and Photophysics is a multi-volume set that presents a critical review of new developments that have occurred in the inorganic, organic, atmospheric, environmental, material, bio-and polymer fields of photochemistry and photophysics over the last decade. Specific topics covered in Volume III include photochemical processes at semiconductors, photoluminescence probes of porous solids, photoluminescence probes of polymer structures, and photomodification of cell membranes. Topics covered in Volume IV include magnetic fields in photochemistry, heterogenous photocatalysis by semiconductor powders, hydrophobic and hydrophyllic effects on photochemical and photophysical processes, and photoinitiators for free radical polymerization. The book provides essential information for students and researchers in photochemistry and photophysics.

Progress in Photochemistry and Photophysics

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Author: Jan F. Rabek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849340451

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 6846

Progress in Photochemistry and Photophysics is a multiple-volume set that presents a critical review of developments in the inorganic, organic, atmospheric, environmental, material, bio- and polymer fields of photochemistry and photophysics . The book provides essential information for students and researchers in photochemistry and photophysics.

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds II

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Author: Vincenzo Balzani,Sebastiano Campagna

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540733493

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 3848

Photochemistry (a term that broadly speaking includes photophysics) is abranchofmodernsciencethatdealswiththeinteractionoflightwithmatter and lies at the crossroadsof chemistry, physics, and biology. However, before being a branch of modern science, photochemistry was (and still is today), an extremely important natural phenomenon. When God said: “Let there be light”, photochemistry began to operate, helping God to create the world as wenowknowit.Itislikelythatphotochemistrywasthesparkfortheoriginof life on Earth and played a fundamental role in the evolution of life. Through the photosynthetic process that takes place in green plants, photochemistry is responsible for the maintenance of all living organisms. In the geological past photochemistry caused the accumulation of the deposits of coal, oil, and naturalgasthat wenowuseasfuels.Photochemistryisinvolved inthecontrol ofozoneinthestratosphereandinagreatnumber ofenvironmentalprocesses thatoccurintheatmosphere,inthesea,andonthesoil.Photochemistryisthe essenceoftheprocessofvisionandcausesavarietyofbehavioralresponsesin living organisms. Photochemistry as a science is quite young; we only need to go back less than one century to ?nd its early pioneer [1]. The concept of coordination compound is also relatively young; it was established in 1892, when Alfred Werner conceived his theory of metal complexes [2]. Since then, the terms coordination compound and metal complex have been used as synonyms, even if in the last 30 years, coordination chemistry has extended its scope to the binding ofall kinds of substrates [3, 4].

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds I

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Author: Vincenzo Balzani,Sebastiano Campagna

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540733477

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 8053

This book presents critical reviews of the current position and future trends in modern chemical research. It offers short and concise reports on chemistry, each written by world renowned experts.

Organic Photochemistry and Photophysics

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Author: V. Ramamurthy,Kirk S. Schanze

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420036998

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 5855

Featuring contributions from leading experts, Organic Photochemistry and Photophysics is a unique resource that addresses the organic photochemistry and photophysical behavior in aromatic molecules, thiocarbonyls, selected porphyrins, and metalloporphyrins. The book presents theories pertaining to radiative and radiationless transitions. It describes excited-state proton-transfer reactions of aromatic compounds and the physical, energetic, and environmental effects of atom transfer reactions. The text discusses the role of the carbonyl and azo groups in ketones and azoalkanes in the development of photochemistry, followed by a review of nucleophilic substitution reactions in the photochemistry of aromatics (also called photosubstitution) and the various atomic bonds that result from these reactions. The book presents studies that explain the factors that govern the nature and efficiencies of SET-promoted photochemical reactions. It then focuses on photoamination as a convenient, powerful, and environmentally friendly synthetic process for transforming a variety of substrates into the corresponding aminated compounds. The final chapter explores how dye structure affects the sequence-dependence of DNA binding, which has potential applications in nonlinear optics and DNA detection as well as incorporating DNA into various nanostructures and devices. With an emphasis on the current uses of light in both materials chemistry and medicinal chemistry, this book serves as a comprehensive resource on photochemical reactions and discusses topics that are useful for researchers as well as newcomers in the fields of photochemistry, photobiology, photomedicine, and photophysics

Semiconductor Photochemistry And Photophysics/Volume Ten

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Author: V. Ramamurthy,Kirk S. Schanze

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824709587

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9325

Answering the need for information that could revolutionize the development of alternate solar energy sources and the reduction of atmospheric contaminants, Semiconductor Photochemistry and Photophysics reflects renewed interest inspired by the unique properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor particles. It provides a thorough overview and describes fundamental research aimed at understanding the underlying mechanisms of the cells and looks at the application of nanocrystalline TiO2 as a photocatalyst for environmental remediation. Key topics include semiconductor photoelectrochemistry, dye-sensitized solar cells, and photocatalytic treatment of chemical waste.

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Polymeric Materials

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Author: Norman S. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470594160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 2830

Presents the state of the technology, from fundamentals to new materials and applications Today's electronic devices, computers, solar cells, printing, imaging, copying, and recording technology, to name a few, all owe a debt to our growing understanding of the photophysics and photochemistry of polymeric materials. This book draws together, analyzes, and presents our current understanding of polymer photochemistry and photophysics. In addition to exploring materials, mechanisms, processes, and properties, the handbook also highlights the latest applications in the field and points to new developments on the horizon. Photochemistry and Photophysics of Polymer Materials is divided into seventeen chapters, including: Optical and luminescent properties and applications of metal complex-based polymers Photoinitiators for free radical polymerization reactions Photovoltaic polymer materials Photoimaging and lithographic processes in polymers Photostabilization of polymer materials Photodegradation processes in polymeric materials Each chapter, written by one or more leading experts and pioneers in the field, incorporates all the latest findings and developments as well as the authors' own personal insights and perspectives. References guide readers to the literature for further investigation of individual topics. Together, the contributions represent a series of major developments in the polymer world in which light and its energy have been put to valuable use. Not only does this reference capture our current state of knowledge, but it also provides the foundation for new research and the development of new materials and new applications.

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Metal Complexes

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Author: D.M. Roundhill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489914951

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 6045

Focusing on practical applications, the author provides a balanced introduction to the many possible technological uses of metal complexes. Coverage includes the transition metals, lanthanide and actinide complexes, metal porphyrins, and many other complexes. This volume meets the needs of students and scientists in inorganic chemistry, chemical physics, and solid-state physics.

Polymer Photophysics Photochemistry

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Author: Guillet

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521347839

Category: Science

Page: 391

View: 5223

Introduction to photochemistry and photophysics. Polymer structure and reactivity. Diffusion and permeability in polymers. Determination of scission and crosslinking in polymers. Photoprocesses in solid polymer matrices. Fluorescence. Excimers and exciplexes. Phosphorescence. Energy transfer and migration in polymers. Photochemistry of carbonyl-containing polymers. Photopolymerization. Photocyclization. Miscellaneous photoprocesses. Photo- and radiation chemistry of polymers.