Search results for: photocatalysis-and-environment

Photocatalysis and Environment

Author : Mario Schiavello
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on New Trends and Applications of Photoelectrochemistry and Photocatalysis for Environment Problems, Cafelù, Palermo, Italy, September 6-18, 1987

Photocatalysis

Author : Dionysios D. Dionysiou
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From environmental remediation to alternative fuels, this book explores the numerous important applications of photocatalysis. The book covers topics such as the photocatalytic processes in the treatment of water and air; the fundamentals of solar photocatalysis; the challenges involved in developing self-cleaning photocatalytic materials; photocatalytic hydrogen generation; photocatalysts in the synthesis of chemicals; and photocatalysis in food packaging and biomedical and medical applications. The book also critically discusses concepts for the future of photocatalysis, providing a fascinating insight for researchers. Together with Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Perspectives, these volumes provide a complete overview to photocatalysis.

Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Author : Juan M. Coronado
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Research for the development of more efficient photocatalysts has experienced an almost exponential growth since its popularization in early 1970’s. Despite the advantages of the widely used TiO2, the yield of the conversion of sun power into chemical energy that can be achieved with this material is limited prompting the research and development of a number of structural, morphological and chemical modifications of TiO2 , as well as a number of novel photocatalysts with very different composition. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a systematic account of the current understanding of the relationships between the physicochemical properties of the catalysts and photoactivity. The already long list of photocatalysts phases and their modifications is increasing day by day. By approaching this field from a material sciences angle, an integrated view allows readers to consider the diversity of photocatalysts globally and in connection with other technologies. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a valuable road-map, outlining the common principles lying behind the diversity of materials, but also delimiting the imprecise border between the contrasted results and the most speculative studies. This broad approach makes it ideal for specialist but also for engineers, researchers and students in related fields.

Photocatalytic Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications

Author : Rajesh J. Tayade
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Photocatalytic nanomaterials have a great potential in such applications as reduction of carbon dioxide and degradation of various pollutants. They are equally important in the production and storage of energy, e.g. in the conversion of solar energy to electricity, and the production of hydrogen in photoelectrochemical cells. Research on synthesis, characterization and specific applications is reported for titanium oxide and a number of other promising catalysts, such as silver phosphate, cerium oxide, zinc oxide and zinc sulfide.

Handbook of Smart Photocatalytic Materials

Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
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Handbook of Smart Photocatalytic Materials: Environment, Energy, Emerging Applications and Sustainability provides an intriguing and useful guide to catalysis and materials. The handbook covers applications of smart photocatalytic materials for energy environmental protection and emerging fields. Also covered is the safety risk of Smart Photocatalytic Materials, commercialization, their fate and transportation in the environment, and sustainability. This volume provides a valuable roadmap, outlining common principles behind their use. Every chapter of this volume presents state-of-the-art knowledge on sustainable practices of smart photocatalytic materials (SPMs), including concepts of theory and practice. This handbook is a valued reference for both the academic and industrial researchers looking for recent developments in the field. Covers all aspects of recent developments in Environmental, Energy and Emerging applications of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Focuses on advanced applications and future research advancements of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Emphasizes the sustainability aspect of Smart Photocatalytic Materials Presents a valuable reference for researchers and students that stimulates interest in designing smart materials

Photocatalysis

Author : Jenny Schneider
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Combining basic concepts with the synthesis of new catalysts, reactor and reaction engineering, this book is a comprehensive resource for researchers.

Green Photocatalysts for Energy and Environmental Process

Author : Saravanan Rajendran
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This book describes green photocatalysts and their diverse applications in the fields of environmental sciences and energy. It especially takes a closer look at the removal of air and water pollutants, the generation of hydrogen, photo fuel cells, electrophotocatalysts, solar energy conversions, and green biophotocatalysts. Furthermore it also discusses on the role of catalysts along with their chemical reactions, challenges, past developments and directions for further research on photocatalysts. It includes recent developments of quantum dots (QDs) and photocatalytic applications of QDs such as carbon materials like carbon and graphene based QDs, metal, metal sulfide and metal oxide based QDs as well as a detailed review on various types of templates used for the preparation of porous g-C3N4 and its applications in detail. This is done with special reference to dye degradation, reduction of hexavalent Cr, and reduction of CO2 and for the evolution of H2 photocatalytically. This book offers an intriguing and useful guide for a broad readership in various fields of catalysis, material sciences, environment and energy.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Author : Ana Primo
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Photocatalysis

Author : Jinlong Zhang
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This book describes the photocatalytic mechanism, factors affecting photocatalytic activity, design and preparation of different kinds of nanostructured photocatalysts, and their applications in the environmental and energy fields. Further, it illustrates a broad range of modification methods including ion-doping, heterojunction, noble metal deposition, morphological control and sensitizations, which are used to extend the light absorption range of photocatalysts and reduce recombination between electrons and holes. Promising applications include water splitting, contaminant decomposition and photocatalytic reduction of CO2, which are closely related to environmental redemption and new energy development. The book offers an intriguing and useful guide for a broad readership in various fields of catalysis, material sciences, environment and energy.

