Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems

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Author: Richard C. Aster,Brian Borchers,Clifford H. Thurber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128134232

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 383

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems, Third Edition, is structured around a course at New Mexico Tech and is designed to be accessible to typical graduate students in the physical sciences who do not have an extensive mathematical background. The book is complemented by a companion website that includes MATLAB codes that correspond to examples that are illustrated with simple, easy to follow problems that illuminate the details of particular numerical methods. Updates to the new edition include more discussions of Laplacian smoothing, an expansion of basis function exercises, the addition of stochastic descent, an improved presentation of Fourier methods and exercises, and more. Features examples that are illustrated with simple, easy to follow problems that illuminate the details of a particular numerical method Includes an online instructor’s guide that helps professors teach and customize exercises and select homework problems Covers updated information on adjoint methods that are presented in an accessible manner

Inverse Problem Theory and Methods for Model Parameter Estimation

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Author: Albert Tarantola

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898717921

Category: Engineering

Page: 342

View: 6511

While the prediction of observations is a forward problem, the use of actual observations to infer the properties of a model is an inverse problem. Inverse problems are difficult because they may not have a unique solution. The description of uncertainties plays a central role in the theory, which is based on probability theory. This book proposes a general approach that is valid for linear as well as for nonlinear problems. The philosophy is essentially probabilistic and allows the reader to understand the basic difficulties appearing in the resolution of inverse problems. The book attempts to explain how a method of acquisition of information can be applied to actual real-world problems, and many of the arguments are heuristic.

Inverse Problem Theory

Methods for Data Fitting and Model Parameter Estimation

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Author: A. Tarantola

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444599673

Category: Mathematics

Page: 644

View: 6864

Inverse Problem Theory is written for physicists, geophysicists and all scientists facing the problem of quantitative interpretation of experimental data. Although it contains a lot of mathematics, it is not intended as a mathematical book, but rather tries to explain how a method of acquisition of information can be applied to the actual world. The book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the methods to be used for fitting experimental data, or to estimate model parameters, and to unify these methods into the Inverse Problem Theory. The first part of the book deals with discrete problems and describes Maximum likelihood, Monte Carlo, Least squares, and Least absolute values methods. The second part deals with inverse problems involving functions. The book is almost completely self-contained, with all important concepts carefully introduced. Although theoretical concepts are strongly emphasized, the author has ensured that all the useful formulas are listed, with many special cases included. The book will thus serve equally well as a reference manual for researchers needing to refresh their memories on a given algorithm, or as a textbook in a course for undergraduate or graduate students.

Introduction to Inverse Problems in Imaging

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Author: M. Bertero,P. Boccacci

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439822067

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 8163

This is a graduate textbook on the principles of linear inverse problems, methods of their approximate solution, and practical application in imaging. The level of mathematical treatment is kept as low as possible to make the book suitable for a wide range of readers from different backgrounds in science and engineering. Mathematical prerequisites are first courses in analysis, geometry, linear algebra, probability theory, and Fourier analysis. The authors concentrate on presenting easily implementable and fast solution algorithms. With examples and exercised throughout, the book will provide the reader with the appropriate background for a clear understanding of the essence of inverse problems (ill-posedness and its cure) and, consequently, for an intelligent assessment of the rapidly growing literature on these problems.

Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Hydrology, Geology and Ecology

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Author: Johannes Gottlieb,Paul DuChateau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940091704X

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 6507

The Workshop on Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Hydrology, Geology and Ecology, Karlsruhe, April 10-12, 1995, was organized to bring to gether an interdisciplinary group drawn from the areas of science, engineering and mathematics for the following purposes: - to promote, encourage and influence more understanding and cooperation in the community of parameter identifiers from various disciplines, - to forge unity in diversity by bringing together a variety of disciplines that attempt to understand the reconstruction of inner model parameters, un known nonlinear constitutive relations, heterogeneous structures inside of geological objects, sources or sinks from observational data, - to discuss modern regularization tools for handling improperly posed pro blems and strategies of incorporating a priori knowledge from the applied problem into the model and its treatment. These proceedings contain some of the results of the workshop, representing a bal anced selection of contributions from the various groups of participants. The reviewed invited and contributed articles are grouped according to the broad headings of hydrology, non-linear diffusion and soil physics, geophysical methods, mathematical analysis of inverse and ill-posed problems and parallel algorithms for inverse problems. Some of the issues adressed by the articles in these proceedings include the rela tion between least squares and direct formulations of inverse problems for partial differential equations, nonlinear regularization, identification of nonlinear consti tutive relations, fast parallel algorithms for large scale inverse problems, reduction of model structures, geostatistical inversion techniques.

Numerical Methods for Inverse Problems

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Author: Michel Kern

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1848218184

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8386

This book studies methods to concretely address inverse problems. An inverse problem arises when the causes that produced a given effect must be determined or when one seeks to indirectly estimate the parameters of a physical system. The author uses practical examples to illustrate inverse problems in physical sciences. He presents the techniques and specific methods chosen to solve inverse problems in a general domain of application, choosing to focus on a small number of methods that can be used in most applications. This book is aimed at readers with a mathematical and scientific computing background. Despite this, it is a book with a practical perspective. The methods described are applicable, have been applied, and are often illustrated by numerical examples.

Inverse Engineering Handbook

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Author: Keith A. Woodbury

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420041614

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 3435

Inverse problems have been the focus of a growing number of research efforts over the last 40 years-and rightly so. The ability to determine a "cause" from an observed "effect" is a powerful one. Researchers now have at their disposal a variety of techniques for solving inverse problems, techniques that go well beyond those useful for relatively simple parameter estimation problems. The question is, where can one find a single, comprehensive resource that details these methods? The answer is the Inverse Engineering Handbook. Leading experts in inverse problems have joined forces to produce the definitive reference that allows readers to understand, implement, and benefit from a variety of problem-solving techniques. Each chapter details a method developed or refined by its contributor, who provides clear explanations, examples, and in many cases, software algorithms. The presentation begins with methods for parameter estimation, which build a bridge to boundary function estimation problems. The techniques addressed include sequential function estimation, mollification, space marching techniques, and adjoint, Monte Carlo, and gradient-based methods. Discussions also cover important experimental aspects, including experiment design and the effects of uncertain parameters. While many of the examples presented focus on heat transfer, the techniques discussed are applicable to a wide range of inverse problems. Anyone interested in inverse problems, regardless of their specialty, will find the Inverse Engineering Handbook to be a unique and invaluable compendium of up-to-date techniques.

Inverse Problems and Related Topics

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Author: Gen Nakamura,Saburou Saitoh,Jin Kean Seo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 6754

Inverse problems arise in many disciplines and hold great importance to practical applications. However, sound new methods are needed to solve these problems. Over the past few years, Japanese and Korean mathematicians have obtained a number of very interesting and unique results in inverse problems. Inverse Problems and Related Topics compiles papers authored by some of the top researchers in Korea and Japan. It presents a number of original and useful results and offers a unique opportunity to explore the current trends of research in inverse problems in these countries. Highlighting the existence and active work of several Japanese and Korean groups, it also serves as a guide to those seeking future scientific exchange with researchers in these countries.