Origins of Human Communication

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Origins of Human Communication

Origins of Human Communication

  • Author: Michael Tomasello
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262261200
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 4168
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A leading expert on evolution and communication presents an empirically based theory of the evolutionary origins of human communication that challenges the dominant Chomskian view. Human communication is grounded in fundamentally cooperative, even shared, intentions. In this original and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of human communication, Michael Tomasello connects the fundamentally cooperative structure of human communication (initially discovered by Paul Grice) to the especially cooperative structure of human (as opposed to other primate) social interaction. Tomasello argues that human cooperative communication rests on a psychological infrastructure of shared intentionality (joint attention, common ground), evolved originally for collaboration and culture more generally. The basic motives of the infrastructure are helping and sharing: humans communicate to request help, inform others of things helpfully, and share attitudes as a way of bonding within the cultural group. These cooperative motives each created different functional pressures for conventionalizing grammatical constructions. Requesting help in the immediate you-and-me and here-and-now, for example, required very little grammar, but informing and sharing required increasingly complex grammatical devices. Drawing on empirical research into gestural and vocal communication by great apes and human infants (much of it conducted by his own research team), Tomasello argues further that humans' cooperative communication emerged first in the natural gestures of pointing and pantomiming. Conventional communication, first gestural and then vocal, evolved only after humans already possessed these natural gestures and their shared intentionality infrastructure along with skills of cultural learning for creating and passing along jointly understood communicative conventions. Challenging the Chomskian view that linguistic knowledge is innate, Tomasello proposes instead that the most fundamental aspects of uniquely human communication are biological adaptations for cooperative social interaction in general and that the purely linguistic dimensions of human communication are cultural conventions and constructions created by and passed along within particular cultural groups.

Rhythm, Musical Narrative, and Origins of Human Communication

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Rhythm, Musical Narrative, and Origins of Human Communication

Rhythm, Musical Narrative, and Origins of Human Communication

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 215
  • View: 5235
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Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior

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Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior

Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior

  • Author: Tetsuro Matsuzawa
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 4431094237
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 587
  • View: 6752
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Biologists and anthropologists in Japan have played a crucial role in the development of primatology as a scientific discipline. Publication of Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior under the editorship of Tetsuro Matsuzawa reaffirms the pervasive and creative role played by the intellectual descendants of Kinji Imanishi and Junichiro Itani in the fields of behavioral ecology, psychology, and cognitive science. Matsuzawa and his colleagues-humans and other primate partners- explore a broad range of issues including the phylogeny of perception and cognition; the origin of human speech; learning and memory; recognition of self, others, and species; society and social interaction; and culture. With data from field and laboratory studies of more than 90 primate species and of more than 50 years of long-term research, the intellectual breadth represented in this volume makes it a major contribution to comparative cognitive science and to current views on the origin of the mind and behavior of humans.

The Origins of Language

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The Origins of Language

The Origins of Language

What Nonhuman Primates Can Tell Us

  • Author: Barbara J. King
  • Publisher: James Currey Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780852559048
  • Category: Animal communication
  • Page: 442
  • View: 6202
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Is human language unique in the natural world, or does it have meaningful precursors in animal communication? In this book, primatologists and palaeoanthropologists examine the non-human primate data and use their research to present new theories of language origin and evolution.

THE CULTURAL ORIGINS OF HUMAN COGNITION

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THE CULTURAL ORIGINS OF HUMAN COGNITION

THE CULTURAL ORIGINS OF HUMAN COGNITION

  • Author: Michael TOMASELLO
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674044371
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2595
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Bridging the gap between evolutionary theory and cultural psychology, Michael Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture are based in a cluster of uniquely human cognitive capacities. These include capacities for understanding that others have intentions of their own, and for imitating, not just what someone else does, but what someone else has intended to do. Tomasello further describes with authority and ingenuity how these capacities work over evolutionary and historical time to create the kind of cultural artifacts and settings within which each new generation of children develops.

Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes

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Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes

Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes

  • Author: Paul Watzlawick,Janet Beavin Bavelas,Don D. Jackson,Bill O'Hanlon
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393707075
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 284
  • View: 4462
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For the first time, a new generation of readers will have the opportunity to experience the ideas set forth in Pragmatics of Human Communication, a book that formed the foundation of much research into interpersonal communication in the latter portion of the 20th century. A new preface by Bill O'Hanlon puts Watzlawick's work in context for readers in this new paperback edition. Topics covered in this wide-ranging book include: the origins of communication; the idea that all behavior is communication; meta-communcation; the properties of an open system; the family as a system of communication; the nature of paradox in psychotherapy; existentialism and human communication. After defining certain general concepts, the authors present basic characteristics of human communication and illustrate their manifestations and potential pathologies. Then the systemic aspects of human interactions that arise from the patterning of specific characteristics of communication are exemplified by the analysis of Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

Leaving Christendom for Good

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Leaving Christendom for Good

Leaving Christendom for Good

Church-World Dialogue in a Secular Age

  • Author: James Gerard McEvoy
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 0739187333
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 230
  • View: 7699
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Leaving Christendom for Good argues that the solution to some of the most troubling tensions in the life of the Catholic Church since Vatican II can be found in the council’s document Gaudium et spes. This text’s view of the church’s mission and social relationships as dialogical has the capacity to liberate. Part One studies the contemporary place of religion—with particular reference to Charles Taylor’s groundbreaking work, A Secular Age—and examines Gaudium et spes’s dialogical view of the church-world relationship. Part Two explores what true dialogue entails and how it is best understood theologically, engaging critically with Joseph Ratzinger’s view of the church-world relationship. The book’s final chapter considers two practical implications of its argument: how evangelization can be best understood today, and how the church can best approach issues in the public sphere.

How Language Began

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How Language Began

How Language Began

Gesture and Speech in Human Evolution

  • Author: David McNeill
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107021219
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4446
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The first book to explain how speech and gesture evolved together into a system that all humans possess.

The Origins of Music

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The Origins of Music

The Origins of Music

  • Author: Nils Lennart Wallin,Björn Merker,Steven Brown
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262731430
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 498
  • View: 4053
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The book can be viewed as representing the birth of evolutionarybiomusicology.

Origins of Language

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Origins of Language

Origins of Language

Constraints on hypotheses

  • Author: Sverker Johansson
  • Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN: 9027294607
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 346
  • View: 6072
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Sverker Johansson has written an unusual book on language origins, with its emphasis on empirical evidence rather than theory-building. This is a book for the student or researcher who prefers solid data and well-supported conclusions, over speculative scenarios. Much that has been written on the origins of language is characterized by hypothesizing largely unconstrained by evidence. But empirical data do exist, and the purpose of this book is to integrate and review the available evidence from all relevant disciplines, not only linguistics but also, e.g., neurology, primatology, paleoanthropology, and evolutionary biology. The evidence is then used to constrain the multitude of scenarios for language origins, demonstrating that many popular hypotheses are untenable. Among the issues covered: (1) Human evolutionary history, (2) Anatomical prerequisites for language, (3) Animal communication and ape "language", (4) Mind and language, (5) The role of gesture, (6) Innateness, (7) Selective advantage of language, (8) Proto-language.