Photocatalysis and Water Purification

Author : Pierre Pichat
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Water is one of the essential resources on our planet. Therefore, fresh water and the recycling of waste-water are very important topics in various areas. Energy-saving green technologies are a demand in this area of research. Photocatalysis comprises a class of reactions which use a catalyst activated by light. These reactions include the decomposition of organic compounds into environmental friendly water and carbon dioxide, leading to interesting properties of surfaces covered with a photocatalyst: they protect e.g. against incrustation of fouling matter, they are self-cleaning, antibacterial and viricidal. Therefore, they are attractive candidates for environmental applications such as water purification and waste-water treatment. This book introduces scientists and engineers to the fundamentals of photocatalysis and enlightens the potentials of photocatalysis to increase water quality. Also, strategies to improve the photocatalytic efficacy are pointed out: synthesis of better photocatalysts, combination of photocatalysis with other technologies, and the proper design of photocatalytic reactors. Implementation of applications and a chapter on design approaches for photocatalytic reactors round off the book. 'Photocatalysis and Water Purification' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. G.Q. Max Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Nanophotocatalysis and Environmental Applications

Author : Inamuddin
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This book serves the environmentalists to track the development of photocatalytic materials and technology in the present context and to explore future trends. Photocatalysis is the most influential greener technology being researched, developed and adopted for the treatment of wastewater. The technological advancements in the area of smart hybrid photocatalytic materials have gained momentum in the present era. The rational designing of photocatalytic materials with a multi-pronged approach opens a new chapter for environmental detoxification. Other important aspects relate to the transfer of this nanostructured photocatalytic technology to real backdrops. Harnessing natural solar energy for energy and environmental roles is another crucial criterion in designing photocatalysts.

Advances in Photocatalytic Disinfection

Author : Taicheng An
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This book presents the latest results related to photocatalytic inactivation/killing of microorganisms, which is a promising alternative disinfection method that produces less or even no disinfection byproduct. The book is divided into 13 chapters, which introduce readers to the latest developments in the photocatalytic disinfection of microorganisms, examine essential photocatalytic (PC) and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) disinfection studies, and forecast and make recommendations for the further development of PC and PEC disinfection. Bringing together contributions by various leading research groups worldwide, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and the industry alike, as well as the general public. Taicheng An, PhD, is Chair Professor and Director at the Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution Control, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China. Huijun Zhao, PhD, is Chair Professor and Director at the Centre for Clean Environment and Energy & Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Australia. Po Keung Wong, PhD, is a Professor at the School of Life Sciences, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Photocatalysis

Author : Rakshit Ameta
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Photocatalysis, reactions carried out in the presence of a semiconductor and light, is rapidly becoming one of the most active areas of chemical research, with applications in areas such as electrochemistry, medicine, and environmental chemistry, Photocatalysis: Principles and Applications stresses the development of various types of photocatalytic semiconductors, including binary, ternary, quaternary, and composite, and their modifications by metallization, sensitization, and doping to enhance their photocatalytic activities. In addition to describing the principles and mechanisms of photocatalysis, it also discusses other possible applications of photocatalysis such as use as antifouling agents, controlling air pollution by degrading contaminants present in the environment, self-cleaning of glasses and tiles in the presence of light/artificial light, green composites, wastewater treatment, hydrogen generation, and inactivation of microorganisms. The book also describes medical applications and summarizes efforts in the field of photosplitting of water as a newer energy source and photoreduction of carbon dioxide for providing synthetic fuels and also a step towards mimicking photosynthesis. Introduces the basic principle of photocatalysis. Provides an overview of the types of semiconductors, their immobilization, and modifications to make them more active. Gives possible applications of photocatalysis in wastewater treatment and strategy to combat against different kinds of pollutions like water, air, and soil. Summarizes efforts in the field of photosplitting of water as a newer energy source and photoreduction of carbon dioxide for providing synthetic fuels and as a step towards mimicking photosynthesis. Discusses inactivation of different kinds of microorganisms. Covers medical applications. Features Introduces the basic principle of photocatalysis. Provides an overview of the types of semiconductors, their immobilization, and modifications to make them more active. Gives possible applications of photocatalysis in wastewater treatment and strategy to combat against different kinds of pollutions like water, air, and soil. Summarizes efforts in the field of photosplitting of water as a newer energy source and photoreduction of carbon dioxide for providing synthetic fuels and as a step towards mimicking photosynthesis. Discusses inactivation of different kinds of microorganisms. Covers medical applications.

Application of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis to Construction Materials

Author : Yoshihiko Ohama
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Titanium dioxide photocatalysis is based on the semiconducting nature of its anatase crystal type. Construction materials with titanium photocatalyst show performances of air purification, self-cleaning, water purification, antibacterial action. This book describes principles of titanium dioxide photocatalysis, its applications to cementitious and noncementitious materials, as well as an overview of standardization of testing methods.

