Isoprenoid Synthesis in Plants and Microorganisms

New Concepts and Experimental Approaches

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Author: Thomas J. Bach,Michel Rohmer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461440637

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 2366

Isoprenoids are important in primary and secondary metabolism. They have implications in a myriad of physiological processes notably in plants, microorganisms and parasites, and biological activities at the cellular, organism, and ecosystem levels. The importance of isoprenoids in various areas of the scientific world has spurred intense research worldwide. Also their role in "nutraceuticals" has stimulated scientific curiosity. Literature on isoprenoids is widely scattered in journals with quite differing readerships and geographic distribution. A comprehensive book on isoprenoids does not exist. Isoprenoid Synthesis in Plants and Microorganisms: New Concepts and Experimental Approaches fills this gap by presenting the latest and the most applicable information on isoprenoids. The most recent TERPNET conference serves as the backdrop and provides much of the inspiration for the topics covered in the book. Additional topics of interest are covered as well, making Isoprenoid Synthesis in Plants and Microorganisms: New Concepts and Experimental Approaches the most comprehensive review of isoprenoid synthesis to date.

Biopolymers, Polyamides and Complex Proteinaceous Materials II

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Author: Stephen R. Fahnestock,Alexander Steinbüchel

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9783527302239

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 1141

Volumes 7 and 8 focus on polyamides and complex proteinaceous materials synthesized by bacteria and eukaryotic organisms, describing all aspects of their biosynthesis and metabolism as well as the production and isolation. Topics included are: poly(g-d-glutamate), cyanophycin, modifications of proteins, sweet-tasting proteins, motor proteins, enzymes for technical applications, self-assembling proteins, cell membranes, feathers, elastic proteins, silk proteins, adhesive proteins, protein composites, wool, collagens and gelatines.

Flavour Science

Chapter 3. Quantification of Important Flavor Compounds in Beef Stocks and Correlation to Sensory Results by “Reverse Metabolomics”

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Author: Andreas Degenhardt,Rüdiger Wittlake,Stefan Seilwind,Margit Liebig,Christa Runge,Jens-Michael Hilmer,Gerhard Krammer,André Gohr,Ludger Wessjohann

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128066911

Category: Science

Page: 742

View: 597

The meaningful correlation of sensory data with analytical data is one of the most challenging tasks in flavor research. In beef stocks in particular, due to the presence of low levels of aroma-active compounds and the taste contribution of non-volatile molecules to the typical “juiciness” character, the consumer encounters a complex matrix situation. The goal of our study was to carry out a comprehensive analysis of all relevant flavor molecules and the correlation to human sensory data. A technique recently developed at the IPB and termed “reverse metabolomics” was used to link biological activity (i.e., sensory data) with variations in the metabolic profile (i.e., analytical data). We used this methodology for the first time to correlate sensorial attributes and GC-MS, LC-MS, and NMR data in culinary beef stocks. Reverse metabolomics was applied to study the link between sensory and chemical composition in a series of freshly prepared culinary beef stocks. A set of 10 different beef stocks was prepared. The degree of liking of the samples was recorded on a hedonic 1–9 scale. Analysis of the stocks was performed by LC-MS, GC-MS, and NMR. 1H-NMR data directly obtained from the meat stock were very complex. Analysis of this dataset by reverse metabolomics revealed some basic structural elements of the key taste compounds, such as carnosine or anserine. The reverse metabolomics correlation of quantitative data with partiality revealed the importance of a set of compounds. This relevance of these compounds has been confirmed by additional sensory experiments which showed an increase in perceived juiciness.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants

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Author: Bob B. Buchanan,Wilhelm Gruissem,Kathleen Vickers,Russell L. Jones

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470714220

Category: Science

Page: 1280

View: 2901

Since its publication in 2000, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants, has been hailed as a major contribution to the plant sciences literature and critical acclaim has been matched by global sales success. Maintaining the scope and focus of the first edition, the second will provide a major update, include much new material and reorganise some chapters to further improve the presentation. This book is meticulously organised and richly illustrated, having over 1,000 full–colour illustrations and 500 photographs. It is divided into five parts covering: Compartments: Cell Reproduction: Energy Flow; Metabolic and Developmental Integration; and Plant Environment and Agriculture. Specific changes to this edition include: Completely revised with over half of the chapters having a major rewrite. Includes two new chapters on signal transduction and responses to pathogens. Restructuring of section on cell reproduction for improved presentation. Dedicated website to include all illustrative material. Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants holds a unique place in the plant sciences literature as it provides the only comprehensive, authoritative, integrated single volume book in this essential field of study.

Pteridines

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Pteridines

Page: N.A

View: 7674