Origins of Form

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Origins of Form

Origins of Form

The Shape of Natural and Man-made Things—Why They Came to Be the Way They Are and How They Change

  • Author: Christopher Williams
  • Publisher: Architectural Book Publishing
  • ISBN: 1589799364
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 144
  • View: 7232
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Origins of Form is about the shape of things. What limits the height of a tree? Why is a large ship or office building more efficient than a small one? What is the similarity between a human rib cage and an airplane or a bison and a cantilevered bridge? How might we plan for things to improve as they are used instead of wearing out? The author has chosen eight criteria that constitute the major influences on three-dimensional form. These criteria comprise the eight chapters of the book: each looks at form from entirely different viewpoints. The products of both nature and man are examined and compared. This book will make readers—especially those who design and build—aware of their physical environment and how to break away from previously held assumptions and indifference about the ways forms in our human environment have evolved. It shows better ways to do things. The author’s practical, no-nonsense approach and his exquisite drawings, done especially for this volume, provide a clear understanding of what can and cannot be; how big or small an object should be, of what material it will be made, how its function will relate to its design, how its use will change it, and what laws will influence its development. The facts and information were gathered from many sources: the areas of mechanics, structure, and materials; geology, biology, anthropology, paleobiology, morphology and others. These are standard facts in these areas of specialization, but they are also essential to the designer’s overall knowledge and understanding of form. The result is an invaluable work for students, designers, architects, and planners, and an informed introduction to a fascinating subject for laymen.

On the Origin of Form

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On the Origin of Form

On the Origin of Form

Evolution by Self-organization

  • Author: Stuart Pivar
  • Publisher: North Atlantic Books
  • ISBN: 1556438869
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 121
  • View: 1570
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On the Origin of Form presents a new account of evolution and the origin of life based on the premise that the body form of any species is encoded not in the DNA but in the patterned structure of the primordial germ plasm—the universal predecessor of the egg. Two hundred years after Johann von Goethe’s Faustian quest for the Urform, the archetypal design underlying all living form, comes the recent discovery that organic forms are derived from a unique, self-organized, pre-embryonic structure. This explanation of evolution is an alternative to the now widely questioned Neo-Darwinist theory of natural selection of random mutations. This new model is based on known, relatively uncomplicated scientific principles and is easily accessible to the interested layman. Included are sixty-four pages of illustrations that support this new theory. For additional information, please visit www.ontheoriginofform.com.

Between Form and Event: Machiavelli's Theory of Political Freedom

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Between Form and Event: Machiavelli's Theory of Political Freedom

Between Form and Event: Machiavelli's Theory of Political Freedom

  • Author: M. Vatter
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 940159337X
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 355
  • View: 6970
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Before Machiavelli, political freedom was approached as a problem of the best distribution of the functions of ruler and ruled. Machiavelli changed the terms of freedom, requiring that its discourse address the demand for no-rule or non-domination. Political freedom would then develop only through a strategy of antagonism to every form of legitimate domination. This leads to the emergence of modern political life: any institution that wishes to rule legitimately must simultaneously be inscribed with its immanent critique and imminent subversion. For Machiavelli, the possibility of instituting the political form is conditioned by the possibility of changing it in an event of political revolution. This book shows Machiavelli as a philosopher of the modern condition. For him, politics exists in the absence of those absolute moral standards that are called upon to legitimate the domination of man over man. If this understanding lies open to relativism and historicism, it does so in order to render effective the project of reinventing the sense of human freedom. Machiavelli's legacy to modernity is the recognition of an irreconcilable tension between the demands of freedom and the imperatives of morality.

Origins of form

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Origins of form

Origins of form

  • Author: Christopher G. Williams
  • Publisher: Architectural Book Publishing Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Design
  • Page: 143
  • View: 440
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Nature's facts essential to the designer's overall knowledge and understanding of form.