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Author : Juan Carlos Colmenares
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The book explains the principles and fundamentals of photocatalysis and highlights the current developments and future potential of the green-chemistry-oriented applications of various inorganic, organic, and hybrid photocatalysts. The book consists of eleven chapters, including the principles and fundamentals of heterogeneous photocatalysis; the mechanisms and dynamics of surface photocatalysis; research on TiO2-based composites with unique nanostructures; the latest developments and advances in exploiting photocatalyst alternatives to TiO2; and photocatalytic materials for applications other than the traditional degradation of pollutants, such as carbon dioxide reduction, water oxidation, a complete spectrum of selective organic transformations and water splitting by photocatalytic reduction. In addition, heterogeneized polyoxometalate materials for photocatalytic purposes and the proper design of photocatalytic reactors and modeling of light are also discussed. This book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for undergraduate and graduate students focusing on heterogeneous photocatalysis, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. Juan Carlos Colmenares is a Professor at the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland. Yi-Jun Xu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, China.

Current Developments in Photocatalysis and Photocatalytic Materials

Author : Xinchen Wang
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Photocatalytic materials can improve the efficiency and sustainability of processes and offer novel ways to address issues across a wide range of fields—from sustainable chemistry and energy production to environmental remediation. Current Developments in Photocatalysis and Photocatalytic Materials provides an overview of the latest advances in this field, offering insight into the chemistry and activity of the latest generation of photocatalytic materials. After an introduction to photocatalysis and photocatalytic materials, this book goes on to outline a wide selection of photocatalytic materials, not only covering typical metal oxide photocatalysts such as TiO2 but also exploring newly developed organic semiconducting photocatalysts, such as g-C3N4. Drawing on the experience of an expert team of contributors, Current Developments in Photocatalysis and Photocatalytic Materials highlights the new horizons of photocatalysis, in which photocatalytic materials will come to play an important role in our day-to-day lives. Reviews developments in both organic- and inorganic-based materials for use in photocatalysis Presents the fundamental chemistry and activity of a broad range of key photocatalytic materials, including both typical and novel materials Highlights the role photocatalytic materials can play in sustainable applications

Proceedings of the Symposium on Water Purification by Photocatalytic Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Processes

Author : Timothy L. Rose
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Photocatalytic Purification and Treatment of Water and Air

Author : David F. Ollis
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Comprises the results of the first international conference examining the promise of the emerging area of photochemistry. It includes coverage of such areas as: comparison with other competitive technologies; and transfer of research results into development and application activities.

Photoelectrochemistry Photocatalysis and Photoreactors Fundamentals and Developments

Author : Mario Schiavello
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This book collects the lectures delivered by the Authors during the NATO ASI "Fundamentals and Developments of Photocatalytic and Photoelectrochemical Processes", held in Erice (Trapani, Italy) from May 20th to June 2nd 1984. The ASI was devoted to the general field of photochemical conversion and storage of solar energy. It had the aim of defining the "state of art" and of outlining perspectives, lines of development and practic al utilization of this form of energy. The world energy crisis has stimulated scientists to investigate new routes for finding and testing methods and processes for obtaining renewable and cheap sources of energy. Within this framework, the possibility of solar energy utilization on a large scale must overcome the stage of discovering efficient processes for the photochemical conversion and for the storage. The most promising way for achieving this goal seems the photosplitting of water and related reactions. The methods for obtaining the water photosplitting are essentially based on photoelectrochemical cells and on photocatalytic systems (gas-solid and gas-liquid-solid). Extensive research work is currently done all over the world both in universities and in industrial laboratories in these areas. The ASI has given to the audience a general view of the fundamental aspects and as much as possible a detailed insight of the various methods and processes. A section has been also devoted to the photoreactors, a field in which the interest is ix x FOREWORD steadily increasing and whose development is essential for the practical exploitation of the various methods.

Visible Light Active Structured Photocatalysts for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants

Author : Olga Sacco
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Visible Light Active Structured Photocatalysts for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants: Science and Engineering addresses the potential role of visible active photocatalytic processes for the removal of emerging contaminants. The book discusses the classification, sources and potential risks of emerging pollutants in water as well as the different synthesis methods of visible active structured photocatalysts with relation to their applications in photocatalytic processes for the removal of organic and inorganic emerging contaminants. Finally, the possible reaction pathways occurring during the visible or solar photocatalytic processes together with toxicity assessment are discussed. The book is a useful guide for academics, researchers and technicians in chemical engineering, chemistry and environmental sciences. Defines emerging contaminants and what can be included in that group of contaminants commonly named "contaminants of emerging concern" Presents different synthesis methods of visible active structured photocatalysts and their applications in solar or visible light photocatalytic systems for the removal of organic and inorganic emerging contaminants Analyzes reaction pathways that occur during the visible or solar photocatalytic processes, also including toxicity assessments