Origination of Organismal Form

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Origination of Organismal Form

Origination of Organismal Form

Beyond the Gene in Developmental and Evolutionary Biology

  • Author: Katrin Schäfer,Thomas Pradeu
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262134194
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 332
  • View: 2091
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A more comprehensive version of evolutionary theory that focuses as much on the origin of biological form as on its diversification. The field of evolutionary biology arose from the desire to understand the origin and diversity of biological forms. In recent years, however, evolutionary genetics, with its focus on the modification and inheritance of presumed genetic programs, has all but overwhelmed other aspects of evolutionary biology. This has led to the neglect of the study of the generative origins of biological form. Drawing on work from developmental biology, paleontology, developmental and population genetics, cancer research, physics, and theoretical biology, this book explores the multiple factors responsible for the origination of biological form. It examines the essential problems of morphological evolution--why, for example, the basic body plans of nearly all metazoans arose within a relatively short time span, why similar morphological design motifs appear in phylogenetically independent lineages, and how new structural elements are added to the body plan of a given phylogenetic lineage. It also examines discordances between genetic and phenotypic change, the physical determinants of morphogenesis, and the role of epigenetic processes in evolution. The book discusses these and other topics within the framework of evolutionary developmental biology, a new research agenda that concerns the interaction of development and evolution in the generation of biological form. By placing epigenetic processes, rather than gene sequence and gene expression changes, at the center of morphological origination, this book points the way to a more comprehensive theory of evolution.

Origin and Development of Form and Ornament in Ceramic Art: Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1882-1883

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Origin and Development of Form and Ornament in Ceramic Art: Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1882-1883

Origin and Development of Form and Ornament in Ceramic Art: Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1882-1883

  • Author: William Henry Holmes
  • Publisher: Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN: 146554786X
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8599
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History of Form *Z

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History of Form *Z

History of Form *Z

  • Author: Pierluigi Serraino
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783764365639
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 93
  • View: 4604
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'Form*Z is an argument against drafting'. This is how Christos I. Yessios describes the conceptual framework of his famous 3D modeller. Drawn to the United States by the American dream, Yessios (Edessa, Greece, 1938), a professor at Ohio State University, is a key figure in the reassessment of design assumptions on space making. Tapping into the shared cognitive framework on which design had produced its most recognizable forms, Form*Z was conceived by an architect for his fellow colleagues. Following the canonical paradigm of form making, an array of pre-defined platonic shapes provides designers with the starting point for a series of controlled transformations to generate geometries whose limits are set by the individual imagination. At the same time, it furnishes a comfortable setting filled with just enough gear to accomplish the most customary tasks with a relatively low risk of getting overwhelmed by the layers of complexity of highly advanced modeling software in recent years. Form*Z has become a blockbuster for the exploration of the third dimension. Eleven years after its official introduction in the arena of the 3D offerings, the intricate wireframes once confined to the digital universe have started slowly, but steadily to become physical realities in the built environment.

The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

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The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

Kant, Hegel, and Cassirer

  • Author: Donald Phillip Verene
  • Publisher: Northwestern University Press
  • ISBN: 0810127784
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 142
  • View: 6921
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The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms marks the culmination of Donald Phillip Verene’s work on Ernst Cassirer and heralds a major step forward in the critical work on the twentieth-century philosopher. Verene argues that Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms cannot be understood apart from a dialectic between the Kantian and Hegelian philosophy that lies within it. Verene takes as his departure point that Cassirer never wishes to argue Kant over Hegel. Instead he takes from each what he needs, realizing that philosophical idealism itself did not stop with Kant but developed to Hegel, and that much of what remains problematic in Kantian philosophy finds particular solutions in Hegel’s philosophy. Cassirer never replaces transcendental reflection with dialectical speculation, but he does transfer dialectic from a logic of illusion, that is, the form of thinking beyond experience as Kant conceives it in the Critique of Pure Reason, to a logic of consciousness as Hegel employs it in the Phenomenology of Spirit. Cassirer rejects Kant’s thing-in-itself but he also rejects Hegel’s Absolute as well as Hegel’s conception of Aufhebung. Kant and Hegel remain the two main characters on his stage, but they are accompanied by a large secondary cast, with Goethe in the foreground. Cassirer not only contributes to Goethe scholarship, but in Goethe he finds crucial language to communicate his assertions. Verene introduces us to the originality of Cassirer’s philosophy so that we may find access to the riches it contains.

The Origins of Order

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The Origins of Order

The Origins of Order

Self Organization and Selection in Evolution

  • Author: Stuart A. Kauffman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195079517
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 709
  • View: 3733
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Kauffman's thesis combines concepts of self-organization, integration with natural selection, and adaptation to explain the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems.